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1. WO2020112976 - CONFIGURATIONS DE JOINTS

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is Claimed:

1. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall so as to define an insulating space between the first wall and the second wall; and

an end cap, the end cap optionally being toroidal in form and further optionally defining a U-shaped cross-sectional profile,

the end cap comprising a portion that extends along the first wall, the end cap comprising a portion that extends along the second wall, the end cap at least partially sealing the insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall,

the insulating component optionally comprising a second end cap, the second end cap configured to at least partially seal the insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall.

2. The insulating component of claim 1, wherein the portion of the end cap that extends along the first wall extends into the insulating space.

3. The insulating component of claim 1, wherein the portion of the end cap that extends along the second wall extends into the insulating space.

4. The insulating component of claim 1, wherein the portion of the end cap that extends along the first wall extends by distance that is greater than a distance by which the portion of the end cap that extends along the second wall extends.

5. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall so as to define an insulating space between the first wall and the second wall;

a first cap, the first cap at least partially sealing the insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall,

the first cap comprising a first land, the first land optionally sealed to the first wall, and the first cap further comprising a second land, the second land optionally sealed to the second wall.

a first vent communicating with the insulating space to provide an exit pathway for gas molecules from the insulating space,

the first vent being sealable for sealing the insulating space following egress of gas molecules through the vent.

6. The insulating component of claim 5, wherein the first vent is defined by the first land and the first wall.

7. The insulating component of claim 5, further comprising a second cap, the second cap at least partially sealing the insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall.

8. The insulating component of claim 7, wherein the second cap comprises a first land and a second land.

9. The insulating component of claim 8, wherein the first land and the second land of the second cap extend in generally the same direction.

10. The insulating component of claim 7, wherein the first land and the second land of the second cap extend in generally opposite directions.

11. The insulating component of claim 5, wherein the first land and the second land of the first cap extend in generally the same direction.

12. The insulating component of claim 5, wherein the first land and the second land of the first cap extend in generally opposite directions.

13. The insulating component of claim 5, wherein (a) the first land of the first cap defines a height that varies around a perimeter of the cap, (b) the second land of the first cap defines a height that varies around a perimeter of the cap, or (a) and (b).

14. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall;

a second wall,

the first wall enclosing the second wall,

the first wall comprising a sloped portion that extends toward the second wall and the first wall also comprising a land portion that extends from the sloped portion,

the second wall comprising a sloped portion that extends toward the first wall and the second wall also comprising a land portion that extends from the sloped portion,

a third wall;

a fourth wall, the third wall enclosing the fourth wall,

the land of the first wall being sealed to the third wall and the land of the second wall being sealed to the fourth wall so as to at least partially seal a space between the first wall and the second wall that is in fluid communication with a space between the third wall and the fourth wall.

15. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall so as to define an insulating space between the first wall and the second wall;

a first cap defining a curved profile,

the first cap at least partially sealing the insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall,

a second cap defining a curved profile,

the second cap comprising a first portion sealed to the first wall,

the second cap further comprising a second portion sealed to the second wall, and the curved profile of first wall and the curved profile of the second wall being concave away from one another.

16. The insulating component of claim 15, wherein the first cap is sealed to facing surfaces of the first wall and the second wall.

17. The insulating component of claim 15, wherein the first cap is sealed to non-facing surfaces of the first wall and the second wall.

18. The insulating component of claim 15, wherein the second cap is sealed to facing

surfaces of the first wall and the second wall.

19. The insulating component of claim 15, wherein the second cap is sealed to non-facing surfaces of the first wall and the second wall.

20. A molecule excitation chamber, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume,

the first wall comprising a main portion having a length and a projection portion having a length,

the main portion optionally extending perpendicular to the projection portion;

a second wall bounding the interior volume,

the second wall comprising a main portion having a length and optionally comprising a projection portion having a length,

(a) the projection portion of the first wall and the second wall defining a first vent therebetween, or (b) the second wall and the first wall defining a second vent therebetween, or (c) both (a) and (b), and

the ratio of the length of the main portion of the first wall to the projection portion of the first wall being from about 1000: 1 to about 1 ; 1 , and, optionally,

a heat source configured to effect heating of molecules disposed within the interior volume of the molecule excitation chamber.

21. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 20, wherein the second wall is configured to deflect molecules that collide with the second wall toward the first vent.

22. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 20, wherein the molecule excitation chamber comprises a second vent.

23. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 22, wherein the second vent is defined by the first wall and the projection portion of the second wall.

24. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 22, wherein the second vent is disposed

opposite the first vent.

25. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 22, wherein the space defines a major axis and wherein, a line drawn parallel to the major axis does not intersect both the first vent and the second vent.

26. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 20. wherein the space is sealed and further wherein the space is evacuated to a pressure of from about 0.0001 to about 50 Torr.

27. The molecule excitation chamber of claim 26, wherein the space is evacuated to a

pressure of from about 0.005 to about 5 Torr.

28. A method, comprising opening the first vent of a molecule excitation chamber according to claim 20.

29. A method, comprising:

assembling

(a) a first wall comprising a main portion having a length and a projection portion having a length, the main portion optionally extending perpendicular to the projection portion, and the ratio of the length of the main portion of the first wall to the projection portion of the first wall being from about 1000: 1 to about 1;1, and

(b) a second wall comprising a main portion having a length and optionally comprising a projection portion having a length,

the assembling being performed so as to define a first vent defined by the projection portion of the first wall and the second wall, and,

sealing the first vent so as to seal a space between the first wall and the second wall.

30. The method of claim 29, wherein the sealing is accomplished with a sealing material.

31. The method of claim 30, wherein the sealing material acts to at least partially occlude the first vent during sealing.

32. The method of claim 31, wherein the sealing material forms a meniscus during sealing.

33. The method of claim 29, wherein the first wall and the second wall define a second vent therebetween.

34. The method of claim 33, wherein the second vent is defined by the first wall and a

projection portion of the second wall.

35. The method of claim 33, wherein the space defines a major axis and wherein, a line

drawn parallel to the major axis does not intersect both the first vent and the second vent.

36. The method of claim 30, further comprising applying heat so as to give rise to a pressure within the space of from about 0.0001 to about 50 Torr.

37. The method of claim 36, wherein the heat is applied so as to give rise to a pressure within the space of from about 0.005 to about 5 Torr.

38. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall so as to define an insulating space between the first wall and the second wall;

an inner surface of the second wall facing the insulating space, and an outer surface of the first wall facing the insulating space,

(a) the first wall comprising an extension portion that (i) extends from a first end of the first wall toward the inner surface of the second wall and is optionally essentially perpendicular to the inner surface of the second wall and/or (ii) extends toward a second end of the first wall, the extension portion of the first wall optionally further comprising a land portion that is essentially parallel to the inner surface of the second wall, or

(b) the second wall comprising an extension portion that (i) extends from a first end of the second wall toward the outer surface of the first wall and is optionally essentially perpendicular to the outer surface of the first wall and/or (ii) extends toward a second end of the second wall, the extension portion of the second wall optionally further comprising a land portion that is essentially parallel to the outer surface of the first wall, or

both (a) and (b), and

a first vent communicating with the insulating space to provide an exit pathway for gas molecules from the insulating space,

the vent being sealable for sealing the insulating space following egress of gas molecules through the vent.

39. The insulating component of claim 38, wherein the first and second walls are

characterized, respectively, as a first tube and a second tube.

40. The insulating component of claim 39, wherein the first and second tubes are arranged coaxial with one another.

41. The insulating component of claim 38, wherein the extension portion of the first wall defines a length LEI, as measured by a line perpendicular to the first wall.

42. The insulating component of claim 41, wherein the first wall defines a length WL1, and wherein the ratio of LEI to WL1 is from about 1 : 1000 to about 1 :2.

43. The insulating component of claim 42, wherein the ratio of LEI to WL1 is from about 1: 10 to about 1 :5.

44. The insulating component of claim 38, wherein the extension portion of the second wall defines a length LE2, as measured by a line perpendicular to the second wall.

45. The insulating component of claim 44, wherein the second wall defines a length WL2, and wherein the ratio of LE2 to WL2 is from about 1 : 1000 to about 1 :2.

46. The insulating component of claim 45, wherein the ratio of LE2 to WL2 is from about 1: 100 to about 1:5.

47. The insulating component of claim 38, wherein the second wall is configured such that effective conditions effect thermal expansion of the second wall relative to the first wall such that the first vent is opened.

48. The insulating component of claim 38, wherein the first vent is at least partially defined by the land portion of the first wall.

49. The insulating component of claim 48, further comprising a second vent, the second vent being at least partially defined by the land portion of the second wall.

50. The insulating component of claim 49, wherein, along a line extending parallel to the inner surface of the second wall, the first vent and the second vent do not overlap one another.

51. The insulating component of claim 38, further comprising a sealant that seals the first vent so as to seal the insulating space, the sealant optionally being disposed so as to at least partially occlude the first vent.

52. A method, comprising communicating a fluid within the interior volume of an insulating component according to claim 38.

53. A method, comprising heating a material disposed at least partially within the interior volume of an insulating component according to claim 38.

54. The method of claim 53, wherein the heating comprising heating the material without burning the material.

55. The method of claim 53, wherein the material comprises a smokeable material.

56. A method, comprising:

with a first wall bounding an interior volume and a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall,

a volume defined between the first wall and the second wall,

(a) the first wall comprising an extension portion that extends toward the second wall and is optionally essentially perpendicular to the inner surface of the second wall, the

extension portion of the first wall optionally further comprising a land portion that is essentially parallel to the inner surface of the second wall,

(b) the second wall comprising an extension portion that extends toward the outer surface of the first wall and is optionally essentially perpendicular to the outer surface of the first wall, the extension portion of the second wall optionally further comprising a land portion that is essentially parallel to the outer surface of the first wall,

or both (a) and (b), and

(c) the land portion of the first wall contacting the second wall so as to define a volume between the first wall and the second wall, (d) the land portion of the second wall contacting the first wall so as to define a volume between the first wall and the second wall,

or both (c) and (d),

heating the first wall and the second wall under conditions effective to effect thermal expansion of the second wall relative to the first wall,

the thermal expansion giving give rise to or increasing a space between the land portion of the first wall and the second wall and/or giving rise to or increasing a space between the land portion of the second wall and the first wall, thereby allowing gas molecules to exit the volume defined between the first wall and the second wall.

57. The method of claim 56, wherein the heating is performed at less than atmospheric

pressure.

58. The method of claim 56, wherein the thermal expansion gives rise to or increases a space between the land portion of the first wall and the second wall.

59. The method of claim 56, wherein the thermal expansion gives rise to or increases a space between the land portion of the second wall and the first wall.

60. The method of claim 59, wherein the thermal expansion gives rise to or increases a space between the land portion of the first wall and the second wall and gives rise to or increases a space between the land portion of the second wall and the first wall.

61. The method of claim 56, wherein the heating is effective to effect sealing by a sealant of the space between the land portion of the first wall and the second wall and/or the space between the land portion of the second wall and the first wall.

62. An insulating component, comprising:

a second wall bounding at least a portion of an interior volume and defining a lumen therein, the interior volume defining a major axis;

a first wall spaced at a distance from the second wall so as to define an insulating space between the first wall and the second wall;

the interior volume defining a first cross-sectional dimension at a first location along the major axis and the interior volume defining a second cross-sectional dimension at a second location along the major axis.

63. The insulating component of claim 62, wherein the second wall defines a (a) step-wise contraction located between the first location along the major axis and the second location along the major axis or (b) a step-wise expansion located between the first location along the major axis and the second location along the major axis.

64. The insulating component of claim 63, wherein the step-wise contraction is defined by a 90 degree comer formed in the second wall.

65. The insulating component of claim 62, wherein the first wall defines a (a) tapered

contraction located between the first location along the major axis and the second location along the major axis or (b) a tapered expansion located between the first location along the major axis and the second location along the major axis.

66. The insulating component of claim 62, wherein the first cross-sectional dimension is from 0.01 to about 100 times the second cross-sectional dimension.

67. The insulating component of claim 62, wherein the second cross sectional dimension is defined by the second wall.

68. The insulating component of claim 62, wherein the second cross sectional dimension is defined by the first wall.

69. The insulating component of claim 62, further comprising a data transmission element extending into the interior volume, the data transmission element extending through the second location along the major axis of the interior volume.

70. The insulating component of claim 69, wherein the data transmission element extends through the first location along the major axis of the interior volume.

71. The insulating component of claim 62, further comprising a jacket at least partially enclosing the first wall.

72. The insulating component of claim 71, wherein the jacket is secured at at least one location to the first wall.

73. The insulating component of claim 62, further comprising a fitting connected to the first wall.

74. The insulating component of claim 73, wherein the fitting comprises a threading.

75. The insulating component of claim 62, wherein the component (i) defines a first region having a first length measured along the major axis, the first region being characterized as having the first cross-sectional dimension and (ii) defines a second region having a second length measured along the major axis, the second region being characterized as having the second cross-sectional dimension.

76. The insulating component of claim 75, wherein the ratio of the first length to the second length is from about 1 : 100 to about 100: 1.

77. The insulating component of claim 62, further comprising an electronic component disposed within the interior volume.

78. A method, comprising communicating or retaining a fluid within the interior volume of an insulating component according to claim 62.

79. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall and a second wall, the first wall and second wall defining a sealed insulating space therebetween;

a third wall and a fourth wall, the third wall and the fourth wall defining a sealed insulating space; and

the second wall and third wall defining an interstitial space therebetween.

80. The insulating component of claim 79, wherein the interstitial space is sealed.

81. The insulating component of claim 79, further comprising an insulating material disposed within the interstitial space.

82. The insulating component of claim 81, wherein the insulating material comprises a

refractory fibrous material, a refractory porous material, or any combination thereof.

83. The insulating component of claim 82, wherein the insulating material comprises a

ceramic.

84. The insulating component of claim 83, wherein the insulating component comprises alumina.

85. A method, comprising communicating or retaining a fluid within the lumen of an

insulating component according to claim 79.

86. An insulating component, comprising:

- a first vessel comprising (a) a second wall bounding at least a portion of an interior volume, the interior volume defining a major axis and (b) a first wall spaced at a distance from the first wall so as to define a sealed insulating space between the first wall and the second wall;

- a feedthrough portion comprising (a) a first feedthrough wall and (b) a second feedthrough wall, the first feedthrough wall and the second feedthrough wall defining a sealed insulated space therebetween, the second feedthrough wall defining a lumen therein, the lumen of the feedthrough portion being in fluid communication with the interior volume of the first vessel.

87. The insulating component of claim 86, wherein the first vessel defines a major axis, the feedthrough portion defines a major axis, and the major axis of the first vessel is offset by an angle from the major axis of the feedthrough portion.

88. The insulating component of claim 86, wherein the first vessel defines a major axis, the feedthrough portion defines a major axis, and the major axis of the first vessel does not intersect the major axis of the feedthrough portion.

89. The insulating portion of claim 86, wherein the first vessel defines a length, wherein the feedthrough portion defines a length, and wherein the ratio of the length of the first vessel and the length of the feedthrough portion is from about 1 : 1 to about 1 : 100.

90. The insulating portion of claim 86, wherein the feedthrough portion is characterized as being flexible.

91. The insulating component of claim 86, wherein the first vessel defines a major axis, the feedthrough portion defines a major axis, and the major axis of the first vessel is coaxial with the major axis of the feedthrough portion.

92. The insulating component of claim 86. further comprising a signal carrier extending from the lumen of the feedthrough portion into the interior volume of the first vessel.

93. The insulating component of claim 92, wherein the signal carrier comprises an electrical conductor, a fiber optic, or any combination thereof.

94. The insulating component of claim 86, further comprising a tube extending from the lumen of the feedthrough portion into the interior volume of the first vessel.

95. The insulating component of claim 86, further comprising a jacket at least partially

enclosing the first wall.

96. The insulating component of claim 95, wherein the jacket is secured at at least one

location to the first wall.

97. The insulating component of claim 86, further comprising a fitting connected to the first wall.

98. The insulating component of claim 97, wherein the fitting comprises a threading.

99. An insulated article comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall to define an insulating space therebetween,

a vent communicating with the insulating space to provide an exit pathway for gas molecules from the space,

the vent being sealable for maintaining a vacuum within the insulating space following evacuation of gas molecules through the vent,

the distance between the first and second walls being variable in a portion of the insulating space adjacent the vent such that gas molecules within the insulating space are directed towards the vent by the variable-distance portion of the first and second walls during the evacuation of the insulating space,

the directing of the gas molecules by the variable-distance portion of the first and second walls imparting to the gas molecules a greater probability of egress from the insulating space than ingress, and

(a) a positive thermal coefficient (PTC) material being at least partially disposed within the interior volume, (b) the first wall at least partially comprising a PTC material, (c) the second wall at least partially comprising a PTC material, (d) a PTC material being disposed exterior to the second wall, or any combination of (a), (b), (c), and (d).

100. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein one of the walls includes a portion that converges toward the other wall adjacent the vent, and wherein the distance between the walls is at a minimum adjacent the location at which the vent communicates with the insulating space.

101. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein the first and second walls are provided by first and second tubes arranged substantially concentrically so as to define an annular space therebetween.

102. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein the converging wall portion of the one of the walls is located adjacent an end of the associated tube.

103. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein the wall including the

converging portion is comprised in an outer one of the tubes.

104. The insulated article according to claim 99, further comprising a coating disposed on a surface of the one of the walls, the coating formed by a material having an emissivity that is less than that of the wall on which it is disposed.

105. The insulated article of claim 99, further comprising a material disposed between the first and second tubes so as to reduce direct contact between the first and second tubes.

106. The insulated article according to claim 105, wherein the material comprises thread, fiber, yam, or any combination thereof.

107. The insulated article according to claim 105, wherein the material comprises a reflective material.

108. The insulated article according to claim 105, wherein the material comprises a ceramic.

109. The insulated article according to claim 99, further comprising: a third tube

located within the insulating space between the first and second tubes, the third tube being arranged substantially concentric to the first and second tubes.

110. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein the article is a container and wherein the first wall defines a substantially rectangular storage space.

111. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein the vent is defined by an opening in one of the walls and wherein a portion of the other of the walls opposite the vent is arranged such that a tangent line at each location within the portion of the other of the walls is directed substantially towards the vent.

112. The insulated article according to claim 99, wherein the PTC material is

comprised in a heater.

113. The insulated article of claim 99, wherein the PTC material comprises a

poly crystalline ceramic.

114. The insulated article of claim 99, further comprising an amount of a smokeable material disposed so as to be heatable by the PTC material.

115. The insulated article of claim 114, wherein the smokeable material is at least partially disposed within the interior volume.

116. A method, comprising:

applying a current to the PTC material of an insulated article according to claim 99 so as to effect heating of the PTC material.

117. The method of claim 116, wherein the applying is effected so as to give rise to heating a smokeable material.

118. The method of claim 117, wherein the applying is effected so as to give rise to heating the smokeable material without burning the smokeable material.

119. An insulated article, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall, a sealed insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall; and

(a) a positive thermal coefficient (PTC) material being at least partially disposed within the interior volume, (b) the first wall at least partially comprising a PTC material, (c) the second wall at least partially comprising a PTC material, (d) a PTC material being disposed exterior to the second wall, or any combination of (a), (b), (c), and (d).

120. The insulated article of claim 119, wherein the first wall and the second wall are characterized as tubes.

121. The insulated article according to claim 119, further comprising a material disposed between the first and second tubes so as to reduce direct contact between the first and second tubes.

122. The insulated article according to claim 121, wherein the material comprises thread, fiber, yam, or any combination thereof.

123. The insulated article according to claim 122, wherein the material comprises a reflective material.

124. The insulated article according to claim 123, wherein the material comprises a ceramic.

125. The insulated article according to claim 119, further comprising: a third tube located within the insulating space between the first and second tubes, the third tube being arranged substantially concentric to the first and second tubes.

126. The insulated article according to claim 119, wherein the PTC material is

comprised in a heater.

127. The insulated article of claim 119, wherein the PTC material comprises a

poly crystalline ceramic.

128. The insulated article of claim 119, further comprising an amount of a smokeable material disposed so as to be heatable by the PTC material.

129. The insulated article of claim 128, wherein the smokeable material is at least partially disposed within the interior volume.

130. A method, comprising:

applying a current to the PTC material of an insulated article according to any one of claims 115-125 so as to effect heating of the PTC material.

131. The method of claim 130, wherein the applying is effected so as to give rise to heating a smokeable material.

132. The method of claim 131, wherein the applying is effected so as to give rise to heating the smokeable material without burning the smokeable material.

133. An insulating component, comprising:

a first wall bounding an interior volume;

a second wall spaced at a distance from the first wall so as to define an insulating space between the first wall and the second wall; and

an end cap defining an M-shaped cross-sectional profile,

the end cap comprising a portion that extends along the first wall,

the end cap comprising a portion that extends along the second wall,

the end cap comprising a portion that extends into the insulating space, the end cap at least partially sealing the insulating space defined between the first wall and the second wall.

134. The insulating component of claim 133, wherein the end cap comprises a curved portion.

135. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the curved portion extends into the insulating space.

136. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the curved portion hooks over an edge of the first wall.

137. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the curved portion hooks over an edge of the second wall.

138. The insulating component of claim 133, wherein the end cap comprises a

cornered portion.

139. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the cornered portion extends into the insulating space.

140. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the cornered portion hooks over an edge of the first wall.

141. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the cornered portion hooks over an edge of the second wall.

142. The insulating component of claim 134, wherein the cornered portion defines an angle of from about 85 to about 95 degrees.