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Paramétrages

Paramétrages

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1. WO2020109664 - PHOTODÉTECTEUR P-I-N

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS

1. A photodetector which comprises:

- a substrate with a horizontal substrate surface,

- an electrically conducting gate electrode which defines a first region on the horizontal substrate surface, and an insulating layer which covers the gate electrode in the first region on the horizontal surface,

- a measurement layer which covers the insulating layer at least in the first region on the horizontal substrate surface,

- a vertical stack of photoactive layers which comprises at least a first photoactive layer which covers the measurement layer at least in a second region on the horizontal substrate surface, wherein the second region at least partly overlaps with the first region,

characterized in that the first photoactive layer comprises semiconductor nanocrystals, nanoparticles or colloidal quantum dots, the conductivity type of the measurement layer is n-type, p-type or ambipolar, and the first photoactive layer exhibits intrinsic semiconductivity.

2. A photodetector according to claim 1 , characterized in that the first photoactive layer consists of one or more lightly doped p-type sublayers and one or more lightly doped n-type sublayers, and the net p-type doping in the first photoactive layer is approximately equal to the net n-type doping in the first photoactive layer, so that the average conductivity in the first photoactive layer is approximately intrinsic.

3. A photodetector according to any of claims 1 - 2, characterized in that the photodetector further comprises a conducting or strongly doped top electrode which covers the first photoactive layer at least in the second region on the horizontal substrate surface.

4. A photodetector according to any of claims 1 - 2, characterized in that the vertical stack of photoactive layers further comprises a second photoactive layer which covers the first photoactive layer at least in the second region on the horizontal substrate surface; wherein the second photoactive layer comprises semiconductor nanocrystals, nanoparticles or colloidal quantum dots, and:

- the conductivity of the measurement layer is n-type and the conductivity of the second photoactive layer is p-type, or

- the conductivity of the measurement layer is p-type and the conductivity of the second photoactive layer is n-type, or

- the conductivity of the measurement layer is ambipolar and the conductivity of the second photoactive layer is either n-type or p-type.

5. A photodetector according to claim 4, characterized in that the photodetector further comprises a conducting or strongly doped top electrode which covers the second photoactive layer at least in the second region on the horizontal substrate surface.

6. A photodetector according to any of claims 1 - 5, characterized in that the photodetector further comprises, at least in the second region on the horizontal substrate surface, one or more specialised layers at the interface between the vertical stack of photoactive layers and the measurement layer, and/or one or more specialized layers at the interface between the first photoactive layer and the second photoactive layer, and/or one or more specialized layers at the interface between the vertical stack of photoactive layers and the top electrode.

7. A photodetector according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the measurement layer is a transistor channel and the photodetector comprises source and drain electrodes connected to different sides of the transistor channel, so that the photodetector can be configured to measure the intensity of incoming radiation by determining the magnitude of a source-drain current which is driven through the measurement layer between the source and drain electrodes and modulated by the photoactive layer when it absorbs radiation.

8. A photodetector according to any of claims 1 -6, characterized in that the measurement layer is a charge accumulation electrode, and the photodetector comprises a single-ended measurement electrode connected to the charge accumulation electrode, so that the photodetector can be configured to measure the intensity of incoming radiation by determining the magnitude of the electric potential of the charge accumulation electrode, which is modulated by the photoactive layer when it absorbs radiation.