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1. (WO2018226399) DISPOSITIF ARTICULÉ
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

HINGED DEVICE

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0001] The accompanying drawings illustrate implementations of the concepts conveyed in the present document. Features of the illustrated implementations can be more readily understood by reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. Like reference numbers in the various drawings are used wherever feasible to indicate like elements. Further, the left-most numeral of each reference number conveys the FIG. and associated discussion where the reference number is first introduced. Where space permits, elements and their associated reference numbers are both shown on the drawing page for the reader's convenience. Otherwise, only the reference numbers are shown.

[0002] FIGS. 1, 2A-2D, 4 A, 5 A, 6 A, 7 A, 8 A, 9 A, and 10A show perspective views of example devices in accordance with some implementations of the present concepts.

[0003] FIG. 3 shows an exploded perspective view of an example device in accordance with some implementations of the present concepts.

[0004] FIGS. 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8B, 9B, and 10B show elevational views of example devices in accordance with some implementations of the present concepts.

[0005] FIGS. 4C-4G, 5C-5G, 6C-6G, 7C-7G, 8C-8G, 9C-9G, and lOC-lOG show sectional views of example devices in accordance with some implementations of the present concepts.

DESCRIPTION

[0006] The present concepts relate to devices, such as computing devices employing hinge assemblies that can rotationally secure first and second device portions relative to a first hinge axis that relates to the first portion and a second hinge axis that relates to the second portion. Some of the present hinge assemblies can be viewed as including a 'popup' feature in that the hinge assembly can automatically open the hinge from a closed position when activated by a user.

[0007] Introductory FIG. 1 shows an example device 100 that has first and second portions 102 and 104 that are rotatably secured together by hinge assemblies (e.g., hinge assemblies) 106. In the illustrated implementation, two hinge assemblies 106(1) and 106(2) are employed, but other implementations could employ a single hinge assembly or more than two hinge assemblies.

[0008] The first portion 102 can extend from a hinge end 108 to a distal end 110. The

second portion 104 also can extend from a hinge end 112 to a distal end 114. The hinge assembly 106 can define two hinge axes 116. The first portion 102 can rotate around first hinge axis 116(1) and the second portion 104 can rotate around second hinge axis 116(2). The first portion 102 can include opposing first and second major surfaces 118 and 120 (hereinafter, first and second surfaces). Similarly, the second portion 104 can include opposing first and second major surfaces 122 and 124 (hereinafter, first and second surfaces). (Note the second surfaces 120 and 124 are facing away from the viewer and as such are not directly visible in this view, but are shown and designated in subsequent FIGS.).

[0009] In some implementations, displays 126 are supported by housing 128. In some implementations the displays can be positioned on the first and/or second surfaces 118, 120, 122, and/or 124, respectively. In the illustrated configuration, the displays 126 are positioned on first surfaces 118 and 122, respectively.

[00010] FIGS. 2A-2D collectively show a use case scenario of device 100. FIG. 2A starts with device 100 in the closed orientation where the first and second portions 102 and 104 are positioned parallel to and against one another and are rotatably secured by hinge assemblies 106. In this case, the second surfaces are facing outwardly with the first portion's second surface 120 facing the reader and the second portion's second surface 124 facing the user's palm. The first surfaces are facing inwardly and first surface 122 is visible to the reader in FIG. 2C. The closed orientation can be very compact and easy for the user 202 to transport. For instance, the device may fit in the user's pocket. Further, the first surfaces can be protected in this closed orientation by the second surfaces.

[00011] In this implementation, device 100 can also feature a user-controllable lock 204. The user-controllable lock 204 can function to maintain the first and second portions 102 and 104 in the closed orientation unless released by the user 202. In this implementation, the hinge assemblies 106 also include a pop-up feature that biases the first and second portions 102 and 104 away from each other from the closed orientation.

[00012] Assume at this point the user 202 wants to open the device 100. For instance, the user may want to be able to view displays (126, FIG. 1). As shown in FIG. 2B, to open the device the user 202 can simply engage the user-controllable lock 204. In this implementation, the user can engage the user-controllable lock with a single digit (in the illustration his/her thumb) to activate the user-controllable lock and release the first and second portions 102 and 104.

[00013] As shown in FIG. 2C, responsive to the user 202 releasing the user-controllable lock 204, the device 100 can automatically open the first and second portions 102 and 104 a few degrees without further user effort. In this case, the hinge assemblies 106 provide a force that biases the first and second portions apart from the closed orientation unless the user-controllable lock maintains the closed orientation. This bias can be viewed as a 'popup' feature. Further, once the device is popped-up, the device can maintain the orientation without user intervention (e.g., the user doesn't have to hold the device open).

[00014] The pop-up feature can allow the user 202 to easily manually open the display 126 further if desired, and/or the user can view some or all of the displays at this point. For instance, in this example a graphical user interface (GUI) 208 shows that the user has a new text message on display 126(2) that says, "Meet you at 5:00 P.M." The user can easily view the text without further manipulation of the device portions. If the user wants to text back or perform other actions, the user can easily open the device further with one hand. In this case, assume the user is done, and can close the device 100 simply by pressing down with his/her thumb until the device is closed, and the user-controllable lock 204 re-engages as shown in FIG. 2D. Note that in this implementation, the device sensed that only a portion of the displays were visible in the pop-up orientation of FIG. 2C, and so the device customized the GUI for this orientation. A different GUI may be generated if the user opens the device to a different orientation.

[00015] Note that the illustrated implementation employs the user-controllable lock 204 on the second surface 120. FIG. 2D shows two alternative user-controllable lock locations on the side of the device 100 as indicated at 204(1) and 204(2). The side locations can allow a single user-controllable lock to be accessed in both the zero-degree orientation and the 360-degree orientation.

[00016] FIGS. 3-10G collectively show another example hinge assembly 106(1).

[00017] FIG. 3 is an exploded view in the 180-degree orientation that shows details of example hinge assembly 106(1). The hinge assembly 106(1) can include a communication member 302 and first and second friction arms 304(1) and 304(2). The hinge assembly 106(1) can include a timing element 305 that synchronizes rotation (e.g., extent of rotation) of the first and second portions 102 and 104 around the first and second hinge axes 116. For instance, the timing element 305 can ensure that 20 degrees of rotation around the first hinge axis simultaneously produces 20 degrees of rotation around the second hinge axis.

[00018] In the illustrated implementation, the timing element 305 can be manifest as gears. For instance, the friction arms 304 can define primary gears 306 that can interact with intervening or secondary gears 308. The secondary gears 308 are rotatably secured to communication member 302 by parallel hinge posts 310 that engage receptacles 312 in the

communication member. (Only receptacle 312(2) is visible in FIG. 3). The secondary gears 308 can be retained in the communication member 302 by retainer 313(1). Thus, the retainer 313(1) operating in cooperation with the communication member 302 can secure the secondary gears 308 in engaging relation with one another and with the primary gears 306.

[00019] The communication member 302 can also be shaped to receive a conductor, such as a flexible printed circuit (FPC) that can be maintained in the communication member by retainer 313(2). The conductor can connect displays 126 and/or other electronic components on the first portion 102 with displays and/or other electronic components on the second portion 104.

[00020] The communication member 302 can include hinge shafts 316 that pass through the primary gears 306 and apertures 318 at first and second ends of the first and second friction arms 304. The hinge shafts can be retained in the friction arms 304 by retainers 319. In some implementations, the apertures 318 can be sized so that the friction arms 304 act as friction cylinders for the hinge shafts 316 (e.g., provide a degree of frictional resistance that can hold the first and second portions 102 and 104 in an existing orientation unless acted upon by the user 202). (As will be described below relative to FIGS. 4A-10G, in this implementation the hinge shafts provide variable friction during rotation (e.g., the friction during a first range of rotation around the hinge axes 116 can be different than during a second range of rotation)).

[00021] Multi-lobe cams 320 can be defined by and/or fixedly arranged relative to the first and second portions 102 and 104. In the illustrated implementation, hinge guides 322 are secured in fixed relation to the first and second portions 102 and 104. The multi-lobe cams 320 can be defined by the hinge guides 322. In this case, the multi-lobe cams are formed in the hinge guides (e.g., the multi-lobe cams can be manifest as cavities) and are aligned with hinge axes 116. In some implementations, the hinge shafts 316 include cam followers 324 that extend orthogonally to the hinge axes. The hinge shafts 316 are received in the cavity of the multi-lobe cams so that the cam followers 324 engage the multi-lobe cams 320 (illustrated and described relative to FIGS. 4F-10F).

[00022] In the illustrated implementation, the hinge guides 322 can be fixed to the first and second portions 102 and 104, such as by fasteners 325 through holes 326 (not all of which are designated with specificity) into housing 128.

[00023] Force generating elements 327, such as springs 328, can be positioned relative to the hinge guides 322 and force transferring elements 329, such as pop-up arms 330. The pop-up arms 330 can be positioned over the hinge shafts 316. Tabs 332 on the hinge shafts

316 can engage portions 334 (not all of which are designated with specificity) of the popup arms 330 in specific orientations to bias the first and second portions 102 and 104 apart from one another (e.g., provide a pop-up action). At other orientations, the tabs 332 do not engage the pop-up arms 330. Stated another way, for a range of rotation (such as 31-330 degrees), the pop-up arms 330 can transfer spring force to the friction arms 304. However, at another range of rotation (such as 0-30 degrees and 330-360 degrees), when the tabs 332 contact the pop-up arms, the pop-up arms can uncouple the spring force from the friction arms. Thus, the present implementations can leverage a single spring 328 per hinge guide 322.

[00024] The spring 328 can alternatively provide spring force to bias the cam 320 and cam follower 324 against one another and then to bias the first and second portions away from one another. The springs 328, pop-up arms 330, tabs 332, and/or hinge guides 322 can provide an example of a pop-up assembly 336 that can bias the first and second portions 102 and 104 away from each other from a first orientation, such as zero degrees to a second orientation, such as 30-degrees (and/or from 360 to 330, among others). (Other rotation ranges that are less than or more than 30 degrees are contemplated.) This aspect is discussed in more detail below relative to FIGS. 4A-10G. Other structural implementations of popup assemblies 336 are contemplated.

[00025] Note also that in the illustrated implementation, the friction arms 304 are u-shaped (extend from a first end to a second end along either a curvilinear u-shape or with straight side elements extending away from the hinge shaft 316 and are connected by a straight element that is perpendicular to the side elements and parallel to the hinge shaft). In this case, the first end and the second end define the orifices 318 through which the hinge shafts pass. The u-shaped configuration can allow the springs 328 and the pop-up arms 330 to be nested within the friction arms. This configuration facilitates the use of a single spring acting on a hinge axis 116 of a hinge assembly 106 to, at different orientations, apply spring force to bias the first and second portions 102 and 104 apart or apply spring force to create resistance to rotation of the first and second portions.

[00026] Adjusters 338 can operate on the springs 328 to adjust the spring force imparted by the springs 328 between the hinge guides 322 and friction arms 304. In this case, the adjusters can be manifest as threaded screws that pass through the friction arms 304 to contact the springs 328.

[00027] FIGS. 4A-10G collectively show features of the hinge assembly 106(1). FIGS. 4A-4G show the first and second portions 102 and 104 (e.g., the hinge guides 322(1) and

322(2)) parallel to one another at a zero-degree orientation similar to FIG. 2A with the first surfaces 118 and 122 facing inwardly and the second surfaces 120 and 124 facing outwardly. FIG. 4A is a perspective view, FIG. 4B is an elevational view (e.g., parallel to the hinge axes 116), and FIGS. 4C-4G are sectional views as indicated in FIG. 4B. FIGS. 5A-5G are similar views to FIGS. 4A-4G at a 15-degree orientation rather than a zero-degree orientation. FIGS. 6A-6G show a 30-degree orientation. Similarly, FIGS. 7A-7G are similar views at 90 degrees, and FIGS. 8A-8G are 180-degree (e.g. parallel) orientations. FIGS. 9A-9G are similar views at 330-degree orientations, and FIGS. 10A-10G show 360-degree orientations (e.g., parallel to and positioned over one another, but in this case, opposite surfaces are facing one another when compared to FIGS. 4A-4G). Note that while the drawings are organized by orientation, it may be helpful for the reader to also compare specific cross-sections at multiple orientations. For instance, the function of the elements shown in FIG. 4D may be understood by reviewing FIG. 4D in combination with FIGS. 5D, 6D, 7D, 8D, 9D, and/or 10D.

[00028] Looking at FIG. 4C, the primary gears 306 are positioned around the hinge shafts 316 and interact with the secondary gears 308. The secondary gears 308 interact with one another and with the primary gears so that rotation of either the first or second portions 102 and 104 around hinge axes 116 results in an equal rotation of the other of the first and second portions.

[00029] FIG. 4D shows how hinge shafts 316 can create varied friction during rotation through different orientations. An enlarged view of hinge shaft 316(2) and friction arm 304(2) is included to help visualize some of the described features. In this case, a portion of hinge shafts 316 are non-circular. Specifically, the hinge shafts include two radiused regions 402 interposed between two flat regions 404. Further, orifice 318(2) in friction arm 304(2) can be partially defined by a friction structure 406(2). In this zero-degree orientation, flat region 404(2)A is aligned with the friction structure 406(2). Since the flat region 404(2)A does not contact the friction structure 406(2), reduced or no friction occurs between the hinge shaft and the friction arm.

[00030] FIG. 4E shows how the hinge assembly 106(1) can generate forces that bias the first and second portions 102 and 104 apart from a closed position to a defined orientation, such as from zero degrees to 30 degrees (e.g., 15 degrees around each hinge axis). In this case, tabs 332 of the hinge shafts 316 are contacting portions 334(1)A and 334(2)A of the pop-up arms 330. This contact can force the pop-up arm to move to the right as indicated by arrow 410. This movement can preload (e.g., compress) the spring 328 so that the spring is creating a force to rotate the two device portions apart from one another. (Recall that the two device portions can be locked together and the spring force does not create rotational motion until they are unlocked (e.g., the springs remain compressed when locked). The movement of the pop-up arm 330 away from the friction arm 304 can also decouple the spring force from the friction arm 304. Thus, at this orientation, spring force is not applied to increase friction between the friction arm and the hinge shafts 316, thereby allowing easier relative rotation of the hinge shafts and the friction arms when the first and second portions are unlocked.

[00031] FIG. 4F shows the multi-lobe cams 320. In this case, multi-lobe cams can include two or more cam lobes 412 and cam recesses 414 (not all of which are designated with specificity). In this zero-degree orientation, cam follower 324(1) is positioned in cam recess 414(1)A and cam follower 324(2) is positioned in cam recess 414(2)A which allows the hinge guides 322 and hence the first and second portions 102 and 104 to rest against one another (e.g., first surface 118 is parallel to and abuts first surface 122). In other orientations, the multi-lobe cams 320 can force the first and second portions away from one another to reduce/prevent damage to the device. For instance, compare the 30-degree orientation of FIG. 6F to the zero-degree orientation of FIG. 4F.

[00032] Further, the camming action can be facilitated by a force directing the cam 320 (and hence the hinge guide 322) and the cam follower 324 (via the friction arm 304) against one another. However, at the zero-degree orientation, as mentioned above in relation to the discussion of FIG. 4D, the spring 328 has been decoupled from the friction arm 304. The spring force is instead being directed to the pop-up feature (e.g., to the pop-up arm 330 and hence tab 332). As such, at this orientation, rotation around the first and second hinge axes 116 is made easier by decoupling the spring force from the cam and cam follower and instead using the spring force to bias the two portions 102 and 104 apart from one another. Further, because the cam and cam follower are not forced against one another, the resistance to rotation of the first and second portions is less, and so a smaller spring force can accomplish the pop-up rotation than would be required without the decoupling.

[00033] Further still, the coupling and decoupling can allow a single spring 328 to provide both spring forces (e.g., at separate ranges of the rotation). Stated another way, the spring can provide the pop-up force for a first range of rotation, such as zero to 15 degrees, and can apply the normal force between the cam 320 and the cam follower 324 for a different range of rotation, such as 16 to 180 degrees.

[00034] FIG. 4G shows a portion of the friction arms 304 around the hinge shafts 316.

This can be viewed as the 'lower portion of the friction arms' with the 'upper portion of the friction arms' described above relative to FIG. 4C. The lower portion can have a similar configuration that reduces friction between the friction arm and the hinge shaft for a range of rotation and increases the friction for another range of rotation. Thus, this configuration can provide less resistance to rotation during the pop-up range and a higher resistance to rotation outside the pop-up range. The higher resistance to rotation can allow the device to maintain the orientation that a user sets it at. For instance, if the user 202 sets the device 100 at a ninety-degree orientation, the higher resistance can allow the device to hold this orientation and not 'fold up. ' As mentioned, the friction arm can be u-shaped with the lower and upper portions of the 'U' described relative to FIGS. 4C and 4G. The U shape of the friction arm can facilitate efficient energy transfer between the friction arm and other elements of the hinge assembly 106. For instance, spring force applied to the friction arm is efficiently transferred to the hinge shaft with relatively little loss due to deformation and/or torqueing of the friction arm.

[00035] Assume at this point in the explanation that the user 202 releases the user-controllable lock (204, see FIGS. 2A-2B). The pop-up force described above can start to rotate the first and second portions 102 and 104 apart from one another to the fifteen-degree orientation shown in FIGS. 5A-5G.

[00036] FIG. 5C shows the hinge assembly 106(1) at a 15-degree orientation (e.g., 7.5 degrees of rotation around each hinge axis 116 relative to FIG. 4C). This rotation can be regulated in a one-to-one manner by the interaction of the primary and secondary gears 306 and 308 and the hinge shafts 316.

[00037] FIG. 5D shows the flat regions 404(1)A and 404(2)A of the friction arms 304 still aligned with the friction structure 406. Thus, the first and second portions 102 and 104 remain in the low friction range of rotation described above relative to FIG. 4D so that the spring force can continue to rotate the first and second portions away from one another (e.g., pop them apart).

[00038] FIG. 5E shows tabs 332 of the hinge shafts 316 continuing to contact portions 334(1)A and 334(2)A of the pop-up arms 330. As such, the spring force from springs 328 are continuing to be transferred from the spring to the pop-up arms 330 and from the popup arms to the tabs 332 on the hinge shafts 316. Since the hinge shafts and tabs cannot rotate, the spring force causes the first and second portions 102 and 104 to rotate away from one another. At this point, distance D is less than at the zero-degree orientation of FIG. 4E, but friction arms 304 remain decoupled from pop-up arms 330 and thus decoupled from the

spring force generated by springs 328.

[00039] FIG. 5F shows the cams 320 and the cam followers 324. At this point, the spring force is being applied to move the first and second portions 102 and 104 apart and is not being employed to bias the cam and cam followers against one another. As such, the effects of the cam are not substantial at this point in the rotation.

[00040] FIG. 5G shows the bottom of the friction arms 304 interacting with the hinge shafts 316. The function is similar to the top of the friction arms described above relative to FIG. 5D.

[00041] Assume at this point that the spring pressure continues to rotate the first and second portions 102 and 104 away from one another (e.g., pop-up).

[00042] FIGS. 6A-6C show the first and second portions 102 and 104 rotated to a 30-degree orientation.

[00043] FIG. 6C shows that the controlled gear interactions of the primary gears 306 and the secondary gears 308 causes equal rotation around the first and second hinge axes 116 (e.g., 15 degrees around each for a total of 30 degrees).

[00044] FIG. 6D shows that rotation of the first and second portions 102 and 104 and hence friction arms 304 around hinge shafts 316 has progressed to the point where the radiused regions 402(1)A and 402(2)A are engaging friction structures 406. As the radiused regions begin to contact the friction structures, increased friction results in additional resistance to rotation than was experienced between zero degrees and thirty degrees. Thus, FIG. 6D represents the transition from the first range of rotation (e.g., zero degrees to thirty degrees) with relatively low resistance to rotation to the second range of rotation (thirty degrees to 330 degrees) with relatively higher resistance to rotation. Stated another way, the first and second portions 102 and 104 are transitioning from the low friction range of rotation described above relative to FIGS. 4A-4G and 5A-5G so that the spring force can continue to rotate the first and second portions away from one another (e.g., pop them apart) to the high friction orientations where the pop-up hinge device can offer enough resistance to rotation to maintain the orientation rather than collapsing.

[00045] FIG. 6E shows tabs 332 ceasing to engage portions 334(1)A and 334(2)A (e.g., a few more degrees of rotation and the tabs will not be engaging the portions). As a result, force from springs 328 is moving/forcing the pop-up arms 330 to the left as indicated by arrow 602 (since the first and second portions 102 and 104 are not parallel at this point, a separate arrow is shown for each). The pop-up arms 330 are recoupling with the friction arms 304 as evidenced by gap distance D approaching or equal to zero. Thus, spring force

is now being transferred from the pop-up arm to the friction arms rather than to the hinge shafts 316. Stated another way, the first range of rotation is ending, and the second range of rotation is beginning. In the first range of rotation the spring force was applied to the hinge shafts 316 to create a pop-up force to automatically open the first and second device portions. In the second range of rotation, the spring force contributes to friction in the hinge assembly 106(1) to create resistance to rotation so that the device portions maintain an orientation set by the user. Thus, the inventive concepts allow a single spring 328 (per hinge guide 322) to supply spring forces for two different purposes depending on device orientation.

[00046] FIG. 6F shows cam followers 324 engaging cam lobes 412. As the cam followers engage the cam lobes, the cams 320 and hence the first and second portions 102 and 104 are pushed away from one another between the hinge shafts 316 as indicated by arrow 604. This separation can prevent the inwardly facing corners 606(1)A and 606(2)A from contacting one another (and/or reduce the force at which the corners contact one another) to reduce the chance of damaging the first and second portions.

[00047] FIG. 6G is similar to FIG. 6D and shows the interaction between the hinge shafts 316 and the friction arms 304 transitioning from the low friction configuration to the higher friction configuration.

[00048] FIGS. 7A-7G show 90 degrees of rotation relative to FIGS. 4A-4G.

[00049] FIG. 7C shows interactions of primary gears 306 and secondary gears 308 providing continued corresponding rotation around hinge axes 116. In this case, there is 45 degrees of rotation around each hinge axis dictated by the controlled rotation of the gear teeth.

[00050] FIG. 7D shows the friction structures 406 of the friction arms 304 contacting radiused regions 402(1)A and 402(2)A of the hinge shafts 316. This contact creates frictional resistance to rotation for the first and second portions 102 and 104 that can allow them to maintain the orientation unless acted upon by the user.

[00051] FIG. 7E shows tabs 332 disengaged from portions 334(1)A and 334(2)A (e.g., no significant force between the tabs and the portions). As a result, force from springs 328 is transferred to the friction arms 304 through the pop-up arms 330. Stated another way, the pop-up arms 330 are recoupled with the friction arms 304 as evidenced by gap distance D equal to zero.

[00052] FIG. 7F shows cam followers 324 fully engaging cam lobes 412. As the cam follower engages the cam lobe, the cams 320 and hence the first and second portions 102

and 104 are pushed away from one another between the hinge shafts 316 as indicated by arrow 604, which is at its fullest extent in this 90-degree orientation. This separation can prevent the inwardly facing corners 606(1 )A and 606(2) A from contacting one another to reduce the chance of damaging the first and second portions.

[00053] FIG. 7G is similar to FIG. 7D and shows the interaction between the hinge shafts 316 and the friction arms 304 in the high friction orientation.

[00054] FIGS. 8A-8G show the first and second portions 102 and 104 at 180-degree orientations with the first and second portions parallel to and abutting one another.

[00055] FIG. 8C shows the primary and secondary gears 306 and 308 continuing to cause equal rotation around the first and second hinge axes 116 (specifically designated in other views, in this view contained within hinge shafts 316).

[00056] FIG. 8D shows the friction structures 406 of the friction arms 304 contacting radiused regions 402(1)A and 402(2)A of the hinge shafts 316. This contact creates resistance to rotation for the first and second portions 102 and 104 that can allow them to maintain the orientation unless acted upon by the user. Thus, the device can maintain the 180-degree orientation unless the user decides to rotate the first and second portions.

[00057] FIG. 8E shows tabs 332 of the hinge shafts 316 are not engaging portions 334(1)A and 334(2) A or 334(1 )B and 334(2)B of the pop-up arms 330. Instead, the spring force is biasing the pop-up arms 330 against the friction arms 304 (e.g., away from the hinge shafts) and the spring force is also biasing the hinge guides 322 and hence the cams (FIG. 8F, 320) against the cam followers (FIG. 8F, 324) (e.g., toward the hinge shafts 316).

[00058] FIG. 8F shows cam followers 324 fully engaging cam recesses 414(1)B and 414(2)B, which allows the first and second portions 102 and 104 to move toward one another and abut one another as indicated generally at 802. The abutting first and second portions can reduce/minimize any gap or discontinuity on displays positioned on the first and second portions and create a nearly seamless 'single display' across the first and second portions in the 180-degree orientation.

[00059] FIG. 8G is similar to FIG. 8D and shows the interaction between the hinge shafts 316 and the friction arms 304 in the high friction orientation. Looking at FIGS. 8F and 8G collectively, recall that as mentioned above, the spring force is forcing the friction arms 304 away from the hinge guides 322. The friction arms 304 are pivotally constrained to the hinge shafts 316 and therefore cannot move away from the hinge shafts. As such, the spring force serves to bias or force the cams 320 (FIG. 8F) (defined by the hinge guides 322) and the cam followers 324 (FIG. 8F) (defined by the hinge shafts 316) towards one another as

indicated by arrows 804 and 806, respectively.

[00060] FIGS. 9A-9G show a 330-degree orientation of the first and second portions 102 and 104 (e.g., 330 degrees of rotation relative to the zero-degree orientation of FIGS. 4A-4G).

[00061] FIGS. 9D and 9G show the hinge shafts 316 and friction arms 304 transitioning from a relatively high friction range of rotation to the relatively low friction range of rotation. Recall that in this implementation, the low friction range of rotation spanned from zero degrees to 30 degrees and then transitions to the high friction range from 30 degrees to 330 degrees. Now at 330 degrees, the hinge assembly 106(1) is transitioning back to the low friction range between 330 degrees and 360 degrees. More specifically, in this implementation, the transition from high resistance to rotation to low resistance to rotation is caused by the friction arms' friction structures 406 ending alignment with the hinge shafts' radiused regions 402(1)A and 402(2)A and starting to align with flat regions 404(1)B and 404(2)B. The radiused regions contact the friction structure and create frictional resistance to rotation, whereas the flat regions do not contact the friction structures and thus create less friction.

[00062] FIG. 9E shows tabs 332 beginning to engage portions 334(1)B and 334(2)B of the pop-up arms 330. This engagement begins to decouple the pop-up arms 330 from the friction arms 304 (e.g., distance D between the pop-up arms and the friction arms will expand from almost zero at 330 degrees to a larger distance at 360 degrees). The spring energy will instead displace the pop-up arms and create the pop-up force.

[00063] FIG. 9F shows cam followers 324 coming off of cam lobes 412(1)B and 412(2)B toward cam recesses 414(1)C and 414(2)C, which allows the first and second portions 102 and 104 to move back toward one another. In this implementation, max cam lift occurs at 90 degrees and 270 degrees to protect the first and second portions from damaging one another. Cam lift is lowest at 0, 180 and 360-degree orientations. Stated another way, the hinge assemblies 106 provide varying translation as the first and second portions are rotated through various orientations. This hinge assembly rotation and translation movement will allow the two screen device to be as close to each other with minimum deadband (e.g., distance between active areas of two displays at 180-degree open orientation). Traditional hinges require a gap between the first and second portions at 180-degree open orientation.

[00064] FIGS. 10A-10G show the 360-degree orientation and are similar to the zero-degree orientation of FIGS. 4A-4G. In this case, the first surfaces 118 and 122 are now facing outwardly and the second surfaces 120 and 124 are facing inwardly. The springs 328

are decoupled from the friction arms 304 and are creating the pop-up force to spring the first and second portions 102 and 104 away from one another (back to the 330 degree view of FIGS. 9A-9G). In this orientation, the user-controllable lock 204 (FIGS. 2A-2D) can once again maintain the closed orientation unless acted upon by the user 202 so that the hinge assemblies 106 can bias the first and second portions apart. (See, for example, user-controllable lock 204(1) and 204(2) implementations of FIG. 2D which are accessible to the user in both the zero-degree orientation and the 360-degree orientation.)

[00065] Individual elements of the hinge assemblies 106 can be made from various materials, such as metals, plastics, and/or composites. These materials can be prepared in various ways, such as in the form of sheet metals, die cast metals, machined metals, 3D printed materials, molded or 3D printed plastics, and/or molded or 3D printed composites, among others, or any combination of these materials and/or preparations can be employed.

[00066] The present hinge assembly concepts can be utilized with any type of device, such as but not limited to notebook computers, smart phones, wearable smart devices, tablets, and/or other types of existing, developing, and/or yet to be developed devices.

[00067] Various methods of manufacture, assembly, and/or use for hinge assemblies and devices are contemplated beyond those shown above relative to FIGS. 1-10G.

[00068] Although techniques, methods, devices, systems, etc., pertaining to hinge assemblies are described in language specific to structural features and/or methodological acts, it is to be understood that the subject matter defined in the appended claims is not limited to the specific features or acts described. Rather, the specific features and acts are disclosed as example forms of implementing the claimed methods, devices, systems, etc.

[00069] Various examples are described above. Additional examples are described below. One example includes a device comprising a first portion and a second portion that have hinge ends rotatably secured relative to first and second hinge shafts. The device further comprises a first u-shaped friction arm extending from a first end positioned around the first hinge shaft to a second end positioned around the first hinge shaft, and the device also comprises a pop-up assembly positioned along the first hinge shaft between the first end and the second end and configured to create a bias to rotate the first and second portions away from one another.

[00070] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the first u-shaped first friction arm is curvilinear between the first and second ends.

[00071] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the first u-shaped friction arm has straight side elements extending away from the first hinge shaft and connected by a straight element that is perpendicular to the sides.

[00072] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the first u-shaped friction arm defines a first aperture at the first end and a second aperture at the second end and where the first and second apertures comprise radiused regions and flat regions facing the first hinge shaft.

[00073] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the first hinge shaft comprises a friction surface on a portion of a diameter of the first hinge shaft and where friction between the first hinge shaft and the first friction arm is greater when an individual radiused region opposes the friction surface than when an individual flat region opposes the friction surface.

[00074] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the pop-up assembly is nested within the u-shaped friction arm.

[00075] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the pop-up assembly comprises a spring.

[00076] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the pop-up assembly is configured to generate a force and where the force is applied to the first hinge shaft during a range of rotation between the first and second portions to create the bias and where the force is applied to the friction arm during a different range of rotation to create resistance to rotation around the first hinge shaft.

[00077] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the pop-up assembly comprises a force transferring element that couples the force to either the hinge shaft or the friction arm depending on an orientation of the first and second portions.

[00078] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the force transferring element comprises a pop-up arm that is biased against the friction arm by the spring except during the first range of rotation.

[00079] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where during the first range of rotation a tab on the hinge shaft contacts the pop-up arm and forces the pop-up arm away from the friction arm.

[00080] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where contact between the pop-up arm and the tab on the hinge shaft creates the bias to rotate the first and second portions away from one another.

[00081] Another example can include a device comprising a first portion and a second portion that are rotatably coupled via a hinge shaft. The device further comprises a force generating element and also a force transferring element associated with the force generating element, the force transferring element configured to employ force from the force generating element to bias the first and second portions to rotate away from one another during a first range of rotation between the first and second portions and to employ the force to create resistance to rotation during a second range of rotation.

[00082] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the force generating element comprises a spring.

[00083] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the force transferring element is configured to move orthogonally to the hinge shaft to either employ the force to bias the first and second portions to rotate away from one or to employ the force to create resistance to rotation during a second range of rotation.

[00084] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the force transferring element comprises a pop-up arm that engages a friction arm unless acted upon by a tab on the hinge shaft.

[00085] Another example can include a device comprising a first portion that includes a first display and that is rotatably coupled by a hinge assembly to a second portion that includes a second display. The device further includes a spring that is, based upon an orientation of the first and second portions, alternatively coupled to the first and second portions to bias the first and second portions away from one another or the spring is coupled to the hinge assembly to increase resistance to rotation of the first and second portions.

[00086] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the hinge assembly comprises a pop-up arm and a friction arm and where the pop-up arm couples or decouples the spring from the friction arm depending on the orientation of the first and second portions.

[00087] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the friction arm is u-shaped from a first end positioned around a hinge shaft of the hinge assembly to a second end positioned around the hinge shaft.

[00088] Another example can include any of the above and/or below examples where the first end and the second end interact with the hinge shaft to offer additional resistance that varies with the orientation of the first and second portions.