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1. WO2020108867 - TRANSFORMATEUR SEC

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

Dry Transformer

Description

The invention is related to a dry transformer to install on or under or in a means of transportation or vessel, in particular a rail car or power car of a train or a ship, com prising at least one core and at least one winding, wherein the winding surrounds the core and wherein the core and the winding are parts of a coil.

In a transformer of dry type the dielectric insulation is a gaseous medium, a solid medium or comprises a combination of both media. The cooling of the dry transformer may be realized by a gaseous medium or by a liquid medium. The transformer core may have a round, stepped, oval cross-sectional or a rectangular cross-sectional area.

Currently such a dry transformer often is assembled using a core and different coil parts. The coil parts are manufactured separately. Currently an assembled dry transformer often is not able to master the required typical dynamic loads in x- y- z-directions in railway applications.

The object of the invention therefore is to create a transformer, which is able to mas ter the required typical dynamic loads in at least one direction in transportation appli cation and in particular in rolling stock applications, like for example in railway appli cations.

The object of the invention is achieved by means of the features of claim 1.

According to this claim the coil and / or the core and / or the winding are mechanically connected to an outer support structure by at least one strut.

According to the invention it has been found that a dry transformer, in particular a traction transformer, may be used for the placement on, under or in a means of transportation or vessel, in particular a rail car or power car or wagon of a train or in or on a ship,, in particular in or under or on a machine room of a rail car or power car of a train. It has been found that all coils and/ or windings and/ or cores must be mounted in such a way that the required typical dynamic loads can be received in x-y- z-directions in transportation applications and in particular rolling stock or railway applications. This is realized by one strut or several struts which is or are connected with an outer support structure. The outer support structure preferably is a part of the transformer. The outer support structure may be a part of the rail car or power car.

Advantageously, the strut is made of an electrically insulating material or the strut comprises an electrically insulating material. The strut is not electrically conductive. Through this, staff can be protected. Coils are fixed by means of insulation material to an outer support structure.

Further advantageously, the strut comprises at least one plate, which has at least one opening or at least one recess, which at least partially surrounds the coil and/ or an outer winding of the coil and/ or the core. Through this, forces exerted by the coil can be absorbed or received in two directions.

Advantageously, the strut comprises two plates at one longitudinal end of the coil and comprises two plates at the other longitudinal end of the coil. Through this, forces exerted by the coil can be absorbed or received in two directions at both ends of the coil in an effective manner.

Further advantageously, the strut is comb-shaped and/ or the strut at least partially extends in a direction, which is parallel to the longitudinal extension of the core. Through this, forces exerted by the coil in the longitudinal direction of the core can be absorbed or received. The comb-shaped strut preferably comprises fins which en gage into the winding or in a space between two windings.

Advantageously, the strut is comb-shaped at one longitudinal end of the coil and that the strut is comb-shaped at the other longitudinal end of the coil. Through this, forces exerted by the coil in the longitudinal direction of the core can be absorbed or re ceived at two ends of the coil.

Further advantageously, the strut at one if its ends is connected with the coil or the winding on at least one outer side of the coil or the winding and the strut is connected at its other end with the outer support structure. Through this, forces exerted by the coil in one direction of the core can be absorbed or received by an outer support structure in an effective manner.

Advantageously, the strut protrudes with one first leg from one side of the coil or the winding and protrudes with one second leg from another side of the coil or the wind ing, wherein the directions of protruding of the legs are perpendicular to each other. Through this, forces exerted by the coil in two directions can be absorbed or re ceived.

Further advantageously, the winding is wound directly onto the core. A winding, which lies at the core, can be wound directly on the core.

Advantageously, the winding is connected to the core and/ or the winding is wedged to the core. A winding, which lies at the core, can be wedged or connected to the core.

Further advantageously a winding, which lies at the core, can be connected to brack ets on a support structure.

Further advantageously, concentric superimposed windings are supported by struc tural devices with or against each other and / or are connected to a support structure. All windings can also be individually connected to a support structure. The structural devices between two windings can also be connected with a strut, wherein the strut is connected to an outer support structure.

Further advantageously, several coils and/ or windings and/ or cores are arranged in parallel to each other and in parallel to a horizontally oriented plane. Advantageously, the coils are arranged horizontally. In a horizontal arrangement, the coils can be lo- cated next to each other or one above the other. The coils can be arranged horizon tally depending on the required application. This can be realized at the possible mounting locations of the transformer, e.g. under the wagon, on the wagon and in the engine room of the wagon of a train.

Advantageously, several coils and/ or windings and/ or cores are arranged in parallel to each other and perpendicularly to a horizontally oriented plane. Advantageously, the coils are arranged vertically. The coils can be arranged vertically depending on the required application. This can be realized in the possible mounting locations of the transformer, e.g. under the wagon, on the wagon and in the engine room of the wagon of a train.

Further advantageously, an arrangement comprises a transformer as described above and a vessel or means of transportation, in particular a rail car or a power car of a train, wherein the vessel or means of transportation, in particular a rail car or power car, comprises a ground plane which is arranged almost horizontally, in partic ular which is arranged parallel to the rails or trackway, when the rail car or power car is on the rails, and wherein the coil and/ or the winding and/ or the core is/ are orient ed in parallel to the ground plane.

Advantageously, an arrangement comprises a transformer as described above and a rail car or a power car of a train, wherein the rail car or power car comprises a ground plane which is parallel to the rails, when the rail car or power car is on the rails, and wherein the coil and/ or winding and/ or the core is/ are oriented perpendicularly to the ground plane.

Further advantageously, the support structure is connected to the vessel or the means of transportation, in particular the rail car or power car or ship, in a fixed man ner. Advantageously the outer support structure fixes at least one coil in three direc tions, namely in x-direction, in y-direction and in z-direction. Through this, the trans former can be used in transportation applications and in particular in railway applica tions.

Advantageously, the transformer has different windings on at least one core leg,

wherein a second core leg conducts the magnetic return flow. Advantageously, the transformer has different windings on two or three core legs.

The transformer described here is a dry-transformer. A dry-type

transformer described here, especially is used for a rolling stock application or a railway application. A transformer can be cooled using a ventilator.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 shows a side and a front view of horizontally arranged coils, which are connected with an outer support structure by plates,

Fig. 2 shows horizontally arranged coils comprising two plates at each longitudi nal end of the coils,

Fig. 3 shows horizontally arranged coils with comb-shaped struts, which engage at each longitudinal end of the coils, wherein the struts are connected to an outer support structure,

Fig. 4 shows side views of horizontally arranged coils with several different strut structures,

Fig. 5 shows a front view of horizontally arranged coils with struts, wherein in the upper view struts are directed from the coils to a ground and wherein in the lower view one first leg of a strut is directed to the ground and one second leg of the strut is directed perpendicularly to the first strut,

Fig. 6 shows vertically arranged coils with two plates at each longitudinal end of the coils,

Fig. 7 shows vertically arranged coils with comb-shaped struta, which are con nected to an outer support structure,

Fig. 8 shows side views of vertically arranged coils with several strut structures, and

Fig. 9 shows a top view of vertically arranged coils with struts, wherein in the left and the right view struts are directed from the coil to sides, which are par allel to the longitudinal extension of the coils.

Fig. 1 in the left view shows a dry transformer to install on or under or in a rail car 8 or power car of a train. The transformer comprises at least one core 1 and at least one winding 2, wherein the winding 2 surrounds the core 1 and wherein the core 1 and the winding 2 are parts of a coil 3.

The coil 3 and the core 1 and the winding 2 are mechanically connected to an outer support structure 4 by at least one strut 5a.

The strut 5a is made of an electrically insulating material. Fig. 1 in the right view shows that the strut 5a comprises at least one plate, which has at least one opening 6 or at least one recess, which at least partially surrounds the coil 3 and the outer winding 2 of the coil 3. The embodiment of Fig. 1 shows that several, namely two, coils 3 and windings 2 and cores 1 are arranged in parallel to each other and in par allel to a horizontally oriented plane 7.

The left view of Fig. 1 insofar shows an arrangement, comprising a transformer and a rail car 8 or a power car of a train, wherein the rail car 8 or power car comprises a ground plane 9, which is parallel to the rails, when the rail car 8 or power car is on the rails, and wherein the longitudinal extensions of the coil 3 and of the winding 2 and of the core 1 are oriented in parallel to the ground plane 9. The support structure 4 is connected to the rail car 8 or power car in a fixed manner.

Fig. 2 shows, that a strut 5b comprises two plates at one longitudinal end of a coil 3 and comprises two plates at the other longitudinal end of the coil 3.

Fig. 1 and 2 show, that two coils 3 are fixed by means of insulation material to an

outer support structure 4. Forces are received or absorbed in y-z-direction, this is best shown in the right view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 shows, that a strut 5c is comb-shaped and that the strut 5c at least partially extends in a direction, which is parallel to the extension of the core 1. The strut 5c is comb-shaped at one longitudinal end of the coil 3 and the strut 5c is comb-shaped at the other longitudinal end of the coil 3. Fig. 3 shows that a support structure 4 is used to fix the coils 3 in x-direction.

Fig. 4 shows in the upper view, that a strut 5d at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5d is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5d comprises four legs, wherein two legs at each longitudinal end of the coil 3 protrude in the direction of the outer support structure 4 and are parallel to the longi tudinal extension of the core 1 and of the coil 3.

Fig. 4 shows in the middle view, that a strut 5e at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5e is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5e comprises only one leg, which is directed to the horizontally oriented plane 7.

Fig. 4 shows in the lower view, that a strut 5f at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5f is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5f comprises two legs which are directed to the horizontally oriented plane 7.

The coils 3 of Fig. 4 are oriented in parallel to the horizontally oriented plane 7.

Fig. 5 shows in the upper view, that the strut 5f at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5f is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5f comprises two legs which are directed to the horizontally oriented plane 7. Two coils 3 are arranged parallel to each other.

Fig. 5 shows in the lower view, that the strut 5g protrudes with one first leg from one side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and protrudes with one second leg from another side of the coil 3 or the winding 2, wherein the directions of protruding of the legs are perpendicular to each other. The first leg protrudes in the direction of the horizontally oriented plane 7. The second leg protrudes in a direction to a side of the support structure 4, which is arranged perpendicularly to the horizontally oriented plane 7.

Fig. 4 and 5 show that outer support structures 4 are connected to one or more sides of one or more coils 3. Fig. 1 to 5 show that a winding 2 is connected with the core 1.

Fig. 6 to 9 show, that the longitudinal extensions of several coils 3 and of windings 2 and of cores 1 are arranged in parallel to each other and perpendicularly to a hori zontally oriented plane 7.

Fig. 6 insofar shows an arrangement, comprising a transformer and a rail car 8 or a power car of a train, wherein the rail car 8 or power car comprises a ground plane 9, which is parallel to the rails, when the rail car 8 or power car is on the rails, and wherein the longitudinal extensions of the coil 3 and of the winding 2 and of the core 1 are oriented perpendicularly to the ground plane 9.

Fig. 6 shows, that the strut 5b comprises two plates at one longitudinal end of the coil 3 and comprises two plates at the other longitudinal end of the coil 3. Fig. 6 shows that a coil 3 is attached by means of insulation material to an outer support structure 4. Stresses are received or absorbed in x-y-z direction.

Fig. 7 shows, that the strut 5c is comb-shaped and that the strut 5c at least partially extends in a direction, which is parallel to the extension of the core 1. The strut 5c is comb-shaped at one longitudinal end of the coil 3 and the strut 5c is comb-shaped at the other longitudinal end of the coil 3. Fig. 7 shows that an outer support structure 4 is used to fix the coils 3 in x-y-z direction.

Fig. 8 shows in the left view, that the strut 5d at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5d is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5d comprises four legs, wherein two legs at each longitudinal end of the coil 3 protrude in the direction of the outer support structure 4 and are parallel to the longi tudinal extension of the core 1 . The legs at the bottom rest on the horizontally orient ed plane 7.

Fig. 8 shows in the middle view, that the strut 5e at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5e is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5e comprises only one leg, which is directed to a vertically oriented plane, which is perpendicular to the horizontally oriented plane 7.

Fig. 8 shows in the right view, that the strut 5f at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5f is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5f comprises two legs, which are directed to a vertically oriented plane, which is perpendicular to the horizontally oriented plane 7.

Fig. 9 shows in the left view, that the strut 5f at one of its ends is connected with the coil 3 or the winding 2 on at least one outer side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and that the strut 5f is connected at its other end with the outer support structure 4. The strut 5f comprises two legs, which are directed to a vertically oriented plane, which is perpendicular to the horizontally oriented plane 7. Two vertically arranged coils 3 are arranged in parallel to each other.

Fig. 9 shows in the right view, that the strut 5e protrudes from one side of the coil 3 or the winding 2 and rests on a first vertical plane, which is perpendicular to the horizon tally oriented plane 7. Another strut 5e protrudes from one side of another coil 3 or the winding 2 and rests on another vertical plane, which is parallel to the first vertical plane and also perpendicular to the horizontally oriented plane 7. Two coils 3 are ar ranged vertically. The struts 5e protrude in opposite directions from the coils 3.

Fig. 8 and 9 show that an outer support structure 4 is connected to one or more sides of one or more coils 3.

In this description two coils 3, two windings 2 or two cores 1 are arranged in parallel to each other and/ or to a plane, if the longitudinal extensions of the coils 3, of the windings 2 or of the cores 1 are arranged in parallel to each other and/ or to a plane.

In this description two coils 3, two windings 2 or two cores 1 are arranged in parallel to each other and perpendicularly to a plane, if the longitudinal extensions of the coils 3, of the windings 2 or of the cores 1 are arranged in parallel to each other and perpendicularly to a plane.

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