Certains contenus de cette application ne sont pas disponibles pour le moment.
Si cette situation persiste, veuillez nous contacter àObservations et contact
1. (WO2019005777) CELLULE DE RÉACTEUR PHOTOCATALYTIQUE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

What is claimed is:

1. A reactor cell comprising:

an optically transparent enclosure comprising at least one input and at least one output; and

one or more plasmonic photocatalysts on a catalyst support disposed within the enclosure, wherein the plasmonic photocatalyst comprises a catalyst coupled to a plasmonic material,

wherein, upon application of a light source, the reactor cell is configured to transform at least one reactant into at least one reformate.

2. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the optically transparent enclosure has at least 50% transmittance for at least one predetermined light wavelength.

3. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the optically transparent enclosure comprises glass, borosilicate glass, quartz, fused quartz, aluminosilicate glass, lithium-aluminosilicate glass, sapphire, or combinations thereof.

4. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the catalyst support is selected to have an absorbance sufficiently low to catalyze the transformation of the at least one reactant into the at least one reformate for at least one predetermined light wavelength.

5. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the catalyst support comprises silica, quartz, fused quartz, glass, borosilicate glass, sapphire, diamond, or combination thereof.

6. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the catalyst support is an aerogel comprising silicon dioxide, aluminum oxide, titanium dioxide, zirconium dioxide, holmium oxide, samarium oxide, erbium oxide, neodymium(lll) oxide, or a combination thereof.

7. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the catalyst support is an aluminum oxide.

8. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the cell comprises a plurality of plasmonic photocatalysts on the catalyst support disposed within the enclosure.

9. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the enclosure has an inner diameter ranging from about 0.2 cm to about 30 cm, or about 0.5 cm to about 10 cm, and a length ranging from about 10 cm to about 2 m, or about 50 cm to 1 m.

10. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the light source comprises at least one LED, metal halide bulb, high pressure sodium bulb, xenon lamp, incandescent bulb, fluorescent bulb, halogen bulb, HID, laser or combination thereof.

11. The reactor cell of claim 1 , wherein the optically transparent enclosure further comprises an outer cavity and a central cavity arranged coaxially with the outer cavity, wherein the outer cavity contains the plasmonic photocatalyst on the catalyst support and substantially surrounds the central cavity, and wherein the central cavity is configured to receive at least one of the light source and a thermal management feature.

12. The reactor cell of claim 11 , wherein the outer cavity of the optically transparent enclosure comprises a reflective surface facing the central cavity.

13. The reactor cell of claim 11 , wherein the thermal management feature includes a fluid input coupled to a first end of the central cavity and a fluid output coupled to a second end of the central cavity such that fluid may flow through the reactor cell to add or remove heat from the reactor cell.

14. The reactor cell of claim 11 , wherein the thermal management feature comprises at least one metal rod or a plurality of metal wires.

15. A method for transforming at least one reactant into at least one reformate, the method comprising:

adding at least one reactant into a reactor cell that comprises at least one plasmonic photocatalyst on a catalyst support disposed within an enclosure, wherein the plasmonic photocatalyst comprises a catalyst coupled to a plasmonic material; and

illuminating, via at least one light source, at least an interior of the reactor cell.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the at least one light source is external to the enclosure, and wherein the enclosure is at least partially optically transparent.

17. The method of claim 15, further comprising heating the reactor cell via a thermal management feature disposed at least partially within the enclosure.

18. The method of claim 15, further comprising heating the at least one cell via only the at least one reactant reacting with the plasmonic photocatalyst, without applying any additional dedicated heating source.

19. A reactor cell comprising:

an enclosure comprising at least one input, at least one output, and a central cavity; a light source disposed in the central cavity; and

at least one plasmonic photocatalyst on a catalyst support disposed within the enclosure and substantially surrounding the central cavity, wherein the plasmonic photocatalyst comprises a catalyst coupled to a plasmonic material.

20. The reactor cell of claim 19, wherein the outer cavity of the transparent enclosure comprises a reflective surface facing the central cavity