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1. WO2020095123 - CAGE D'ASCENSEUR ISOLÉE AVEC UN COUSSIN GONFLABLE DE SÉCURITÉ POUR RÉDUIRE LES BLESSURES PROVOQUÉES PAR DES CHUTES OU DES ÉCRASEMENTS

Document

Description

Title of Invention 0001  

Technical Field

0002  

Background Art

0003   0004   0005   0006  

Summary of Invention

0007  

Technical Problem

0008  

Solution to Problem

0009   0010   0011  

Advantageous Effects of Invention

0012   0013   0014   0015   0016   0017   0018   0019   0020  

Brief Description of Drawings

0021   0022   0023   0024   0025   0026  

Description of Embodiments

0027   0028   0029   0030   0031   0032   0033   0034   0035   0036   0037   0038   0039   0040   0041   0042   0043   0044   0045   0046   0047   0048   0049   0050   0051   0052   0053   0054   0055   0056   0057   0058   0059   0060   0061   0062   0063   0064   0065   0066   0067   0068   0069   0070   0071   0072   0073   0074   0075   0076   0077   0078   0079   0080   0081   0082   0083   0084  

Examples

0085  

Industrial Applicability

0086  

Reference Signs List

0087  

Reference to Deposited Biological Material

0088   0089  

Citation List

0090  

Patent Literature

0091  

Non Patent Literature

0092  

Claims

1   2   3   4   5   6   7  

Drawings

1   2   3  

Description

Title of Invention : The elevator cage Insulated with airbag to reduce injuries caused by falls or crashes

[0001]
This statement is filed and provided based on a local statement, at IRIPO's Intellectual Property Center No.: 139750140003006780, dated November 10, 2018.

Technical Field

[0002]
The invention is related to the sciences such as mechanics, the construction of elevator equipment and the technical field of elevator control.

Background Art

[0003]
An elevator is a kind of transporting equipment that moves individuals or goods between levels (floor), such as a building, ship, or other structures. the lifts (or Elevators) are generally designed by electric motors that include pulling cables. elevators are usually used in office buildings, airports, shopping malls and other large structures. these devices carry a large number of people and equipment between two or more locations in a structure. the elevator can be used in various shapes such as lift elevators, stage elevators, dumbwaiter elevators and car lifts. although elevators have progressed to perform various tasks, their main use is in transporting passengers in a structure like a building. a person or a passenger in anticipation of an elevator may wait several minutes for transportation. current elevators can use the technology to make transporting passengers faster, easier and even more efficient. in these smart elevators, we can use different advanced technologies, compared to previous ones. they are always in evolving. for example, some smart elevators can calculate the weight of the passengers to prevent the death of many people. other smart elevators can direct passengers to their destination and their desired locations, based on the number of passengers with the same request. these smart elevators usually use a standard hardware connection to send and processing the passenger requests. similar statements in the field of mentioned the invention:
[0004]
Smart elevator control device - US2015329316 (A1) - 2015 - 11 – 19
[0005]
Anti-falling device suitable for elevator - CN107324177 (A) - 2017 - 11 – 07
[0006]
Elevator calling operation based on wrist wearable smart device - US2017305715 (A1) - 2017 - 10 – 26

Summary of Invention

[0007]
In the elevator cabin the insulation with air bag are embedded in the all interior parts of the elevator cabin, and in all directions, to reduce the damage caused by the fall. the impact sensors are located on the cabin roof and its side parts; when the elevator crashes, at the time of the collision, in less than 08% second, all air bags are opened and it will prevent the collision of the passengers, inside the cabin with the body and also, in reducing the impact of the floor to the passengers is effective. in addition to the airbag, a speed sensor is also fitted inside the cabin; and when the speed of the cabin moves out of the permissible range, the elevator will be in a state of all, the warning will be sounded to allow the passengers, whenever possible, to be in the fallen position in the elevator and the severity of the impact would be spread on the body and therefore, the damage caused by the fall is reduced. when the elevator hits the ground, all the air bags are opened and the elevator cabin acts like an air box with embedded air Pillow, that prevent the passengers inside the cabin from collision with elevator's walls and floor.

Technical Problem

[0008]
Is there a problem in all existing elevators that what should be done if a cabin crashes? is there a method or strategy to prevent injuries and saving passengers life? there are no answers to these questions. no strategy has been taken and there is still this fundamental problem, that there is no way to save passengers life, and we have to stand, until the elevator to hit the ground. as a result, in the most optimistic way, the people will suffer from fractures and injuries, and in the most pessimistic state they will die.

Solution to Problem

[0009]
Reducing physical and psychological injuries such as fractures when cabin crashes(fall).
[0010]
In the elevator cabin the insulation with air bag are embedded in the all interior parts of the elevator cabin, and in all directions, to reduce the damage caused by the fall. the impact sensors are located on the cabin roof and its side parts; when the elevator crashes, at the time of the collision, in less than 08% second, all air bags are opened and it will prevent the collision of the passengers, inside the cabin with the body and also, in reducing the impact of the floor to the passengers is effective. in addition to the airbag, a speed sensor is also fitted inside the cabin; and when the speed of the cabin moves out of the permissible range, the elevator will be in a state of all, the warning will be sounded to allow the passengers, whenever possible, to be in the fallen position in the elevator and the severity of the impact would be spread on the body and therefore, the damage caused by the fall is reduced. when the elevator hits the ground, all the air bags are opened and the elevator cabin acts like an air box with embedded air Pillow, that prevent the passengers inside the cabin from collision with elevator's walls and floor. in this system, the impact and speed sensors are used.
[0011]
The parts and components added to the elevator cabin include: airbag, speed alert sensor, impact Sensors, explosion compartment

Advantageous Effects of Invention

[0012]
Saving the people (passengers) in the elevator cabin from death and reducing human injuries
[0013]
Reducing fracture damages caused by the fall or crashes of the elevator
[0014]
Reducing the stress in passengers due to the increased confidence in elevator safety and the interior of the elevator cabin.
[0015]
Increasing the level of the technology available on the elevator and providing creativity and innovation
[0016]
Applicable to all construction lifts (elevators) that have the ability to carry humans, in order to improve safety
[0017]
Create a safety shield in the interior of the elevator cabin so that it covers all the metal and wooden… parts.
[0018]
Improving the previous lines of elevators
[0019]
Improving of the previous shortcomings of prior techniques
[0020]
Short training time and easy learning for users

Brief Description of Drawings

[0021]
Fig.1
[0022]
[fig. 1]
elevator cabin from front view
[0023]
Fig.2
[0024]
[fig. 2]
elevator cabin from side view
[0025]
Fig.3
[0026]
[fig. 3]
elevator cabin from the below view

Description of Embodiments

[0027]
Fig.1
[0028]
11.Roof of the cabin
[0029]
12.Roof blasting chamber(compartment)
[0030]
13.Airbag roof
[0031]
14.The wall behind the cabin
[0032]
15.Left wall
[0033]
16.Left wall blasting chamber blasting chamber
[0034]
17.Back wall chamber
[0035]
18.Airbag on the left side wall
[0036]
19.Left speed sensor
[0037]
20.Floor airbag
[0038]
21.Floor of the cabin
[0039]
22.Impact Sensor
[0040]
23.Floor blasting chamber
[0041]
24.Impact Sensor
[0042]
25.Right wall
[0043]
26.Right wall
[0044]
27.Speed Sensor
[0045]
28.Floor airbag
[0046]
29.Floor airbag
[0047]
Fig.2
[0048]
10.Insulated elevator cabin with airbag to reduce injuries caused by falls
[0049]
11.Roof airbag
[0050]
12.Cabin board switch
[0051]
13.Left blasting chamber
[0052]
14.Speed Sensor
[0053]
15.Impact sensor
[0054]
16.Floor blasting chamber
[0055]
17.Airbag behind the wall
[0056]
18.Back wall blasting chamber
[0057]
19.Back wall
[0058]
20.Roof airbag
[0059]
21.Cabin floor
[0060]
Fig.3
[0061]
10.Insulated elevator cabin with airbag to reduce injuries caused by falls
[0062]
11.Cabin roof
[0063]
12.Left wall
[0064]
13.Floor airbag
[0065]
14.Impact sensor
[0066]
15.Floor blasting chamber
[0067]
16.Floor airbag
[0068]
17.Floor framework
[0069]
18.Impact sensor
[0070]
19.Blasting chamber
[0071]
20.Back wall
[0072]
How to operate airbags
[0073]
the method of opening the airbags is such that, it lasts for eight hundredths of a second in such a way that you do not feel the opening time of the airbags. The airbags are embedded in all parts of the elevator cabin, i.e. the ceiling, the floor in the form of four-parts and the four side walls of the cabin, which in the elevator door section it is two-parts. considering the floor of the elevator, because sensitivity is high in this area, that is, when the whole pressure is encountered, it enters this part, also, due to the gravity of the ground that is downward, the impact is first transferred to the floor of the elevator cabin and then to the sides of the cabin. in fact, the impact always first hits the floor and then transferred to the body. when colliding, air bags quickly open up to eight hundredths of a second.
[0074]
Speed alert sensor
[0075]
The operation of the speed warning sensor is such that when elevator falling, as soon as the velocity increases, a warning will be announced. for example, consider the speed of the elevator at 3 meters per second, when the elevator is on the 5th floor and the elevator starts to fall from that floor, it takes a few seconds to break the cables one by one, in this way, the caution alarm allows the person inside the cabin can be placed in laying position, to reduce the severity of the impact on the person(s) or passengers. as soon as the warning alarm are announced, the person quickly enters the laying position. because when the person is placed on the two feet in the elevator cabin, the total pressure is transferred to the foot and the bones of the body are crushed, Therefore, it is advisable for a person to be in laying position, to reduce injuries. in the standing position, pressure is entered into a point, when a speed warning sensor is sounded, a person has a chance to put himself in the above mentioned situation. in order to be awareness of the position of a person(s) during the fall of the elevator, a training notice is placed inside the elevator cabin, to inform the person(s) for placement position and the manner in which the elevator is crashed. The airbag includes 3 parts: 1- air bag 2- explosive part (it causes nitrogen gas to be filled in to the air bags) 3- a sensor connected to an explosive reservoir by an interface wire.
[0076]
Impact Sensor
[0077]
The impact sensor is placed at the bottom of the elevator under the roofs of the elevator cabin, in this section, two impact sensors are assembled on both side of the cabin against each other, when tilting the elevator, act as a button on one side of the cabin, when the elevator falls. the impact sensor has an interconnect wire connected to the explosion chamber; this impact sensor, in the facing of a severe impact, immediately quickly sends the alert to the explosion chamber, to fill nitrogen gas in air bags.
[0078]
The method of placing airbags on the floor of the elevator
[0079]
Air bags are made in standard size and shape and it do not get out of the standard design and size. for example, when the area of the elevator floor is one square meter, the airbag is same size of the elevator floor, like a cloth in one meter in the cabin floor. the elevator floor airbag consists of four separate airbags, that cover the entire floor of the elevator. the floor of the elevator consists of two parts: 1- First (underneath) 2- secondary (upper).
[0080]
between these two layers there is an empty space, 20 cm, in diameter, that is the space to open the airbag. The reason for creating this space between airbag and the person standing is that:
[0081]
when the airbag is opened, do not throw over a person and avoid possible damage.
[0082]
the weight of the people does not create a problem with the full opening of the floor air intakes
[0083]
the secondary floor is made of plastic, which person is stood on it, and after transferring the impact to the floor of the elevator, it is transferred to the airbags.
[0084]
These air bags have a cover and the airbag opens in the square shape on the floor of the elevator. It is not crumpled; we put air bags inside the elevator roof, somehow, which when it opened, does not contact with people inside the cabin; the air bag embedded is 20 centimeters lower than our soleplate and the bottom of the elevator and is four-ply. the floor of our elevator cabin is one in one meter and It is divided into four equal parts and includes a solid plastic cover, four separate airbags and an explosion compartment. inside the cabin floor, the elevator rises up to 20 cm when opened and the air bags embedded in the cockpit of the elevator are about 10 cm in size and after the end of the shock and collision, the air of these air bags is evacuated. also, the airbag is fitted in the cabin interior in two parts, until opening the elevator cabin does not prevent. the explosion compartment is located below the airbag and the cabin wall, Which, when blasting, produced nitrogen gas filled in air bags and it prevents passengers of elevator cabin to contact with cabin walls. at the opening stage of the airbag, no pressure is imposed on the person's weight on the airbag, due to the person's over standing, the airbag no longer has to carry the person's weight, and the airbag opens easily.

Examples

[0085]
In all patented inventions so far, the only act taken is to measure the weight of people in the elevator and the previous inventions to save people's lives has not been taken into account any installed airbag in the elevator cabin with speed sensors and alarms. the public has benefited from this lift because of the easy and useful use of this elevator cabin in all residential, commercial and residential buildings. the public use of this elevator is due to the easy and useful use of this elevator cabin, is applicable in all residential, commercial and all buildings that requiring elevators. in the invention, using a smart system, when hit or fall are happened, the alarm warning signaling and in the speed of eight hundred of second the airbags acts the and save the lives of people inside the cabin.

Industrial Applicability

[0086]
It is applicable for all elevators for carrying luggage, carrying the cars and transportation of people in all residential, commercial and buildings… to minimize injuries.

Reference Signs List

[0087]

Reference to Deposited Biological Material

[0088]
[0089]

Citation List

[0090]

Patent Literature

[0091]
patcit 1 :

Non Patent Literature

[0092]
nplcit 1 :

Claims

[Claim 1]
The insulated elevator cabin to reduce injuries caused by falls, is an elevator cabin equipped with airbag and a speed and impact warning sensors; that it reduces the psychological and physical injuries such as fracture. It considered to save human life. In this system, the airbag is installed in all parts of the cabin of the elevator and in all directions. the airbag of the elevator floor, has four separate airbags, that all of them cover the floor of the elevator and the impact sensors are placed in the cabin floor and side parts. a speed sensor and explosion compartment are also fitted inside the cabin.
[Claim 2]
According to claim 1, the airbags installed in the elevator cabin have been opened at a fall of at least 08% seconds and prevent the collision of the inside passengers of the cabin with its body. it is effective in reducing the impact to passengers from floor. two impact sensors (for safety), are mounted on each side of the cabin, when the elevator is tilted, during falls, it act like a button on one side of the cabin, also using a speed alert sensor when crashing (falling) this means moving the cabin and increasing the speed of movement, a warning sounded up so that the person, as far as possible, gets into the elevator in laying position, to distribute the severity of the impact and explosive compartment impact, in body and reducing the damage caused by the fall. (produces nitrogen gas to fill the airbags)
[Claim 3]
According to claim 2, the impact sensor has an interface wire that is connected to the explosion chamber. This impact sensor encounters a severe impact, quickly sends an alert to the explosion chamber and it fills the nitrogen gas in the air bags. the operation method of the speed warning sensor is such that when crashes, and as soon as the speed is increased a warning is sent.
[Claim 4]
According to claim 2, the airbag is fitted inside the cabin door is in double parts, to prevent the elevator cabin door from opening, and the floor airbag contains four separate airbags, that cover the entire floor of the elevator. the floor of the elevator has two parts: 1- first (underneath) 2-2-secondary (upper).
[Claim 5]
According to Claim 4, between these two layers (underneath and upper) there is an empty space with a diameter of 20 cm, which is the space to open the airbag.
[Claim 6]
According to claim 5, the cause of creating an empty space between the airbag and the standing person is that, 1- at the time of opening airbag, the person is not thrown upward and prevented from possible damage 2. The weight of the persons does not create a problem with the full opening of the floor elevator.
[Claim 7]
According to claim 4, the secondary floor is made of plastic, which the person stands on it., and after transferring the impact to the floor, the elevator transfers it to the airbags.

Drawings

[ Fig. 1]
[ Fig. 2]
[ Fig. 3]