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1. (WO2018222678) CONSTRUCTION OPTIQUE MULTICOUCHE DE FILMS À POINTS QUANTIQUES POUR UNE EFFICACITÉ DE CONVERSION ET UNE GAMME DE COULEURS AMÉLIORÉES
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

What is Claimed:

1. A multi-layer film comprising:

a first quantum dot layer comprising a first polymer matrix and a plurality of first quantum dots disposed in the first polymer matrix, wherein the plurality of first quantum dots are spaced from each other within the first polymer matrix to define gaps there between and the plurality of first quantum dots emit a first secondary light upon excitation by light produced from a light source; and a second quantum dot layer disposed adjacent the first quantum dot layer, the second quantum dot layer comprising a second polymer matrix and a plurality of second quantum dots disposed in the second polymer matrix such that at least a portion of the plurality of second quantum dots align with the gaps defined in the first polymer matrix along an axis that is orthogonal to the first quantum dot layer and the second quantum dot layer, and the plurality of second quantum dots emit a second secondary light upon excitation by light produced from the light source;

wherein

a peak wavelength of the first secondary light is higher than a peak

wavelength of the second secondary light and the first quantum dot layer is placed in closer adjacency to the light source than the second quantum dot layer,

the plurality of second quantum dots do not substantially overlap the plurality of first quantum dots along an axis orthogonal to the first quantum dot layer and the second quantum dot layer,

the plurality of first quantum dots are spaced at a minimum of one radius of a first quantum dot and the plurality of second quantum dots are spaced at a minimum of one radius of a second quantum dot, and

the first polymer matrix has a refractive index within 2 of the first quantum dots and the second polymer matrix has a refractive index within 2 of the second quantum dots.

2. The multi-layer film of claim 1, wherein the first quantum dot layer is disposed

adjacent a blue light emitting source and the first quantum dot layer is closer in distance to the blue light emitting source than the second quantum dot layer.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-2, further comprising at least a third quantum dot layer, wherein

the third quantum dot layer is disposed adjacent the second quantum dot layer, the third quantum dot layer comprises a plurality of at least third quantum dots that emit at least third secondary light upon excitation of light produced by the light source, and

a peak wavelength of the third secondary light in the third quantum dot layer is lower than the peak wavelength of the second secondary light in an adjacent layer that is closer to the light source.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the first polymer matrix has a refractive index within 0.5 of the first quantum dots and the second polymer matrix has a refractive index within 0.5 of the second quantum dots.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-4, wherein the plurality of first quantum dots comprises quantum dots have a size from about 3 nanometers (nm) to about 11 nm.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-5, wherein the first plurality of quantum dots comprise red phosphor with a peak wavelength between about 600 nm to about 750 nm.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-6, wherein the second plurality of quantum dots comprise quantum dots sized from about 1 nm to about 8 nm.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-7, wherein the second plurality of quantum dots comprise green phosphor with a peak emission wavelength between about 490 nm to about 580 nm.

The multi -layer film of any one of claims 1-8, wherein one or both of the plurality of first quantum dots and the plurality of second quantum dots are disposed in their respective quantum dot layer by way of a printing process, a lithography process, an extrusion process, a solution-cast process, or a polymerization process.

10. The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-9, further comprising one or more barrier layers that enclose one or more of the first quantum dot layer or the second quantum dot layer.

11. The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-10, wherein one or both of the first

polymer matrix or the second polymer matrix comprises polycarbonate, acrylic (polymethylmethacrylate), polyimide, polyetherimide, polythiophene, epoxy, polyvinyl, poly-diacetylene, polyphenylene, polypeptide, polysaccharide, polysiloxane, polystyrene, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyacrylamide, polypyrrole, polyimidazole, polyphosphate poly(N-vinyl carbazole), polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, polyurethane prepared from aliphatic and cycloaliphatic isocyanates, butyrate, (glycol modified polyethylene terephthalate), poly(maleic acid- alt-octadecene), ligand integrated polynorbornenes, polyamines, thiolated

polyphenols, and functionalized ionic polymers, or polyvinyl pyrrolidone) or a combination thereof.

12. The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-11, wherein one or both of the plurality of first quantum dots and the plurality of second quantum dots comprise CdS, CdSe, CdTe, ZnS, ZnSe, ZnTe, ZnO, HgS, HgSe, HgTe, GaN, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, AIN, AlP, AlAs, AlSb, InN, InP, InAs, InSb, SnS, SnSe, SnTe, PbS, PbSe, PbTe, SiC, SiGe, GaAs, GaP, GaAs, GaSb, HgS, HgSe, HgTe, InAs, InP, InSb, AlAs, alloys thereof, and mixtures thereof.

13. The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-12, wherein one or both of the plurality of first quantum dots and the plurality of second quantum dots comprise a core-shell structure.

14. The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-13, wherein one or both of the first

polymer matrix and the second polymer matrix further comprise a refractive index- modifying additive.

15. The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1-14, wherein the first polymer matrix is selected to be compatible to a ligand encapsulating the first quantum dots.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1 -15, wherein the second polymer matrix is selected to be compatible to a ligand encapsulating the second quantum dots.

The multi-layer film of any one of claims 1 -16, wherein the plurality of first quantum dots comprises a first encapsulant material and the plurality of second quantum dots comprises a second encapsulant material, wherein the first and second encapsulant materials comprise different polymers.

An article including the multi-layer film of any one of claims 1 -17.

A multi-layer film comprising:

a first quantum dot layer comprising a first polymer matrix and a plurality of first quantum dots disposed in the first polymer matrix, wherein the plurality of first quantum dots are spaced from each other within the first polymer matrix to define gaps there between; and

a second quantum dot layer disposed adj acent the first quantum dot layer, the second quantum dot layer comprising a second polymer matrix and a plurality of second quantum dots disposed in the second polymer matrix such that at least a portion of the plurality of second quantum dots align with the gaps defined in the first polymer matrix along an axis that is orthogonal to the first quantum dot layer and the second quantum dot layer,

wherein

the plurality of first quantum dots are spaced at a minimum of one radius of a first quantum dot and the plurality of second quantum dots are spaced at a minimum of one radius of a second quantum dot, and the first polymer matrix has a refractive index within 2 of the first quantum dots and the second polymer matrix has a refractive index within 2 of the second quantum dots.

A multi-layer film comprising:

a first quantum dot layer comprising a first plurality of first portions and a first

plurality of second portions, the first portions comprising a plurality of first quantum dots and the second portions consisting essentially of a first polymer matrix and one or more additives, wherein the first plurality of first portions and the first plurality of second portions are disposed in an alternating partem; and

a second quantum dot layer disposed adjacent the first quantum dot layer, the second quantum dot layer comprising a second plurality of first portions and a second plurality of second portions, wherein the second plurality of first portions comprises a plurality of second quantum dots and wherein the second plurality of second portions consists essentially of a second polymer matrix and one or more additives, wherein the second plurality of first portions and second plurality of second portions are disposed in an alternating pattern,

wherein

the first plurality of the first portions and the second portions and the second plurality of the first portions and the second portions are disposed such that the plurality of second quantum dots do not overlap the plurality of first quantum dots across an orthogonal axis, and

the first polymer matrix has a refractive index within 2 of the first quantum dots and the second polymer matrix has a refractive index within 2 of the second quantum dots.