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1. (WO2019048993) DISPOSITIF MÉDICAL IMPLANTABLE À ANTENNE CADRE MULTIBANDE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. An implantable medical device, comprising:

a multi-band loop antenna;

implant electronics;

a near-field receiver circuit coupled to the loop antenna and the implant electronics and configured to recei ve, via the loop antenna, near-field signals from one or more de vices positioned external to a body of a recipient and to provide the near-field signals to the impiant electronics; and

a far-field receiver circuit coupled to the loop antenna and the implant electronics and configured to receive, via the loop antenna, far-field signals from at least one device positioned external to the body of the recipient and to provide the far-field signals to the implant electronics.

2. The implantable medical device of claim 1, wherein the far-field receiver circuit is configured to electrically isolate the implant electronics from direct current at the multi-band loop antenna.

3. The implantable medical device of claim 1, wherein the near-field receiver circuit comprises a transformer and the far-field receiver circuit comprises an isolation coupler.

4. The implantable medical device of claim 3, wherein the transformer and the isolation coupler are connected in parallel with one another.

5. The implantable medical device of claim 3, wherein the isolation coupler is a directional coupler comprising:

a first transmission line having first and second ends connected to first and second terminals, respectively, of the multi-band loop antenna; and

a second transmission line physically separated from the first transmission line having at least a first end connected to the implant electronics.

6. The implantable medical device of claim 5, further comprising:

a first capacitor connected between the first end of the first transmission line and the first terminal of the multi-band loop antenna; and

a second capacitor connected between the second end of the first transmission line and the second terminal of the multi-band loop antenna,

wherein an inductance of the first transmission line, the first capacitor, and the second capacitor collectively form a high-pass filter.

7. The implantable medical device of claim 5, wherein a second end of the second transmission line is connected to an internal load,

8. The implantable medical device of claim 3, wherein the second isolation coupler comprises a balun,

9. The implantable medical device of claim 1, wherein the implantable medical device is a cochlear implant.

10. The implantable medical device of claim 1, wherein the near-field receiver circuit and the far-field receiver circuit are configured to operate in differential mode directly from the multi-band loop antenna to receive both the near-field signals and the far-field signals, respectively.

11. An implantable medical device, comprising:

implant electronics;

an implantable loop antenna;

a transformer having a primary side connected to the loop antenna and a secondary side connected to the implant electronics, wherein the transformer is configured to receive, via die loop antenna, radio-frequency (RF) signals in the near-field; and

an isolation coupler having a primary side connected to the implantable loop antenna and a second side connected to the implant electronics, wherein the isolation coupler is configured to receive, via the loop antenna, RF signals in the far-field,

wherein the transformer and the isolation coupler are connected in parallel with one another.

12. The implantable medical device of claim 11, further comprising:

first and second capacitors connected in series with the primary side of the isolation coupler and are disposed on opposing sides of the primary side of the isolation coupler, and wherein an inductance of the primary side of the isolation coupler, the first capacitor, and the second capacitor operate as a high-pass filter.

13. The implantable medical device of claim 1 1 , wherein the isolation coupler comprises a directional coupler having a first transmission line forming the primary side of the isolation coupler and a second transmission line forming the secondary side of the isolation coupler, wherein the second transmission line is physically separated from the first transmission line.

14. The implantable medical device of claim 13, wherein a first end of the second transmission line is connected to the implant electronics and a second end of the second transmission line is connected to an internal load of the isolation coupler.

15. The implantable medical device of claim 11, wherein the isolation coupler is formed by a baiun.

16. The implantable medical device of claim 11, wherein the isolation coupler is configured to electrically isolate the implant electronics from direct current at the loop antenna.

17. An implantable medical device, comprising:

implant electronics;

an implantable loop antenna configured to receive both near-field radio-frequency (RF) signals and far-field RF signals from one or more devices positioned external to a body of a recipient:

a transformer disposed between the implant electronics and the loop antenna and configured to provide the near-field RF signals to the implant electronics;

an isolation coupler disposed between the implant electronics and the loop antenna and configured to provide the far-field RF signals to the implant electronics; and

first and second capacitors connected in series with a primary side of the isolation coupler, and wherein the first and second capacitors are disposed on opposing sides of the primary side of the isolation coupler.

18. The implantable medical device of claim 17, wherein the isolation coupler comprises a directional coupler having a first transmission line and a second transmission line that is physically separated from the first transmission line.

19. The implantable medical device of claim 18, wherein the first transmission line comprises first and second ends, and wherein:

the first capacitor is connected between the first end of the first transmission line and the first terminal of the loop antenna; and

the second capacitor is connected between the first end of the first transmission line and the first terminal of the loop antenna.

20. The implantable medical device of claim 18, wherein a first end of the second transmission line is connected to the implant electronics and a second end of the second transmission line is connected to an internal load of the isolation coupler.

21. The implantable medical device of claim 13, wherein the isolation coupler is configured to electrically isolate the implant electronics from direct current at the loop antenna.

22. The implantable medical device of claim 17, wherein the isolation coupler is formed by a balun.

23. An implantable medical de vice, comprising:

a loop antenna;

a near-field receiver circuit coupled to the loop antenna and configured to receive, via the loop antenna, near-field signals from one or more devices positioned external to a body of a recipient; and

a far-field receiver circuit coupled to the loop antenna and configured to receive, via the loop antenna, far-field signals from at least one device positioned external to the body of the recipient,

wherein the near-field receiver circuit and the far-field receiver circuit are configured to operate in differential mode directly from the loop antenna to receive both the near-field signals and the far-field signals, respectively.

24. The implantable medical device of claim 23, further comprising;

implant electronics coupled to both the near-field receiver circuit and the far-field receiver circuit, wherein the far-field receiver circuit is configured to electrically isolate the implant electronics from direct current at the loop antenna.

25. The implantable medical device of claim 23, wherein the near-field receiver circuit comprises a transformer and the far-field receiver circuit comprises an isolation coupler.

26. The implantable medical device of claim 25, wherein the transformer and the isolation coupler are connected in parallel with one another.

27. The implantable medical device of claim 25, wherein the isolation coupler is a directional coupler comprising:

a first transmission line having first and second ends connected to first and second terminals, respectively, of the loop antenna; and

a second transmission line physically separated from the first transmission line having at least a first end connected to implant electronics.

28. The implantable medical device of claim 27, further comprising:

a first capacitor connected between the first end of the first transmission line and the first terminal of the multi-band loop antenna: and

a second capacitor connected between the second end of the first transmission line and the second terminal of the multi-band loop antenna,

wherein an inductance of the first transmission line, the first capacitor, and the second capacitor collectively form a high-pass filter.

29. Hie implantable medical device of claim 27, wherein a second end of the second transmission line is connected to an internal load.