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1. (WO2017004487) UTILISATION DE CHARGES AVEC DES ÉTATS DE PUISSANCE FINIS POUR FOURNIR DES SERVICES AUXILIAIRES POUR UN RÉSEAU ÉLECTRIQUE
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Claims

1. An apparatus for providing ancillary services to a power grid using a power consumption component at a customer premises, the apparatus comprising:

a processor configured to:

receive a regulation signal associated with an ancillary service for the power grid;

receive data indicative of a condition at the premises; and

determine whether to modify a state of power of the power consumption component based on a probability function, the data indicative of the condition at the premises, and the received regulation signal.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the processor is configured to modify the state of power of the power consumption component by controlling the power consumption component to be in one of a plurality of discrete, finite states of power based at least in part on a determination to modify the state of power of the power consumption component, modify the state of power of the power consumption component.

3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the processor is configured to modify the state of power of the power consumption component by controlling the power consumption component to be in an on state or an off state based at least in part on a determination to modify the state of power of the power consumption component, modify the state of power of the power consumption component.

4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the probability function is based on an internal state of the power consumption component and a value of the received regulation signal.

5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein:

the internal state of the power consumption component comprises a state at a current and/or previous time.

6. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the regulation signal is received from a balancing authority that provides the regulation signal to other power consumption components at other customer premises.

7. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the power consumption component is a portion of a heating and/or cooling system, and

the processor is configured to determine whether to modify the state of power so that a temperature in the customer premises changes by no more than 0.2 degrees Celsius relative to a user specified temperature.

8. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the power consumption component comprises pool equipment.

9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein:

the pool equipment comprises a pool pump that has two states of power of off and on or four states of power of off, low, medium, and high.

10. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the processor comprises a programmable flow rate controller.

11. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the processor comprises a programmable thermostat.

12. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the processor is programmable and is configured to receive program code to use to determine whether to modify the state of power.

13. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein:

the processor is further configured to filter the received regulation signal to generate a regulatory signal used for control of the power consumption component.

14. A method for providing ancillary services to a power grid using a power consumption component at a customer premises, the method comprising:

receiving a regulation signal associated with an ancillary service for the power grid; determining whether to modify a state of power of the power consumption component based on a probability function and the received regulation signal; and

based at least in part on a determination to modify the state of power of the power consumption component, modifying the state of power of the power consumption component.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein:

modifying the state of power of the power consumption component comprises controlling the power consumption component to be in one of a plurality of discrete, finite states of power.

16. The method of claim 14, wherein:

modifying the state of power of the power consumption component comprises controlling the power consumption component to be in an on state or an off state.

17. The method of claim 14, wherein:

the probability function is based on an internal state of the power consumption component and a value of the received regulation signal.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein:

the internal state of the power consumption component comprises a state at a current and/or previous time.

19. The method of claim 14, wherein:

receiving the regulation signal comprises receiving the regulation signal from a balancing authority that provides the regulation signal to other power consumption components at other customer premises.

20. The method of claim 14, wherein:

the power consumption component is a portion of a heating and/or cooling system, and

modifying the state of power comprises modifying the state of power so that a temperature in the customer premises changes by no more than 0.2 degrees Celsius relative to a user specified temperature.

21. The method of claim 14, wherein:

the power consumption component comprises pool equipment.

22. The method of claim 21, wherein:

the pool equipment comprises a pool pump that has two states of power of off and on.

23. The method of claim 21, wherein:

the pool equipment comprises a pool pump that has four states of power of off, low, medium, and high.

24. The method of claim 14, wherein:

the method further comprises receiving program code; and

determining whether to modify the state of power of the power consumption component comprises determining whether to modify the state of power using the received program code.

25. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

filtering the received regulation signal to generate a regulatory signal; and

controlling the power consumption component based at least in part on the generated regulatory signal.

26. A system for providing ancillary services to a power grid based on a regulation signal associated with an ancillary service for the power grid transmitted by a balancing authority, the system comprising:

a first load comprising a first power consumption component and a first processor configured to:

receive the regulation signal;

determine whether to modify a state of power of the first power consumption component based on a first probability function and the received regulation signal; and

based at least in part on a determination to modify the state of power of the first power consumption component, modify the state of power of the first power consumption component; and

a second load comprising a second power consumption component and a second processor configured to:

receive the regulation signal;

determine whether to modify a state of power of the second power consumption component based on a second probability function and the received regulation signal; and

based at least in part on a determination to modify the state of power of the second power consumption component, modify the state of power of the second power consumption component.

27. The system of claim 26, wherein:

the first processor is the second processor.

28. The system of claim 26, wherein:

the first probability function is different from the second probability function.

29. The system of claim 26, wherein:

the first probability function is based on an internal state of the first power consumption component and a value of the received regulation signal, and

the second probability function is based on an internal state of the second power consumption component and the value of the received regulation signal.

30. The system of claim 26, wherein:

the first power consumption component comprises a pool pump.