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International application No. Applicant's or agent's file reference
PCT/US2017/040406 P112154PCT
International filing date (day/month/year) (Earliest) Priority Date (day/month/year)
30 June 2017
FOR FURTHER ACTION: See Form PCT/ISA/220 as well as, where applicable, item 5 below.
This international search report has been prepared by this International Searching Authority and is transmitted to the applicant according to Article 18. A copy is being transmitted to the International Bureau.
It is also accompanied by a copy of each prior art document cited in this report.
1. Basis of the report
a. With regard to the language, the international search was carried out on the basis of:
the international application in the language in which it was filed.
a translation of the international application into                                          which is the language of a translation furnished for the purposes of international search (Rules 12.3(a) and 23.1(b)).
This international search report has been established taking into account the rectification of an obvious mistake authorized by or notified to this Authority under Rule 91 (Rule 43.6bis(a)).
With regard to any nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence disclosed in the international application, the international search was carried out on the basis of a sequence listing:
2. Certain claims were found unsearchable
3. Unity of invention is lacking
4. Title of the invention
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established by this Authority to read as follows:
5. Abstract
The text is approved as submitted by the applicant.
The text has been established, according to Rule 38.2, by this Authority as it appears in Box No. IV. The applicant may, within one month from the date of mailing of this international search report, submit comments to this Authority.
6. Drawings
The figure of the drawings to be published with the abstract is Figure No.     2    
as suggested by the applicant.
as selected by this Authority, because the applicant failed to suggest a figure.
as selected by this Authority, because this figure better characterizes the invention.
none of the figures is to be published with the abstract.


     G11C 11/16 (2006.01)i; H01L 43/08 (2006.01)i; H01L 27/22 (2006.01)i
According to International Patent Classification (IPC) or to both national classification and IPC


Minimum documentation searched (classification system followed by classification symbols):
Documentation searched other than minimum documentation to the extent that such documents are included in the fields searched:
Korean utility models and applications for utility modelsJapanese utility models and applications for utility models
Electronic data base consulted during the international search (name of data base and, where practicable, search terms used):
eKOMPASS(KIPO internal) & Keywords: spin, hall, effect, magnetic, RAM, bitcell, and similar terms.


Category* Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to claim No.
WO 2017-052542 A1 (INTEL CORPORATION) 30 March 2017 See page 6, lines 18-23; page 8, lines 27-32; page 9, line 26 - page 10, line 13; page 13, lines 1-12; page 16, lines 7-9; page 19, lines 16-25; page 22, lines 19-21; claims 1, 11; and figures 1, 7, 13.
US 2016-0042778 A1 (INTEL CORPORATION) 11 February 2016 See paragraphs [0026]-[0049]; and figures 2A-5D.
US 2014-0264513 A1 (INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION) 18 September 2014 See paragraphs [0020]-[0045]; and figures 1A-3B.
US 2014-0312441 A1 (YIMIN GUO) 23 October 2014 See paragraphs [0034]-[0036]; and figures 1-3B.
US 2014-0169088 A1 (ROBERT A. BUHRMAN et al.) 19 June 2014 See paragraphs [0044]-[0068]; and figures 1-13.
Special categories of cited documents:
document defining the general state of the art which is not considered to be of particular relevance
earlier application or patent but published on or after the international filing date
document which may throw doubts on priority claim(s) or which is cited to establish the publication date of another citation or other special reason (as specified)
document referring to an oral disclosure, use, exhibition or other means
document published prior to the international filing date but later than the priority date claimed
later document published after the international filing date or priority date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the invention
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone
document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is combined with one or more other such documents, such combination being obvious to a person skilled in the art
document member of the same patent family


Patent document cited in search report Publication date
Patent family member(s) Publication date
WO 2017-052542 A1
30 March 2017
TW 201721645 A
16 June 2017
US 2016-0042778 A1
11 February 2016
CN 105229741 A
DE 112013007149 T5
GB 2529773 A
KR 10-2016-0022809 A
TW 201517337 A
TW I565111 B
US 9620188 B2
WO 2014-204492 A1
06 January 2016
25 February 2016
02 March 2016
02 March 2016
01 May 2015
01 January 2017
11 April 2017
24 December 2014
US 2014-0264513 A1
18 September 2014
US 2014-0264511 A1
US 8889433 B2
US 8896041 B2
18 September 2014
18 November 2014
25 November 2014
US 2014-0312441 A1
23 October 2014
US 8963222 B2
24 February 2015
US 2014-0169088 A1
19 June 2014
CN 103890855 A
CN 103890855 B
KR 10-1457511 B1
KR 10-2014-0044941 A
US 2015-0348606 A1
US 9105832 B2
US 9576631 B2
WO 2013-025994 A2
WO 2013-025994 A3
25 June 2014
21 September 2016
04 November 2014
15 April 2014
03 December 2015
11 August 2015
21 February 2017
21 February 2013
11 April 2013
Name and mailing address of the ISA/:
Korean Intellectual Property Office
189 Cheongsa-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon Metropolitan City, 302-701
Republic of Korea
Facsimile No. +82-42-481-8578
Date of the actual completion of the international search:
28 March 2018
Date of mailing of the international search report:
29 March 2018
Authorized officer:
BYUN, Sung Cheal
Telephone No. +82-42-481-8262
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