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1. WO2020112718 - PIXEL BASÉ SUR CTIA POUR DES LECTURES SIMULTANÉES ASYNCHRONES ENTRAÎNÉES PAR UN ÉVÉNEMENT ASYNCHRONE ET BASÉES SUR UNE TRAME SYNCHRONE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

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CLAIMS

What is claimed is :

1 . A hybrid frame-based and event driven pixel, the pixel comprising :

a frame-based capture circuit;

an event-driven capture circuit; and

a photodiode in electrical communication with both the frame-based and event-driven capture circuits ,

wherein said frame-based capture circuit is a capacitive transimpedance amplifier circuit, and

wherein said event-driven capture circuit is a linear asynchronou s event representation circuit.

2. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said linear asynchronous event representation circuit is a time-to-first- spike linear asynchronou s event representation circuit.

3. The pixel of claim 2 wherein the linear, time-to-first- spike, asynchronous event representation portion of the pixel is configured to provide inter-frame auto exposure dependent on photo-current to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio .

4. The pixel of claim 1 wherein the dynamic range of the linear asynchronous event representation circuit based portion is configured to be set by an input state of the capacitive transimpedance amplifier circuit.

5. The pixel of claim 1 wherein timing is as signed by an external clock.

6. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said linear asynchronous event representation circuit is configured to encode both an event and a direction of the change.

7. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said pixel design is selected from the group consisting of: a monolithic, silicon-based pixel; a hybrid design, comprising a focal plane array comprising photodiodes that form an array in one substrate material that is bonded to a complementary metal oxide semiconductor readout in another substrate with one or more contacts per pixel to provide electrical contacts ; and a stacked design.

8. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said pixel comprises relatively large explicit capacitors configured to provide linear response characteristics .

9. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said photodetector is flip-chip bump bonded to a silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor readout chip .

10. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said photodetector is laminated loop-hole bonded to a silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor readout chip .

1 1 . The pixel of claim 1 further comprising a pipeline storage element configured to allow for a true integrate-while-readout mode of operation.

12. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said photodetector material is selected from the group of materials consisting of InGaAs, InSb, and HgCdTe, and S LS and nBn structured sensors .

13. The pixel of claim 1 wherein said photodetector is a quantum-based photodetector.

14. The pixel of claim 1 further comprising an inertial measurement unit configured to trigger the frame-based capture circuit upon detection of movement exceeding a predetermined threshold level.

15. A method of obtaining imagery, the method comprising :

using a focal plane array comprising a plurality of pixels, each pixel comprising :

a frame-based capture circuit;

an event-driven capture circuit; and

a photodiode in electrical communication with both the frame-based and event-driven capture circuits ,

wherein said frame-based capture circuit is a capacitive transimpedance amplifier circuit, and

wherein said event-driven capture circuit is a linear asynchronou s event representation circuit,

capturing largely static images using the frame-based capture circuit; and

capturing the motion of relatively fast-moving obj ects using the event-driven capture circuit.

16. The method of claim 15 wherein said frame-based capture circuit is configured to capture images at a relatively low frame rate and said event-driven capture circuit is configured to capture events at a relatively high frame rate.

17. The method of claim 15 wherein the capturing of largely static images u sing the frame-based capture circuit and capturing of the motion of relatively fast-moving obj ects using the event-driven capture circuit occurs sub stantially simultaneously.

18. The method of claim 15 further comprising determining a pixel addres s by accessing a row and column bu s structure using a decoding network.

19. The method of claim 15 wherein said focal plane array is configured to perform hierarchical 2D row-first, column- second arbitration.

20. A hybrid frame-based and event driven pixel, the pixel comprising :

a frame-based capture circuit;

an event-driven capture circuit;

an inertial measurement unit configured to trigger the frame-based capture circuit upon detection of movement exceeding a predetermined threshold level;

a pipeline storage element configured to allow for a true integrate- while-readout mode of operation; and

a photodiode in electrical communication with both the frame-based and event-driven capture circuits ,

wherein said frame based capture circuit is a capacitive transimpedance amplifier circuit,

wherein said event-driven capture circuit is a linear, asynchronous , time-to-first spike event representation circuit,

wherein the linear, time-to-first- spike, asynchronous event representation portion of the pixel is configured to provide inter-frame auto exposure dependent on photo-current to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio,

wherein the dynamic range of the linear asynchronous event representation circuit based portion is configured to be set by an input state of the capacitive transimpedance amplifier circuit,

wherein said linear asynchronous event representation circuit is configured to encode both an event and a direction of the change, and

wherein timing is as signed by an external clock.