Traitement en cours

Veuillez attendre...

Paramétrages

Paramétrages

Aller à Demande

1. WO2020107117 - APPAREIL DE TRANSFERT D'INOCULUM ET PROCÉDÉS ASSOCIÉS

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS:

1. An inoculum transfer apparatus for a bee hive having a hive opening, comprising:

a) a body mountable to the hive intermediate the hive opening and an outside environment;

b) a bee pathway in the body for providing passage for bees between the hive opening and the outside environment;

c) a reservoir in the body at an elevation above the bee pathway for storing powdered inoculum, the reservoir having a reservoir outlet at a lower end thereof; and

d) a vibratory dispenser in the body adjacent the reservoir outlet for controlling dispensing of the powdered inoculum from the reservoir outlet to the bee pathway via a vibratory drive.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the vibratory dispenser includes a gate below the reservoir outlet and coupled to the vibratory drive, the gate inhibiting transfer of powdered inoculum from the reservoir outlet to the bee pathway when at rest, and the vibratory drive energizable to vibrate the gate for inducing transfer of powdered inoculum from the reservoir outlet to the bee pathway.

3. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the gate has an upper surface facing the reservoir outlet for receiving the powdered inoculum.

4. The apparatus of claim 3, wherein the gate vibrates in a plane generally parallel with the upper surface when the vibratory drive is energized.

5. The apparatus of any one of claims 2 to 3, wherein the gate vibrates away from and toward the reservoir outlet when the vibratory drive is energized.

6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the gate vibrates between a closed position against the reservoir outlet and an open position spaced apart from the reservoir outlet when the vibratory drive is energized.

7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the gate is biased toward the closed position.

8. The apparatus of any one of claims 6 to 7, wherein when the gate is in the open position, a transfer channel is provided between the reservoir outlet and the bee pathway for transfer of the powdered inoculum from the reservoir to the bee pathway, and when the gate is in the closed position the transfer channel is closed.

9. The apparatus of any one of claims 6 to 8, wherein the gate pivots about a horizontal pivot axis when vibrating between the open and closed positions.

10. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein the vibratory dispenser includes a mount fixed to the body, and wherein the gate is pivotably connected to the mount at the pivot axis via a living hinge.

11. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the living hinge biases the gate toward the closed position.

12. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 11 , wherein the vibratory drive comprises a vibratory disc motor.

13. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the body includes a frame mountable to the hive and a housing removably mountable to the frame, the reservoir internal the housing and the dispenser mounted to the housing.

14. The apparatus of claim 13, wherein the housing includes a lid movable between an open position for providing access to the reservoir, and a closed position for covering the reservoir.

15. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 14, further comprising a controller for controlling operation of the vibratory drive according to one or more adjustable operating parameters.

16. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the operating parameters correspond to at least one of a frequency of vibration and an amplitude of vibration.

17. The apparatus of any one of claims 15 to 16, wherein the operating parameters correspond to at least one of a dispensing time period during which to energize the vibratory drive, and an off time period during which to not energize the vibratory drive.

18. An inoculum transfer apparatus for a bee hive having a hive opening, comprising:

a) a body mountable to the hive;

b) a bee pathway in the body for providing passage for bees between the hive opening and an outside environment external the hive;

c) a reservoir in the body above the bee pathway for storing a powdered inoculum, the reservoir having a reservoir outlet at a lower end thereof; and

d) a dispenser in the body for controlling dispensing of the powdered inoculum from the reservoir to the bee pathway, the dispenser including a gate adjacent the reservoir outlet, the gate movable between a first position in which the reservoir outlet is closed by the gate to inhibit transfer of the powdered through the reservoir outlet and a second position spaced apart from the first position and in which the reservoir outlet is open for dispensing the powdered inoculum from the reservoir toward the bee pathway, and the dispenser further including a drive coupled to the gate for moving the gate at least from the first position to the second position.

19. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein the gate is biased toward the first position.

20. The apparatus of any one of claims 18 to 19, wherein the gate is pivotable about an axis for movement between the first and second positions.

21. A method of inoculating bees passing through an inoculum transfer apparatus mounted to a bee hive, comprising:

a) supplying a reservoir of the apparatus with powdered inoculum, the reservoir including a reservoir outlet at a lower end thereof; and

b) periodically energizing a vibratory drive to vibrate a gate positioned below the reservoir outlet to induce transfer of the powdered inoculum from the reservoir to the bee pathway to dust bees exiting the hive via the bee pathway with the powdered inoculum.