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1. (WO2017208253) PROCÉDÉ AMÉLIORÉ POUR LA SYNTHÈSE DE D'IVACAFTOR
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

AN IMPROVED PROCESS FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF IVACAFTOR

FIELD OF THE INVENTION:

The present invention relates to a process for the synthesis of ivacaftor. More particularly, the present invention relates to an improved process for the synthesis of ivacaftor starting from indole acetic acid ester which can be performed in batch as well as continuous flow synthesis. The present invention further relates to a continuous process for the synthesis of compound of formula (II) or formula (III) from compound of formula (I) in continuous flow reactor.

BACKGROUND AND PRIOR ART:

Quinolones have broad spectrum of biological activity like antitumor, cannabinoid receptor modulation, anti-HIV-1 integrase, etc. More precisely 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid and its derivatives have been used as antibacterial agents such as ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, lomefloxin, enrofloxacin, pefloxacin and danofloxacin for more than five decades. Very recently WHO approved fluroquinolone for the treatment tuberculosis (TB), and their use in multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB due to the fact that they have a broad and potent spectrum of activity and can be administered orally. But all the reported methods suffer from harsh conditions such as high temperature (> 200 °C), use of fancy reagents etc. Ivacaftor, also known as N-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-l,4-dihydro-4- oxoquinoline-3-carboxamide, has the following formulas (IV and V):


Formula (IV) Formula (V)

Ivacaftor was approved by FDA and marketed by vertex pharma for the treatment of cystic fibrosis under the brand name KALYDECO® in the form of 150 mg oral tablets. Kalydeco® is indicated for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients age 6 years and older who have a G55ID mutation in the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene. Recently, FDA approved Orkambi®, a combination therapy for treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF). Orkambi is a combination of two categories of molecules, namely ivacaftor and

Lumacaftor (known also as VX-809) both of which help in correcting the mutated genes in patients with cystic fibrosis.

WO2016181414 discloses a novel one pot two-step process for the synthesis of ivacaftor and related compounds of formula (I) and (II) its tautomers or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof starting from indole acetic acid amides.

Article titled "Breaking and Making of Rings: A Method for the Preparation of 4-Quinolone-3-carboxylic Acid Amides and the Expensive Drug Ivacaftor" by N Vasudevan et al. published in Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2015, pp 7433-7437 reports a simple and convenient method to access 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid amides from indole-3-acetic acid amides through one-pot oxidative cleavage of the indole ring followed by condensation.

WO2014118805 disclose a process for the preparation of ivacaftor and solvates thereof.

US patent application no. 2011064811 discloses a process for preparation of ivacaftor, which involves condensation of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3- quinoline carboxylic acid with 5-amino-2,4-di-(tert-butyl)phenol in the presence of HBTU followed by the formation of ethanol crystalate, which is then treated with diethyl ether to yield ivacaftor as a solid.

US patent application no. 20100267768 discloses a process for preparation of ivacaftor, which involves the coupling of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3- quinoline carboxylic acid with hydroxyl protected phenol intermediate in the presence of propyl phosphonic anhydride (T3P®) followed by deprotection of hydroxyl protection group and optional crystallization with isopropyl acetate. The publication also discloses the use of highly expensive coupling reagent, propyl phosphonic anhydride; which in turn results to an increase in the manufacturing cost.

WO2014125506 and purity by using novel protected quinoline carboxylic acid compounds as intermediates. The present invention further encompasses a process for the preparation of ivacaftor using novel protected quinoline carboxylic acid compounds as intermediates.

US patent application no. 20110230519 discloses solid state forms of N-[2,4-bis(l,l-dimethylethyl)-5-hydroxyphenyl]-l,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxamide (Compound 1), pharmaceutical compositions thereof and methods therewith.

US patent no. 7,495,103 discloses modulators of ATP-binding cassette transporters such as ivacaftor and a process for the preparation of modulators of ATP-binding cassette transporters such as quinoline compounds. The process includes condensation of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3 -quinoline carboxylic acid with aniline in presence of 2-(lH-7-azabenzotriazol-l-yl)-l,l,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluoro phosphate methanaminium (HATU) as shown:

The reported approaches for the synthesis of ivacaftor suffered from several drawbacks such as harsh conditions, high temperature reactions, carried out in batch mode and use of large excess of polyphosphoric acid and corrosive phosphoryl chloride. Furthermore, synthesis of ivacaftor requires use of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques for the separation of ivacaftor and their analogues.

Therefore, it is the need to develop a short, mild, environmentally benign and convenient method for the preparation of ivacaftor. Accordingly, the present invention provides an improved process for the synthesis of ivacaftor which can be carried out in batch and continuous mode of synthesis.

OBJECTIVE OF THE INVENTION:

The main objective of the present invention is to provide an improved process for the synthesis of ivacaftor starting from indole acetic acid ester at lower temperature.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a continuous process for the synthesis of compound of formula (II) or formula (III) from compound of formula (I) in continuous flow reactor.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

Accordingly, the present invention provides an improved process for the synthesis of ivacaftor comprising the steps of:

a) Subjecting ethyl ester of indole acetic acid to oxidative cleavage of indole moiety followed by adding reagent for Leimgruber-Batcho type cyclization and stirring the reaction mixture for the period in the range of 12 to 16 h at temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C to afford ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate;

b) adding base to a suspension of Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate of step (a) in solvent followed by heating the reaction mixture at temperature in the range of 80 to 90 °C for the period in the range of 12 to 16 h to afford 4-oxo-l,4- dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid;

c) adding 5-amino-2,4-di-tert-butylphenol to the reaction mixture of 4-oxo-l,4- dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid of step (b), a coupling agent in solvent followed by stirring the reaction mixture at temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C for the period in the range of 14 to 16 h to afford ivacaftor.

In preferred embodiment, said oxidative cleavage of indole moiety is carried out by passing the 03 stream to a solution of indole-3-acetic acid ester in solvent at -78 °C followed by adding Me2S to the cold reaction mixture and allowed to warm to temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C for the period in the range of 6 to 8 h.

In another preferred embodiment, said oxidative cleavage of indole moiety is carried out by adding suspension of NaI04 in solvent to the reaction mixture of indole-3 -acetic acid ester in solvent followed by allowing the reaction mixture to warm to temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C for the period in the range of 10 to 12 h.

In yet another preferred embodiment, said solvent is selected from dichloromethane, tetrahydrofuran, ethanol, acetone, dimethylformamide, water or mixture thereof.

In still another preferred embodiment, said base in step (b) is an inorganic base and is selected from lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, tin hydroxide or mixture thereof.

In yet still another preferred embodiment, said coupling agent in step (c) is selected from HATU (l-[Bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH-l,2,3-triazolo[4,5- b]pyridinium 3-oxid

hexafluoro phosphate), HBTU (O-Benzotriazole-Ν,Ν,Ν',Ν1- tetramethyl-uronium-hexafluoro-phosphate),hydroxybenzotriazole or (EDC) l-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide, DCC (Ν,Ν'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide), or DIC (Ν,Ν'-Diisopropylcarbodiimide) or CDI (1, r-Carbonyldiimidazole), TBTU (0-(Benzotriazol- l-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate) or FDPP (Pentafluorophenyldiphenylphosphinate).

In yet still another preferred embodiment, said reagent for Leimgruber-Batcho type cyclization is selected from dialkylacetals of Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide like DMF-DMA, N,N-Dimethylformamide diethyl acetal, Ν,Ν-Dimethylformamidediisopropylacetal, N,N-Dimethylformamide di-tert-butyl acetal, Bredereck's reagent (tert-Butoxybis(dimethylamino)methane), Bis(dimethylamino)methoxymethane, Tris(dimethylamino)methane, alkyl orthoformate or triethylorthoformate.

In yet still another preferred embodiment, addition of said reagent for Leimgruber-Batcho type cyclization in step (a) is carried out at temperature in the range of 0 to 5 °C.

In yet still another preferred embodiment, addition base in step (b) is carried out at temperature in the range of 0 to 5 °C.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a continuous process for the preparation of compound of formula (II) or formula (III);


Formula (II) Formula (III)

Wherein;

R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, -OR1 and - NR'R";

R' and R' ' are same or different and each is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, mono or di or tri substituted aryl wherein said substitutions are selected from the group consisting of alkyl or -COOR1;

R 1 and 2 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl and aryl.

comprising the steps of :

a) Passing the 03 stream to the Tee junction containing indole-3 -acetic acid ester of formula (I);


2

Wherein R and R are as defined above.

b) in solvent at temperature in the range of 0 to 5 °C in continuous flow reactor;

c) Pumping the reaction mixture in to a continuous stirred tank reactor containing solvent followed by Pumping the reaction mixture to a continuous layer separator for separation of two phases;

d) Pumping the solvent layer to another Tee junction containing DMF-DMA in solvent followed by pumping in continuous flow reactor to maintain the residence time in the range of 35 to 45 min to afford compound of formula (II).

In preferred embodiment, said compound of formula (I) is selected from Ethyl 2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetate (1), 5-(2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamido)-2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl methyl carbonate (5).

In another preferred embodiment, said compound of formula (II) is selected from Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (2), N-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (4) .

In yet another preferred embodiment, said process further comprises reacting N-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (4) with sodium

methoxide in solvent in the next flow reactor and the residence time in the rage of 30 to 35 min to afford ivacaftor.

In still another preferred embodiment, said solvent is selected from methanol, water, 2-methyl tetrahydrofuran, ethyl acetate or mixture thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

Fig. 1: Continuous flow process diagram for the synthesis of Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3 -carboxylate (2)

Fig. 2: Continuous flow process diagram for the synthesis of ivacaftor.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION:

The invention will now be described in detail in connection with certain preferred and optional embodiments, so that various aspects thereof may be more fully understood and appreciated.

In the view of above, the present invention provides an improved process for the synthesis of ivacaftor and a continuous process for the preparation of compound of formula (II) or formula (III) from compound of formula (I).

In an embodiment, the present invention provides an improved process for the synthesis of ivacaftor comprising the steps of:

a) Subjecting ethyl ester of indole acetic acid to oxidative cleavage of indole moiety followed by adding reagent for Leimgruber-Batcho type cyclization and stirring the reaction mixture for the period in the range of 12 to 16 h at temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C to afford ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate;

b) adding base to a suspension of Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate of step (a) in solvent followed by heating the reaction mixture at temperature in the range of 80 to 90 °C for the period in the range of 12 to 16 h to afford 4-oxo-l,4- dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid;

c) adding 5-amino-2,4-di-tert-butylphenol to the reaction mixture of 4-oxo-l,4- dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid of step (b), a coupling agent in solvent followed by stirring the reaction mixture at temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C for the period in the range of 14 to 16 h to afford ivacaftor.

In preferred embodiment, said oxidative cleavage of indole moiety is carried out by passing the 03 (Ozone) stream to a solution of indole-3-acetic acid ester in solvent at -78°C followed by adding Me2S (Dimethyl sulfide) to the cold reaction mixture and allowed to warm to temperature in the range of 25 to 30°C for the period in the range of 6 to 8 h.

In another preferred embodiment, said oxidative cleavage of indole moiety is carried out by adding suspension of NaI04 (Sodium periodate) in solvent to the reaction mixture of indole -3 -acetic acid ester in solvent followed by allowing the reaction mixture to warm to temperature in the range of 25 to 30 °C for the period in the range of 10 to 12 h.

In yet another preferred embodiment, said solvent is selected from dichloromethane, tetrahydrofuran, ethanol, acetone, dimethylformamide, water or mixture thereof.

In still another preferred embodiment, said base in step (b) is an inorganic base and is selected from lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, tin hydroxide or mixture thereof.

In yet still another preferred embodiment, said coupling agent in step (c) is selected from HATU (l-[Bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH-l,2,3-triazolo[4,5- b]pyridinium 3-oxid hexafluoro phosphate), HBTU (O-Benzotriazole-Ν,Ν,Ν',Ν1- tetramethyl-uronium-hexafluoro-phosphate),hydroxybenzotriazole or (EDC) l-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide, DCC (Ν,Ν'-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide), or DIC (Ν,Ν'-Diisopropylcarbodiimide) or CDI (1, r-Carbonyldiimidazole), TBTU (0-(Benzotriazol- l-yl)-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluroniumtetrafluoroborate) or FDPP (Pentafluorophenyldiphenylphosphinate).

In yet still another preferred embodiment, said reagent for Leimgruber-Batcho type cyclization is selected from dialkylacetals of Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide like DMF-DMA, N,N-Dimethylformamide diethyl acetal, Ν,Ν-Dimethylformamidediisopropylacetal, N,N-Dimethylformamide di-tert-butyl acetal, Bredereck's reagent (tert-

Butoxybis(dimethylamino)methane), Bis(dimethylamino)methoxymethane, Tris(dimethylamino)methane, alkyl orthoformate or triethylorthoformate.

In yet still another preferred embodiment, addition of said reagent for Leimgruber-Batcho type cyclization in step (a) is carried out at temperature in the range of 0 to 5 °C.

In yet still another preferred embodiment, addition base in step (b) is carried out at temperature in the range of 0 to 5 °C.

The process for the synthesis of ivacaftor is as depicted in scheme 1:


Scheme 1

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a continuous process for the preparation of compound of formula (II) or formula (III);


Formula (II) Formula (III)

Wherein;

R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, -OR1 and - NR'R";

R' and R' ' are same or different and each is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, mono or di or tri substituted aryl wherein said substitutions are selected from the group consisting of alkyl or -COOR1;

R 1 and R 2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl and aryl.

comprising the steps of :

a) Passing the 03 stream to the Tee junction containing indole-3 -acetic acid ester of formula (I);


Formula (I)

Wherein R and R are as defined above.

b) in solvent at temperature in the range of 0 to 5 °C in continuous flow reactor;

c) Pumping the reaction mixture in to a continuous stirred tank reactor containing solvent followed by Pumping the reaction mixture to a continuous layer separator for separation of two phases;

d) Pumping the solvent layer to another Tee junction containing DMF-DMA in solvent followed by pumping in continuous flow reactor to maintain the residence time in the range of 35 to 45 min to afford compound of formula (II).

In preferred embodiment, said compound of formula (I) is selected from Ethyl 2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetate (1), 5-(2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamido)-2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl methyl carbonate (5).

In another preferred embodiment, said compound of formula (II) is selected from Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (2), N-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (4) .

In yet another preferred embodiment, said process further comprises reacting N-(2,4-di-tert- butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (4) with sodium methoxide in solvent in the next flow reactor and the residence time in the rage of 30 to 35 min to afford ivacaftor.

In still another preferred embodiment, said solvent is selected from methanol, water, 2- methyl tetrahydrofuran, ethyl acetate or mixture thereof.

The continuous process for the synthesis of compounds of formula (II) from formula (I) is as depicted in scheme 2:


Formula (I) Formula (II)

Scheme 2

In an aspect, the present method is used for batch and continuous flow synthesis and is useful for synthesis of several quinolone based antibiotic drugs such as ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin etc.

The following examples, which include preferred embodiments, will serve to illustrate the practice of this invention, it being understood that the particulars shown are by way of example and for purpose of illustrative discussion of preferred embodiments of the invention.

Examples:

Example 1: Synthesis of Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (2):

Method A:

Indole-3-acetic acid ester (3 g, 14.77 mmol) was dissolved in CH2Cl2:MeOH (150 mL, 9: 1), then a stream of 03 was passed through the solution, at -78 °C, until a blue color developed (15 min). The 03 stream was continued for 4 min. Then surplus 03 was removed by passing a stream of 02 through the solution for 10 min or until the blue color completely vanished. Afterwards Me2S (2.3 mL, 29.54 mmol) was added to the cold (- 78°C) mixture. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature for 8h. Reaction mass was evaporated to dryness. This crude material, thus obtained was suspended in THF (15 mL), DMF-DMA (10.1 mL, 73.85 mmol) was added drop wise at 0 °C, allowed to stir at room temperature for 18 h. Reaction mass was evaporated to dryness, cold H20 (10 mL) was added, stirred for 30 min. The solid thus formed was filtered, washed with H20 (50 mL) and dried to give desired compound as off white solid; (Yield: 1.44 g; 45%).

Method B:


2

Indole-3-acetic acid ester 1 (1 g, 4.92 mmol) was dissolved in THF: EtOH: H20 (15 mL, 1: 1: 1), then suspension of NaI04 (5.23 g, 24.6 mmol) in H20 (5 mL) was added drop wise at 0 °C, The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature for 12 h. Reaction mass filtered through filter paper, filtrate was evaporated to one third of its volume, extracted with EtOAc ( 3 X 15 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with H20 (2 X 5 mL), dried over Na2S04 and evaporated in vacuum. This crude material, thus obtained was suspended in THF (15 mL), DMF-DMA (3.69 mL, 24.6 mmol) was added drop wise at 0 °C, allowed to stir at room temperature for 18 h. Reaction mass was evaporated to dryness, cold H20 (50 mL) was added, stirred for 30 min. The solid thus formed was filtered, washed with H20 (10 mL) and dried to give desired compound as off white solid; (Yield: 0.32 g; 30%).

Method C:

Indole-3-acetic acid ester (3 g, 14.77 mmol) was dissolved in acetone: water (100 mL, 3: l)and cooled to 0 °C. Then a stream of 03 was passed into the solution through bubbler until a blue color developed (20 min). Then excess of 03gas was removed by passing a stream of 02 through the solution till the disappearance of the blue color. Afterwards reaction mass was extracted with DCM(3 X 50 mL), organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. This crude compound thus obtainedabove was suspended in THF (50 mL) and cooled to 0 °C.DMF-DMA (10.1 mL, 73.85 mmol) was then added dropwise to the reaction mixture, and warned to room temperature for 18 h. Reaction mass was evaporated to dryness to give dark brown syrup. Then cold H20 (75 mL) was added to reaction mass, stirred for 30 min. The solid thus formed was filtered, washed with H20 (50 mL) and dried to give desired compound. (Yield: 1.3 g; 41%).

1H NMR (200MHz, DMSO-d6) δ= 1.28 (t, 7=7.07 Hz, 3H) 4.22 (q, 7=7.16 Hz, 2H) 6.93 - 7.51 (m, 1H) 7.54 - 7.79 (m, 2H) 8.16 (dd, 7=8.02, 0.95 Hz, 1H) 8.56 (s, 1H) 12.32 (brs, 1H) MS: 218 (M+Na)+.

Ex mple 2: Synthesis of 4-Oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (3):


To a suspension of ethyl 4-oxo- l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (2) (0.5 g, 2.30 mmol) in THF (10 mL), a solution of aqueous 1 M LiOH (aq) (4.60 mL, 4.60 mmol) was added drop wise at 0 °C, and then the reaction mixture was heated at 80 °C for 16h. Reaction mass was evaporated to dryness, dissolved in H20 (5 mL), washed with diethyl ether (2x5 mL).The aqueous layer was acidified with 1 M HC1 (aq),compound thus precipitated was filtered, dried under vacuum to give desired compound as off-white solid. Yield: (0.35g; 80%) 1H

NMR (400MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 15.36 (brs, 1H), 13.43 (brs, 1H), 8.91 (s, 1H), 8.31 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.98 - 7.75 (m, 2H), 7.62 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H).

Examples: 3: Syn


A mixture of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid 3 (0.25 g, 1.32 mmol), N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.97 mL, 5.38 mmol), and HATU (1.01 g, 2.64 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred at 25 °C for 10 min and then 5-amino-2,4-di-tert-butylphenol 3a (0.58 g, 2.64 mmol) was added in one portion, allowed to stir forl2h. The reaction mass was extracted with EtOAc (2 X 10 mL). Combined organic layers were washed with H20 (5 mL), saturated NaHC03 solution (5 mL), H20 (5 mL), brine (5 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness, crude residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (2-3% MeOH-DCM) to give off-white solid, which on further crystallization in EtOH gave desired compound as white solid (0.23 g, 46%).

1H NMR (500MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 12.88 (brs, 1H), 11.82 (brs, 1H), 9.20 (brs, 1H), 8.87 (brs, 1H), 8.33 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.88 - 7.68 (m, 2H), 7.52 (brs, 1H), 7.17 (brs, 1H), 7.11 (brs, 1H), 1.38 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 18H).

Experimental procedure :( Continues process)

Example 4: Synthesis of Ethyl 4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (2):

Indole-3-acetic acid ester 1(3 g, 14.77 mmol) was dissolved in acetone: water (50 mL, 2: 1), and loaded in syringe. Pump is used to pump this solution in syringe to a Tee junction where other inlet of Tee junction was connected to ozone generator where stream of 03 was passed to the Tee junction at 0 °C. Outlet of Tee junction was connected to the continuous flow reactor where reaction takes place. Outlet of the flow reactor is connected to 2-neck round bottom flask. Flow rate of substrate 1(1.0 mL/min) and O3/O2(1000 mL/min) gas was kept to have 2 sec residence time for overall reaction. One neck is used to evacuate excesses 03 for quenchingand from other neck product was transferred to the other round bottom flask under stirring where water (0.1 mL/min) and ethyl acetate (1.0 niL) was pumped. The mixed solution was then pumped to the separating funnel for layer separation. Ethylacetate layer was then pumped(0.4 mL/min) to another Tee junction where other inlet of Tee junction was connected to the syringe filled with DMF-DMA in ethylacetate (0.4mL/min; 10% v/v). Outlet of Tee connected to the continuous flow reactor to maintain the 40 min residence time.Reaction mass, collected from at the outlet of the flow reactor, was evaporated to give dark brown syrup. This crude material was added dropwise into cold H20 (75 mL) under stirring. The precipitates thus formed were filtered, washed with H20 (50 mL), dried to give off-white solid (yield: 1.56 g; 54%)

Example 5: Synthesis of N-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(4) and synthesis of ivacaftor:

5-(2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamido)-2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl methyl carbonate5 (0.75 g, 1.72 mmol) was dissolved in acetone: water (50 mL, 2: 1), and loaded in syringe. Pump is used to pump this solution in syringe to a Tee junction where other inlet of Tee junction was connected to ozone generator where stream of 03 was passed to the Tee junction at 0 °C. Outlet of Tee junction was connected to the continuous flow reactor where reaction takes place. Outlet of the flow reactor is connected to 2-neck round bottom flask. Flow rate of substrate 5 (1.0 mL/min) and O3/O2(1000 mL/min) gas was kept to have 2 sec residence time for overall reaction. One neck is used to evacuate excesses 03 for quenching and from other neck product was transferred to the other round bottom flask under stirring where water (0.1 mL/min) and 2-MeTHF (1.0 mL) was pumped. The mixed solution was then pumped to the separating funnel for layer separation. 2-MeTHF layer was then pumped (0.4 mL/min) to another Tee junction where other inlet of Tee junction was connected to the syringe filled with DMF-DMA in 2-MeTHF (0.4mL/min; 10% v/v). Outlet of Tee connected to the continuous flow reactor to maintain the 40 min residence time.

Outlet of the flow reactor is connected to other Tee junction, which is already connected to other inlet with sodium methoxide in methanol (0.3 mL/min; 2% w/v) solution and the next flow reactor to maintain the residence time of (35 min) and product was collected at the outlet of the flow reactor.The solution collected at outlet was washed with cold IN HC1 (3 mL X 2), brine solution (5 mL), dried over Na2S04 and evaporated to dryness. This crude material was subjected to purification by column chromatography (silica gel 230-400 mesh; 0.3:0.7: MeOH: DCM) to offer desired compound as of white solid (yield: 0.45g; 60%)

Advantages of invention:

Short, mild and suitable for large scale production as well as on the spot synthesis.

Present method features ozonolytic as well as non-ozonolytic way for oxidative cleavage of indole moiety and one pot quadrupole reaction for the construction of quinolone core.

Involves only one purification step.

Present method is suitable for continuous flow synthesis.

5. Could be applied for synthesis of several quinolone based antibiotic drugs.