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1. WO2020115477 - PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL POUR MESURER UNE INTENSITÉ LUMINEUSE POUR IMAGERIE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1 . A method of measuring light intensity for imaging using a light detector array comprising a plurality of light detectors, each light detector of the plurality of light detectors arranged to generate an output corresponding to an intensity of incident light, said method comprising, in a first measurement mode:

controlling the light detector array to generate a first plurality of output signals, each output signal of the first plurality of output signals generated by one of a plurality of groups of proximate light detectors of the light detector array, each group of proximate light detectors comprising a first light detector and second light detector forming a light detector pair, each output signal of the first plurality of output signals corresponding to a difference between the light intensity detected by the light detectors of the group of proximate light detectors, and

generating a light intensity measurement for each group from each received output signal of the first plurality of output signals,

the method further comprising, in a second measurement mode:

controlling the light detector array to generate a second plurality of output signals, each output signal of the second plurality of output signals generated by one of the light detectors, and

generating a light intensity measurement for each light detector from each received output signal of the second plurality of output signals.

2. A method according to claim 1 , wherein the light detectors comprise photodiodes.

3. A method according to claim 2, wherein the photodiodes of the light detector array are arranged in a linear array.

4. A method according to claim 3, wherein each light detector pair comprise a photodiode pair comprising a first photodiode in series with a second photodiode.

5. A method according to claim 4, wherein the anode and cathode of each photodiode are connected, via a switching matrix to a plurality of voltage lines and measurement lines to implement the first and second measurement mode.

6. A method according to according to claim 4, wherein the linear array of light detectors comprises a plurality of photodiode pairs connected in series.

7. A method according to claim 6, wherein a cathode of the first photodiode of each photodiode pair is connected to an anode of the second photodiode of each pair.

8. A method according to claim 7, wherein the photodiode pairs of the linear array are arranged in sequentially forward and reverse polarity.

9. A method according to claim 8, wherein the first measurement mode is implemented by:

holding each photodiode pair in a reverse bias state where a first bias voltage Vbn is applied to an anode of the first photodiode of the photodiode pair and a second bias voltage Vbp is applied to a cathode of the second photodiode of the photodiode pair, and a measurement voltage Vm is applied at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode, said measurement voltage a voltage level between the first bias voltage and second bias voltage, and

measuring an output of each photodiode pair corresponding to a difference in the light detected of the photodiode pair by measuring the current output at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

10. A method according to claim 9, wherein the second measurement mode is implemented by:

applying a null voltage Vbx to the anode of the first photodiode of each pair thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state, and applying the second bias voltage Vbp to the cathode of the second photodiode of each pair and applying the measurement voltage Vm at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode, thereby holding the second photodiode of each photodiode pair in a reverse bias state,

and

measuring an output of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode, and, before or subsequently

applying a first bias voltage Vbn to the anode of the first photodiode of each pair and applying the measurement voltage Vm at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in a reverse biased state, and applying a null voltage Vbx to the cathode of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair thereby holding the second photodiode of each photodiode pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state, and

measuring an output of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

1 1 . A method according to claim 7, wherein the photodiode pairs of the linear array are arranged with the same polarity.

12. A method according to claim 1 1 , wherein the first measurement mode is implemented by:

holding each photodiode pair in a null bias state where a zero voltage bias is applied to the anode and cathode of each of photodiode, and

measuring an output of each photodiode pair corresponding to a difference in the light detected of the photodiode pair by measuring the current output at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

13. A method according to claim 1 1 , wherein the first mode is implemented by: holding each photodiode pair in a reverse bias state where a sequentially increasing voltage bias is applied to the anode of each adjacent photodiode, and measuring an output of each photodiode pair corresponding to a difference in the light detected of the photodiode pair by measuring the current output at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

14. A method according to claim 1 1 , wherein the second measurement mode is implemented by:

applying a first bias voltage to the anode of first photodiode of each pair;

applying the first bias voltage to the cathode of the first diode of each pair and the anode of the second photodiode of each pair, thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state,

wherein the first bias voltage sequentially increases along the photodiode array for each photodiode pair thereby holding the second photodiode of each pair in a reverse bias state, and

measuring an output of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode,

and, before or subsequently

applying the first bias voltage to the cathode of the second photodiode of each pair;

applying the same bias voltage to the cathode of the first diode of each pair and the anode of the second photodiode of each pair, thereby holding the second photodiode of each pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state,

wherein the second bias voltage sequentially increases along the photodiode array for each photodiode pair thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in a reverse bias state, and

measuring an output of the first photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

15. A method according to any of claims 9 to 14, comprising

applying the requisite voltages to the anodes and cathodes of the photodiodes by connecting the anodes and cathodes of the photodiodes to a plurality of voltage lines, each voltage line held at one of the requisite voltages.

16. A method according to claim 15, wherein the anodes and cathodes of the photodiodes are connectable to the requisite voltage lines via a switching matrix.

17. A method according to claim 16, wherein each voltage line is connected to a programmable voltage supply arranged to provide for each photodiode pair and for

each photodiode a voltage level corresponding to the first bias voltage Vbn or second bias voltage Vbp, the first bias voltage Vbn and second bias voltage Vbp determined for each photodiode pair and for each photodiode in accordance with a calibration technique.

18. A method according to claim 17, wherein the calibration technique comprises applying reference illumination to each photodiode and each photodiode pair determining, for operation in the first measurement mode, the first and second bias voltages by determining first and second voltages necessary to generate a reference output current corresponding to the reference illumination, and

determining for operation in the second measurement mode, first and second bias voltages necessary to generate a reference output current corresponding to the reference illumination.

19. A method according to claim 17 or 18, wherein

one or more of the first and second bias voltages necessary to generate a reference output current corresponding to the reference illumination for operation in the first measurement mode, and/or

one or more of the first and second bias voltages necessary to generate a reference output current corresponding to the reference illumination for operation in the second measurement mode are provided by the programmable voltage supplies by modulating between a first and second voltage level.

20. A method according to any previous claim, further comprising generating near-infrared spectroscopy imaging data using the light intensity measurements.

21. An imaging apparatus comprising:

a light detector array comprising a plurality of light detectors, each light detector of the plurality of light detectors operable to generate an output corresponding to an intensity of incident light, said apparatus comprising means to control the plurality of light detectors, in a first measurement mode:

to generate a first plurality of output signals, each output signal of the first plurality of output signals generated by one of a plurality of groups of proximate light detectors of the light detector array, wherein each group of proximate light detectors comprises a first light detector and second light detector forming a light detector pair, each output signal of the first plurality of output signals corresponding to a difference between the light intensity detected by the light detectors of the group of proximate light detectors, said apparatus further comprising

a light intensity measurement unit arranged to generate a light intensity measurement for each group from each received output signal of the first plurality of output signals, wherein

the means to control the plurality of light detectors is operable, in a second measurement mode:

to control the plurality of light detectors to generate a second plurality of output signals, each output signal of the second plurality of output signals generated by one of the light detectors, and

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to generate a light intensity measurement for each light detector from each received output signal of the second plurality of output signals.

22. An imaging apparatus according to claim 21 , wherein the light detectors comprise photodiodes.

23. An imaging apparatus according to claim 22, wherein the photodiodes of the light detector array are arranged in a linear array.

24. An imaging apparatus according to claim 23, wherein each light detector pair comprise a photodiode pair comprising a first photodiode in series with a second photodiode.

25. An imaging apparatus according to claim 24, wherein the anode and cathode of each photodiode are connected, via a switching matrix to a plurality of voltage lines and measurement lines to implement the first and second measurement mode.

26. An imaging apparatus according to claim 25, wherein the linear array of light detectors comprises a plurality of photodiode pairs connected in series.

27. An imaging apparatus according to claim 26, wherein a cathode of the first photodiode of each photodiode pair is connected to an anode of the second photodiode of each pair.

28. An imaging apparatus according to claim 27, wherein the photodiode pairs of the linear array are arranged in sequentially forward and reverse polarity.

29. An imaging apparatus according to claim 28, wherein the first measurement mode is implemented by the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

holding each photodiode pair in a reverse bias state where a first bias voltage Vbn is applied to an anode of the first photodiode of the photodiode pair and a second bias voltage Vbp is applied to a cathode of the second photodiode of the photodiode pair, and a measurement voltage Vm is applied at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode said measurement voltage a voltage level between the first bias voltage and second bias voltage, and

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of each photodiode pair corresponding to a difference in the light detected of the photodiode pair by measuring the current output at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

30. An imaging apparatus according to claim 29, wherein the second measurement mode is implemented by the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

applying a null voltage Vbx to the anode of the first photodiode of each pair thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state, and applying the second bias voltage Vbp to the cathode of the second photodiode of each pair and applying the measurement voltage Vm at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode, thereby holding the second photodiode of each photodiode pair in a reverse bias state, and

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode, and, before or subsequently

the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

applying a first bias voltage Vbn to the anode of the first photodiode of each pair and applying the measurement voltage Vm at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in a reverse biased state, and applying a null voltage Vbx to the cathode of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair thereby holding the second photodiode of each photodiode pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state,

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

31 . An imaging apparatus according to claim 27, wherein the photodiode pairs of the linear array are arranged with the same polarity.

32. An imaging apparatus according to claim 31 , wherein the first measurement mode is implemented by the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

holding each photodiode pair in a null bias state where a zero voltage bias is applied to the anode and cathode of each of photodiode, and

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of each photodiode pair corresponding to a difference in the light detected of the photodiode pair by measuring the current output at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

33. An imaging apparatus according to claim 31 , wherein the first mode is by the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

holding each photodiode pair in a reverse bias state where a sequentially increasing voltage bias is applied to the anode of each adjacent photodiode, and the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of each photodiode pair corresponding to a difference in the light detected of the photodiode pair by measuring the current output at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

34. An imaging apparatus according to claim 31 , wherein the second mode is implemented by the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

applying a first bias voltage to the anode of first photodiode of each pair;

applying the first bias voltage to the cathode of the first diode of each pair and the anode of the second photodiode of each pair, thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state,

wherein the first bias voltage sequentially increases along the photodiode array for each photodiode pair thereby holding the second photodiode of each pair in a reverse bias state, and

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of the second photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode, and, before or subsequently

and, before or subsequently

the means to control the plurality of light detectors:

applying the first bias voltage to the cathode of the second photodiode of each pair;

applying the same bias voltage to the cathode of the first diode of each pair and the anode of the second photodiode of each pair, thereby holding the second photodiode of each pair in an unbiased, non-conducting state,

wherein the second bias voltage sequentially increases along the photodiode array for each photodiode pair thereby holding the first photodiode of each pair in a reverse bias state, and

the light intensity measurement unit is arranged to measure an output of the first photodiode of each photodiode pair from the current output measured at the cathode of the first photodiode connected to the anode of the second photodiode.

35. An imaging apparatus according to claim 29 to 34, wherein the means to control the plurality of light detectors is operable to apply the requisite voltages to the anodes and cathodes of the photodiodes by connecting the anodes and cathodes of the photodiodes to a plurality of voltage lines, each voltage line held at one of the requisite voltages.

36. An imaging apparatus according to claim 35, wherein the means to control the plurality of light detectors comprises a switching matrix controlled by a control unit.

37. A near-infrared spectroscopy system for imaging a subject’s head comprising an imaging apparatus according to any of claims 21 to 36.