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1. (WO2018222379) BATTERIE LITHIUM-MÉTAL À L'ÉTAT SOLIDE BASÉE SUR UNE CONCEPTION D'ÉLECTRODE TRIDIMENSIONNELLE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

What is claimed is:

1. A composite lithium metal anode comprising:

a porous matrix; and

a flowable interphase and lithium metal disposed within the porous matrix.

2. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the porous matrix includes a layered material.

3. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 2, wherein the layered material is reduced graphene oxide.

4. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the flowable interphase includes a polymer and a plasticizer.

5. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 4, wherein the polymer is a poly ether.

6. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 4 or claim 5, wherein the plasticizer is a lithium-containing salt.

7. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the flowable interphase is a viscous gel.

8. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the flowable interphase has a complex viscosity, at 10 Hz and 40 °C, of 60 Pa s or less.

9. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the flowable interphase has an ionic conductivity, at 40 °C with respect to Li+, of at least 10"7 S cm"1.

10. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the flowable interphase is amorphous.

11. The composite lithium metal anode of claim 1, wherein the lithium metal includes lithium domains having at least one dimension in a range of 1 nm to 1000 nm.

12. A lithium battery comprising:

a cathode;

the composite lithium metal anode of claim 1 ; and

an electrolyte disposed between the cathode and the composite lithium metal anode.

13. The lithium battery of claim 12, wherein the electrolyte is a solid electrolyte.

14. A method of manufacturing a composite lithium metal anode, comprising:

providing a porous matrix;

infusing liquefied lithium metal into the porous matrix; and

infusing a composition including a polymer and a plasticizer into the porous matrix.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein the porous matrix includes layered reduced graphene oxide.

16. The method of claim 14, wherein infusing the composition is subsequent to infusing the liquefied lithium metal.

17. The method of claim 14, wherein the composition is a viscous gel.

18. The method of claim 14, wherein the polymer is a polyether, and the plasticizer is a lithium-containing salt.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein a concentration of the lithium-containing salt in the composition is such that an ether oxygen to Li molar ratio is 12: 1 or less.