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1. (WO2019032199) SUIVI DE L’ŒIL AU MOYEN D'UN BALAYAGE MEMS ET D'UNE LUMIÈRE RÉFLÉCHIE
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CLAIMS

1. An eye-tracking system, comprising:

an at least partially transparent visible light waveguide having a visible light display region configured to emit visible light to impinge upon an eye of a user;

a light source being configured to emit at least infrared (IR) light that travels along an IR light path to impinge upon the eye of the user;

a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scanning mirror positioned in the IR light path and configured to direct the IR light along the IR light path;

a relay positioned in the IR light path downstream of the MEMS scanning mirror and including at least one mirror configured to reflect the IR light directed by the MEMS scanning mirror along the IR light path; and

at least one sensor configured to receive the IR light after being reflected by the eye.

2. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein the light source is positioned on an opposite side of the display region from the eye of the user, and a portion of the IR light path traverses a portion of the visible light waveguide.

3. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein the light source is positioned on a same side of the display region as the eye of the user, and the IR light path does not traverse the visible light waveguide.

4. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein the at least one mirror is a hot mirror that reflects IR light and transmits visible light, the hot mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide as the light source and configured to reflect the IR light directed by the MEMS scanning mirror and relay the IR light from the light source to impinge on the eye on-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

5. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein the at least one mirror is a fold mirror, the fold mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide as the eye and configured to reflect the IR light and relay the IR light from the light source to impinge on the eye off-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

6. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein the at least one mirror is one of a plurality of mirrors, and wherein the plurality of mirrors includes a first hot mirror and a second hot mirror each of which reflects IR light and transmits visible light, the first hot mirror and the second hot mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide and configured to relay the IR light from the light source along the IR light path, the first hot mirror configured to reflect the IR light and the second hot mirror configured to reflect the IR light from the first hot mirror to impinge on the eye on-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

7. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein the at least one mirror is one of a plurality of mirrors, and wherein the plurality of mirrors includes a first fold mirror and a second fold mirror, the first fold mirror and the second fold mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide as the eye and configured to relay the IR light from the light source along the IR light path, the first fold mirror configured to reflect the IR light and the second fold mirror configured to reflect the IR light from the first fold mirror to impinge on the eye off-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

8. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, further comprising:

an IR waveguide, positioned between the eye and the visible light waveguide, wherein

the at least one mirror is one of a plurality of mirrors, and wherein the plurality of mirrors includes a first hot mirror and a second hot mirror each of which reflects IR light and transmits visible light, the first hot mirror and the second hot mirror embedded in the IR waveguide and configured to relay the IR light from the light source along the IR light path, the first hot mirror configured to reflect the IR light and the second hot mirror configured to reflect the IR light from the first hot mirror to impinge on the eye on-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

9. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein

the visible light waveguide, light source, MEMS scanning mirror, relay, and at least one sensor are mounted in a head-mounted display (HMD) device including a visor;

the at least one mirror is one of a plurality of mirrors;

a plurality of portions of the IR light path traverse a corresponding plurality of portions of the visible light waveguide; and

the plurality of mirrors includes a first hot mirror and a second hot mirror each of which reflects IR light and transmits visible light, the first hot mirror and the second hot mirror embedded in the visor and configured to relay the IR light from the light source along the IR light path, the first hot mirror configured to reflect the IR light traversing at least a first portion of the plurality of portions of the visible light waveguide and the second hot mirror configured to reflect the IR light from at least the first hot mirror to impinge on the eye on-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

10. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein

the visible light waveguide, light source, MEMS scanning mirror, relay, and at least one sensor are mounted in a head-mounted display (HMD) device including a visor;

a plurality of portions of the IR light path traverse a corresponding plurality of portions of the visible light waveguide;

the at least one mirror is a fold mirror, the fold mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide as the eye and configured to reflect the IR light traversing at least a first portion of the plurality of portions of the visible light waveguide along the IR light path; and

a visor surface is configured to reflect the IR light from the fold mirror to relay the IR light from the light source to impinge on the eye off-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

11. The eye-tracking system of claim 1, wherein

the visible light waveguide, light source, MEMS scanning mirror, relay, and at least one sensor are mounted in a head-mounted display (HMD) device including a visor;

a plurality of portions of the IR light path traverse a corresponding plurality of portions of the visible light waveguide;

the at least one mirror is a fold mirror, the fold mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide as the eye and configured to reflect the IR light traversing at least a first portion of the plurality of portions of the visible light waveguide along the IR light path; and

at least one surface of at least one component of the eye-tracking system is configured to reflect the IR light from the fold mirror to relay the IR light from the light source to impinge on the eye off-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.

12. A method of illuminating an eye with an eye-tracking system, the method comprising:

configuring an at least partially transparent visible light waveguide having a visible light display region to emit visible light to impinge upon an eye of a user;

emitting at least infrared (IR) light from a light source, the IR light traveling along an IR light path to impinge upon the eye of the user;

directing the IR light along the IR light path with a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scanning mirror positioned in the IR light path and configured to direct the IR light from the light source;

redirecting the IR light with a relay positioned in the IR light path downstream of the MEMS scanning mirror and including at least one mirror configured to reflect the IR light directed by the MEMS scanning mirror along the IR light path to impinge upon the eye of the user; and

receiving a portion of the IR light reflected from the eye of the user via at least one sensor configured to receive IR light.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the light source is positioned on an opposite side of the display region from the eye of the user, and a portion of the IR light path traverses a portion of the visible light waveguide.

14. The method of claim 12, wherein the light source is positioned on a same side of the display region as the eye of the user, and the IR light path does not traverse the visible light waveguide.

15. The method of claim 12, wherein the at least one mirror is a hot mirror that reflects IR light and transmits visible light, the hot mirror positioned on a same side of the visible light waveguide as the light source and configured to reflect the IR light directed by the MEMS scanning mirror and relay the IR light from the light source to impinge on the eye on-axis relative to an axis of the visible light emitted from the visible light waveguide as it impinges on the eye.