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1. (WO2018227185) PROCÉDÉS ET APPAREILS POUR PRÉCHAUFFER UN FIL DE SOUDAGE POUR UN SOUDAGE À FAIBLE TENEUR EN HYDROGÈNE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

1. An apparatus to reduce hydrogen associated with a consumable welding electrode, the apparatus comprising:

a welding-type power source configured to provide welding-type current to a welding-type circuit, the welding-type circuit comprising a welding-type electrode and a first contact point of a welding torch; and

an electrode preheating circuit configured to supply preheating current through a first portion of the welding-type electrode, the first portion of the welding-type electrode located between a wire source supplying the welding-type electrode and the first contact point of the welding torch.

2. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, further comprising an electrode preheating control circuit configured to control the preheating current based on at least one of a type of the welding-type electrode, a chemistry of the welding-type electrode, a wire diameter, or a gas composition.

3. The apparatus as defined in claim 2, further comprising a hydrogen sensor configured to measure hydrogen at least one of in the welding-type electrode or proximate the welding-type electrode, the electrode preheating control circuit configured to control the preheating current based on a hydrogen measurement from the hydrogen sensor.

4. The apparatus as defined in claim 3, wherein the hydrogen sensor comprises at least one of a Palladium-based sensor, a diode-based Schottky sensor, or a micromechanical systems-based sensor.

5. The apparatus as defined in claim 2, further comprising a moisture sensor configured to measure moisture at least one of in the welding-type electrode or proximate the welding-type electrode, the electrode preheating control circuit configured to control the preheating current based on a moisture measurement from the moisture sensor.

6. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein the electrode preheating circuit is configured to provide the preheating current to the electrode preheating circuit via the first contact point and a second contact point.

7. The apparatus as defined in claim 6, wherein the preheating current and the welding-type current have respective polarities that reduce a net current at the second contact point to less than the preheating current and the welding-type current.

8. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, further comprising a wire cooler configured to cool the welding-type electrode following heating of the welding-type electrode.

9. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, further comprising an electrode preheating control circuit configured to control the preheating current to achieve at least one of a target current, a target voltage, a target power, a target resistance, a target temperature, or a target enthalpy in the welding-type electrode.

10. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein the welding torch comprises a vent system to remove hydrogen from a volume proximate the welding-type electrode conducting the preheating current.

11. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein the electrode preheating circuit comprises a second contact point located between the first contact point and the wire source.

12. The apparatus as defined in claim 11, wherein the second contact point is a drive roll of a wire feeder.

13. The apparatus as defined in claim 11, wherein the second contact point comprises a second contact tip in the welding torch.

14. The apparatus as defined in claim 11, wherein the electrode preheating circuit comprises the first contact point and the second contact point.

15. The apparatus as defined in claim 11, wherein the electrode preheating circuit comprises a third contact point located between the first contact point and the second contact point.

16. A method to reduce hydrogen in a welding-type electrode, the method comprising:

providing, via a welding-type power source, welding-type current to a welding-type circuit, the welding-type circuit comprising a welding-type electrode and a first contact point of a welding torch; and

supplying, via an electrode preheating circuit, preheating current through a first portion of the welding-type electrode between a wire source of the welding-type electrode and the first contact point of the welding torch.

17. The method as defined in claim 16, further comprising controlling the preheating current based on at least one of a type of the welding-type electrode, a chemistry of the welding-type electrode, a wire diameter, or a gas composition.

18. The method as defined in claim 16, further comprising controlling the preheating current based on at least one of a target current, a target wattage, a target wire resistance, a target wire temperature, or a target enthalpy in the welding-type electrode.

19. The method as defined in claim 16, further comprising controlling the preheating current using a voltage-controlled loop based on a target voltage.

20. The method as defined in claim 16, further comprising cooling the welding-type electrode following the preheating of the welding-type electrode.