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1. WO2020005638 - COMPRESSEUR HYPOCYCLOÏDE

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[ EN ]

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A compressor, comprising:

a stationary housing disposed about a central axis and having a radially inner surface defining a plurality of circumferentially spaced cavities opening into an interior space of the housing;

a plurality of fluid volume control members, each of the plurality of fluid volume control members disposed within one of the plurality of cavities and defining a fluid chamber within the cavity sealed relative to the interior space;

an eccentric shaft disposed within the interior space of the housing and configured for rotation about the central axis; and,

a hypocycloid rotor disposed within the interior space of the housing and supported on the eccentric shaft, the hypocycloid rotor defining a plurality of lobes configured for movement into and out of each cavity of the plurality of cavities responsive to rotation of the eccentric shaft about the central axis to displace the fluid volume control member in each cavity and adjust a volume of each fluid chamber.

2. The compressor of claim 1 wherein at least one of the plurality of fluid volume control members comprises a flexible diaphragm.

3. The compressor of claim 2 wherein opposite circumferential ends of the diaphragm are received within recesses formed in circumferentially adjacent, radially inwardly extending protrusions that are formed in the radially inner surface of the housing, each of the protrusions disposed between circumferentially adjacent cavities of the plurality of the cavities.

4. The compressor of claim 1 wherein at least one of the plurality of fluid volume control members comprises a bellows.

5. The compressor of claim 1 wherein at least one of the plurality of fluid volume control members comprises a piston.

6. The compressor of claim 5, further comprising a seal disposed within one of the plurality of cavities and configured to engage the piston and an opposed wall of the housing.

7. The compressor of claim 1, further comprising:

a plurality of inlet valves supported within the housing, each of the plurality of inlet valves configured to control fluid flow between one of the fluid chambers and a corresponding fluid inlet to the one fluid chamber; and,

a plurality of outlet valves supported within the housing, each of the plurality of outlet valves configured to control fluid flow between one of the fluid chambers and a corresponding fluid outlet in the one fluid chamber.

8. The compressor of claim 7 wherein the fluid inlets for the fluid chambers are in fluid communication with a common fluid intake manifold and the fluid outlets for the fluid chambers are in fluid communication with a common fluid discharge manifold.

9. A compressor, comprising:

a stationary housing disposed about a central axis and having a radially inner surface defining a first plurality of circumferentially spaced cavities opening into a first interior space of the housing and a second plurality of circumferentially spaced cavities opening into a second interior space of the housing, the first plurality of cavities and first interior space axially spaced from the second plurality of cavities and second interior space;

a first plurality of fluid volume control members, each of the first plurality of fluid volume control members disposed within one of the first plurality of cavities and defining a fluid chamber within the cavity sealed relative to the first interior space;

a second plurality of fluid volume control members, each of the second plurality of fluid volume control members disposed within one of the second plurality of cavities and defining a fluid chamber within the cavity sealed relative to the second interior space;

an eccentric shaft disposed within the interior space of the housing and configured for rotation about the central axis;

a first hypocycloid rotor disposed within the first interior space of the housing and supported on the eccentric shaft, the first hypocycloid rotor defining a plurality of lobes configured for movement into and out of each cavity of the first plurality of cavities responsive to rotation of the eccentric shaft about the central axis to displace the first fluid volume control member in each cavity and adjust a volume of each fluid chamber; and,

a second hypocycloid rotor disposed within the second interior space of the housing and supported on the eccentric shaft, the second hypocycloid rotor defining a plurality of lobes configured for movement into and out of each cavity of the second plurality of cavities responsive to rotation of the eccentric shaft about the central axis to displace the second fluid volume control member in each cavity and adjust a volume of each fluid chamber.

10. The compressor of claim 9 wherein the second hypocycloid rotor is

circumferentially shifted relative to the first hypocycloid rotor by a number of degrees equal to 360 degrees divided by a total number of the first plurality of cavities and the second plurality of cavities.

11. The compressor of claim 9 wherein fluid output from the fluid chambers in the first plurality of cavities is input to the fluid chambers in the second plurality of cavities.

12. The compressor of claim 11 wherein fluid output from the fluid chambers in the first plurality of cavities is cooled before input to the fluid chambers in the second plurality of cavities.

13. The compressor of claim 9 wherein at least one of the first and second pluralities of fluid volume control members comprises a flexible diaphragm.

14. The compressor of claim 13 wherein opposite circumferential ends of the diaphragm are received within recesses formed in circumferentially adjacent, radially inwardly extending protrusions that are formed in the radially inner surface of the housing, each of the protrusions disposed between circumferentially adjacent cavities of a corresponding one of the first and second pluralities of the cavities.

15. The compressor of claim 9 wherein at least one of the first and second pluralities of fluid volume control members comprises a bellows.

16. The compressor of claim 9 wherein at least one of the first and second pluralities of fluid volume control members comprises a piston.

17. The compressor of claim 16, further comprising a seal disposed within one of the first and second pluralities of cavities and configured to engage the piston and an opposed wall of the housing.

18. The compressor of claim 9, further comprising:

a first plurality of inlet valves supported within the housing, each of the first plurality of inlet valves configured to control fluid flow between one of the fluid chambers in the first plurality of cavities and a corresponding fluid inlet to the one fluid chamber;

a first plurality of outlet valves supported within the housing, each of the first plurality of outlet valves configured to control fluid flow between one of the fluid chambers in the first plurality of cavities and a corresponding fluid outlet in the one fluid chamber;

a second plurality of inlet valves supported within the housing, each of the second plurality of inlet valves configured to control fluid flow between one of the fluid chambers in the second plurality of cavities and a corresponding fluid inlet to the one fluid chamber; and,

a second plurality of outlet valves supported within the housing, each of the second plurality of outlet valves configured to control fluid flow between one of the fluid chambers in the second plurality of cavities and a corresponding fluid outlet in the one fluid chamber.

19. The compressor of claim 20 wherein the fluid inlets for the fluid chambers in the first plurality of cavities are in fluid communication with a first common fluid intake manifold, the fluid outlets for the fluid chambers in the first plurality of cavities are in fluid communication with a first common fluid discharge manifold, the fluid inlets for the fluid chambers in the second plurality of cavities are in fluid communication with a second common fluid intake manifold and the fluid outlets for the fluid chambers in the second plurality of cavities are in fluid communication with a second common fluid discharge manifold.

20. A method for compressing fluid, comprising the steps of:

providing a compressor comprising

a stationary housing disposed about a central axis and having a radially inner surface defining a plurality of circumferentially spaced cavities opening into an interior space of the housing;

a plurality of fluid volume control members, each of the plurality of fluid volume control members disposed within one of the plurality of cavities and defining a fluid chamber within the cavity sealed relative to the interior space;

an eccentric shaft disposed within the interior space of the housing and configured for rotation about the central axis; and,

a hypocycloid rotor disposed within the interior space of the housing and supported on the eccentric shaft, the hypocycloid rotor defining a plurality of lobes; and,

rotating the eccentric shaft and hypocycloid rotor about the central axis wherein the plurality of lobes on the hypocycloid rotor move into and out of each cavity of the plurality of cavities to displace the fluid volume control member in each cavity and adjust a volume of each fluid chamber.