Traitement en cours

Veuillez attendre...

Paramétrages

Paramétrages

Aller à Demande

1. WO2020115013 - PROCÉDÉ DE REMBLAYAGE DE TRANCHÉE COMPORTANT DEUX CONDUITES ET TRANCHÉE AINSI REMBLAYÉE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

METHOD FOR FILLING A TRENCH COMPRISING A PAIR OF CONDUITS

AND SUCH A FILLED TRENCH

Technical field

The present disclosure relates to a method for filling a trench comprising a pair of conduits and such a filled trench.

Background art

District heating systems are systems for distributing heat to a number of places remote from where the heat is generated. Generally, the systems consist of a central heat generating location with conduits distributing a heated heat transfer medium, most commonly water, to a number of locations in order to transfer heat from the heated heat transfer medium to the locations. The heat transfer medium is distributed by pressurizing it. The conduits are arranged in pairs with an outgoing conduit supplied with the heated heat transfer medium and a returning conduit returning the heat transfer medium after use. The heated heat transfer medium is utilized at each remote location by taking heated heat transfer medium from the outgoing conduit and then returning it to the returning conduit.

In order to simplify the construction of the system the pair of conduits are parallel arranged next to each other. Often the pair of conduits are buried underground in order to isolate them from the outside world as well as to isolate the outside world from the conduits since they carry pressurized heated heat transfer medium. To do this a trench is dug in the ground and each of the two conduits are placed in the trench which is then filled. The conduits are placed at a distance from each other such that they are not in contact with each other. The trench is filled with a material which is chosen such that the axial thermal forces of the conduits can be absorbed by the filling material. This is done by choosing the filling material such that the friction between the conduits and the filling material is enough to absorb the axial thermal forces.

One of the largest problems in district heating systems is the loss of heat of the system. Especially losses as the system transports the heated heat transfer medium over long distances. In order to reduce the heat losses, the conduits are insulated. This is done either by directly covering and surrounding the conduits with insulation or by arranging the conduits in an insulating box.

In addition to district heating systems there are also district cooling systems. These systems work in a similar manner but distribute cooled heat transfer medium rather than heated heat transfer medium. Generally, district cooling systems cool a heat transfer medium at a central location and distribute the cooled heat transfer medium to remote locations through conduits. As in district heating the heat transfer medium is distributed by pressurizing it. The conduits are arranged in pairs with an outgoing conduit supplied with the cooled heat transfer medium and a returning conduit returning the heat transfer medium after use. The cooled heat transfer medium is utilized at each remote location by taking the cooled heat transfer medium from the outgoing conduit and then returning it to the returning conduit. Conduits for district cooling systems are arranged in a similar manner as conduits for district heating systems.

For district cooling systems one of the largest problems is the gain of heat of the system. Especially gains as the system transports the cooled heat transfer medium over long distances. In order to reduce the heat gains the conduits are insulated. This is done either by directly covering and

surrounding the conduits with insulation or by arranging the conduits in an insulating box.

Often district heating and district cooling conduits are placed next to each other. A problem in these cases is that the insulation of the conduits isn’t necessarily suitable for both types of conduits, which may lead to increased heat loss or heat gain for each system.

In addition to district heating systems and district cooling systems a bidirectional district thermal energy distribution system as defined in WO 2017076868 A1 is presently developed. In this system a hot conduit and a

cold conduit is used for distributing both heat and cold in the same district thermal energy distribution system. A problem for this system is that the insulation of the conduits isn’t necessarily suitable for both of the conduits, which may lead to increased heat loss or heat gain or both for the system.

Summary

It is an object of the invention to provide for a system for distributing heated and/or cooled heat transfer medium with reduced loss and/or gain of temperature.

According to a first aspect a filled trench is provided. The filled trench comprising:

a pair of conduits for delivering fluid with a different temperature in each of the conduits, the pair of conduits being surrounded by filling material; a first section filled with a filling material of a first type, wherein the first filled section of the filled trench occupies a space surrounding a first conduit of the pair of conduits; and

a second section filled with a filling material of a second type, wherein the second filled section of the filled trench occupies a space surrounding a second conduit of the pair of conduits;

wherein the filling material of the first type has a first thermal conduction coefficient and the filling material of the second type has a second thermal conduction coefficient, the second thermal conduction coefficient being different from the first thermal conduction coefficient.

By such a filled trench it is possible to insulate each of the pair of conduits differently, by the filling material itself. A conduit with a fluid of a higher temperature may be better insulated than a conduit with a fluid of a lower temperature, and vice versa. The conduit which is better insulated may in a district heating system be the conduit delivering a fluid with a higher temperature and in a district cooling system be the conduit delivering a fluid with a lower temperature.

By being able to insulate each conduit differently it is possible to, independently from the other conduit, control the interaction of each conduit with the environment surrounding the trench. It may be that a greater thermal interaction is desired for one of the conduits but not for the other for which a decreased thermal interaction, that is an increased thermal insulation, is desired. An increased thermal interaction with the environment surrounding the trench may allow for storing heat or cold in the environment surrounding the trench. It may also allow for heating or cooling the fluid of a conduit.

Further, it is possible to better insulate one of the conduits than the other and during a colder season, such as winter, deliver fluid with a higher temperature in the better insulated conduit and during a warmer season, such as summer, deliver fluid with a lower temperature in the better insulated conduit.

By being able to insulate the conduits differently by the filling material itself it is possible to achieve the above advantages while using simpler and cheaper conduits. Further, it is possible to choose the conduits with other characteristics in mind than their insulation.

Further, another possible advantage with the present filled trench is that finding leaks in the conduits may be easier. This since the leaking fluid is leaking from the“naked” conduit directly into the filling material. When dealing with conduits comprising an insulation layer or conduits being insulated in an insulating box fluid leaking out from the conduit may be transported from the place of the leak and thereafter leak out to the filling material.

Moreover, repairing the“naked” conduits may also be made easier. This since no insulation need to be peeled off before repairing the leak and thereafter the insulation layer need to be repaired as well.

In connection with this disclosure“surround” is referring to that a section of the filling material encloses, on all sides, a conduit as seen in a vertical cross side view of the filled trench

The first section and the second section may be vertically separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. By this it is possible to provide a trench where different portions of the trench, which are arranged vertically next to each other, may be insulated from each other. Also this allows for a trench which is simple to fill since the trench can be filled by first adding one of the sections and then adding the other section on top.

The first section and the second section may be horizontally separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. By this it is possible to provide a trench where different portions of the trench, which are arranged horizontally next to each other, may be insulated from each other.

The first section and the second section may be diagonally separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. By this it is possible to have the sections both horizontally and vertically separated from each other. Thus combining the effects and advantages related to each of these arrangements.

The conduits of the pair of conduits may be parallel arranged, as seen in a horizontal cross sectional top view of the filled trench. By this the conduits may easily be arranged in the trench and the trench may extend for long distances. Also the distance between the conduits may kept constant which allows for better control of the filling of the trench and the insulation of the conduits by the filling material. It is understood that the pair of conduits does not need to be parallel arranged throughout all their extension.

The conduits of the pair of conduits may be horizontally, vertically, or both horizontally and vertically separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. By this different set ups of the conduits are allowed for. By having them horizontally separated it is possible to easily access one of the conduits without having to make contact or access or interfere with the other. Also this makes it possible to not have the conduits vertically separated which would allow for a trench which has a smaller depth. By having them vertically separated it is possible to easily surround the conduits with different filling material. This by first adding a filling material around the lower conduit and then adding another filling material on

top, around the uppermost conduit. Also this makes it possible to not have the conduits horizontally separated which would allow for a trench which has a smaller width. By having the conduits both horizontally and vertically separated it is possible to combine the above effects and advantages. It would also allow for a trench which is both narrower and shallower as the conduits may be closer to each other in both a horizontal and vertical direction, instead being separated in a diagonal direction.

The filled trench may further comprise a third section arranged as a cover of the filled trench. By this the trench may be protected by from the top which may be the part of the trench which is in contact with the aboveground world.

The pair of conduits may be formed by plastic tubing. By this the conduits may be cheap, durable or both. Since the filling material in the trench may provide insulation the plastic tubing may not need to be provided with extra insulation.

According to a second aspect a method for filling a trench comprising a pair of conduits for delivering fluid with a different temperature in each conduit is provided. The method comprising: filling the trench with filling material such that the pair of conduits are surrounded by the filling material. The act of filling comprises filling the trench with filling material of a first type such that a first filled section of the trench is formed, wherein the first filled section of the trench is occupying a space surrounding a first conduit of the pair of conduits; and filling the trench with filling material of a second type such that a second filled section of the trench is formed, wherein the second filled section of the trench is occupying a space surrounding a second conduit of the pair of conduits. The filling material of the first type has a first thermal conduction coefficient and the filling material of the second type has a second thermal conduction coefficient, the second thermal conduction coefficient being different from the first thermal conduction coefficient.

By such a method it is possible to construct a trench where each of the pair of conduits are insulated differently, by the filling material itself.

The method may further comprise forming the trench by removing material from ground. By this the method may provide for that a trench is formed in the ground in a simple manner, which trench then may be filled. Further, this may provide for that the conduits are arranged underground.

The method may further comprise arranging the conduits of the pair of conduits parallel to each other in the trench, as seen in a horizontal cross sectional top view of the filled trench. By arranging the conduits in this manner the trench may extend for long distances. Also the distance between the conduits is kept constant which allows for better control of the filling of the trench. This also allows for better control of the insulation of the conduits from each other, by the filling material.

The above mentioned features of the filled trench, when applicable, apply to this second aspect as well. In order to avoid undue repetition, reference is made to the above.

A further scope of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description given below. However, it should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description.

Hence, it is to be understood that this invention is not limited to the particular component parts of the device described or acts of the methods described as such device and method may vary. It is also to be understood that the terminology used herein is for purpose of describing particular embodiments only, and is not intended to be limiting. It must be noted that, as used in the specification and the appended claim, the articles "a," "an," "the," and "said" are intended to mean that there are one or more of the elements unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to "a unit" or "the unit" may include several devices, and the like. Furthermore, the words "comprising",“including”,“containing” and similar wordings does not exclude other elements or steps.

Brief description of the drawings

The above and other aspects of the present invention will now be described in more detail, with reference to appended figures showing embodiments. The figures should not be considered limiting to the specific embodiment; instead they are used for explaining and understanding.

As illustrated in the figures, the sizes of layers and regions may be exaggerated for illustrative purposes and, thus, are provided to illustrate the general structures of embodiments. Like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.

Fig. 1 is a vertical cross sectional side view of a filled trench comprising a pair of conduits.

Fig. 2 is a horizontal cross sectional top view of a filled trench comprising a pair of conduits.

Figs 3a-d are vertical cross sectional side views of trenches showing different positions of the pair of conduits within the respective trench.

Fig. 4 is a block diagram of a method for filling a trench with filling material.

Detailed description

The present invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which currently preferred embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided for thoroughness and completeness, and to fully convey the scope of the invention to the skilled person.

In Fig. 1 a filled trench 1 is shown. The trench 1 is formed in the ground 9. The trench 1 comprises a pair of conduits 3a, 3b. The conduits 3a, 3b are surrounded by filling material 4a, 4b. The conduits 3a, 3b are configured for delivering fluid with a different temperature in each of the conduits 3a, 3b. The fluid is typically a heat transfer medium.

The conduits 3a, 3b may be the conduits of a district heating system. The conduits 3a, 3b may be the conduits of a district cooling system. The conduits 3a, 3b may be one conduit of a district heating system and one conduit of a district cooling system. The conduits 3a, 3b may be the hot and cold conduits of the district thermal energy distribution system presented in WO 2017076868 A1. The conduits 3a, 3b may be formed by plastic tubing. Alternatively, the conduits may be formed by steel pipes.

The trench comprises a first section 5a and a second section 5b. The first section 5a is filled with a filling material of a first type 4a. The first filled section 5a of the filled trench occupies a space surrounding a first conduit 3a of the pair of conduits 3a, 3b. The second section 5b is filled with a filling material of a second type 4b. The second filled section 5b of the filled trench occupies a space surrounding a second conduit 3b of the pair of conduits 3a, 3b.

The filling material of the first type 4a has a first thermal conduction coefficient and the filling material of the second type 4b has a second thermal conduction coefficient. The second thermal conduction coefficient is different from the first thermal conduction coefficient. The first thermal conduction coefficient may be smaller than the second thermal conduction coefficient.

The first section 5a may thus thermally insulate the first conduit 3a better than the second section 5b thermally insulates the second conduit 3b.

The filling material of the first type 4a and the filling material of the second type 4b may be particle materials or particulate material. Hence, the filling material used for filling the trench may be a material consisting of particles. The size of the particles may be in the range from 0.1 millimeters to 5 centimeters, preferably in the mm range.

A today common filling material for trenches comprising conduits is moist sand. Moist sand has a thermal conduction coefficient in the range of 0.58 and 1.75 W/mK. Hence approximately 1 W/mK.

The filling material of the first section may be of a material which has a thermal conduction coefficient which is lower than that of moist sand. Hence, the thermal conduction coefficient of the filling material of the first type may be lower than 1 W/mK, preferably lower than 0.58 W/mK. For example, the thermal conduction coefficient of the filling material of the first type may be 0.3 W/mK or lower. According to a non-limiting example, the filling material of the first type may comprise coal. The thermal conduction coefficient of coal is between 0.26 and 0.63 W/mK. According to another non-limiting example, the filling material of the first type may comprises peat. The filling material of the first type may be a mixture of different materials. The filling material of the first type may comprise moist sand.

The filling material of the second section may be of a material which has a thermal conduction coefficient which is higher than that of moist sand. Hence, the thermal conduction coefficient of the filling material of the second type may be higher than 1 W/mK, preferably higher than 1.75 W/mK. For example, the thermal conduction coefficient of the filling material of the second type may be 3.5 W/mK or higher. According to a non-limiting example, the filling material of the second type comprises salt. The thermal conduction coefficient of salt is between 5.28 and 6.38 W/mK. According to another non-limiting example, the filling material of the second type may comprise quartzite. The thermal conduction coefficient of quartzite is between 3.60 and 6.62 W/mK. The filling material of the second type may be a mixture of different materials. The filling material of the second type may comprise moist sand.

As can be seen in Fig. 1 the trench 1 may comprise a third section 7 arranged as a cover of the trench 1. However, the third section 7 is optional. The third section may 7 be filled with a filling material of a third type. The filling material of the third type may have a thermal conduction coefficient different from the thermal conduction coefficients of the first and second types of filling material. The third section 7 may e.g. correspond to a roadway with thereto associated roadbed and surface layer.

In Fig. 2 a horizontal cross section along A-A in Fig. 1 of a part of the trench 1 is shown. As illustrated, the conduits 3a, 3b may be parallel arranged in the trench 1. The pair of conduits 3a, 3b extend along the trench 1.

In Figs 3a-d, cross sectional side views of a different filled trenches 1 are illustrated. Figs 3a-d illustrate different possibilities of how to divide a trench into sections 5a, 5b to be filled with different filling material. Each of the sections 5a, 5b is surrounding a respective one of the conduits 3a, 3b.

Each trench 1 shown in Figs 3a-d may comprise a third section 7 arranged as a cover of the trench 1 as described in relation to Fig. 1.

For each trench 1 the first section 5a is configured to be filled with the filling material of the first type 4a and the second section 5b is configured to be filled with the filling material of the second type 4b. As illustrated in Figs 3a-d the first section 5a and the second section 5b of the trench 1 may be differently arranged within the trench 1.

Common for all the arrangements is that the first section 5a is to occupy a space surrounding the first conduit 3a and that the second section 5b is to occupy a space surrounding the second conduit 3b.

Further common for all the arrangements may be that the first and second sections 5a, 5b may be arranged next to each other. The first and second sections 5a, 5b may be in contact with each other. Together the first and second sections 5a, 5b may completely fill the trench 1.

Further, as also illustrated in Figs 3a-3d the conduits 3a, 3b may be positioned separate from each other. Flence, the conduits 3a, 3b are not contacting each other. Moreover, as mentioned above the conduits 3a, 3b may also be parallel arranged as seen in a longitudinal extension of the conduits 3a, 3b.

In Fig. 3a the first section 5a and the second section 5b are

horizontally separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. Each of the first and second section 5a, 5b may occupy a portion of the trench 1 horizontally next to the other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. As illustrated in Fig. 3a the pair of conduits 3a, 3b may positioned at the same depth of the trench 1. Further, the pair of conduits 3a, 3b may be horizontally separated from each other as seen in the vertical cross sectional side view of the trench 1.

In Fig. 3b the first section 5a and the second section 5b are vertically separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. Each of the first and second section 5a, 5b may occupy a portion of the trench 1 vertically next to the other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. As illustrated in Fig. 3b the pair of conduits 3a, 3b may be positioned at different depth of the trench 1. Further, the pair of conduits 3a, 3b may be vertically separated from each other as seen in the vertical cross sectional side view of the trench 1.

In Fig. 3c the first section 5a and the second section 5b are diagonally separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. In other words, they are both horizontally and vertically separated from each other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. Each of the first and second section 5a, 5b may occupy a portion of the trench 1 diagonally next to the other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. In other words, they may each occupy a portion of the trench 1 both horizontally and vertically next to the other, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. As illustrated in Fig. 3c the pair of conduits 3a, 3b may be positioned both at different depth of the trench 1 , i.e. being vertically separated from each other as seen in the vertical cross sectional side view of the trench 1 , and being horizontally separated from each other as seen in the vertical cross sectional side view of the trench 1. Flence, the conduits 3a, 3b may be both horizontally and vertically separated from each other as seen in the vertical cross sectional side view of the trench 1. In this manner the conduits 3a, 3b may be said to be diagonally separated from each other.

In Fig. 3d the first section 5a is surrounded by the second section 5b, as seen in a vertical cross sectional side view of the filled trench. By such an arrangement it is possible for the second section 5b to surround the first conduit 3a in addition to the second conduit 3b. The first conduit 3a may thus be surrounded by both the first section 5a and the second section 5b. It is also realized although not explicitly illustrated that alternatively, the second section 5b may be surrounded by first section 5a, as seen in a vertical cross

sectional side view of the filled trench. By such an arrangement it is possible for the first section 5a to surround the second conduit 3b in addition to the first conduit 3a. The second conduit 3b may thus be surrounded by both the first section 5a and the second section 5b.

In connection with Fig. 4 a method for filling a trench 1 comprising a pair of conduits 3a, 3b for delivering district heating and/or cooling will now be described. The method comprises filling S506 the trench 1 with filling material 4a, 4b such that the pair of conduits 3a, 3b are surrounded by the filling material 4a, 4b.

The act of filling comprises filling S508 the trench with filling material of a first type 4a such that a first filled section 5a of the trench 1 is formed. The first filled section 5a of the trench 1 is occupying a space surrounding a first conduit 3a of the pair of conduits 3a, 3b. The act of filling further comprises filling S510 the trench 1 with filling material of a second type 4b such that a second filled section 5b of the trench 1 is formed. The second filled section 5b of the trench 1 is occupying a space surrounding a second conduit 3b of the pair of conduits 3a, 3b. The filling material of the first type 4a has a first thermal conduction coefficient and the filling material of the second type 4b has a second thermal conduction coefficient. The second thermal conduction coefficient being different from the first thermal conduction coefficient.

The method may further comprise forming S502 the trench 1 by removing material from ground 9.

The method may further comprise arranging S504 the conduits 3a, 3b of the pair of conduits 3a, 3b parallel to each other in the trench 1 , as seen in a horizontal cross sectional top view of the filled trench.

The method may comprise partly filling the trench with filling material prior to placing the conduits in the trench.

The conduits of the pair of conduits may be placed in the trench one after the other, the method may then include partly filling the trench in between placing each of the conduits of the pair of conduits.

The method may include forming a third section arranged as a cover of the trench. The third section may be formed by filling the trench with a filling material of a third type.

The person skilled in the art realizes that the present invention by no means is limited to the preferred embodiments described above. On the contrary, many modifications and variations are possible within the scope of the appended claims.

For example, the filling material of the first type 4a may be colored in a first predetermined color. The filling material of the second type 4b may be colored in a second predetermined color. The second predetermined color may be different than the first predetermined color. By coloring the filling materials of the first and second type the existence of the pair of conduits may be easily detected by infrastructure builder digging in the ground close to the pair of conduits. By having different colors for the different types of filling material it may be easy to find a certain type of section in the trench.

Moreover, the method may include placing a spacer wall positioned in the trench and filling the trench at one side of the spacer wall with filling material of the first type and at the other side with filling material of the second type. The spacer wall may then be removed.