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1. WO2020115456 - PROCÉDÉ ET SYSTÈME DE SURVEILLANCE D'UN SYSTÈME À DISTANCE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

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CLAIMS

1. A method of monitoring a remote system, comprising:

obtaining a plurality of measurement data units, each measurement data unit representing a time series of measurements made by a sensor system at the remote system;

using a first trained machine learning model to identify a subset of the measurement data units that have a higher average probability of corresponding to an abnormal state of the remote system than the other measurement data units;

sending data representing the identified measurement data units over a communications network to a central data processing system; and

detecting an abnormal state of the remote system by using a second trained machine learning model at the central data processing system to process the data representing the identified measurement data units.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the first trained machine learning model estimates a probability of the remote system being in the abnormal state during a time period corresponding to each measurement data unit and the identification of the subset of measurement data units comprises identifying measurement data units corresponding to time periods in which the estimated probability is above a predetermined threshold.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein the predetermined threshold is dynamically adjusted by the central data processing system via the communications network.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the predetermined threshold is lowered by the central data processing system in response to the second trained machine learning model detecting an increase in a probability of an abnormal state of the remote system.

5. The method of any of claims 2-4, wherein the first trained machine learning model uses logistic regression to estimate the probabilities.

6. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the remote system comprises a mechanical apparatus.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein the sensor system comprises an accelerometer.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the accelerometer is attached to a moving part of the mechanical apparatus.

9. The method of any of claims 6-8, wherein the mechanical apparatus is a hand-operated water pump comprising a moveable handle for hand-operating the water pump.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the sensor system comprises an accelerometer configured to measure a component of acceleration of the handle parallel to a longitudinal axis of the handle.

11. The method of any preceding claim, further comprising pre-processing the measurement data units before the first trained machine learning model identifies the subset of the measurement data units.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein the pre-processing comprises determining a period of a largest periodic component of the times series of measurements in each measurement data unit, and the pre-processing comprises removing measurement data units in which a period of the determined largest periodic component is below a predetermined threshold period.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the remote system comprises a hand-operated water pump and the predetermined threshold period equals 0.5s.

14. The method of any of claims 11-13, wherein the pre-processing comprises applying a high pass filter to each measurement data unit.

15. The method of any of claims 11-14, wherein the pre-processing comprises transforming the measurement data units to represent the time series of measurements in the frequency domain.

16. The method of any preceding claim, wherein the second trained machine learning model comprises a support vector machine or a random forest classifier model.

17. The method of any of claims 1-5, wherein the remote system comprises an electrical infrastructure system.

18. The method of any of claims 1-5, wherein the remote system comprises a biological system.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the biological system is a human or animal and the sensor system is configured to measure one or more parameters relevant to a state of health of the human or animal.

20. A system for monitoring a remote system, comprising:

a local data acquisition unit comprising a sensor system and a local data processing unit; and a central data processing system;

wherein:

the local data processing unit is configured to:

obtain a plurality of measurement data units, each measurement data unit representing a time series of measurements made by the sensor system at the remote system;

use a first trained machine learning model to identify a subset of the measurement data units that have a higher average probability of corresponding to an abnormal state of the remote system than the other measurement data units; and

send data representing the identified measurement data units over a communications network to the central data processing system; and

the central data processing system is configured to:

detect an abnormal state of the remote system by using a second trained machine learning model to process the data representing the identified measurement data units received from the local data acquisition unit.