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1. WO2020002965 - APPAREIL DE VISUALISATION D’UNE SOURCE DE RAYONNEMENT MOBILE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for visualizing a movable radiation source, the apparatus comprising:

a radiation angular position sensor arranged for generating an angular position, with respect to a sensor axis, of a radiation source emitting radiations in front of said radiation angular position sensor;

a camera having a camera axis distinct from the sensor axis;

a light diverter arranged in front of said radiation angular position sensor for diverting toward the camera, light originally emitted in front of said radiation angular position sensor toward the radiation angular position sensor, the light diverter being arranged to not change the direction of radiations emitted in front of said radiation angular position sensor; and

a composite image generator arranged for adding to a camera image captured by the camera a radiation source marker at a position derived from said angular position and automatically scaled to the camera image size and resolution.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said radiation angular position sensor comprises a pixelated radiation sensor having said radiation sensor axis, a radiation mask with a coded aperture being arranged in a plane normal to said radiation sensor axis in front of said pixelated radiation sensor.

3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said light diverter comprises a mirror arranged for reflecting light and letting radiations pass through.

4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the composite image generator is arranged to be calibrated by, in an initial state, moving a radiation source to at least two source positions in the field of view of the radiation sensor, recording at least two angular positions provided by the sensor at said at least two source positions and recording at least two corresponding camera positions of a picture of said radiation source in a camera image captured by the camera; calculating a sensor distance between said at least two source positions based on said at least two angular positions; calculating a camera distance between said at least two corresponding camera positions; and calculating a ratio of said sensor distance and said camera distance; the composite image generator being arranged to use said ratio for automatically scaling said position derived from said angular position to the camera image size and resolution.

5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein said composite image generator comprises a user interface arranged for allowing a user to point to positions of a picture of the radiation source in said camera image, the composite image generator being arranged for storing said positions as well as corresponding angular positions generated by the sensor.

6. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said light is comprised in the wavelength range of 300 nm to 1 mm.

7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein said light is comprised in the wavelength range of 380 nm to 750 nm.

8. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said radiations are comprised in the wavelength range of 0.01 to 10 nanometers.

9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein said radiations are comprised in the wavelength range of 0.01 to 1 nanometers.

10. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein said radiations have energies comprised in the range of 100 eV to 1 MeV.

11. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said radiation angular position sensor arranged for generating said angular position for a radiation source having an intensity comprised between 1 microCuries and 100 Curies, located in a range of 0.5 to 100 meters from said sensor.

12. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein said radiation sensor, said camera and said composite image generator are arranged to generate a new composite image with a period comprised between 1 millisecond and lhour.

13. A brachytherapy system comprising:

a catheter having a lumen between a distal end and a proximal end;

a radiation source capable of passing through said lumen;

a shield enclosure arranged for receiving the radiation source, the proximal end of the catheter being coupled to the shield enclosure;

a radiation source actuator arranged for moving the radiation source out of the shield enclosure into said lumen toward the distal end of the catheter; and an apparatus as recited in claim 1, arranged for visualizing said radiation source in said catheter.

14. The brachytherapy system of claim 13, comprising a processor arranged to issue an alarm signal if the radiation source is outside the shield enclosure and does not move despite the radiation source actuator being actuated; or if the

radiation source remains more than a predetermined time outside the shield enclosure and outside of said outlines of a patient.

15. The brachytherapy system of claim 14, wherein the camera is arranged for detecting infrared light.

16. An apparatus for visualizing a movable radiation source, the apparatus comprising:

a radiation angular position sensor comprising a pixelated radiation sensor having said radiation sensor axis, a radiation mask with a coded aperture being arranged in a plane normal to said radiation sensor axis in front of said pixelated radiation sensor; where said radiation mask comprises no aperture along said radiation sensor axis; the radiation angular position sensor being arranged for generating an angular position, with respect to said radiation sensor axis, of a radiation source emitting radiations in front of said radiation angular position sensor;

a camera having a camera axis identical to the sensor axis; the camera being arranged in front of said radiation mask and being sized so as to not overlap an aperture of the mask; and

a composite image generator arranged for adding to a camera image captured by the camera a radiation source marker at a position derived from said angular position and automatically scaled to the camera image size and resolution.

17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the composite image generator is arranged to be calibrated by, in an initial state, moving a radiation source to at least two source positions in the field of view of the radiation sensor, recording at least two angular positions provided by the sensor at said at least two source

positions and recording at least two corresponding camera positions of a picture of said radiation source in a camera image captured by the camera; calculating a sensor distance between said at least two source positions based on said at least two angular positions; calculating a camera distance between said at least two corresponding camera positions; and calculating a ratio of said sensor distance and said camera distance; the composite image generator being arranged to use said ratio for automatically scaling said position derived from said angular position to the camera image size and resolution.

18. The apparatus of claim 17, wherein said composite image generator comprises a user interface arranged for allowing a user to point to positions of a picture of the radiation source in said camera image, the composite image generator being arranged for storing said positions as well as corresponding angular positions generated by the sensor.

19. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein said light is comprised in the wavelength range of 300 nm to 1 mm.

20. The apparatus of claim 19, wherein said light is comprised in the wavelength range of 380 nm to 750 nm.

21. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein said radiations are comprised in the wavelength range of 0.01 to 10 nanometers.

22. The apparatus of claim 21, wherein said radiations are comprised in the wavelength range of 0.01 to 1 nanometers.

23. The apparatus of claim 21, wherein said radiations have energies

comprised in the range of 100 eV to 1 MeV.

24. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein said radiation angular position sensor arranged for generating said angular position for a radiation source having an intensity comprised between 1 and 12 Curies, located in a range of 0.5 to 10 meters from said sensor.

25. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein said radiation sensor, said camera and said composite image generator are arranged to generate a new composite image with a period comprised between 1 and 100 milliseconds.

26. A brachytherapy system comprising:

a catheter having a lumen between a distal end and a proximal end;

a radiation source capable of passing through said lumen;

a shield enclosure arranged for receiving the radiation source, the proximal end of the catheter being coupled to the shield enclosure;

a radiation source actuator arranged for moving the radiation source out of the shield enclosure into said lumen toward the distal end of the catheter; and an apparatus as recited in claim 16, arranged for visualizing said radiation source in said catheter.

27. The brachytherapy system of claim 26, comprising a processor arranged to issue an alarm signal if the radiation source is outside the shield enclosure and does not move despite the radiation source actuator being actuated.

28. The brachytherapy system of claim 26, comprising a processor arranged to determine the outline of a patient in the image acquired by the camera, and arranged to issue an alarm signal if the radiation source remains more than a

predetermined time outside the shield enclosure and outside of said outlines of a patient.

29. The brachytherapy system of claim 28, wherein the camera is arranged for detecting infrared light.