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1. WO2020113015 - COMMUTATEUR DE RÉSEAU AVEC CONTRÔLEURS DE TERMINAL ET D'ACCÈS DIRECT À LA MÉMOIRE POUR DES TRANSFERTS DE DONNÉES DANS UN VÉHICULE

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CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A network switch comprising:

a data bus;

a register;

an endpoint controller configured to receive a descriptor generated by a device driver of a host system, store the descriptor in the register, and transfer data between a root complex controller of the host system and the data bus, wherein the descriptor identifies an address of a buffer in a memory of the host system; and

a direct memory access controller configured to receive the address of the buffer from the endpoint controller or the register and, based on the address and an indication generated by the device driver, independently control transfer of the data between the memory of the host system and a network device connected to the network switch, wherein the direct memory access controller is a receive direct memory access controller or a transmit direct memory access controller.

2. The network switch of claim 1, wherein the endpoint controller is a peripheral component interconnect express device transferring the data according to a peripheral component interconnect express protocol.

3. The network switch of claim 1, wherein the indication is a flag stored in the memory, an interrupt, or a signal.

4. The network switch of claim 1, further comprising:

a medium access control device configured to transfer the data to or from the direct memory access controller; and

an Ethernet switch configured to transfer the data between the medium access control device and the network device connected to the network switch.

5. The network switch of claim 1, wherein the network device is a sensor, an actuator, a peripheral component interconnect express device, or an endpoint device.

6. The network switch of claim 1, further comprising a medium access control device, wherein, while independently controlling transfer of the data, the direct memory access controller is configured to transfer the data between the data bus and the medium access control device without interaction with a host controller of the host system.

7. The network switch of claim 1, wherein the direct memory access controller is configured to obtain control of the buffer of the memory from the device driver prior to transfer of the data and, after transferring the data, generate an interrupt to return control of the buffer to the device driver.

8. The network switch of claim 1, further comprising another controller configured to, receive a rule stored in the memory and, based on the rule, inspect a frame received from the network device at the network switch and either drop the frame, forward the frame to the device driver, an application controller of the host system or a denial of service controller of the host system.

9. A data transfer system comprising:

the network switch of claim 1;

the memory;

a host controller implementing the device driver; and

the root complex controller configured to provide the host controller and the direct memory access controller access to the memory.

10. The data transfer system of claim 9, wherein the device driver is configured to transfer control of the buffer to the direct memory access controller and the direct memory access controller is configured to return control of the buffer back to the device driver.

11. The data transfer system of claim 9, wherein the root complex controller is configured to control transfer of control information between the device driver and the memory.

12. The data transfer system of claim 9, wherein the root complex controller and the endpoint controller are peripheral component interconnect express devices operating according to a peripheral component interconnect express protocol.

13. The data transfer system of claim 9, further comprising a denial of service controller configured to receive a frame from the network switch, determine whether the frame is likely associated with an attack, change a rule stored in the memory and send the changed rule to the network switch to drop another frame or a connection with the network device.

14. A method of operating network switch, the method comprising:

receiving at an endpoint controller of the network switch a descriptor generated by a device driver of a host system, wherein the descriptor identifies an address of a buffer in a memory of the host system;

storing the descriptor in a register;

transferring data between a root complex controller of the host system and a data bus of the network switch;

receiving at a direct memory access controller the address of the buffer from the endpoint controller or the register, wherein the direct memory access controller is a receive direct memory access controller or a transmit direct memory access controller; and

based on the address and an indication generated by the device driver, independently controlling transfer of the data between the memory of the host system and a network device connected to the network switch.

15. The method of claim 14, further comprising transferring the data according to a peripheral component interconnect express protocol via the endpoint controller.

16. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

transferring the data to or from the direct memory access controller via a medium access control device; and

transferring the data between the medium access control device and the network device connected to the network switch via an Ethernet switch.

17. The method of claim 14, further comprising, while independently controlling transfer of the data, transferring via the direct memory access controller the data between the data bus and a medium access control device without interaction with a host controller of the host system.

18. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

obtaining at the direct memory access controller control of the buffer of the memory from the device driver prior to transfer of the data; and

after transferring the data, generating an interrupt to return control of the buffer to the device driver.

19. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

receiving a rule stored in the memory; and

based on the rule, inspecting a frame received from the network device at the network switch and either drop the frame, forward the frame to the device driver, an application controller of the host system or a denial of service controller of the host system.

20. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

receiving a frame from the network switch;

determining whether the frame is likely associated with an attack;

changing a rule stored in the memory; and

sending the changed rule to the network switch to drop another frame or a connection with the network device.