Certains contenus de cette application ne sont pas disponibles pour le moment.
Si cette situation persiste, veuillez nous contacter àObservations et contact
1. (WO2016012395) DÉRIVÉS HÉTÉROCYCLIQUES ACTIFS DU POINT DE VUE PESTICIDE COMPORTANT DES SUBSTITUANTS CONTENANT DU SOUFRE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

Pesticidally active heterocyclic derivatives with sulphur containing substituents

The present invention relates to insecticidally active heterocyclic imidazole and triazole derivatives containing sulphur substituents, to intermediates useful for their preparation, to compositions comprising those compounds, and to their use for controlling animal pests (including arthropods and in particular insects or representatives of the order Acarina).

Heterocyclic compounds with pesticidal action are known and described, for example, in

WO 2010/125985 and WO 2013/018928.

There have now been found novel pesticidally active heterocyclic imidazole and triazole derivatives with sulphur containing phenyl and pyridyl substituents.

The present invention accordingly relates to compounds of formula I,


wherein

A is N or CR8, wherein R8 is hydrogen, C C4alkyl, halogen or C C4haloalkyl;

Gi is nitrogen or CR2;

G2 is nitrogen or CR3;

G3 is nitrogen or CR4;

G4 is nitrogen or CR5;

G5 is nitrogen or CR6, with the proviso that not more than 2 nitrogens as G may follow consecutively; R2, R3, R4, R5 or R6 are, independently from each other, hydrogen, halogen, C C4haloalkyl,

C C4haloalkyl substituted by one or two hydroxy, C C4haloalkyl substituted by one or two methoxy, C C haloalkyl substituted by one or two cyano; or

R2, R3, R4, R5 or R6 are, independently from each other, CrC haloalkylthio, C C haloalkylsulfonyl, 0(C C4haloalkyl), SF5, phenylcarbonylthio, cyano, mercapto, or C C4alkoxycarbonyl;

Q is a radical selected from the group consisting of formula Qi and Q2,


wherein the arrow denotes the point of attachment to the imidazole or triazole ring;

and wherein X is S, SO or S02;

each R is, independently from each other, hydrogen, halogen or C C4haloalkyl;

each Ri is, independently from each other, C C4alkyl, C C4haloalkyl, C3-C6cycloalkyl,

C3-C6cycloalkyl-C C4alkyl, C3-C6halocycloalkyl, C2-C6alkenyl, C2-C6haloalkenyl or C2-C6alkynyl;

each R7 is, independently from each other, hydrogen or halogen; and

R9 is hydrogen, C C4alkyl, C C4haloalkyl or halogen;

and agrochemically acceptable salts, stereoisomers, enantiomers, tautomers and N-oxides of those compounds.

Compounds of formula I which have at least one basic centre can form, for example, acid addition salts, for example with strong inorganic acids such as mineral acids, for example perchloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, nitrose acid, a phosphorus acid or a hydrohalic acid, with strong organic carboxylic acids, such as C C4alkanecarboxylic acids which are unsubstituted or substituted, for example by halogen, for example acetic acid, such as saturated or unsaturated dicarboxylic acids, for example oxalic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid or phthalic acid, such as hydro xycarboxylic acids, for example ascorbic acid, lactic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid or citric acid, or such as benzoic acid, or with organic sulfonic acids, such as C C4alkane- or arylsulfonic acids which are unsubstituted or substituted, for example by halogen, for example methane- or p-toluenesulfonic acid. Compounds of formula I which have at least one acidic group can form, for example, salts with bases, for example mineral salts such as alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salts, for example sodium, potassium or magnesium salts, or salts with ammonia or an organic amine, such as morpholine, piperidine, pyrrolidine, a mono-, di- or tri-lower-alkylamine, for example ethyl-, diethyl-, triethyl- or dimethylpropylamine, or a mono-, di- or trihydroxy-lower-alkylamine, for example mono-, di- or triethanolamine.

The alkyl groups occurring in the definitions of the substituents can be straight-chain or branched and are, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, hexyl, nonyl, decyl and their branched isomers. Alkoxy, alkenyl and alkynyl radicals are derived from the alkyl radicals mentioned. The alkenyl and alkynyl groups can be mono- or polyunsaturated.

Halogen is generally fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. This also applies, correspondingly, to halogen in combination with other meanings, such as haloalkyl or halophenyl.

Haloalkyl groups preferably have a chain length of from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Haloalkyl is, for example, fluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl, chloromethyl, dichloromethyl, trichloromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2-fluoroethyl, 2-chloroethyl, pentafluoroethyl, 1 ,1 -difluoro-2,2,2-trichloroethyl, 2,2,3,3-tetrafluoroethyl and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl.

Alkoxy groups preferably have a preferred chain length of from 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Alkoxy is, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, i-propoxy, n-butoxy, isobutoxy, sec-butoxy and tert-butoxy and also the isomeric pentyloxy and hexyloxy radicals.

Alkoxyalkyl groups preferably have a chain length of 1 to 6 carbon atoms.

Alkoxyalkyl is, for example, methoxymethyl, methoxyethyl, ethoxymethyl, ethoxyethyl, n-propoxymethyl, n-propoxyethyl, isopropoxymethyl or isopropoxyethyl.

The cycloalkyi groups preferably have from 3 to 6 ring carbon atoms, for example cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl.

The 0(CrC4haloalkyl) groups, equivalent to C C haloalkoxy, preferably have a chain length of from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Haloalkoxy is, for example, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy or 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy.

Preferably A is N or CR8, wherein R8 is hydrogen, C C4alkyl or C C4haloalkyl; and

R2, R3, R4, R5 or R6 are, independently from each other, hydrogen, halogen, C C4haloalkyl,

C C4haloalkyl substituted by one or two hydroxy, C C4haloalkyl substituted by one or two methoxy, or R2, R3, R4, R5 or R6 are, independently from each other, C C4haloalkylthio,

C C4haloalkylsulfonyl, 0(C C4haloalkyl), SF5, phenylcarbonylthio, cyano, mercapto, or

C C4alkoxycarbonyl;

A preferred group of compounds of formula I is represented by the compounds of formula 1-1


wherein G-i , G2, G3, G4, and G5 are as defined under formula I above; and wherein Xi is S, SO or S02; Rai is hydrogen, halogen or C C4haloalkyl, in particular C C4haloalkyl; and Rn is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl or cyclopropylmethyl; A is as defined above under formula I, preferably N or CH, R9 is as defined above under formula I, preferably hydrogen, and agrochemically acceptable salts, stereoisomers, enantiomers, tautomers and N-oxides of those compounds.

In said preferred group of compounds of formula 1-1 , one of the substituents selected from G-i, G2, G3, G4, and G5 is C(CF3), one of the remaining substituents selected from G-i, G2, G3, G4, and G5 is N or CH, and the remaining substituents G are CH.

Also preferred are compounds of formula 1-1 with Gi defined as N, G2 defined as C(CF3), and G3, G4 and G5 defined as CH.

Yet other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi defined as N, G3 defined as C(CF3), and G2, G4 and G5 defined as CH.

Further preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi defined as N, G4 defined as C(CF3), and G2, G3 and G5 defined as CH.

Other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have G-i, G4 and G5 defined as CH, G2 defined as N and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Also preferred are compounds of formula 1-1 with G-i, G3 and G5 defined as CH, G2 defined as N and G4 defined as C(CF3).

Yet other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi, G and G5 defined as CH, G3 defined as N and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Another group of preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi and G3 defined as N, G4 and G5 defined as CH , and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi and G4 defined as N, G2 and G5 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Also preferred are compounds of formula 1-1 with Gi and G4 defined as N, G3 and G5 defined as CH, and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Yet other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi and G5 defined as N, G2 and G4 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Further preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi and G5 defined as N, G3 and G4 defined as CH, and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have G2 and G defined as N, Gi and G5 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Also preferred are compounds of formula 1-1 with Gi and G2 defined as N, G4 and G5 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Yet other preferred compounds of formula 1-1 have Gi and G2 defined as N, G3 and G5 defined as CH, and G4 defined as C(CF3).

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula 1-1 , Gi is CH, G2 is CH, G3 is C(CF3), G4 is CH and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula 1-1 , Gi is CH, G2 is N, G3 is C(CF3), G4 is CH and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula 1-1 , Gi is N, G2 is CH, G3 is C(CF3), G is CH and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula 1-1 , Gi is N, G2 is CH, G3 is CH, G4 is C(CF3), and G5 is CH.

ln an especially preferred group of compounds of formula 1-1 , Gi is CH, G2 is N, G3 is CH, G4 is C(CF3), and G5 is CH. In said especially preferred groups of compounds of formula 1-1 , A is preferably N or CH and R9 is hydrogen.

Another preferred group of compounds of formula I is represented by the compounds of formula I-2


wherein G-i , G2, G3, G4, and G5 are as defined under formula I above; and wherein X2 is S, SO or S02; Ra2 is hydrogen, halogen or C C4haloalkyl, in particular C C4haloalkyl; and R-|2 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl or cyclopropylmethyl; A is as defined above under formula I, preferably N or CH, Rg is as defined above under formula I, preferably hydrogen, and agrochemically acceptable salts, stereoisomers, enantiomers, tautomers and N-oxides of those compounds.

In said preferred group of compounds of formula I-2, one of the substituents selected from G-i, G2, G3, G4, and G5 is C(CF3), one of the remaining substituents selected from G-i, G2, G3, G4, and G5 is N or CH, and the remaining substituents G are CH.

Also preferred are compounds of formula I-2 with Gi defined as N, G2 defined as C(CF3), and G3, G4 and G5 defined as CH.

Yet other preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi defined as N, G3 defined as C(CF3), and G2, G4 and G5 defined as CH.

Further preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi defined as N, G4 defined as C(CF3), and G2, G3 and G5 defined as CH.

Other preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi, G and G5 defined as CH, G2 defined as N and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Also preferred are compounds of formula I-2 with G-i, G3 and G5 defined as CH, G2 defined as N and G4 defined as C(CF3).

Yet other preferred compounds of formula I-2 have G-i, G4 and G5 defined as CH, G3 defined as N and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Another group of preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi and G3 defined as N, G4 and G5 defined as CH , and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Other preferred compounds of formula 1-2 have Gi and G4 defined as N, G2 and G5 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Also preferred are compounds of formula I-2 with Gi and G4 defined as N, G3 and G5 defined as CH, and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Yet other preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi and G5 defined as N, G2 and G4 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Further preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi and G5 defined as N, G3 and G4 defined as CH, and G2 defined as C(CF3).

Other preferred compounds of formula I-2 have G2 and G4 defined as N, Gi and G5 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Also preferred are compounds of formula I-2 with Gi and G2 defined as N, G and G5 defined as CH, and G3 defined as C(CF3).

Yet other preferred compounds of formula I-2 have Gi and G2 defined as N, G3 and G5 defined as CH, and G4 defined as C(CF3).

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula I-2, Gi is CH, G2 is CH, G3 is C(CF3), G4 is CH and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula I-2, Gi is CH, G2 is N, G3 is C(CF3), G4 is CH and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula I-2, Gi is N, G2 is CH, G3 is C(CF3), G4 is CH and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula I-2, Gi is N, G2 is CH, G3 is CH, G4 is C(CF3), and G5 is CH.

In an especially preferred group of compounds of formula I-2, Gi is CH, G2 is N, G3 is CH, G is C(CF3), and G5 is CH. In said especially preferred groups of compounds of formula I-2, A is preferably N or CH and R9 is hydrogen.

A further preferred embodiment of the invention comprises compounds of formula I represented by the compounds of formula I-3


wherein

R10 is phenyl substituted by C C4haloalkyl or pyridyl substituted by C C4haloalkyl;

X3 is S, SO or S02; Ra3 is hydrogen, halogen or C C4haloalkyl, in particular C C4haloalkyl; and R-|3 is C C4alkyl, in particular ethyl; A is as defined above under formula I, preferably N or CH, and agrochemically acceptable salts, stereoisomers, enantiomers, tautomers and N-oxides of those compounds.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention comprises compounds of formula I represented by the compounds of formula I-4


wherein

A is N or CR8, wherein R8 is hydrogen;

Rioa is phenyl mono- or polysubstituted by substituents independently selected from the group consisting of C C haloalkylsulfonyl or C C haloalkyl; or

Rioa is pyridyl mono- or polysubstituted by substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen or C C4haloalkyl;

X4 is S or S02;

Ra4 is C C4haloalkyl, in particular trifluoromethyl;

RM is C C4alkyl, in particular ethyl; and

R9 is hydrogen or C C4alkyl, in particular hydrogen or methyl;

and agrochemically acceptable salts, stereoisomers, enantiomers, tautomers and N-oxides of the compounds of formula I-4.

In said preferred embodiment comprising compounds of formula I-4, Ri0a is preferably phenyl or pyridyl monosubstituted by substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, C C4haloalkylsulfonyl or C C4haloalkyl. Especially preferred is a substituent selected from chlorine, trifluoromethylsulfonyl, trifluoromethyl or pentafluoroethyl.

A further preferred embodiment of the invention comprises compounds of formula I represented by the compounds of formula I-5


wherein

A is N or CR8, wherein R8 is hydrogen;

R is a diazine radical selected from the group consisting of formula DA1 to DA4,


DA1 DA2 DA3 DA4

wherein the arrow denotes the point of attachment to the imidazole or triazole ring, and said group R-|0b may be mono- or polysubstituted by substituents independently selected from C C4haloalkyl;

X5 is S or S02;

Ra5 is C C4haloalkyl, in particular trifluoromethyl;

Ri5 is C C4alkyl, in particular ethyl; and

R9 is hydrogen or C C4alkyl, in particular hydrogen or methyl;

and agrochemically acceptable salts, stereoisomers, enantiomers, tautomers and N-oxides of the compounds of formula I-5.

In said preferred embodiment comprising compounds of formula I-5, R-|0b is preferably a diazine radical selected from the group consisting of formulae DA1 to DA4, which are monosubstituted by substituents independently selected from C C haloalkyl. Especially preferred for Ri0b as substituent is trifluoromethyl or pentafluoroethyl.

The process according to the invention for preparing compounds of formula I is carried out in principle by methods known to those skilled in the art. More specifically, the subgroup of compounds of formula I, wherein X is SO (sulfoxide) and/or S02 (sulfone), may be obtained by means of an oxidation reaction of the corresponding sulfide compounds of formula I, wherein X is S, involving reagents such as, for example, m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (mCPBA), hydrogen peroxide, oxone, sodium periodate, sodium hypochlorite or tert-butyl hypochlorite amongst other oxidants. The oxidation reaction is generally conducted in the presence of a solvent. Examples of the solvent to be used in the reaction include aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons such as dichloromethane and chloroform; alcohols such as methanol and ethanol; acetic acid; water; and mixtures thereof. The amount of the oxidant to be used in the reaction is generally 1 to 3 moles, preferably 1 to 1.2 moles, relative to 1 mole of the sulfide compounds I to produce the sulfoxide compounds I, and preferably 2 to 2.2 moles of oxidant, relative to 1 mole of of the sulfide compounds I to produce the sulfone compounds I. Such oxidation reactions are disclosed, for example, in WO 2013/018928.

Compounds of formula I, wherein A, Q, R9, G-i , G2, G3, G4, and G5 are as defined above,


may be prepared by reacting a compound of formula II, or a tautomer thereof and/or a salt thereof (such as a hydrohalide salt, preferably a hydrochloride or a hydrobromide salt, or any other equivalent salt), wherein A, Q and R9 are as defined above, with a compound of formula III, wherein G-i, G2, G3, G4, and G5 are as defined above and LG is a halogen, preferably bromine or iodine, or a pseudohalogen such as Ci_4haloalkylsulfonate, especially triflate, by means of a base mediated N-arylation or N-hetarylation reaction. This reaction includes bases such as, for example, alkali metal carbonates like sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, cesium carbonate or tetraethylammonium carbonate, or potassium phosphate, triethylamine or pyridine, and is conducted in solvents such as nitrobenzene, dioxane, acetonitrile, toluene, dimethylsulfoxide, N-methylpyrrolidone, A/,A/-dimethylformamide or N,N-dimethylacetamide, where appropriate with water as co-solvent, and at temperatures between 0-300°C, preferably at 50-250°C, with optional use of microwave heating. Optionally the reaction may be transition metal mediated, or preferably catalyzed by transition metals, such as, for example, metalic copper or copper(l) salts, especially copper(l) halides like copper(l) chloride, copper(l) bromide, copper(l) iodide or copper(l) oxide (especially preferred is copper(l) iodide), or copper(ll) salts, like for example copper(ll) acetate. Optional additives such as diamine ligands (preferably 1 ,10-phenanthroline, 1 ,2-ethanediamine, Λ/,Λ/'-dimethyl-l ,2-ethanediamine, /V,/V-dimethyl-1 ,2-ethanediamine, 1 ,2-cyclohexanediamine or Ν,Ν'-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1 ,2-diamine) or 8-quinolinol, glycine, dimethylglycine or proline may be used in this N-arylation or N-hetarylation reaction. Such reactions are further illustrated in, for example,

WO201 1/017504, Liu et al., J. Org. Chem. 2005, 70, 10135-10138 or Antilla et al., J. Org. Chem. 2004, 69, 5578-5587.

Compounds of formula III, wherein Gi, G2, G3, G4, and G5 are as defined above and LG is a halogen, preferably bromine or iodine, or a pseudohalogen such as Ci_ haloalkylsulfonate, especially triflate, are known compounds or can be prepared by known methods, described in the literature.

The subgroup of compounds of formula II, or a tautomer thereof and/or a salt thereof, wherein A is N, and in which Q and R9 are as defined above,


INT1

wherein is methyl (

may be prepared by reacting a nitrile compound of formula IV, wherein Q is as defined above, sequentially with

i) a catalytic amount, preferably 0.01 to 0.5 equivalent, of an alkoxide, preferably sodium methoxide NaOMe or sodium ethoxide NaOEt, in an alcoholic solvent, such as methanol or ethanol, at temperatures between 0 and 100°C, to generate an imidate intermediate of the formula INT1 (or a salt and/or a tautomer thereof), wherein GR is methyl or ethyl; followed by

ii) treatment of the above alcoholic solution with a hydrazide of formula V, wherein R9 is as defined above (preferably formic hydrazide when R9 is H), or a salt thereof (such as a hydrohalide salt, preferably a hydrochloride or a hydrobromide salt, or any other equivalent salt), in the presence of an acid, such as for example acetic acid, at temperatures between 0-200°C, optionally under microwave irradiation, to form the compound of the formula II, or a salt and/or a tautomer thereof.

Compounds of the formula INT1, wherein GR is methyl or ethyl, may alternatively be prepared under conditions and variants of the Pinner reaction known to a person skilled in the art, typically by treating a compound of the formula IV with a hydrohalide acid, preferably hydrochloric acid, in presence of alcoholic reagents such as methanol or ethanol, preferably in an inert solvent such as diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran or dioxane, at temperatures between -40 and 50°C, preferably between -20 and 20°C. The described process to prepare compounds of the formula II from compounds of the formula IV may include isolation and purification of the intermediate INT1 (which may be isolated as a free base or as a salt (e.g. a hydrohalide salt, more specifically a hydrochloride or hydrobromide salt, or any other equivalent salt)), however this process is advantageously conducted as a one-pot preparation. In the particular situation where using a salt of the intermediate INT1 , the process for the preparation of compounds of formula II may require addition of a base, such as for example triethylamine, in the heating step with the the hydrazide of formula V, as described, for example, in WO 2005/014583.

Compounds of formula IV, wherein Q is as defined above, are known compounds or can be prepared by known methods, described in the literature.

The subgroup of compounds of formula II, or a tautomer thereof and/or a salt thereof, wherein A is CR8 and R9 is H, and in which R8 and Q are as defined above,


VI II

may be prepared by heating a compound of formula VI, wherein R8 and Q are as defined above, and wherein L is a halogen (preferably bromine) or a leaving group OS02RLG, in which RLG is C C6alkyl, C C6haloalkyl, or phenyl optionaly substituted by nitro or C C3 alkyl, in formamide VII (which serves as reagent reactant and solvent) at temperatures between 0-200°C, optionally under microwave irradiation, in analogy to, for example, W.E. Lynch et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1994, 116, 1 1030-1 1038.

Alternative preparation methods for the triazole and imidazole compounds of the formula II may also be found in WO 201 1/017504.

Compounds of the formula VI, wherein R8 and Q are as defined above, and wherein L is a halogen, preferably bromine


may be prepared by reacting a compound of formula VIII, wherein R8 and Q are as defined above, with a halogenating agent such as N-bromosuccinimide, N-chlorosuccinimide or N-iodosuccinimide, optionally in the presence of a Br0nsted or Lewis acid, in an appropriate solvent such as, for example, acetonitrile, dichloromethane, 1 ,2-dichloroethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, methanol or ethanol. Alternatively, bromine, chlorine or iodine may be used as halogenating agents, optionally in the presence of a Br0nsted (such as, for example, acetic acid, hydrogen bromide or hydrogen chloride) or Lewis acid, in appropriate solvents such as, for example, acetonitrile, dichloromethane, 1 ,2-dichloroethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, methanol or ethanol. An example of the use of mixtures of bromine Br2 and hydrobromic acid HBr in acetic acid AcOH is described, for example, in Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon and the Related Elements 2013, 188(12), 1835-1844. Yet another option for halogenating agents is given, for example, with sulfuryl chloride S02CI2 or with copper(ll) halogenides, such as for example copper bromide CuBr2 or copper chloride CuCI2, which are used in solvents such as for example,

dichloromethane, chloroform, 1 ,2-dichloroethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, ethyl acetate, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, methanol or ethanol, or mixtures thereof, at temperatures between 25-150°C, optionally in the microwave. An example of the use of copper(ll) bromide Cu(ll)Br2 in an inert solvent, such as ethyl acetate, is described, for example, in J. Med. Chem., 2013, 56(1 ), 84-96.

Compounds of the formula VIII, wherein R8 and Q are as defined above, may be prepared from nitrile compounds of the formula IV, wherein Q is as defined above, by reaction with a Grignard reagent of formula R8CH2MgHal, wherein Hal is a halogen, preferably chlorine or bromine, followed by acidic hydrolysis, as described, for example, in C. Ferri, "Reaktionen der Organischen Synthese", Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 1978, page 223ff. This process is usually conducted at temperatures between -20°C and room temperature in inert solvents, such as ethers like diethyl ether, methyl t-butyl ether, tetrahydrofuran THF or dioxane.

The reactants can be reacted in the presence of a base. Examples of suitable bases are alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydroxides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal hydrides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal amides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alkoxides, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal acetates, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal carbonates, alkali metal or alkaline earth metal dialkylamides or alkali metal or alkaline earth metal alkylsilylamides, alkylamines, alkylenediamines, free or N-alkylated saturated or unsaturated cycloalkylamines, basic heterocycles, ammonium hydroxides and carbocyclic amines. Examples which may be mentioned are sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, sodium amide, sodium methoxide, sodium acetate, sodium carbonate, potassium tert-butoxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate, potassium hydride, lithium diisopropylamide, potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, calcium hydride, triethylamine, diisopropylethylamine, triethylenediamine, cyclohexylamine, N-cyclohexyl-N,N-dimethylamine, Ν,Ν-diethylaniline, pyridine, 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)pyridine, quinuclidine, N-methylmorpholine, benzyltrimethylammonium hydroxide and 1 ,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU).

The reactants can be reacted with each other as such, i.e. without adding a solvent or diluent. In most cases, however, it is advantageous to add an inert solvent or diluent or a mixture of these. If the reaction is carried out in the presence of a base, bases which are employed in excess, such as triethylamine, pyridine, N-methylmorpholine or Ν,Ν-diethylaniline, may also act as solvents or diluents.

The reaction is advantageously carried out in a temperature range from approximately -80°C to approximately +140°C, preferably from approximately -30°C to approximately +100°C, in many cases in the range between ambient temperature and approximately +80°C.

A compound of formula I can be converted in a manner known per se into another compound of formula I by replacing one or more substituents of the starting compound of formula I in the customary manner by (an)other substituent(s) according to the invention.

Depending on the choice of the reaction conditions and starting materials which are suitable in each case, it is possible, for example, in one reaction step only to replace one substituent by another substituent according to the invention, or a plurality of substituents can be replaced by other substituents according to the invention in the same reaction step.

Salts of compounds of formula I can be prepared in a manner known per se. Thus, for example, acid addition salts of compounds of formula I are obtained by treatment with a suitable acid or a suitable ion exchanger reagent and salts with bases are obtained by treatment with a suitable base or with a suitable ion exchanger reagent.

Salts of compounds of formula I can be converted in the customary manner into the free compounds I, acid addition salts, for example, by treatment with a suitable basic compound or with a suitable ion exchanger reagent and salts with bases, for example, by treatment with a suitable acid or with a suitable ion exchanger reagent.

Salts of compounds of formula I can be converted in a manner known per se into other salts of compounds of formula I, acid addition salts, for example, into other acid addition salts, for example by treatment of a salt of inorganic acid such as hydrochloride with a suitable metal salt such as a sodium, barium or silver salt, of an acid, for example with silver acetate, in a suitable solvent in which an inorganic salt which forms, for example silver chloride, is insoluble and thus precipitates from the reaction mixture.

Depending on the procedure or the reaction conditions, the compounds of formula I, which have salt-forming properties can be obtained in free form or in the form of salts.

The compounds of formula I and, where appropriate, the tautomers thereof, in each case in free form or in salt form, can be present in the form of one of the isomers which are possible or as a mixture of these, for example in the form of pure isomers, such as antipodes and/or diastereomers, or as isomer mixtures, such as enantiomer mixtures, for example racemates, diastereomer mixtures or racemate mixtures, depending on the number, absolute and relative configuration of asymmetric carbon atoms which occur in the molecule and/or depending on the configuration of non-aromatic double bonds which occur in the molecule; the invention relates to the pure isomers and also to all isomer mixtures which are possible and is to be understood in each case in this sense hereinabove and hereinbelow, even when stereochem al details are not mentioned specifically in each case.

Diastereomer mixtures or racemate mixtures of compounds of formula I, in free form or in salt form, which can be obtained depending on which starting materials and procedures have been chosen can be separated in a known manner into the pure diasteromers or racemates on the basis of the

physicochemical differences of the components, for example by fractional crystallization, distillation and/or chromatography.

Enantiomer mixtures, such as racemates, which can be obtained in a similar manner can be resolved into the optical antipodes by known methods, for example by recrystallization from an optically active solvent, by chromatography on chiral adsorbents, for example high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on acetyl celulose, with the aid of suitable microorganisms, by cleavage with specific, immobilized enzymes, via the formation of inclusion compounds, for example using chiral crown ethers, where only one enantiomer is complexed, or by conversion into diastereomeric salts, for example by reacting a basic end-product racemate with an optically active acid, such as a carboxylic acid, for example camphor, tartaric or malic acid, or sulfonic acid, for example camphorsulfonic acid, and separating the diastereomer mixture which can be obtained in this manner, for example by fractional crystallization based on their differing solubilities, to give the diastereomers, from which the desired enantiomer can be set free by the action of suitable agents, for example basic agents.

Pure diastereomers or enantiomers can be obtained according to the invention not only by separating suitable isomer mixtures, but also by generally known methods of diastereoselective or enantioselective synthesis, for example by carrying out the process according to the invention with starting materials of a suitable stereochemistry.

N-oxides can be prepared by reacting a compound of the formula I with a suitable oxidizing agent, for example the H202/urea adduct in the presence of an acid anhydride, e.g. trifluoroacetic anhydride. Such oxidations are known from the literature, for example from J . Med. Chem., 32 (12), 2561 -73, 1989 or WO 00/15615.

It is advantageous to isolate or synthesize in each case the biologically more effective isomer, for example enantiomer or diastereomer, or isomer mixture, for example enantiomer mixture or diastereomer mixture, if the individual components have a different biological activity.

The compounds of formula I and, where appropriate, the tautomers thereof, in each case in free form or in salt form, can, if appropriate, also be obtained in the form of hydrates and/or include other solvents, for example those which may have been used for the crystallization of compounds which are present in solid form.

The compounds according to the following Tables 1 to 8 below can be prepared according to the methods described above. The examples which follow are intended to illustrate the invention and show preferred compounds of formula I.

Table X: This table discloses the 16 substituent definitions X.001 to X.016 of the formula 1-1 a:


wherein Xi is S, and Ra-ι, R-π , G-i, G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined below:

Table X:

and the N-oxides of the compounds of Table X.

Table 1 : This table discloses the 16 compounds 1 .001 to 1 .016 of the formula 1-1 a, wherein Xi is SO, and Ra-ι, Rii, Gi, G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table X.

Table 2: This table discloses the 16 compounds 2.001 to 2.016 of the formula 1-1 a, wherein Xi is S02, and Ra-ι, R-π, G-i , G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table X.

Table Y: This table discloses the 16 substituent definitions Y.001 to Y.016 of the formula 1-1 b:


wherein Xi is S, and Ra-ι, R-π , G-i, G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined below:

Table Y:

Comp.No Ra! Rl1 Gi G2 G3 G4 G5

and the N-oxides of the compounds of Table Y.

Table 3: This table discloses the 16 compounds 3.001 to 3.016 of the formula 1-1 b, wherein Xi is SO, and Ra-ι, R11 , Gi , G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table Y.

Table 4: This table discloses the 16 compounds 4.001 to 4.016 of the formula 1-1 b, wherein Xi is S02, and Rai, R-n, Gi , G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table Y.

Table Z: This table discloses the 16 substituent definitions Z.001 to Z.016 of the formula l-2a:


wherein X2 is S, and Ra2, R12, Gi , G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined below:

Table Z:

Comp.No Ra2 R12 Gi G2 G3 G4 G5

Z.001 H -CH2CH3 CH CH C(CF3) CH CH

Comp.No Ra2 R12 Gi G2 G3 G4 G5

Z.002 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH CH C(CF3) CH CH

Z.003 H -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) CH CH CH

Z.004 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) CH CH CH

Z.005 H -CH2CH3 N C(CF3) CH CH CH

Z.006 CF3 -CH2CH3 N C(CF3) CH CH CH

Z.007 H -CH2CH3 N CH C(CF3) CH CH

Z.008 CF3 -CH2CH3 N CH C(CF3) CH CH

Z.009 H -CH2CH3 N CH CH C(CF3) CH

Z.010 CF3 -CH2CH3 N CH CH C(CF3) CH

Z.01 1 H -CH2CH3 CH N C(CF3) CH CH

Z.012 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH N C(CF3) CH CH

Z.013 H -CH2CH3 CH N CH C(CF3) CH

Z.014 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH N CH C(CF3) CH

Z.015 H -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) N CH CH

Z.016 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) N CH CH

and the N-oxides of the compounds of Table Z.

Table 5: This table discloses the 16 compounds 5.001 to 5.016 of the formula l-2a, wherein Xi is SO, and Ra2, Ri2, Gi, G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table Z.

Table 6: This table discloses the 16 compounds 6.001 to 6.016 of the formula l-2a, wherein Xi is S02, and Ra2, R12, G-i , G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table Z.

Table A: This table discloses the 16 substituent definitions A.001 to A.016 of the formula l-2b:


wherein X2 is S, and Ra2, R12, Gi, G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined below:

Table A:

Comp.No Ra2 R12 Gi G2 G3 G4 G5

A.001 H -CH2CH3 CH CH C(CF3) CH CH

Comp.No Ra2 Rl2 Gi G2 G3 G4 G5

A.002 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH CH C(CF3) CH CH

A.003 H -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) CH CH CH

A.004 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) CH CH CH

A.005 H -CH2CH3 N C(CF3) CH CH CH

A.006 CF3 -CH2CH3 N C(CF3) CH CH CH

A.007 H -CH2CH3 N CH C(CF3) CH CH

A.008 CF3 -CH2CH3 N CH C(CF3) CH CH

A.009 H -CH2CH3 N CH CH C(CF3) CH

A.010 CF3 -CH2CH3 N CH CH C(CF3) CH

A.01 1 H -CH2CH3 CH N C(CF3) CH CH

A.012 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH N C(CF3) CH CH

A.013 H -CH2CH3 CH N CH C(CF3) CH

A.014 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH N CH C(CF3) CH

A.015 H -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) N CH CH

A.016 CF3 -CH2CH3 CH C(CF3) N CH CH

and the N-oxides of the compounds of Table A.

Table 7: This table discloses the 16 compounds 7.001 to 7.016 of the formula l-2b, wherein Xi is SO, and Ra2, Ri2, Gi, G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table A.

Table 8: This table discloses the 16 compounds 8.001 to 8.016 of the formula l-2b, wherein Xi is S02, and Ra2, R12, G-i , G2, G3, G4 and G5 are as defined in Table A.

The compounds of formula I according to the invention are preventively and/or curatively valuable active ingredients in the field of pest control, even at low rates of application, which have a very favorable biocidal spectrum and are well tolerated by warm-blooded species, fish and plants. The active ingredients according to the invention act against all or individual developmental stages of normally sensitive, but also resistant, animal pests, such as insects or representatives of the order Acarina. The insecticidal or acaricidal activity of the active ingredients according to the invention can manifest itself directly, i. e. in destruction of the pests, which takes place either immediately or only after some time has elapsed, for example during ecdysis, or indirectly, for example in a reduced oviposition and/or hatching rate, a good activity corresponding to a destruction rate (mortality) of at least 50 to 60%.

Examples of the abovementioned animal pests are:

from the order Acarina, for example,

Acalitus spp, Aculus spp, Acaricalus spp, Aceria spp, Acarus siro, Amblyomma spp., Argas spp., Boophi-lus spp., Brevipalpus spp., Bryobia spp, Calipitrimerus spp., Chorioptes spp., Dermanyssus gallinae,

Dermatophagoides spp, Eotetranychus spp, Eriophyes spp., Hemitarsonemus spp, Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Olygonychus spp, Ornithodoros spp., Polyphagotarsone latus, Panonychus spp.,

Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Phytonemus spp, Polyphagotarsonemus spp, Psoroptes spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Rhizoglyphus spp., Sarcoptes spp., Steneotarsonemus spp, Tarsonemus spp. and Tetranychus spp.;

from the order Anoplura, for example,

Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Pemphigus spp. and Phylloxera spp.;

from the order Coleoptera, for example,

Agriotes spp., Amphimallon majale, Anomala orientalis, Anthonomus spp., Aphodius spp, Astylus atromaculatus, Ataenius spp, Atomaria linearis, Chaetocnema tibialis, Cerotoma spp, Conoderus spp, Cosmopolites spp., Cotinis nitida, Curculio spp., Cyclocephala spp, Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp., Diloboderus abderus, Epilachna spp., Eremnus spp., Heteronychus arator, Hypothenemus hampei, Lagria vilosa, Leptinotarsa decemLineata, Lissorhoptrus spp., Liogenys spp, Maecolaspis spp, Maladera castanea, Megascelis spp, Melighetes aeneus, Melolontha spp., Myochrous armatus, Orycaephilus spp., Otiorhynchus spp., Phyllophaga spp, Phlyctinus spp., Popillia spp., Psylliodes spp., Rhyssomatus aubtilis, Rhizopertha spp., Scarabeidae, Sitophilus spp., Sitotroga spp., Somaticus spp, Sphenophorus spp, Sternechus subsignatus, Tenebrio spp., Tribolium spp. and Trogoderma spp.;

from the order Diptera, for example,

Aedes spp., Anopheles spp, Antherigona soccata.Bactrocea oleae, Bibio hortulanus, Bradysia spp, Calliphora erythrocephala, Ceratitis spp., Chrysomyia spp., Culex spp., Cuterebra spp., Dacus spp., Delia spp, Drosophila melanogaster, Fannia spp., Gastrophilus spp., Geomyza tripunctata, Glossina spp., Hypoderma spp., Hyppobosca spp., Liriomyza spp., Lucilia spp., Melanagromyza spp., Musca spp., Oestrus spp., Orseolia spp., Oscinella frit, Pegomyia hyoscyami, Phorbia spp., Rhagoletis spp, Rivelia quadrifasciata, Scatella spp, Sciara spp., Stomoxys spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp. and Tipula spp.; from the order Hemiptera, for example,

Acanthocoris scabrator, Acrosternum spp, Adelphocoris lineolatus, Amblypelta nitida, Bathycoelia thalassina, Blissus spp, Cimex spp., Clavigralla tomentosicollis, Creontiades spp, Distantiella theobroma, Dichelops furcatus, Dysdercus spp., Edessa spp, Euchistus spp., Eurydema pulchrum, Eurygaster spp., Halyomorpha halys, Horcias nobilellus, Leptocorisa spp., Lygus spp, Margarodes spp, Murgantia histrionic, Neomegalotomus spp, Nesidiocoris tenuis, Nezara spp., Nysius simulans, Oebalus insularis, Piesma spp., Piezodorus spp, Rhodnius spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Scaptocoris castanea, Scotino-phara spp. , Thyanta spp , Triatoma spp., Vatiga illudens;

Acyrthosium pisum, Adalges spp, Agalliana ensigera, Agonoscena targionii, Aleurodicus spp,

Aleurocanthus spp, Aleurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus floccosus, Aleyrodes brassicae, Amarasca biguttula, Amritodus atkinsoni, Aonidiella spp., Aphididae, Aphis spp., Aspidiotus spp., Aulacorthum solani, Bactericera cockerelli, Bemisia spp, Brachycaudus spp, Brevicoryne brassicae, Cacopsylla spp, Cavariella aegopodii Scop., Ceroplaster spp., Chrysomphalus aonidium, Chrysomphalus dictyospermi, Cicadella spp, Cofana spectra, Cryptomyzus spp, Cicadulina spp, Coccus hesperidum, Dalbulus maidis,

Dialeurodes spp, Diaphorina citri, Diuraphis noxia, Dysaphis spp, Empoasca spp., Eriosoma larigerum, Erythroneura spp., Gascardia spp., Glycaspis brimblecombei, Hyadaphis pseudobrassicae, Hyalopterus spp, Hyperomyzus pallidus, Idioscopus clypealis, Jacobiasca lybica, Laodelphax spp., Lecanium corni, Lepidosaphes spp., Lopaphis erysimi, Lyogenys maidis, Macrosiphum spp., Mahanarva spp, Metcalfa pruinosa, Metopolophium dirhodum, Myndus crudus, Myzus spp., Neotoxoptera sp, Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata spp., N ippolachnus piri Mats, Odonaspis ruthae, Oregma lanigera Zehnter, Parabemisia myricae, Paratrioza cockerelli, Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Peregrinus maidis, Perkinsiella spp, Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp, Planococcus spp., Pseudaulacaspis spp., Pseudococcus spp., Pseudatomoscelis seriatus, Psylla spp., Pulvinaria aethiopica, Quadraspidiotus spp., Quesada gigas, Recilia dorsalis, Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoideus spp., Schizaphis spp., Sitobion spp., Sogatella furcifera, Spissistilus festinus, Tarophagus Proserpina, Toxoptera spp, Trialeurodes spp, Tridiscus sporoboli, Trionymus spp, Trioza erytreae , Unaspis citri, Zygina flammigera, Zyginidia scutellaris, ;

from the order Hymenoptera, for example,

Acromyrmex, Arge spp, Atta spp., Cephus spp., Diprion spp., Diprionidae, Gilpinia polytoma, Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Neodiprion spp., Pogonomyrmex spp, Slenopsis invicta, Solenopsis spp. and Vespa spp.;

from the order Isoptera, for example,

Coptotermes spp, Corniternes cumulans, Incisitermes spp, Macrotermes spp, Mastotermes spp, Microtermes spp, Reticulitermes spp.; Solenopsis geminate

from the order Lepidoptera, for example,

Acleris spp., Adoxophyes spp., Aegeria spp., Agrotis spp., Alabama argillaceae, Amylois spp., Anticarsia gemmatalis, Archips spp., Argyresthia spp, Argyrotaenia spp., Autographa spp., Bucculatrix thurberiella, Busseola fusca, Cadra cautella, Carposina nipponensis, Chilo spp., Choristoneura spp., Chrysoteuchia topiaria, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocrocis spp., Cnephasia spp., Cochylis spp., Coleophora spp., Colias lesbia, Cosmophila flava, Crambus spp, Crocidolomia binotalis, Cryptophlebia leucotreta, Cydalima perspectalis, Cydia spp., Diaphania perspectalis, Diatraea spp., Diparopsis castanea, Earias spp., Eldana saccharina, Ephestia spp., Epinotia spp, Estigmene acrea, Etiella zinckinella, Eucosma spp., Eupoecilia ambiguella, Euproctis spp., Euxoa spp., Feltia jaculiferia, Grapholita spp., Hedya nubiferana, Heliothis spp., Hellula undalis, Herpetogramma spp, Hyphantria cunea, Keiferia lycopersicella, Lasmopalpus lignosellus, Leucoptera scitella, Lithocollethis spp., Lobesia botrana, Loxostege bifidalis, Lymantria spp., Lyonetia spp., Malacosoma spp., Mamestra brassicae, Manduca sexta, Mythimna spp, Noctua spp, Operophtera spp., Orniodes indica, Ostrinia nubilalis, Pammene spp., Pandemis spp., Panolis flammea, Papaipema nebris, Pectinophora gossypiela, Perileucoptera coffeella, Pseudaletia unipuncta,

Phthorimaea operculella, Pieris rapae, Pieris spp., Plutella xylostella, Prays spp., Pseudoplusia spp,

Rachiplusia nu, Richia albicosta, Scirpophaga spp., Sesamia spp., Sparganothis spp., Spodoptera spp., Sylepta derogate, Synanthedon spp., Thaumetopoea spp., Tortrix spp., Trichoplusia ni, Tuta absoluta, and Yponomeuta spp.;

from the order Mallophaga, for example,

Damalinea spp. and Trichodectes spp.;

from the order Orthoptera, for example,

Blatta spp., Blattella spp., Gryllotalpa spp., Leucophaea maderae, Locusta spp., Neocurtilla hexadactyla, Periplaneta spp. , Scapteriscus spp, and Schistocerca spp.;

from the order Psocoptera, for example,

Liposcelis spp.;

from the order Siphonaptera, for example,

Ceratophyllus spp., Ctenocephalides spp. and Xenopsylla cheopis;

from the order Thysanoptera, for example,

Calliothrips phaseoli, Frankliniella spp., Heliothrips spp, Hercinothrips spp., Parthenothrips spp, Scirtothrips aurantii, Sericothrips variabilis, Taeniothrips spp., Thrips spp;

from the order Thysanura, for example, Lepisma saccharina.

The active ingredients according to the invention can be used for controlling, i. e. containing or destroying, pests of the abovementioned type which occur in particular on plants, especially on useful plants and ornamentals in agriculture, in horticulture and in forests, or on organs, such as fruits, flowers, foliage, stalks, tubers or roots, of such plants, and in some cases even plant organs which are formed at a later point in time remain protected against these pests.

Suitable target crops are, in particular, cereals, such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, maize or sorghum; beet, such as sugar or fodder beet; fruit, for example pomaceous fruit, stone fruit or soft fruit, such as apples, pears, plums, peaches, almonds, cherries or berries, for example strawberries, raspberries or blackberries; leguminous crops, such as beans, lentils, peas or soya; oil crops, such as oilseed rape, mustard, poppies, olives, sunflowers, coconut, castor, cocoa or ground nuts; cucurbits, such as pumpkins, cucumbers or melons; fibre plants, such as cotton, flax, hemp or jute; citrus fruit, such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit or tangerines; vegetables, such as spinach, lettuce, asparagus, cabbages, carrots, onions, tomatoes, potatoes or bell peppers; Lauraceae, such as avocado, Cinnamonium or camphor; and also tobacco, nuts, coffee, eggplants, sugarcane, tea, pepper, grapevines, hops, the plantain family and latex plants.

The compositions and/or methods of the present invention may be also used on any ornamental and/or vegetable crops, including flowers, shrubs, broad-leaved trees and evergreens.

For example the invention may be used on any of the following ornamental species: Ageratum spp., Alonsoa spp., Anemone spp., Anisodontea capsenisis, Anthemis spp., Antirrhinum spp., Aster spp., Begonia spp. (e.g. B. elatior, B. semperflorens, B. tubereux), Bougainvillea spp., Brachycome spp., Brassica spp. (ornamental), Calceolaria spp., Capsicum annuum, Catharanthus roseus, Canna spp.,

Centaurea spp., Chrysanthemum spp., Cineraria spp. (C. maritime), Coreopsis spp., Crassula coccinea, Cuphea ignea, Dahlia spp., Delphinium spp., Dicentra spectabilis, Dorotheantus spp., Eustoma grandiflorum, Forsythia spp., Fuchsia spp., Geranium gnaphalium, Gerbera spp., Gomphrena globosa, Heliotropium spp., Helianthus spp., Hibiscus spp., Hortensia spp., Hydrangea spp., Hypoestes phyllostachya, Impatiens spp. (/. Walleriana), Iresines spp., Kalanchoe spp., Lantana camara, Lavatera trimestris, Leonotis leonurus, Lilium spp., Mesembryanthemum spp., Mimulus spp., Monarda spp., Nemesia spp., Tagetes spp., Dianthus spp. (carnation), Canna spp., Oxalis spp., Be///s spp., Pelargonium spp. (P. peltatum, P. Zonale), Viola spp. (pansy), Petunia spp., P ?/ox spp., Plecthranthus spp., Poinsettia spp., Parthenocissus spp. (P. quinquefolia, P. tricuspidata), Primula spp., Ranunculus spp.,

Rhododendron spp., Rosa spp. (rose), Rudbeckia spp., Saintpaulia spp., Sa/v/a spp., Scaevola aemola, Schizanthus wisetonensis, Sedum spp., Solanum spp., Surfinia spp., Tagetes spp., Nicotinia spp., Verbena spp., Z/m/a spp. and other bedding plants.

For example the invention may be used on any of the following vegetable species: Allium spp. (A sativum, A., cepa, A. oschaninii, A. Porrum, A. ascalonicum, A. fistulosum), Anthriscus cerefolium, Apium graveolus, Asparagus officinalis, Beta vulgarus, Brassica spp. (B. Oleracea, B. Pekinensis, B. rapa), Capsicum annuum, Cicer arietinum, Cichorium endivia, Cichorum spp. (C. intybus, C. endivia), Citrillus lanatus, Cucumis spp. (C. sativus, C. melo), Cucurbita spp. (C. pepo, C. maxima), Cyanara spp. (C. scolymus, C. cardunculus), Daucus carota, Foeniculum vulgare, Hypericum spp., Lactuca sativa, Lycopersicon spp. (L. esculentum, L. lycopersicum), Mentha spp., Ocimum basilicum, Petroselinum crispum, Phaseolus spp. (P. vulgaris, P. coccineus), Pisum sativum, Raphanus sativus, Rheum rhaponticum, Rosemarinus spp., Sa/v/a spp., Scorzonera hispanica, Solanum melongena, Spinacea oleracea, Valerianella spp. (V. locusta, V. eriocarpa) and V/c/'a /aba.

Preferred ornamental species include African violet, Begonia, Dahlia, Gerbera, Hydrangea, Verbena, Rosa, Kalanchoe, Poinsettia, Aster, Centaurea, Coreopsis, Delphinium, Monarda, Phlox, Rudbeckia, Sedum, Petunia, Viola, Impatiens, Geranium, Chrysanthemum, Ranunculus, Fuchsia, Salvia, Hortensia, rosemary, sage, St. Johnswort, mint, sweet pepper, tomato and cucumber.

The active ingredients according to the invention are especially suitable for controlling Aphis craccivora, Diabrotica balteata, Heliothis virescens, Myzus persicae, Plutella xylostella and Spodoptera littoralis in cotton, vegetable, maize, rice and soya crops. The active ingredients according to the invention are further especially suitable for controlling Mamestra (preferably in vegetables), Cydia pomonella

(preferably in apples), Empoasca(preferably in vegetables, vineyards), Leptinotarsa (preferably in potatos) and Chilo supressalis (preferably in rice).

In a further aspect, the invention may also relate to a method of controlling damage to plant and parts thereof by plant parasitic nematodes (Endoparasitic-, Semiendoparasitic- and Ectoparasitic nematodes), especially plant parasitic nematodes such as root knot nematodes, Meloidogyne hapla, Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, Meloidogyne arenaria and other Meloidogyne species; cyst-forming

nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and other Globodera species; Heterodera avenae, Heterodera glycines, Heterodera schachtii, Heterodera trifolii, and other Heterodera species; Seed gall nematodes, Anguina species; Stem and foliar nematodes, Aphelenchoides species; Sting nematodes, Belonolaimus longicaudatus and other Belonolaimus species; Pine nematodes, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and other Bursaphelenchus species; Ring nematodes, Criconema species, Criconemella species, Criconemoides species, Mesocriconema species; Stem and bulb nematodes, Ditylenchus destructor, Ditylenchus dipsaci and other Ditylenchus species; Awl nematodes, Dolichodorus species; Spiral nematodes,

Heliocotylenchus multicinctus and other Helicotylenchus species; Sheath and sheathoid nematodes, Hem ycliophora species and Hemicriconemoides species; Hirshmanniella species; Lance nematodes, Hoploaimus species; false rootknot nematodes, Nacobbus species; Needle nematodes, Longidorus elongatus and other Longidorus species; Pin nematodes, Pratylenchus species; Lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus neglectus, Pratylenchus penetrans, Pratylenchus curvitatus, Pratylenchus goodeyi and other Pratylenchus species; Burrowing nematodes, Radopholus similis and other Radopholus species; Reniform nematodes, Rotylenchus robustus, Rotylenchus reniformis and other Rotylenchus species; Scutellonema species; Stubby root nematodes, Trichodorus primitivus and other Trichodorus species, Paratrichodorus species; Stunt nematodes, Tylenchorhynchus claytoni, Tylenchorhynchus dubius and other Tylenchorhynchus species; Citrus nematodes, Tylenchulus species; Dagger nematodes, Xiphinema species; and other plant parasitic nematode species, such as Subanguina spp., Hypsoperine spp., Macroposthonia spp., Melinius spp., Punctodera spp., and Quinisulcius spp..

The compounds of the invention may also have activity against the molluscs. Examples of which include, for example, Ampullariidae; Arion (A. ater, A. circumscriptus, A. hortensis, A. rufus);

Bradybaenidae (Bradybaena fruticum); Cepaea (C. hortensis, C. Nemoralis); ochlodina; Deroceras (D. agrestis, D. empiricorum, D. laeve, D. reticulatum); Discus (D. rotundatus); Euomphalia; Galba (G.

trunculata); Helicelia (H. itala, H. obvia); Helicidae Helicigona arbustorum); Helicodiscus; Helix (H.

aperta); Limax (L. cinereoniger, L. flavus, L. marginatus, L. maximus, L. tenellus); Lymnaea; Milax (M. gagates, M. marginatus, M. sowerbyi); Opeas; Pomacea (P. canaticulata); Vallonia and Zanitoides.

The term "crops" is to be understood as including also crop plants which have been so transformed by the use of recombinant DNA techniques that they are capable of synthesising one or more selectively acting toxins, such as are known, for example, from toxin-producing bacteria, especially those of the genus Bacillus.

Toxins that can be expressed by such transgenic plants include, for example, insecticidal proteins, for example insecticidal proteins from Bacillus cereus or Bacillus popilliae; or insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as δ-endotoxins, e.g. CrylAb, CrylAc, Cryl F, Cry1 Fa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bb1 or Cry9C, or vegetative insecticidal proteins (Vip), e.g. Vip1 , Vip2, Vip3 or Vip3A; or insecticidal proteins of bacteria colonising nematodes, for example Photorhabdus spp. or Xenorhabdus spp., such as

Photorhabdus luminescens, Xenorhabdus nematophilus; toxins produced by animals, such as scorpion toxins, arachnid toxins, wasp toxins and other insect-specific neurotoxins; toxins produced by fungi, such as Streptomycetes toxins, plant lectins, such as pea lectins, barley lectins or snowdrop lectins;

agglutinins; proteinase inhibitors, such as trypsin inhibitors, serine protease inhibitors, patatin, cystatin, papain inhibitors; ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP), such as ricin, maize-RIP, abrin, luffin, saporin or bryodin; steroid metabolism enzymes, such as 3-hydroxysteroidoxidase, ecdysteroid-UDP-glycosyl-transferase, cholesterol oxidases, ecdysone inhibitors, HMG-COA-reductase, ion channel blockers, such as blockers of sodium or calcium channels, juvenile hormone esterase, diuretic hormone receptors, stilbene synthase, bibenzyl synthase, chitinases and glucanases.

In the context of the present invention there are to be understood by δ-endotoxins, for example Cry1 Ab, CrylAc, Cryl F, Cry1 Fa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bb1 or Cry9C, or vegetative insecticidal proteins (Vip), for example Vip1 , Vip2, Vip3 or Vip3A, expressly also hybrid toxins, truncated toxins and modified toxins. Hybrid toxins are produced recombinantly by a new combination of different domains of those proteins (see, for example, WO 02/15701 ). Truncated toxins, for example a truncated Cry1 Ab, are known. In the case of modified toxins, one or more amino acids of the naturally occurring toxin are replaced. In such amino acid replacements, preferably non-naturally present protease recognition sequences are inserted into the toxin , such as, for example, in the case of Cry3A055, a cathepsin-G-recognition sequence is inserted into a Cry3A toxin (see WO 03/018810).

Examples of such toxins or transgenic plants capable of synthesising such toxins are disclosed, for example, in EP-A-0 374 753, WO 93/07278, WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 427 529, EP-A-451 878 and WO 03/052073.

The processes for the preparation of such transgenic plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above. Cryl-type deoxyribonucleic acids and their preparation are known, for example, from WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 367 474, EP-A-0 401 979 and WO 90/13651 .

The toxin contained in the transgenic plants imparts to the plants tolerance to harmful insects. Such insects can occur in any taxonomb group of insects, but are especially commonly found in the beetles (Coleoptera), two-winged insects (Diptera) and moths (Lepidoptera).

Transgenic plants containing one or more genes that code for an insecticidal resistance and express one or more toxins are known and some of them are commercially available. Examples of such plants are: YieldGard® (maize variety that expresses a Cry1 Ab toxin); YieldGard Rootworm® (maize variety that expresses a Cry3Bb1 toxin); YieldGard Plus® (maize variety that expresses a Cry1 Ab and a Cry3Bb1 toxin); Starlink® (maize variety that expresses a Cry9C toxin); Herculex I® (maize variety that expresses a Cry1 Fa2 toxin and the enzyme phosphinothricine N-acetyltransferase (PAT) to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium); NuCOTN 33B® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylAc toxin);

Bollgard I® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylAc toxin); Bollgard II® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylAc and a Cry2Ab toxin); VipCot® (cotton variety that expresses a Vip3A and a Cry1 Ab toxin);

NewLeaf® (potato variety that expresses a Cry3A toxin); NatureGard®, Agrisure® GT Advantage (GA21 glyphosate-tolerant trait), Agrisure® CB Advantage (Bt1 1 corn borer (CB) trait) and Protecta®.

Further examples of such transgenic crops are:

1 . Bt11 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de I'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Genetically modified Zea mays which has been rendered resistant to attack by the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagrioides) by transgenic expression of a truncated Cry1 Ab toxin. Bt11 maize also transgenically expresses the enzyme PAT to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

2. Bt176 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de I'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Genetically modified Zea mays which has been rendered resistant to attack by the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagrioides) by transgenic expression of a CrylAb toxin. Bt176 maize also transgenically expresses the enzyme PAT to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

3. MIR604 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de I'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Maize which has been rendered insect-resistant by transgenic expression of a modified Cry3A toxin. This toxin is Cry3A055 modified by insertion of a cathepsin-G-protease recognition sequence. The preparation of such transgenic maize plants is described in WO 03/018810.

4. MON 863 Maize from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/DE/02/9. MON 863 expresses a Cry3Bb1 toxin and has resistance to certain

Coleoptera insects.

5. IPC 531 Cotton from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/ES/96/02.

6. 1507 Maize from Pioneer Overseas Corporation, Avenue Tedesco, 7 B-1 160 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/NL/00/10. Genetically modified maize for the expression of the protein Cry1 F for achieving resistance to certain Lepidoptera insects and of the PAT protein for achieving tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

7. NK603 x MON 810 Maize from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/GB/02/M3/03. Consists of conventionally bred hybrid maize varieties by crossing the genetically modified varieties NK603 and MON 810. NK603 χ MON 810 Maize transgenically expresses the protein CP4 EPSPS, obtained from Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4, which imparts tolerance to the herbicide Roundup® (contains glyphosate), and also a CrylAb toxin obtained from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki which brings about tolerance to certain Lepidoptera, include the European com borer.

Transgenic crops of insect-resistant plants are also described in BATS (Zentrum fur Biosicherheit und Nachhaltigkeit, Zentrum BATS, Clarastrasse 13, 4058 Basel, Switzerland) Report 2003, (http://bats.ch). The term "crops" is to be understood as including also crop plants which have been so transformed by the use of recombinant DNA techniques that they are capable of synthesising antipathogenic substances

having a selective action, such as, for example, the so-called "pathogenesis-related proteins" (PRPs, see e.g. EP-A-0 392 225). Examples of such antipathogenic substances and transgenic plants capable of synthesising such antipathogenic substances are known, for example, from EP-A-0 392 225,

WO 95/33818 and EP-A-0 353 191. The methods of producing such transgenic plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above.

Antipathogenic substances which can be expressed by such transgenic plants include, for example, ion channel blockers, such as blockers for sodium and calcium channels, for example the viral KP1 , KP4 or KP6 toxins; stilbene synthases; bibenzyl synthases; chitinases; glucanases; the so-called "pathogenesis-related proteins" (PRPs; see e.g. EP-A-0 392 225); antipathogenic substances produced by

microorganisms, for example peptide antibiotics or heterocyclic antibiotics (see e.g. WO 95/33818) or protein or polypeptide factors involved in plant pathogen defence (so-called "plant disease resistance genes", as described in WO 03/000906).

Further areas of use of the compositions according to the invention are the protection of stored goods and store ambients and the protection of raw materials, such as wood, textiles, floor coverings or buildings, and also in the hygiene sector, especially the protection of humans, domestic animals and productive livestock against pests of the mentioned type.

The present invention also provides a method for controlling pests (such as mosquitoes and other disease vectors; see also http://www.who.int/malaria/vector_control/irs/en/). In one embodiment, the method for controlling pests comprises applying the compositions of the invention to the target pests, to their locus or to a surface or substrate by brushing, rolling, spraying, spreading or dipping. By way of example, an IRS (indoor residual spraying) application of a surface such as a wall, ceiling or floor surface is contemplated by the method of the invention. In another embodiment, it is contemplated to apply such compositions to a substrate such as non-woven or a fabric material in the form of (or which can be used in the manufacture of) netting, clothing, bedding, curtains and tents.

In one embodiment, the method for controlling such pests comprises applying a pesticidally effective amount of the compositions of the invention to the target pests, to their locus, or to a surface or substrate so as to provide effective residual pesticidal activity on the surface or substrate. Such application may be made by brushing, rolling, spraying, spreading or dipping the pesticidal composition of the invention. By way of example, an IRS application of a surface such as a wall, ceiling or floor surface is contemplated by the method of the invention so as to provide effective residual pesticidal activity on the surface. In another embodiment, it is contemplated to apply such compositions for residual control of pests on a substrate such as a fabric material in the form of (or which can be used in the manufacture of) netting, clothing, bedding, curtains and tents.

Substrates including non-woven, fabrics or netting to be treated may be made of natural fibres such as cotton, raffia, jute, flax, sisal, hessian, or wool, or synthetic fibres such as polyamide, polyester, polypropylene, polyacrylonitrile or the like. The polyesters are particularly suitable. The methods of textile treatment are known, e.g. WO 2008/151984, WO 2003/034823, US 5631072, WO 2005/64072, WO2006/128870, EP 1724392, WO2005113886 or WO 2007/090739.

Further areas of use of the compositions according to the invention are the field of tree injection/trunk treatment for all ornamental trees as well all sort of fruit and nut trees.

In the field of tree injection/trunk treatment, the compounds according to the present invention are especially suitable against wood-boring insects from the order Lepidoptera as mentioned above and from the order Coleoptera, especially against woodborers listed in the following tables A and B:

Table A. Examples of exotic woodborers of economic importance.

Table B. Examples of native woodborers of economic importance.

Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Agrilus anxius Birch

Agrilus politus Willow, Maple

Agrilus sayi Bayberry, Sweetfern

Agrilus vittaticolllis Apple, Pear, Cranberry, Serviceberry,

Hawthorn

Chrysobothris femorata Apple, Apricot, Beech, Boxelder, Cherry,

Buprestidae Chestnut, Currant, Elm, Hawthorn, Hackberry,

Hickory, Horsechestnut, Linden, Maple,

Mountain-ash, Oak, Pecan, Pear, Peach,

Persimmon, Plum, Poplar, Quince, Redbud, Serviceberry, Sycamore, Walnut, Willow

Texania campestris Basswood, Beech, Maple, Oak, Sycamore,

Willow, Yellow-poplar

Goes pulverulentus Beech, Elm, Nuttall, Willow, Black oak,

Cerambycidae Cherrybark oak, Water oak, Sycamore

Goes tigrinus Oak

Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Neoclytus acuminatus Ash, Hickory, Oak, Walnut, Birch, Beech,

Maple, Eastern hophornbeam, Dogwood, Persimmon, Redbud, Holly, Hackberry, Black locust, Honeylocust, Yellow-poplar, Chestnut, Osage-orange, Sassafras, Lilac, Mountain- mahogany, Pear, Cherry, Plum, Peach, Apple, Elm, Basswood, Sweetgum

Neoptychodes trilineatus Fig, Alder, Mulberry, Willow, Netleaf hackberry

Oberea ocellata Sumac, Apple, Peach, Plum, Pear, Currant,

Blackberry

Oberea tripunctata Dogwood, Viburnum, Elm, Sourwood,

Blueberry, Rhododendron, Azalea, Laurel, Poplar, Willow, Mulberry

Oncideres cingulata Hickory, Pecan, Persimmon, Elm, Sourwood,

Basswood, Honeylocust, Dogwood,

Eucalyptus, Oak, Hackberry, Maple, Fruit trees

Saperda calcarata Poplar

Strophiona nitens Chestnut, Oak, Hickory, Walnut, Beech, Maple

Corthylus columbianus Maple, Oak, Yellow-poplar, Beech, Boxelder,

Sycamore, Birch, Basswood, Chestnut, Elm

Dendroctonus frontalis Pine

Dryocoetes betulae Birch, Sweetgum, Wild cherry, Beech, Pear

Monarthrum fasciatum Oak, Maple, Birch, Chestnut, Sweetgum,

Blackgum, Poplar, Hickory, Mimosa, Apple,

Scolytidae

Peach, Pine

Phloeotribus liminaris Peach, Cherry, Plum, Black cherry, Elm,

Mulberry, Mountain-ash

Pseudopityophthorus pruinosus Oak, American beech, Black cherry,

Chickasaw plum, Chestnut, Maple, Hickory, Hornbeam, Hophornbeam

Paranthrene simulans Oak, American chestnut

Sannina uroceriformis Persimmon

Synanthedon exitiosa Peach, Plum, Nectarine, Cherry, Apricot,

Sesiidae

Almond, Black cherry

Synanthedon pictipes Peach, Plum, Cherry, Beach, Black Cherry

Synanthedon rubrofascia Tupelo

Family Species Host or Crop Infested

Synanthedon scitula Dogwood, Pecan, Hickory, Oak, Chestnut,

Beech, Birch, Black cherry, Elm, Mountain- ash, Viburnum, Willow, Apple, Loquat,

Ninebark, Bay berry

Vitacea polistiformis Grape

The present invention may be also used to control any insect pests that may be present in turfgrass, including for example beetles, caterpillars, fire ants, ground pearls, millipedes, sow bugs, mites, mole crickets, scales, mealybugs ticks, spittlebugs, southern chinch bugs and white grubs. The present invention may be used to control insect pests at various stages of their life cycle, including eggs, larvae, nymphs and adults.

In particular, the present invention may be used to control insect pests that feed on the roots of turfgrass including white grubs (such as Cyclocephala spp. (e.g. masked chafer, C. lurida), Rhizotrogus spp. (e.g. European chafer, R. majalis), Cotinus spp. (e.g. Green June beetle, C. nitida), Popillia spp. (e.g.

Japanese beetle, P. japonica), Phyllophaga spp. (e.g. May/June beetle), Ataenius spp. (e.g. Black turfgrass ataenius, A. spretulus), Maladera spp. (e.g. Asiatic garden beetle, M. castanea) and Tomarus spp.), ground pearls (Margarodes spp.), mole crickets (tawny, southern, and short-winged; Scaptehscus spp., Gryllotalpa africana) and leatherjackets (European crane fly, Tipula spp.).

The present invention may also be used to control insect pests of turfgrass that are thatch dwelling, including armyworms (such as fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda, and common armyworm

Pseudaletia unipuncta), cutworms, billbugs (Sphenophorus spp., such as S. venatus verstitus and S. parvulus), and sod webworms (such as Crambus spp. and the tropical sod webworm, Herpetogramma phaeopteralis).

The present invention may also be used to control insect pests of turfgrass that live above the ground and feed on the turfgrass leaves, including chinch bugs (such as southern chinch bugs, Blissus insularis), Bermudagrass mite (Eriophyes cynodoniensis) , rhodesgrass mealybug (Antonina graminis), two-lined spittlebug (Propsapia bicincta), leafhoppers, cutworms (Noctuidae family), and greenbugs.

The present invention may also be used to control other pests of turfgrass such as red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) that create ant mounds in turf.

In the hygiene sector, the compositions according to the invention are active against ectoparasites such as hard ticks, soft ticks, mange mites, harvest mites, flies (biting and licking), parasitic fly larvae, lice, hair lice, bird lice and fleas.

Examples of such parasites are:

Of the order Anoplurida: Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp. and Phtirus spp., Solenopotes spp..

Of the order Mallophagida: Trimenopon spp., Menopon spp., Trinoton spp., Bovicola spp., Werneckiella spp., Lepikentron spp., Damalina spp., Trichodectes spp. and Felicola spp..

Of the order Diptera and the suborders Nematocerina and Brachycerina, for example Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Simulium spp., Eusimulium spp., Phlebotomus spp., Lutzomyia spp., Culicoides spp., Chrysops spp., Hybomitra spp., Atylotus spp., Tabanus spp., Haematopota spp., Philipomyia spp., Braula spp., Musca spp., Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp., Morellia spp., Fannia spp., Glossina spp., Calliphora spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Wohlfahrtia spp., Sarcophaga spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Gasterophilus spp., Hippobosca spp., Lipoptena spp. and Melophagus spp..

Of the order Siphonapterida, for example Pulex spp., Ctenocephalides spp., Xenopsylla spp.,

Ceratophyllus spp..

Of the order Heteropterida, for example Cimex spp., Triatoma spp., Rhodnius spp., Panstrongylus spp..

Of the order Blattarida, for example Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Blattelagermanica and Supella spp..

Of the subclass Acaria (Acarida) and the orders Meta- and Meso-stigmata, for example Argas spp., Ornithodorus spp., Otobius spp., Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Boophilus spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemophysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Dermanyssus spp., Raillietia spp.,

Pneumonyssus spp., Sternostoma spp. and Varroa spp..

Of the orders Actinedida (Prostigmata) and Acaridida (Astigmata), for example Acarapis spp., Cheyletiella spp., Ornithocheyletia spp., Myobia spp., Psorergatesspp., Demodex spp., Trombicula spp., Listrophorus spp., Acarus spp., Tyrophagus spp., Caloglyphus spp., Hypodectes spp., Pterolichus spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Otodectes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Notoedres spp., Knemidocoptes spp., Cytodites spp. and Laminosioptes spp..

The compositions according to the invention are also suitable for protecting against insect infestation in the case of materials such as wood, textiles, plastics, adhesives, glues, paints, paper and card, leather, floor coverings and buildings.

The compositions according to the invention can be used, for example, against the following pests: beetles such as Hylotrupes bajulus, Chlorophorus pilosis, Anobium punctatum, Xestobium rufovillosum, Ptilinuspecticornis, Dendrobium pertinex, Ernobius mollis, Priobium carpini, Lyctus brunneus, Lyctus africanus, Lyctus planicollis, Lyctus linearis, Lyctus pubescens, Trogoxylon aequale, Minthesrugicollis, Xyleborus spec.Tryptodendron spec, Apate monachus, Bostrychus capucins, Heterobostrychus brunneus, Sinoxylon spec, and Dinoderus minutus, and also hymenopterans such as Sirex juvencus, Urocerus gigas, Urocerus gigas taignus and Urocerus augur, and termites such as Kalotermes flavicollis, Cryptotermes brevis, Heterotermes indicola, Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes santonensis, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Zootermopsis nevadensis and Coptotermes formosanus, and bristletails such as Lepisma saccharina.

The compounds according to the invention can be used as pesticidal agents in unmodified form, but they are generally formulated into compositions in various ways using formulation adjuvants, such as carriers, solvents and surface-active substances. The formulations can be in various physical forms, e.g. in the form of dusting powders, gels, wettable powders, water-dispersible granules, water-dispersible tablets, effervescent pellets, emulsifiable concentrates, microemulsifiable concentrates, oil-in-water emulsions, oil-flowables, aqueous dispersions, oily dispersions, suspo-emulsions, capsule suspensions, emulsifiable granules, soluble liquids, water-soluble concentrates (with water or a water-miscible organic solvent as carrier), impregnated polymer films or in other forms known e.g. from the Manual on Development and Use of FAO and WHO Specifications for Pesticides, United Nations, First Edition, Second Revision (2010). Such formulations can either be used directly or diluted prior to use. The dilutions can be made, for example, with water, liquid fertilisers, micronutrients, biological organisms, oil or solvents.

The formulations can be prepared e.g. by mixing the active ingredient with the formulation adjuvants in order to obtain compositions in the form of finely divided solids, granules, solutions, dispersions or emulsions. The active ingredients can also be formulated with other adjuvants, such as finely divided solids, mineral oils, oils of vegetable or animal origin, modified oils of vegetable or animal origin, organic solvents, water, surface-active substances or combinations thereof.

The active ingredients can also be contained in very fine microcapsules. Microcapsules contain the active ingredients in a porous carrier. This enables the active ingredients to be released into the environment in controlled amounts (e.g. slow-release). Microcapsules usually have a diameter of from 0.1 to 500 microns. They contain active ingredients in an amount of about from 25 to 95 % by weight of the capsule weight. The active ingredients can be in the form of a monolithic solid, in the form of fine particles in solid or liquid dispersion or in the form of a suitable solution. The encapsulating membranes can comprise, for example, natural or synthetic rubbers, cellulose, styrene/butadiene copolymers, polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylate, polyesters, polyamides, polyureas, polyurethane or chemically modified polymers and starch xanthates or other polymers that are known to the person skilled in the art. Alternatively, very fine microcapsules can be formed in which the active ingredient is contained in the form of finely divided particles in a solid matrix of base substance, but the microcapsules are not themselves encapsulated.

The formulation adjuvants that are suitable for the preparation of the compositions according to the invention are known per se. As liquid carriers there may be used: water, toluene, xylene, petroleum ether, vegetable oils, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, cyclohexanone, acid anhydrides, acetonitrile, acetophenone, amyl acetate, 2-butanone, butylene carbonate, chlorobenzene, cyclohexane, cyclohexanol, alkyl esters of acetic acid, diacetone alcohol, 1 ,2-dichloropropane, diethanolamine, p-diethylbenzene, diethylene glycol, diethylene glycol abietate, diethylene glycol butyl ether, diethylene glycol ethyl ether, diethylene glycol methyl ether, A/.W-dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, 1 ,4-dioxane, dipropylene glycol, dipropylene glycol methyl ether, dipropylene glycol dibenzoate, diproxitol, alkylpyrrolidone, ethyl acetate, 2-ethyl-hexanol, ethylene carbonate, 1 ,1 ,1 -trichloroethane, 2-heptanone, alpha-pinene, d-limonene, ethyl lactate, ethylene glycol, ethylene glycol butyl ether, ethylene glycol methyl ether, gamma-butyrolactone, glycerol, glycerol acetate, glycerol diacetate, glycerol triacetate, hexadecane, hexylene glycol, isoamyl acetate, isobornyl acetate, isooctane, isophorone, isopropyl benzene, isopropyl myristate, lactic acid, laurylamine, mesityl oxide, methoxypropanol, methyl isoamyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, methyl laurate, methyl octanoate, methyl oleate, methylene chloride, m-xylene, n-hexane, n-octylamine, octadecanoic acid, octylamine acetate, oleic acid, oleylamine, o-xylene, phenol, polyethylene glycol, propionic acid, propyl lactate, propylene carbonate, propylene glycol, propylene glycol methyl ether, p-xylene, toluene, triethyl phosphate, triethylene glycol, xylenesulfonic acid, paraffin, mineral oil, trichloroethylene,

perchloroethylene, ethyl acetate, amyl acetate, butyl acetate, propylene glycol methyl ether, diethylene glycol methyl ether, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, and alcohols of higher molecular weight, such as amyl alcohol, tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, hexanol, octanol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, glycerol, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone and the like.

Suitable solid carriers are, for example, talc, titanium dioxide, pyrophyllite clay, silica, attapulgite clay, kieselguhr, limestone, calcium carbonate, bentonite, calcium montmorillonite, cottonseed husks, wheat flour, soybean flour, pumice, wood flour, ground walnut shells, lignin and similar substances.

A large number of surface-active substances can advantageously be used in both solid and liquid formulations, especially in those formulations which can be diluted with a carrier prior to use. Surface-active substances may be anionic, cationic, non-ionic or polymeric and they can be used as emulsifiers, wetting agents or suspending agents or for other purposes. Typical surface-active substances include, for example, salts of alkyl sulfates, such as diethanolammonium lauryl sulfate; salts of alkylarylsulfonates, such as calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate; alkylphenol/alkylene oxide addition products, such as nonylphenol ethoxylate; alcohol/alkylene oxide addition products, such as tridecylalcohol ethoxylate; soaps, such as sodium stearate; salts of alkylnaphthalenesulfonat.es, such as sodium

dibutylnaphthalenesulfonate; dialkyl esters of sulfosuccinate salts, such as sodium di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate; sorbitol esters, such as sorbitol oleate; quaternary amines, such as lauryltrimethylammonium chloride, polyethylene glycol esters of fatty acids, such as polyethylene glycol stearate; block copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide; and salts of mono- and di-alkylphosphate esters; and also further substances described e.g. in McCutcheon's Detergents and Emulsifiers Annual, MC Publishing Corp., Ridgewood New Jersey (1981 ).

Further adjuvants that can be used in pesticidal formulations include crystallisation inhibitors, viscosity modifiers, suspending agents, dyes, anti-oxidants, foaming agents, light absorbers, mixing auxiliaries, antifoams, complexing agents, neutralising or pH-modifying substances and buffers, corrosion inhibitors, fragrances, wetting agents, take-up enhancers, micronutrients, plasticisers, glidants, lubricants, dispersants, thickeners, antifreezes, microbicides, and liquid and solid fertilisers.

The compositions according to the invention can include an additive comprising an oil of vegetable or animal origin, a mineral oil, alkyl esters of such oils or mixtures of such oils and oil derivatives. The amount of oil additive in the composition according to the invention is generally from 0.01 to 10 %, based on the mixture to be applied. For example, the oil additive can be added to a spray tank in the desired concentration after a spray mixture has been prepared. Preferred oil additives comprise mineral oils or an oil of vegetable origin, for example rapeseed oil, olive oil or sunflower oil, emulsified vegetable oil, alkyl esters of oils of vegetable origin, for example the methyl derivatives, or an oil of animal origin, such as fish oil or beef tallow. Preferred oil additives comprise alkyl esters of C8-C22 fatty acids, especially the methyl derivatives of Ci2-Ci8 fatty acids, for example the methyl esters of lauric acid, palmitic acid and oleic acid (methyl laurate, methyl palmitate and methyl oleate, respectively). Many oil derivatives are known from the Compendium of Herbicide Adjuvants, 10th Edition, Southern Illinois University, 2010.

The inventive compositions generally comprise from 0.1 to 99 % by weight, especially from 0.1 to 95 % by weight, of compounds of the present invention and from 1 to 99.9 % by weight of a formulation adjuvant which preferably includes from 0 to 25 % by weight of a surface-active substance. Whereas commercial products may preferably be formulated as concentrates, the end user will normally employ dilute formulations.

The rates of application vary within wide limits and depend on the nature of the soil, the method of application, the crop plant, the pest to be controlled, the prevailing climatic conditions, and other factors governed by the method of application, the time of application and the target crop. As a general guideline compounds may be applied at a rate of from 1 to 2000 l/ha, especially from 10 to 1000 l/ha.

Preferred formulations can have the following compositions (weight %):

Emulsifiable concentrates:

active ingredient: 1 to 95 %, preferably 60 to 90 %

surface-active agent: 1 to 30 %, preferably 5 to 20 %

liquid carrier: 1 to 80 %, preferably 1 to 35 %

Dusts:

active ingredient: 0.1 to 10 %, preferably 0.1 to 5 %

solid carrier: 99.9 to 90 %, preferably 99.9 to 99 %

Suspension concentrates:

active ingredient: 5 to 75 %, preferably 10 to 50 %

water: 94 to 24 %, preferably 88 to 30 %

surface-active agent: 1 to 40 %, preferably 2 to 30 %

Wettable powders:

active ingredient: 0.5 to 90 %, preferably 1 to 80 %

surface-active agent: 0.5 to 20 %, preferably 1 to 15 %

solid carrier: 5 to 95 %, preferably 15 to 90 %

Granules:

active ingredient: 0.1 to 30 %, preferably 0.1 to 15 %

solid carrier: 99.5 to 70 %, preferably 97 to 85 %

The following Examples further illustrate, but do not limit, the invention.


The combination is thoroughly mixed with the adjuvants and the mixture is thoroughly ground in a suitable mill, affording wettable powders that can be diluted with water to give suspensions of the desired concentration.

Powders for drv seed treatment a) b) c)

active ingredients 25 % 50 % 75 %

light mineral oil 5 % 5 % 5 %

highly dispersed silicic acid 5 % 5 %

Kaolin 65 % 40 %

Talcum 20

The combination is thoroughly mixed with the adjuvants and the mixture is thoroughly ground in a suitable mill, affording powders that can be used directly for seed treatment.


Emulsions of any required dilution, which can be used in plant protection, can be obtained from this concentrate by dilution with water.

Ready-for-use dusts are obtained by mixing the combination with the carrier and grinding the mixture in a suitable mill. Such powders can also be used for dry dressings for seed.

Extruder qranules

Active ingredients 15 %

sodium lignosulfonate 2 %

carboxymethylcellulose 1 %

Kaolin 82 %

The combination is mixed and ground with the adjuvants, and the mixture is moistened with water. The mixture is extruded and then dried in a stream of air.

The finely ground combination is uniformly applied, in a mixer, to the kaolin moistened with polyethylene glycol. Non-dusty coated granules are obtained in this manner.


The finely ground combination is intimately mixed with the adjuvants, giving a suspension concentrate from which suspensions of any desired dilution can be obtained by dilution with water. Using such dilutions, living plants as well as plant propagation material can be treated and protected against infestation by microorganisms, by spraying, pouring or immersion.

Flowable concentrate for seed treatment

active ingredients 40 %

propylene glycol 5 %

copolymer butanol PO/EO 2 %

Tristyrenephenole with 10-20 moles EO 2 %

1 ,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one (in the form of a 20% solution in water) 0.5 %

monoazo-pigment calcium salt 5 %

Silicone oil (in the form of a 75 % emulsion in water) 0.2 %

Water 45.3 %

The finely ground combination is intimately mixed with the adjuvants, giving a suspension concentrate from which suspensions of any desired dilution can be obtained by dilution with water. Using such dilutions, living plants as well as plant propagation material can be treated and protected against infestation by microorganisms, by spraying, pouring or immersion.

Slow Release Capsule Suspension

28 parts of the combination are mixed with 2 parts of an aromatic solvent and 7 parts of toluene diisocyanate/polymethylene-polyphenylisocyanate-mixture (8:1 ). This mixture is emulsified in a mixture of 1 .2 parts of polyvinylalcohol, 0.05 parts of a defoamer and 51.6 parts of water until the desired particle size is achieved. To this emulsion a mixture of 2.8 parts 1 ,6-diaminohexane in 5.3 parts of water is added. The mixture is agitated until the polymerization reaction is completed. The obtained capsule suspension is stabilized by adding 0.25 parts of a thickener and 3 parts of a dispersing agent. The capsule suspension formulation contains 28% of the active ingredients. The medium capsule diameter is 8-15 microns. The resulting formulation is applied to seeds as an aqueous suspension in an apparatus suitable for that purpose.

Formulation types include an emulsion concentrate (EC), a suspension concentrate (SC), a suspo-emulsion (SE), a capsule suspension (CS), a water dispersible granule (WG), an emulsifiable granule (EG), an emulsion, water in oil (EO), an emulsion, oil in water (EW), a micro-emulsion (ME), an oil dispersion (OD), an oil miscible flowable (OF), an oil miscible liquid (OL), a soluble concentrate (SL), an ultra-low volume suspension (SU), an ultra-low volume liquid (UL), a technical concentrate (TK), a dispersible concentrate (DC), a wettable powder (WP), a soluble granule (SG) or any technically feasible formulation in combination with agriculturally acceptable adjuvants.

Preparatory Examples:

"Mp" means melting point in °C. Free radicals represent methyl groups. H NMR measurements were recorded on a Brucker 400MHz spectrometer, chemical shifts are given in ppm relevant to a TMS standard. Spectra measured in deuterated solvents as indicated. Common abbreviations: aq = aqueous,

min = minute, h = hour, sat = saturated, Rt = retention time, mCPBA = meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid, MeOH = methanol, EtOH = ethanol, THF = tetrahydrofuran, EtOAc = ethyl acetate, NaHC03 = sodium hydrogen carbonate, Na2C03 = sodium carbonate, HCI = hydrogen chloride, CH2CI2 = dichloromethane, Et3N = triethylamine, DMF = Ν,Ν-dimethylformamide, brine = saturated aqueous sodium chloride. Either one of the LCMS or GCMSmethods below was used to characterize the compounds. The characteristic LCMS/GCMS values obtained for each compound were the retention time ("Rt", recorded in minutes) and the measured molecular ion M+, (M+H)+ or (M-H)-.

LCMS Methods:

Method 1 :

SC BASE, Apparatus: Agilent 1 100 Bin. Pump: G1312A, degasser; autosampler, ColCom, DAD: Agilent G1315B, 220-320 nm, MSD: Agilent LC/MSD G6130B ESI, pos/neg 100-800; ELSD PL-ELS2100 gas flow 1 .1 ml/min, gas temp: 50°C ; column: Waters XSelect™ C18, 30x2.1 mm, 3.5μ, Temp: 25 °C, Flow: 1 mL/min, Gradient: t0 = 2% A, ti.6min = 98% A, t3min = 98% A, Posttime: 1.3 min, Eluent A: 95% acetonitrile + 5% 10mM ammonium bicarbonate in water in acetonitrile, Eluent B: 10mM ammonium bicarbonate in water (pH=9.5).

Method 2:

AN BASE, Apparatus: Agilent 1 100 Bin. Pump: G1312A, degasser; autosampler, ColCom, DAD: Agilent G1315B, 220-320 nm, MSD: Agilent LC/MSD G6130B ESI, pos/neg 100-800; ELSD PL-ELS2100 gas flow 1 .1 ml/min, gas temp: 50°C; column: Waters XSelect™ C18, 50x2.1 mm, 3.5μ, Temp: 25 °C, Flow: 0.8 mL/min, Gradient: t0 = 2% A, t3.5min = 98% A, t6min = 98% A, Posttime: 2 min, Eluent A: 95% acetonitrile + 5% 10mM ammonium bicarbonate in water in acetonitrile, Eluent B: 10mM ammonium bicarbonate in water (pH=9.5).

GCMS Method:

Method 3:

40S40, Instrument: GC: Agilent 6890N and MS: 5973 MSD, El-positive, Det.temp.: 280°C Mass range: 50-550; Column: RXi-5MS 20m, ID 180μιη, df 0.18μιη; Average velocity: 50 cm/s; Injection vol: 1 μΙ; Injector temp: 250°C; Split ratio: 100/1 ; Carrier gas: He; Initial temp: 40°C; Initial time: 1 .5 min; Solvent delay: 1.0 min; Rate 40°C/min; Final temp 250°C; Final time 2.0 min.

EXAMPLE P1 : Preparation of 3-ethylsulfonyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1 -[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridyl1-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yllpyridine (compound P1 .2)

Step 1 : Preparation of 3-ethylsulfanyl-2-(1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (compound P3.1 )


ln a microwave vial, 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine-2-carbonitrile (1.161 g, 5.00 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (15 ml), sodium methoxide (30 wt% in methanol) (0.096 g, 0.533 mmol, 0.10 ml) was added and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Formic hydrazide (1 .201 g, 20.00 mmol) and acetic acid (2.62 g, 43.7 mmol, 2.5 ml) were added, the vial was capped and the mixture was heated in the microwave at 140°C for 30 min. The reaction mixture was concentrated. The residue was partitioned between EtOAc and sat. NaHC03 (aq). After washing and separation, the organic layer was again washed with sat. NaHC03 (aq), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The solid residue was purified over silica by flash column chromatography (20% to 100% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the compound P3.1 (590 mg) as a solid. LCMS (method 1 ): 275 (M+H)+, retention time 1.92 min. H-NMR (DMSO-d6, ppm) 1 .26 (3H), 3.1 1 (2H), 8.10 (1 H), 8.46 (1 H), 8.80 (1 H), 14.70 (1 H).

Step 2: Preparation of 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridyl]-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine (compound P1 .1 )


In a microwave vial, 3-ethylsulfanyl-2-(1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (274 mg, 1 .0 mmol) and 5-iodo-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (409 mg, 1 .50 mmol) were dissolved in dry DMF (3 ml) and potassium carbonate (276 mg, 2.00 mmol) was added. The vial was closed and the mixture was heated in the microwave at 140°C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc and brine/water (1/1 ). After washing and separation, the organic layer was washed with water/brine (1/1 ), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product was purified over silica by flash column

chromatography (5 to 75% gradient of EtOAc in heptane). The fractions containing product were combined and concentrated. The crude product was again purified over silica by flash column chromatography (0 to 2.5% gradient of MeOH in CH2CI2) to afford the compound P1 .1 (221 mg) as a solid, mp 174.5-175.5°C. LCMS (method 2): 420 (M+H)+, retention time 3.85 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .45 (3H), 3.07 (2H), 7.91 (1 H), 7.93 (1 H), 8.38 (1 H), 8.79 (1 H), 8.87 (1 H), 9.26 (1 H).

Step 3: Preparation of 3-ethylsulfonyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridyl]-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine (title compound P1 .2)

To a solution of 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1 -[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridyl]-1 ,2,4-triazol-3-yl]pyridine (199 mg, 0.475 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 ml) was added mCPBA (70 wt% in water) (257 mg, 1.044 mmol, 70 %) in one portion and mixture was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with CH2CI2, washed with sat. NaHC03 (aq) (containing some sodium thiosulfate to destroy excess mCPBA), with sat. NaHC03 (aq), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified over silica by flash column chromatography (10 to 100% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the title compound P1.2 (178 mg) as a solid, mp 178.5-179.5°C. LCMS (method 2): 452 (M+H)+, retention time 3.57 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .44 (3H), 3.99 (2H), 7.92 (1 H), 8.34 (1 H), 8.78 (1 H), 8.84 (1 H), 9.19 (1 H), 9.25 (1 H).

EXAMPLE P2: Preparation of 3-ethylsulfonyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1 -[4-(trifluoromethyl) phenyllimidazol-4-yllpyridine (compound P2.2):

Step 1 : Preparation of 1-[3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluorometh l)-2-pyridyl]ethanone


To a cooled solution (0°C, under nitrogen) solution of 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine-2-carbonitrile (2.322 g, 10.00 mmol) in dry THF (40 ml) was added dropwise methylmagnesium chloride (22wt% in THF) (5.10 g, 15.00 mmol, 5.05 ml). After complete addition, stirring was continued at 0°C for 1 h. The cooling bath was removed and stirring was continued at ambient temperature for one more hour. The dark reaction mixture was quenched with 1 N HCI (100 ml). Brine was added and the aqueous mixture was extracted twice with t-butyl methyl ether. The combined organic layers were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product was purified over silica by flash column

chromatography (0 to 25% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the compound (2.0 g) as a solid. GCMS (method 3): 249 (M)+, retention time 5.35 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .43 (3H), 2.74 (3H), 2.95 (2H), 7.84 (1 H), 8.62 (1 H).

Step 2: Preparation of 2-bromo-1-[3-ethylsulfan l-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]ethanone


To a solution of 1-[3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]ethanone (2.12 g, 8.51 mmol) in a mixture of acetic acid (20 ml) and 33wt% HBr in acetic acid (10 ml) was added dropwise a freshly prepared solution of 1 M bromine in acetic acid (8.6 mmol, 8.60 ml). After complete addition, stirring was continued at ambient temperature for 2h. The reaction mixture was poured in ice water (200 ml) and the aqueous mixture was extracted twice with t-butyl methyl ether. The combined organic layers were washed three times with sat. NaHC03 (aq) until the water layer was slightly basic (some sodium thiosulfate was added to destroy remaining bromine), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The crude product was coated on isolute and purified over silica by flash column chromatography (0 to 25% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the compound (2.12 g) as a solid. This material contained 7% of starting material, and was used as such for the next step. GCMS (method 3): 327/329 (M)+, retention time 6.20 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .44 (3H), 2.99 (2H), 4.82 (2H), 7.88 (1 H), 8.62 (1 H).

Step 3: Preparation of 3-ethylsulfanyl-2-(1 H-imidazol-4- l)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (compound P3.2)


A suspension of 2-bromo-1 -[3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridyl]ethanone (2.1 g, 6.40 mmol) in formamide (15 ml) was stirred at 175°C (oil bath temperature) for 4 h. The dark reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature. Water was added, followed by sat. NaHC03 (aq) and the aqueous mixture was extracted twice with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried and concentrated. The residue was purified over silica by flash column chromatography (10 to 100% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the compound P3.2 (374 mg) as a solid. LCMS (method 1 ): 274 (M+H)+, retention time 1 .96 min. H-NMR (DMSO-d6, ppm) 1.26 (3H), 3.02 + 3.23 (2H), 7.82 - 8.05 (3H), 8.60 + 8.73 (1 H), 12.56 + 12.93 (1 H).

Step 4: Preparation of 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]imidazol-4-yl] pyridine (compound P2.6)


In a microwave vial, a mixture of 3-ethylsulfanyl-2-(1 H-imidazol-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (234 mg, 0.856 mmol), 1 -iodo-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzene (349 mg, 1.284 mmol), copper(l) iodide (8.15 mg, 0.043 mmol), potassium phosphate (364 mg, 1.713 mmol) and N,N'-dimethyl-cyclohexane-1 ,2-diamine (12.18 mg, 0.086 mmol) in dry DMF (3 ml) was heated in the microwave at 160°C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water and the water-layer was extracted three times with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with water/brine (1/1 ), dried over sodium sulfate concentrated. The crude product was purified over silica by flash column chromatography (5 to 75% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the compound P2.6 (108 mg) as a solid. LCMS (method 1 ): 418 (M+H)+, retention time 2.43 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .44 (3H), 3.04 (2H), 7.63 (2H), 7.79 (1 H), 7.81 (2H), 8.06 (1 H), 8.16 (1 H), 8.63 (1 H).

Further elution delivered the regioisomeric 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[3-[4-(trifluoro- methyl)phenyl]imidazol-4-yl]pyridine as a solid. LCMS (method 1 ): 418 (M+H)+, retention time 2.36 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .34 (3H), 2.95 (2H), 7.26 (2H), 7.63 (2H), 7.70 (2H), 7.83 (1 H), 8.40 (1 H). Step 5: Preparation of 3-ethylsulfonyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]imidazol-4-yl] pyridine (title compound P2.2)


To a solution of 3-ethylsulfanyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-[1 -[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]imidazol-4-yl] pyridine (101 mg, 0.242 mmol) in dichloromethane (2.5 ml) was added mCPBA (70 wt% in water) (131 mg, 0.532 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with CH2CI2, washed with sat. NaHC03 (aq) (containing some sodium thiosulfate to destroy excess mCPBA), with sat. NaHC03 (aq), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified over silica by flash column chromatography (5 to 75% gradient of EtOAc in heptane) to afford the title compound P2.2 (78 mg) as a solid, mp 183-184°C. LCMS (method 2): 450 (M+H)+, retention time 3.94 min. H-NMR (CDCI3, ppm) 1 .39 (3H), 4.12 (2H), 7.63 (2H), 7.83 (2H), 8.02 (1 H), 8.17 (1 H), 8.75 (1 H), 9.03 (1 H).

Table P1 : Examples of compounds of formula (I)




Compound Melting

Structures MS/NMR

No. Point

LCMS (method 2): 451 (M+H)+

P1 .14 187-189

Rt = 3.81 min

Table P2: Examples of compounds of formula (I)

Compound Melting

Structures MS/NMR

No. Point

>250°C LCMS (method 2): 451 (M+H)+

P2.1

(dec) Rt = 3.71 min

F

N F

LCMS (method 2): 450 (M+H)+

P2.2 183-184

Rt = 3.94 min

F

S )

LCMS (method 2): 419 (M+H)+

P2.3 168-169

Rt = 4.01 min

LCMS (method 2): 451 (M+H)+

P2.4 173-174

Rt = 4.01 min

Compound Melting

Structures MS/NMR

No. Point

LCMS (method 1):419(M+H)+

P2.5 solid

Rt= 2.30 min

LCMS (method 1):418(M+H)+

P2.6 solid

Rt= 2.43 min

Table P2 (continued): Examples of compounds of formula (I)



LCMS

Compound

Structures [M+H]+ Mp (°C) No. Method

(min) (measured)

P2.16 4.09 464 2 160-162

P2.17 3.85 465 2 217-218

P2.18 JO? 3.81 452 2 224 - 225

P2.19 3.92 452 2 195-196

P2.20 3.87 452 2 185-186

P2.21 3.82 452 2 176-177

P2.22 4.12 500 2 215-216

"



Table P3: Examples of intermediates of formula (II)

Compound Melting

Structures MS/NMR

No. Point

LCMS (method 1 ): 275 (M+H)+

P3.1 solid

Rt = 1 .92 min

LCMS (method 1 ): 274 (M+H)+

P3.2 solid

Rt = 1 .96 min

The activity of the compositions according to the invention can be broadened considerably, and adapted to prevailing circumstances, by adding other insecticidally, acaricidally and/or fungicidally active ingredients. The mixtures of the compounds of formula I with other insecticidally, acaricidally and/or fungicidally active ingredients may also have further surprising advantages which can also be described, in a wider sense, as synergistic activity. For example, better tolerance by plants, reduced phytotoxicity, insects can be controlled in their different development stages or better behaviour during their production, for example during grinding or mixing, during their storage or during their use.

Suitable additions to active ingredients here are, for example, representatives of the following classes of active ingredients: organophosphorus compounds, nitrophenol derk/atives, thioureas, juvenile hormones, formamidines, benzophenone derivatives, ureas, pyrrole derivatives, carbamates, pyrethroids, chlorinated hydrocarbons, acylureas, pyridylmethyleneamino derivatives, macrolides, neonicotinoids and Bacillus thuringiensis preparations.

The following mixtures of the compounds of formula I with active ingredients are preferred (the abbreviation "TX" means "one compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds described in Tables 1 to 8 and P1 and P2 of the present invention"):

an adjuvant selected from the group of substances consisting of petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX,

an acaricide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1 ,1 -bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2-ethoxyethanol (lUPAC name) (910) + TX, 2,4-dichlorophenyl benzenesulfonate (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1059) + TX, 2-fluoro- V-methyl- V-1 -naphthylacetamide (lUPAC name) (1295) + TX, 4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfone (lUPAC name) (981 ) + TX, abamectin (1 ) + TX, acequinocyl (3) + TX, acetoprole

[CCN] + TX, acrinathrin (9) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, alpha-cypermethrin (202) + TX, amidithion (870) + TX, amidoflumet [CCN] + TX, amidothioate (872) + TX, amiton (875) + TX, amiton hydrogen oxalate (875) + TX, amitraz (24) + TX, aramite (881 ) + TX, arsenous oxide (882) + TX, AVI 382 (compound code) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, azinphos-ethyl (44) + TX, azinphos-methyl (45) + TX, azobenzene (lUPAC name) (888) + TX, azocyclotin (46) + TX, azothoate (889) + TX, benomyl (62) + TX, benoxafos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, benzoximate (71 ) + TX, benzyl benzoate (lUPAC name) [CCN] + TX, bifenazate (74) + TX, bifenthrin (76) + TX, binapacryl (907) + TX, brofenvalerate (alternative name) + TX, bromocyclen (918) + TX, bromophos (920) + TX, bromophos-ethyl (921 ) + TX, bromopropylate (94) + TX, buprofezin (99) + TX, butocarboxim (103) + TX, butoxycarboxim (104) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, calcium polysulfide (lUPAC name) (11 1 ) + TX, camphechlor (941 ) + TX, carbanolate (943) + TX, carbaryl (115) + TX, carbofuran (1 18) + TX, carbophenothion (947) + TX, CGA 50'439 (development code) (125) + TX, chinomethionat (126) + TX, chlorbenside (959) + TX, chlordimeform (964) + TX, chlordimeform hydrochloride (964) + TX, chlorfenapyr (130) + TX, chlorfenethol (968) + TX, chlorfenson (970) + TX, chlorfensulfide (971 ) + TX, chlorfenvinphos (131 ) + TX, chlorobenzilate (975) + TX, chloromebuform (977) + TX, chloromethiuron (978) + TX, chloropropylate (983) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, chlorpyrifos-methyl (146) + TX, chlorthiophos (994) + TX, cinerin I (696) + TX, cinerin II (696) + TX, cinerins (696) + TX, clofentezine (158) + TX, closantel (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, coumaphos (174) + TX, crotamiton (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, crotoxyphos (1010) + TX, cufraneb (1013) + TX, cyanthoate (1020) + TX, cyflumetofen (CAS Reg. No.: 400882-07-7) + TX, cyhalothrin (196) + TX, cyhexatin (199) + TX, cypermethrin (201 ) + TX, DCPM (1032) + TX, DDT (219) + TX, demephion (1037) + TX, demephion-0 (1037) + TX, demephion-S (1037) + TX, demeton (1038) + TX, demeton-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-0 (1038) + TX, demeton-O-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S (1038) + TX, demeton-S-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S-methylsulfon (1039) + TX, diafenthiuron (226) + TX, dialifos (1042) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dichlofluanid (230) + TX, dichlorvos (236) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dicofol (242) + TX, dicrotophos (243) + TX, dienochlor (1071 ) + TX, dimefox (1081 ) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, dinactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, dinex (1089) + TX, dinex-diclexine (1089) + TX, dinobuton (269) + TX, dinocap (270) +

TX, dinocap-4 [CCN] + TX, dinocap-6 [CCN] + TX, dinocton (1090) + TX, dinopenton (1092) + TX, dinosulfon (1097) + TX, dinoterbon (1098) + TX, dioxathion (1 102) + TX, diphenyl sulfone (lUPAC name) (1 103) + TX, disulfiram (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, disulfoton (278) + TX, DNOC (282) + TX, dofenapyn (1 113) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, endosulfan (294) + TX, endothion (1121 ) + TX, EPN (297) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethion (309) + TX, ethoate-methyl (1 134) + TX, etoxazole (320) + TX, etrimfos (1 142) + TX, fenazaflor (1 147) + TX, fenazaquin (328) + TX, fenbutatin oxide (330) + TX, fenothiocarb (337) + TX, fenpropathrin (342) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fenpyroximate (345) + TX, fenson (1 157) + TX, fentrifanil (1161 ) + TX, fenvalerate (349) + TX, fipronil (354) + TX, fluacrypyrim (360) + TX, fluazuron (1 166) + TX, flubenzimine (1 167) + TX, flucycloxuron (366) + TX, flucythrinate (367) + TX, fluenetil (1169) + TX, flufenoxuron (370) + TX, flumethrin (372) + TX, fluorbenside (1174) + TX, fluvalinate (1 184) + TX, FMC 1 137 (development code) (1 185) + TX, formetanate (405) + TX, formetanate hydrochloride (405) + TX, formothion (1 192) + TX, formparanate (1 193) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, glyodin (1205) + TX, halfenprox (424) + TX, heptenophos (432) + TX, hexadecyl cyclopropanecarboxylate (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1216) + TX, hexythiazox (441 ) + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, isocarbophos (alternative name) (473) + TX, isopropyl O- (methoxyaminothiophosphoryl Salicylate (lUPAC name) (473) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, jasmolin I (696) + TX, jasmolin II (696) + TX, jodfenphos (1248) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, lufenuron (490) + TX, malathion (492) + TX, malonoben (1254) + TX, mecarbam (502) + TX, mephosfolan (1261 ) + TX, mesulfen (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methacrifos (1266) + TX, methamidophos (527) + TX, methidathion (529) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, methomyl (531 ) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, metolcarb (550) + TX, mevinphos (556) + TX, mexacarbate (1290) + TX, milbemectin (557) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, mipafox (1293) + TX, monocrotophos (561 ) + TX, morphothion (1300) + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naled (567) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, NC-512 (compound code) + TX, nifluridide (1309) + TX, nikkomycins (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, nitrilacarb (1313) + TX, nitrilacarb 1 :1 zinc chloride complex (1313) + TX, NNI-0101 (compound code) + TX, NNI-0250 (compound code) + TX, omethoate (594) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, oxydeprofos (1324) + TX, oxydisulfoton (1325) + TX, pp'-DDT (219) + TX, parathion (615) + TX, permethrin (626) + TX, petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX, phenkapton (1330) + TX, phenthoate (631 ) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosalone (637) + TX, phosfolan (1338) + TX, phosmet (638) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phoxim (642) + TX, pirimiphos-methyl (652) + TX, polychloroterpenes (traditional name) (1347) + TX, polynactins

(alternative name) (653) + TX, proclonol (1350) + TX, profenofos (662) + TX, promacyl (1354) + TX, propargite (671 ) + TX, propetamphos (673) + TX, propoxur (678) + TX, prothidathion (1360) + TX, prothoate (1362) + TX, pyrethrin I (696) + TX, pyrethrin II (696) + TX, pyrethrins (696) + TX, pyridaben (699) + TX, pyridaphenthion (701 ) + TX, pyrimidifen (706) + TX, pyrimitate (1370) + TX, quinalphos (71 1 ) + TX, quintiofos (1381 ) + TX, R-1492 (development code) (1382) + TX, RA-17 (development code) (1383) + TX, rotenone (722) + TX, schradan (1389) + TX, sebufos (alternative

name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, SI-0009 (compound code) + TX, sophamide (1402) + TX, spirodiclofen (738) + TX, spiromesifen (739) + TX, SSI-121 (development code) (1404) + TX, sulfiram (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, sulfluramid (750) + TX, sulfotep (753) + TX, sulfur (754) + TX, SZI-121 (development code) (757) + TX, tau-fluvalinate (398) + TX, tebufenpyrad (763) + TX, TEPP (1417) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, tetrachlorvinphos (777) + TX, tetradifon (786) + TX, tetranactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, tetrasul (1425) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thiocarboxime (1431 ) + TX, thiofanox (800) + TX, thiometon (801 ) + TX, thioquinox (1436) + TX, thuringiensin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, triamiphos (1441 ) + TX, triarathene (1443) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, trichlorfon (824) + TX, trifenofos (1455) + TX, trinactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, vamidothion (847) + TX, vaniliprole [CCN] and YI-5302 (compound code) + TX,

an algicide selected from the group of substances consisting of bethoxazin [CCN] + TX, copper dioctanoate (lUPAC name) (170) + TX, copper sulfate (172) + TX, cybutryne [CCN] + TX, dichlone (1052) + TX, dichlorophen (232) + TX, endothal (295) + TX, fentin (347) + TX, hydrated lime [CCN] + TX, nabam (566) + TX, quinoclamine (714) + TX, quinonamid (1379) + TX, simazine (730) + TX, triphenyltin acetate (lUPAC name) (347) and triphenyltin hydroxide (lUPAC name) (347) + TX, an anthelmintic selected from the group of substances consisting of abamectin (1 ) + TX, crufomate (1011 ) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, emamectin (291 ) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291 ) + TX, eprinomectin (altemative name) [CCN] + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, piperazine [CCN] + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, spinosad (737) and thiophanate (1435) + TX,

an avicide selected from the group of substances consisting of chloralose (127) + TX, endrin (1 122) + TX, fenthion (346) + TX, pyridin-4-amine (lUPAC name) (23) and strychnine (745) + TX,

a bactericide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1 -hydroxy-1 - -pyridine-2-thione (lUPAC name) (1222) + TX, 4-(quinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzenesulfonamide (lUPAC name) (748) + TX, 8-hydroxyquinoline sulfate (446) + TX, bronopol (97) + TX, copper dioctanoate (lUPAC name) (170) + TX, copper hydroxide (lUPAC name) (169) + TX, cresol [CCN] + TX, dichlorophen (232) + TX, dipyrithione (1 105) + TX, dodicin (11 12) + TX, fenaminosulf (1144) + TX, formaldehyde (404) + TX, hydrargaphen (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kasugamycin (483) + TX, kasugamycin hydrochloride hydrate (483) + TX, nickel bis(dimethyldithiocarbamate) (lUPAC name) (1308) + TX, nitrapyrin (580) + TX, octhilinone (590) + TX, oxolinic acid (606) + TX, oxytetracycline (611 ) + TX, potassium hydroxyquinoline sulfate (446) + TX, probenazole (658) + TX, streptomycin (744) + TX, streptomycin sesquisulfate (744) + TX, tecloftalam (766) + TX, and thiomersal (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, a biological agent selected from the group of substances consisting of Adoxophyes orana GV (altemative name) (12) + TX, Agrobacterium radiobacter (alternative name) (13) + TX, Amblyseius spp. (alternative name) (19) + TX, Anagrapha falcifera NPV (alternative name) (28) + TX, Anagrus atomus (alternative name) (29) + TX, Aphelinus abdominalis (alternative name) (33) + TX, Aphidius colemani (altemative

name) (34) + TX, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (alternative name) (35) + TX, Autographs californica NPV (alternative name) (38) + TX, Bacillus firmus (alternative name) (48) + TX, Bacillus sphaehcus Neide (scientific name) (49) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. japonensis (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp.

tenebrionis (scientific name) (51 ) + TX, Beauveria bassiana (alternative name) (53) + TX, Beauveria brongniartii (alternative name) (54) + TX, Chrysoperla carnea (alternative name) (151 ) + TX,

Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (alternative name) (178) + TX, Cydia pomonella GV (alternative name) (191 ) + TX, Dacnusa sibirica (alternative name) (212) + TX, Diglyphus isaea (alternative name) (254) + TX, Encarsia formosa (scientific name) (293) + TX, Eretmocerus eremicus (alternative name) (300) + TX, Helicoverpa zea NPV (alternative name) (431 ) + TX, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and H. megidis (alternative name) (433) + TX, Hippodamia convergens (alternative name) (442) + TX, Leptomastix dactylopii (alternative name) (488) + TX, Macrolophus caliginosus (alternative name) (491 ) + TX, Mamestra brassicae NPV (alternative name) (494) + TX, Metaphycus helvolus (alternative name) (522) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum (scientific name) (523) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae (scientific name) (523) + TX, Neodiprion sertifer NPV and N. lecontei NPV (alternative name) (575) + TX, Orius spp. (alternative name) (596) + TX, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (alternative name) (613) + TX, Phytoseiulus persimilis (alternative name) (644) + TX, Spodoptera exigua multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (scientific name) (741 ) + TX, Steinernema bibionis (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema carpocapsae (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema feltiae (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema glaseri (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema riobrave (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema riobravis (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema scapterisci (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema spp. (alternative name) (742) + TX, Trichogramma spp. (alternative name) (826) + TX, Typhlodromus occidentalis (alternative name) (844) and Verticillium lecanii (alternative name) (848) + TX,

a soil sterilant selected from the group of substances consisting of iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) and methyl bromide (537) + TX,

a chemosterilant selected from the group of substances consisting of apholate [CCN] + TX, bisazir (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, busulfan (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, diflubenzuron (250) + TX, dimatif (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, hemel [CCN] + TX, hempa [CCN] + TX, metepa [CCN] + TX, methiotepa [CCN] + TX, methyl apholate [CCN] + TX, morzid [CCN] + TX, penfluron (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tepa [CCN] + TX, thiohempa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, thiotepa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tretamine (alternative name) [CCN] and uredepa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, an insect pheromone selected from the group of substances consisting of (£)-dec-5-en-1-yl acetate with (£)-dec-5-en-1 -ol (lUPAC name) (222) + TX, (£)-tridec-4-en-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (829) + TX, (£)-6-methylhept-2-en-4-ol (lUPAC name) (541 ) + TX, (£,Z)-tetradeca-4,10-dien-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (779) + TX, (Z)-dodec-7-en-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (285) + TX, (Z)-hexadec-l 1 -enal (lUPAC name) (436) + TX, (Z)-hexadec-11 -en-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (437) + TX, (Z)-hexadec-13-en-11 -yn-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (438) + TX, (Z)-icos-13-en-10-one (lUPAC name) (448) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-7-en-1 -al (lUPAC name) (782) + TX, fZ)-tetradec-9-en-1 -ol (lUPAC name) (783) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-9-en-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (784) + TX, (7£,9Z)-dodeca-7,9-dien-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (283) + TX, (9Z,11 £)-tetradeca-9,11 -dien-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (780) + TX, (9Z,12£)-tetradeca-9,12-dien-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (781 ) + TX, 14-methyloctadec-1 -ene (lUPAC name) (545) + TX, 4-methylnonan-5-ol with 4-methylnonan-5-one (lUPAC name) (544) + TX, alpha-multistriatin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, brevicomin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, codlelure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, codlemone (alternative name) (167) + TX, cuelure (alternative name) (179) + TX, disparlure (277) + TX, dodec-8-en-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (286) + TX, dodec-9-en-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (287) + TX, dodeca-8 + TX, 10-dien-1-yl acetate (lUPAC name) (284) + TX, dominicalure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethyl 4-methyloctanoate (lUPAC name) (317) + TX, eugenol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, frontalin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, gossyplure

(alternative name) (420) + TX, grandlure (421 ) + TX, grandlure I (alternative name) (421 ) + TX, grandlure II (alternative name) (421 ) + TX, grandlure III (alternative name) (421 ) + TX, grandlure IV

(alternative name) (421 ) + TX, hexalure [CCN] + TX, ipsdienol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ipsenol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, japonilure (alternative name) (481 ) + TX, lineatin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, I itlure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, looplure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, medlure [CCN] + TX, megatomoic acid (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methyl eugenol (alternative name) (540) + TX, muscalure (563) + TX, octadeca-2,13-dien-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (588) + TX, octadeca-3,13-dien-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (589) + TX, orfralure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, oryctalure (alternative name) (317) + TX, ostramone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, siglure [CCN] + TX, sordidin (alternative name) (736) + TX, sulcatol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tetradec-11 -en-1 -yl acetate (lUPAC name) (785) + TX, trimedlure (839) + TX, trimedlure A (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure Bi (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure B2 (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure C (alternative name) (839) and trunc-call (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

an insect repellent selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-(octylthio)ethanol (lUPAC name) (591 ) + TX, butopyronoxyl (933) + TX, butoxy(polypropylene glycol) (936) + TX, dibutyl adipate (lUPAC name) (1046) + TX, dibutyl phthalate (1047) + TX, dibutyl succinate (lUPAC name) (1048) + TX, diethyltoluamide [CCN] + TX, dimethyl carbate [CCN] + TX, dimethyl phthalate [CCN] + TX, ethyl hexanediol (1137) + TX, hexamide [CCN] + TX, methoquin-butyl (1276) + TX, methylneodecanamide [CCN] + TX, oxamate [CCN] and picaridin [CCN] + TX,

an insecticide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1 -dichloro-1 -nitroethane

(lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1058) + TX, 1 ,1 -dichloro-2,2-bis(4-ethylphenyl)ethane (lUPAC name) (1056), + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1062) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane with 1 ,3-dichloropropene (lUPAC name) (1063) + TX, 1 -bromo-2-chloroethane (lUPAC/Chembal Abstracts name) (916) + TX, 2,2,2-trichloro-1 -(3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl acetate (lUPAC name) (1451 ) + TX, 2,2-dichlorovinyl 2-ethylsulfinylethyl methyl phosphate (lUPAC name) (1066) + TX, 2-(1 ,3-dithiolan- 2-yl)phenyl dimethylcarbamate (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1109) + TX, 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiocyanate (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (935) + TX, 2-(4,5-dimethyl-1 ,3-dioxolan-2-yl)phenyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC/ Chembal Abstracts name) (1084) + TX, 2-(4-chloro-3,5-xylyloxy)ethanol (lUPAC name) (986) + TX, 2-chlorovinyl diethyl phosphate (lUPAC name) (984) + TX, 2-imidazolidone (lUPAC name) (1225) + TX, 2-isovalerylindan-1 ,3-dione (lUPAC name) (1246) + TX, 2-methyl(prop-2-ynyl)aminophenyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1284) + TX, 2-thiocyanatoethyl laurate (lUPAC name) (1433) + TX, 3-bromo-1 -chloroprop-1 -ene (lUPAC name) (917) + TX, 3-methyl-1 -phenylpyrazol-5-yl dimethylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1283) + TX, 4-methyl(prop-2-ynyl)amino-3,5-xylyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1285) + TX, 5,5-dimethyl-3-oxocyclohex-1 -enyl dimethylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1085) + TX, abamectin (1 ) + TX, acephate (2) + TX, acetamiprid (4) + TX, acethion (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, acrinathrin (9) + TX, acrylonitrile (lUPAC name) (861 ) + TX, alanycarb (15) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, aldrin (864) + TX, allethrin (17) + TX, allosamidin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, allyxycarb (866) + TX, alpha-cypermethrin (202) + TX, alpha-ecdysone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, aluminium phosphide (640) + TX, amidithion (870) + TX, amidothioate (872) + TX, aminocarb (873) + TX, amiton (875) + TX, amiton hydrogen oxalate (875) + TX, amitraz (24) + TX, anabasine (877) + TX, athidathion (883) + TX, AVI 382 (compound code) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, azadirachtin (alternative name) (41 ) + TX, azamethiphos (42) + TX, azinphos-ethyl (44) + TX, azinphos-methyl (45) + TX, azothoate (889) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis delta endotoxins (alternative name) (52) + TX, barium hexafluorosilicate (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, barium polysulfide (lUPAC/Chem al Abstracts name) (892) + TX, barthrin [CCN] + TX, Bayer 22/190 (development code) (893) + TX, Bayer 22408 (development code) (894) + TX, bendiocarb (58) + TX, benfuracarb (60) + TX, bensultap (66) + TX, beta-cyfluthrin (194) + TX, beta-cypermethrin (203) + TX, bifenthrin (76) + TX, bioallethrin (78) + TX, bioallethrin S-cyclopentenyl isomer (alternative name) (79) + TX, bioethanomethrin [CCN] + TX, biopermethrin (908) + TX, bioresmethrin (80) + TX, bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (lUPAC name) (909) + TX, bistrifluron (83) + TX, borax (86) + TX, brofenvalerate (alternative name) + TX, bromfenvinfos (914) + TX, bromocyclen (918) + TX, bromo-DDT (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, bromophos (920) + TX, bromophos-ethyl (921 ) + TX, bufencarb (924) + TX, buprofezin (99) + TX, butacarb (926) + TX, butathiofos (927) + TX, butocarboxim (103) + TX, butonate (932) + TX, butoxycarboxim (104) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, cadusafos (109) + TX, calcium arsenate [CCN] + TX, calcium cyanide (444) + TX, calcium polysulfide (lUPAC name) (1 11 ) + TX, camphechlor (941 ) + TX, carbanolate (943) + TX, carbaryl (1 15) + TX, carbofuran (1 18) + TX, carbon disulfide

(lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (945) + TX, carbon tetrachloride (lUPAC name) (946) + TX, carbophenothion (947) + TX, carbosulfan (119) + TX, cartap (123) + TX, cartap hydrochloride (123) + TX, cevadine (alternative name) (725) + TX, chlorbicyclen (960) + TX, chlordane (128) + TX, chlordecone (963) + TX, chlordimeform (964) + TX, chlordimeform hydrochloride (964) + TX, chlorethoxyfos (129) + TX, chlorfenapyr (130) + TX, chlorfenvinphos (131 ) + TX, chlorfluazuron (132) + TX, chlormephos (136) + TX, chloroform [CCN] + TX, chloropicrin (141 ) + TX, chlorphoxim (989) + TX, chlorprazophos (990) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, chlorpyrifos-methyl (146) + TX,

chlorthiophos (994) + TX, chromafenozide (150) + TX, cinerin I (696) + TX, cinerin II (696) + TX, cinerins (696) + TX, cis-resmethrin (alternative name) + TX, cismethrin (80) + TX, clocythrin

(alternative name) + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, closantel (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, clothianidin (165) + TX, copper acetoarsenite [CCN] + TX, copper arsenate [CCN] + TX, copper oleate [CCN] + TX, coumaphos (174) + TX, coumithoate (1006) + TX, crotamiton (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, crotoxyphos (1010) + TX, crufomate (1011 ) + TX, cryolite (alternative name) (177) + TX, CS 708 (development code) (1012) + TX, cyanofenphos (1019) + TX, cyanophos (184) + TX, cyanthoate (1020) + TX, cyclethrin [CCN] + TX, cycloprothrin (188) + TX, cyfluthrin (193) + TX, cyhalothrin (196) + TX, cypermethrin (201 ) + TX, cyphenothrin (206) + TX, cyromazine (209) + TX, cythioate

(alternative name) [CCN] + TX, d-limonene (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, d-tetramethrin (alternative name) (788) + TX, DAEP (1031 ) + TX, dazomet (216) + TX, DDT (219) + TX, decarbofuran (1034) + TX, deltamethrin (223) + TX, demephion (1037) + TX, demephion-0 (1037) + TX, demephion-S (1037) + TX, demeton (1038) + TX, demeton-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-0 (1038) + TX, demeton-O-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S (1038) + TX, demeton-S-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S-methylsulphon (1039) + TX, diafenthiuron (226) + TX, dialifos (1042) + TX, diamidafos (1044) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dicapthon (1050) + TX, dichlofenthion (1051 ) + TX, dichlorvos (236) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dicresyl (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, dicrotophos (243) + TX, dicyclanil (244) + TX, dieldrin (1070) + TX, diethyl 5-methylpyrazol-3-yl phosphate (lUPAC name) (1076) + TX, diflubenzuron (250) + TX, d Nor (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, dimefluthrin [CCN] + TX, dimefox (1081 ) + TX, dimetan (1085) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, dimethrin (1083) + TX, dimethylvinphos (265) + TX, dimetilan (1086) + TX, dinex (1089) + TX, dinex-diclexine (1089) + TX, dinoprop (1093) + TX, dinosam (1094) + TX, dinoseb (1095) + TX, dinotefuran (271 ) + TX, diofenolan (1099) + TX, dioxabenzofos (1 100) + TX, dioxacarb (1101 ) + TX, dioxathion (1102) + TX, disulfoton (278) + TX, dithicrofos (1108) + TX, DNOC (282) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, DSP (1 1 15) + TX, ecdysterone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, El 1642 (development code) (11 18) + TX, emamectin (291 ) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291 ) + TX, EMPC (1 120) + TX, empenthrin (292) + TX, endosulfan (294) + TX, endothion (1 121 ) + TX, endrin (1 122) + TX, EPBP (1123) + TX, EPN (297) + TX, epofenonane (1 124) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, esfenvalerate (302) + TX, etaphos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethiofencarb (308) + TX, ethion (309) + TX, ethiprole (310) + TX, ethoate-methyl (1 134) + TX, ethoprophos (312) + TX, ethyl formate (lUPAC name) [CCN] + TX, ethyl-DDD (alternative name) (1056) + TX, ethylene dibromide (316) + TX, ethylene dichloride (chemical name) (1136) + TX, ethylene oxide [CCN] + TX, etofenprox (319) + TX, etrimfos (1 142) + TX, EXD (1143) + TX, famphur (323) + TX, fenamiphos (326) + TX, fenazaflor (1147) + TX, fenchlorphos (1148) + TX, fenethacarb (1 149) + TX, fenfluthrin (1150) + TX, fenitrothion (335) + TX, fenobucarb (336) + TX, fenoxacrim (1153) + TX, fenoxycarb (340) + TX, fenpirithrin (1 155) + TX, fenpropathrin (342) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fensulfothion (1 158) + TX, fenthion (346) + TX, fenthion-ethyl [CCN] + TX, fenvalerate (349) + TX, fipronil (354) + TX, flonicamid (358) + TX, flubendiamide (CAS. Reg. No.: 272451 -65-7) + TX, flucofuron (1168) + TX, flucycloxuron (366) + TX, flucythrinate (367) + TX, fluenetil (1 169) + TX, flufenerim [CCN] + TX, flufenoxuron (370) + TX, flufenprox (1171 ) + TX, flumethrin (372) + TX, fluvalinate (1 184) + TX, FMC 1 137 (development code) (1185) + TX, fonofos (1 191 ) + TX, formetanate (405) + TX, formetanate hydrochloride (405) + TX, formothion (1 192) + TX, formparanate (1 193) + TX, fosmethilan (1 194) + TX, fospirate (1195) + TX, fosthiazate (408) + TX, fosthietan (1196) + TX, furathiocarb (412) + TX, furethrin (1200) + TX, gamma-cyhalothrin (197) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, guazatine (422) + TX, guazatine acetates (422) + TX, GY-81 (development code) (423) + TX, halfenprox (424) + TX, halofenozide (425) + TX, HCH (430) + TX, HEOD (1070) + TX, heptachlor (1211 ) + TX,

heptenophos (432) + TX, heterophos [CCN] + TX, hexaflumuron (439) + TX, HHDN (864) + TX, hydramethylnon (443) + TX, hydrogen cyanide (444) + TX, hydroprene (445) + TX, hyquincarb (1223) + TX, imidacloprid (458) + TX, imiprothrin (460) + TX, indoxacarb (465) + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, IPSP (1229) + TX, isazofos (1231 ) + TX, isobenzan (1232) + TX, isocarbophos (alternative name) (473) + TX, isodrin (1235) + TX, isofenphos (1236) + TX, isolane (1237) + TX, isoprocarb (472) + TX, isopropyl 0-(methoxyaminothiophosphoryl)salicylate (lUPAC name) (473) + TX, isoprothiolane (474) + TX, isothioate (1244) + TX, isoxathion (480) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, jasmolin I (696) + TX, jasmolin II (696) + TX, jodfenphos (1248) + TX, juvenile hormone I (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, juvenile hormone II (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, juvenile hormone III (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kelevan (1249) + TX, kinoprene (484) + TX, lambda-cyhalothrin (198) + TX, lead arsenate [CCN] + TX, lepimectin (CCN) + TX, leptophos (1250) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, lirimfos (1251 ) + TX, lufenuron (490) + TX, lythidathion (1253) + TX, m-cumenyl methylcarbamate (lUPAC name) (1014) + TX, magnesium phosphide (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, malathion (492) + TX, malonoben (1254) + TX, mazidox (1255) + TX, mecarbam (502) + TX, mecarphon (1258) + TX, menazon (1260) + TX, mephosfolan (1261 ) + TX, mercurous chloride (513) + TX, mesulfenfos (1263) + TX, metaflumizone (CCN) + TX, metam (519) + TX, metam-potassium (alternative name) (519) + TX, metam-sodium (519) + TX, methacrifos (1266) + TX, methamidophos (527) + TX, methanesulfonyl fluoride (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1268) + TX, methidathion (529) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, methocrotophos (1273) + TX, methomyl (531 ) + TX, methoprene (532) + TX, methoquin-butyl (1276) + TX, methothrin (alternative name) (533) + TX, methoxychlor (534) + TX, methoxyfenozide (535) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, methyl isothiocyanate (543) + TX, methylchloroform (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methylene chloride [CCN] + TX, metofluthrin [CCN] + TX, metolcarb (550) + TX, metoxadiazone (1288) + TX, mevinphos (556) + TX,

mexacarbate (1290) + TX, milbemectin (557) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, mipafox (1293) + TX, mirex (1294) + TX, monocrotophos (561 ) + TX, morphothion (1300) + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naftalofos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naled (567) + TX, naphthalene (lUPAC/Chembal Abstracts name) (1303) + TX, NC-170 (development code) (1306) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, nicotine (578) + TX, nicotine sulfate (578) + TX, nifluridide (1309) + TX, nitenpyram (579) + TX, nithiazine (1311 ) + TX, nitrilacarb (1313) + TX, nitrilacarb 1 :1 zinc chloride complex (1313) + TX, NNI-0101 (compound code) + TX, NNI-0250 (compound code) + TX, nornicotine (traditional name) (1319) + TX, novaluron (585) + TX, noviflumuron (586) + TX, 0-5-dichloro-4-iodophenyl O-ethyl ethylphosphonothioate (lUPAC name) (1057) + TX, 0,0-diethyl 0-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl phosphorothioate (lUPAC name) (1074) + TX, Ο,Ο-diethyl 0-6-methyl-2-propylpyrimidin-4-yl phosphorothioate (lUPAC name) (1075) + TX, Ο, Ο, Ο',Ο'-tetrapropyl

dithiopyrophosphate (lUPAC name) (1424) + TX, oleic acid (lUPAC name) (593) + TX, omethoate (594) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, oxydemeton-methyl (609) + TX, oxydeprofos (1324) + TX, oxydisulfoton (1325) + TX, pp'-DDT (219) + TX, para-dichlorobenzene [CCN] + TX, parathion (615) + TX, parathion-methyl (616) + TX, penfluron (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, pentachlorophenol (623) + TX, pentachlorophenyl laurate (lUPAC name) (623) + TX, permethrin (626) + TX, petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX, PH 60-38 (development code) (1328) + TX, phenkapton (1330) + TX, phenothrin (630) + TX, phenthoate (631 ) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosalone (637) + TX, phosfolan (1338) + TX, phosmet (638) + TX, phosnichlor (1339) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phosphine (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, phoxim (642) + TX, phoxim-methyl (1340) + TX, pirimetaphos (1344) + TX, pirimicarb (651 ) + TX, pirimiphos-ethyl (1345) + TX, pirimiphos-methyl (652) + TX,

polychlorodicyclopentadiene isomers (lUPAC name) (1346) + TX, polychloroterpenes (traditional name) (1347) + TX, potassium arsenite [CCN] + TX, potassium thiocyanate [CCN] + TX, prallethrin (655) + TX, precocene I (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, precocene II (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, precocene III (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, primidophos (1349) + TX, profenofos (662) + TX, profluthrin [CCN] + TX, promacyl (1354) + TX, promecarb (1355) + TX, propaphos (1356) + TX, propetamphos (673) + TX, propoxur (678) + TX, prothidathion (1360) + TX, prothiofos (686) + TX, prothoate (1362) + TX, protrifenbute [CCN] + TX, pymetrozine (688) + TX, pyraclofos (689) + TX, pyrazophos (693) + TX, pyresmethrin (1367) + TX, pyrethrin I (696) + TX, pyrethrin II (696) + TX, pyrethrins (696) + TX, pyridaben (699) + TX, pyridalyl (700) + TX, pyridaphenthion (701 ) + TX, pyrimidifen (706) + TX, pyrimitate (1370) + TX, pyriproxyfen (708) + TX, quassia (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, quinalphos (71 1 ) + TX, quinalphos-methyl (1376) + TX, quinothion (1380) + TX, quintiofos (1381 ) + TX, R-1492 (development code) (1382) + TX, rafoxanide (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, resmethrin (719) + TX, rotenone (722) + TX, RU 15525 (development code) (723) + TX, RU 25475 (development code) (1386) + TX, ryania (alternative name) (1387) + TX, ryanodine (traditional name) (1387) + TX, sabadilla (alternative name) (725) + TX, schradan (1389) + TX, sebufos

(alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, SI-0009 (compound code) + TX, SI-0205 (compound code) + TX, SI-0404 (compound code) + TX, SI-0405 (compound code) + TX, silafluofen (728) + TX, SN 72129 (development code) (1397) + TX, sodium arsenite [CCN] + TX, sodium cyanide (444) + TX, sodium fluoride (lUPAC/Chem al Abstracts name) (1399) + TX, sodium hexafluorosilicate (1400) + TX, sodium pentachlorophenoxide (623) + TX, sodium selenate (lUPAC name) (1401 ) + TX, sodium thiocyanate [CCN] + TX, sophamide (1402) + TX, spinosad (737) + TX, spiromesifen (739) + TX, spirotetrmat (CCN) + TX, sulcofuron (746) + TX, sulcofuron-sodium (746) + TX, sulfluramid (750) + TX, sulfotep (753) + TX, sulfuryl fluoride (756) + TX, sulprofos (1408) + TX, tar oils (alternative name) (758) + TX, tau-fluvalinate (398) + TX, tazimcarb (1412) + TX, TDE (1414) + TX, tebufenozide (762) + TX, tebufenpyrad (763) + TX, tebupirimfos (764) + TX, teflubenzuron (768) + TX, tefluthrin (769) + TX, temephos (770) + TX, TEPP (1417) + TX, terallethrin (1418) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, terbufos (773) + TX, tetrachloroethane [CCN] + TX, tetrachlorvinphos (777) + TX, tetramethrin (787) + TX, theta-cypermethrin (204) + TX, thiacloprid (791 ) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thiamethoxam (792) + TX, thicrofos (1428) + TX, thiocarboxime (1431 ) + TX, thiocyclam (798) + TX, thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate (798) + TX, thiodicarb (799) + TX, thiofanox (800) + TX, thiometon (801 ) + TX, thionazin (1434) + TX, thiosultap (803) + TX, thiosultap-sodium (803) + TX, thuringiensin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tolfenpyrad (809) + TX, tralomethrin (812) + TX, transfluthrin (813) + TX, transpermethrin (1440) + TX, triamiphos (1441 ) + TX, triazamate (818) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, trichlorfon (824) + TX,

trichlormetaphos-3 (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, trichloronat (1452) + TX, trifenofos (1455) + TX, triflumuron (835) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, triprene (1459) + TX, vamidothion (847) + TX, vaniliprole [CCN] + TX, veratridine (alternative name) (725) + TX, veratrine (alternative name) (725) + TX, XMC (853) + TX, xylylcarb (854) + TX, YI-5302 (compound code) + TX, zeta-cypermethrin (205) + TX, zetamethrin (alternative name) + TX, zinc phosphide (640) + TX, zolaprofos (1469) and ZXI 8901 (development code) (858) + TX, cyantraniliprole [736994-63-19 + TX, chlorantraniliprole [500008-45-7] + TX, cyenopyrafen [560121 -52-0] + TX, cyflumetofen [400882-07-7] + TX, pyrifluquinazon

[337458-27-2] + TX, spinetoram [187166-40-1 + 187166-15-0] + TX, spirotetramat [203313-25-1 ] + TX, sulfoxaflor [946578-00-3] + TX, flufiprole [704886-18-0] + TX, meperfluthrin [915288-13-0] + TX, tetramethylfluthrin [84937-88-2] + TX, triflumezopyrim (disclosed in WO 2012/092115) + TX,

a molluscicide selected from the group of substances consisting of bis(tributyltin) oxide (lUPAC name) (913) + TX, bromoacetamide [CCN] + TX, calcium arsenate [CCN] + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, copper acetoarsenite [CCN] + TX, copper sulfate (172) + TX, fentin (347) + TX, ferric phosphate (lUPAC name) (352) + TX, metaldehyde (518) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, niclosamide (576) + TX, niclosamide-olamine (576) + TX, pentachlorophenol (623) + TX, sodium pentachlorophenoxide (623) + TX, tazimcarb (1412) + TX, thiodicarb (799) + TX, tributyltin oxide (913) + TX, trifenmorph (1454) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, triphenyltin acetate (lUPAC name) (347) and triphenyltin hydroxide (lUPAC name) (347) + TX, pyriprole [394730-71 -3] + TX,

a nematicide selected from the group of substances consisting of AKD-3088 (compound code) + TX, 1 ,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1045) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1062) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane with 1 ,3-dichloropropene (lUPAC name) (1063) + TX, 1 ,3-dichloropropene (233) + TX, 3,4-dichlorotetrahydrothiophene 1 ,1 -dioxide (lUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1065) + TX, 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methylrhodanine (lUPAC name) (980) + TX, 5-methyl-6-thioxo-1 ,3,5-thiadiazinan-3-ylacetic acid (lUPAC name) (1286) + TX, 6-isopentenylaminopurine (alternative name) (210) + TX, abamectin (1 ) + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, alanycarb (15) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, benclothiaz [CCN] + TX, benomyl (62) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, cadusafos (109) + TX, carbofuran (1 18) + TX, carbon disulfide (945) + TX, carbosulfan (1 19) + TX, chloropicrin (141 ) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, cytokinins (alternative name) (210) + TX, dazomet (216) + TX, DBCP (1045) + TX, DCIP (218) + TX, diamidafos (1044) + TX, dichlofenthion (1051 ) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, emamectin (291 ) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291 ) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethoprophos (312) + TX, ethylene dibromide (316) + TX, fenamiphos (326) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fensulfothion (1158) + TX, fosthiazate (408) + TX, fosthietan (1 196) + TX, furfural (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, GY-81 (development code) (423) + TX, heterophos [CCN] + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, isamidofos (1230) + TX, isazofos (1231 ) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kinetin (alternative name) (210) + TX, mecarphon (1258) + TX, metam (519) + TX, metam-potassium (alternative name) (519) + TX, metam-sodium (519) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, methyl isothiocyanate (543) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, Myrothecium verrucaria composition

(alternative name) (565) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phosphocarb [CCN] + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, spinosad (737) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, terbufos (773) + TX, tetrachlorothiophene (lUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1422) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thionazin (1434) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, xylenols [CCN] + TX, YI-5302 (compound code) and zeatin (alternative name) (210) + TX, fluensulfone [318290-98-1 ] + TX,

a nitrification inhibitor selected from the group of substances consisting of potassium ethylxanthate [CCN] and nitrapyrin (580) + TX,

a plant activator selected from the group of substances consisting of acibenzolar (6) + TX, acibenzolar-S-methyl (6) + TX, probenazole (658) and Reynoutria sachalinensis extract (alternative name) (720) + TX,

a rodenticide selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-isovalerylindan-1 ,3-dione (lUPAC name) (1246) + TX, 4-(quinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzenesulfonamide (lUPAC name) (748) + TX, alpha-chlorohydrin [CCN] + TX, aluminium phosphide (640) + TX, antu (880) + TX, arsenous oxide (882) + TX, barium carbonate (891 ) + TX, bisthiosemi (912) + TX, brodifacoum (89) + TX, bromadiolone (91 ) + TX, bromethalin (92) + TX, calcium cyanide (444) + TX, chloralose (127) + TX, chlorophacinone (140) + TX, cholecalciferol (alternative name) (850) + TX, coumachlor (1004) + TX, coumafuryl (1005) + TX, coumatetralyl (175) + TX, crimidine (1009) + TX, difenacoum (246) + TX, difethialone (249) + TX, diphacinone (273) + TX, ergocalciferol (301 ) + TX, flocoumafen (357) + TX, fluoroacetamide (379) + TX, flupropadine (1 183) + TX, flupropadine hydrochloride (1 183) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, HCH (430) + TX, hydrogen cyanide (444) + TX, iodomethane (lUPAC name) (542) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, magnesium phosphide (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, norbormide (1318) + TX, phosacetim (1336) + TX, phosphine (lUPAC name) (640) + TX, phosphorus [CCN] + TX, pindone (1341 ) + TX, potassium arsenite [CCN] + TX, pyrinuron (1371 ) + TX,

scilliroside (1390) + TX, sodium arsenite [CCN] + TX, sodium cyanide (444) + TX, sodium fluoro-acetate (735) + TX, strychnine (745) + TX, thallium sulfate [CCN] + TX, warfarin (851 ) and zinc phosphide (640) + TX,

a synergist selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl piperonylate (lUPAC name) (934) + TX, 5-(1 ,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-hexylcyclohex-2-enone (lUPAC name) (903) + TX, farnesol with nerolidol (alternative name) (324) + TX, MB-599 (development code) (498) + TX, MGK 264 (development code) (296) + TX, piperonyl butoxide (649) + TX, piprotal (1343) + TX, propyl isomer (1358) + TX, S421 (development code) (724) + TX, sesamex (1393) + TX, sesasmolin (1394) and sulfoxide (1406) + TX,

an animal repellent selected from the group of substances consisting of anthraquinone (32) + TX, chloralose (127) + TX, copper naphthenate [CCN] + TX, copper oxychloride (171 ) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dicyclopentadiene (chemical name) (1069) + TX, guazatine (422) + TX, guazatine acetates (422) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, pyridin-4-amine (lUPAC name) (23) + TX, thiram (804) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, zinc naphthenate [CCN] and ziram (856) + TX,

a virucide selected from the group of substances consisting of imanin (alternative name) [CCN] and ribavirin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

a wound protectant selected from the group of substances consisting of mercuric oxide (512) + TX, octhilinone (590) and thiophanate-methyl (802) + TX,

and biologically active compounds selected from the group consisting of azaconazole (60207-31 -0] + TX, bitertanol [70585-36-3] + TX, bromuconazole [1 16255-48-2] + TX, cyproconazole [94361 -06-5] + TX, difenoconazole [1 19446-68-3] + TX, diniconazole [83657-24-3] + TX, epoxiconazole [106325-08-0] + TX, fenbuconazole [1 14369-43-6] + TX, fluquinconazole [136426-54-5] + TX, flusilazole [85509-19-9] + TX, flutriafol [76674-21-0] + TX, hexaconazole [79983-71 -4] + TX, imazalil [35554-44-0] + TX, imibenconazole [86598-92-7] + TX, ipconazole [125225-28-7] + TX, metconazole [125116-23-6] + TX, myclobutanil [88671-89-0] + TX, pefurazoate [101903-30-4] + TX, penconazole [66246-88-6] + TX, prothioconazole [178928-70-6] + TX, pyrifenox [88283-41 -4] + TX, prochloraz [67747-09-5] + TX, propiconazole [60207-90-1 ] + TX, simeconazole [149508-90-7] + TX, tebuconazole [107534-96-3] + TX, tetraconazole [1 12281 -77-3] + TX, triadimefon [43121 -43-3] + TX, triadimenol [55219-65-3] + TX, triflumizole [99387-89-0] + TX, triticonazole [131983-72-7] + TX, ancym idol [12771 -68-5] + TX, fenarimol [60168-88-9] + TX, nuarimol [63284-71 -9] + TX, bupirimate [41483-43-6] + TX, dimethirimol [5221 -53-4] + TX, ethirimol [23947-60-6] + TX, dodemorph [1593-77-7] + TX, fenpropidine [67306-00-7] + TX, fenpropimorph [67564-91 -4] + TX, spiroxamine [1 18134-30-8] + TX, tridemorph [81412-43-3] + TX, cyprodinil [121552-61 -2] + TX, mepanipyrim [110235-47-7] + TX, pyrimethanil [53112-28-0] + TX, fenpiclonil [74738-17-3] + TX, fludioxonil [131341 -86-1] + TX, benalaxyl [71626-11 -4] + TX, furalaxyl [57646-30-7] + TX, metalaxyl [57837-19-1 ] + TX, R-metalaxyl [70630-17-0] + TX, ofurace [58810-48-3] + TX, oxadixyl [77732-09-3] + TX, benomyl [17804-35-2] + TX, carbendazim [10605-21 -7] + TX, debacarb [62732-91 -6] + TX, fuberidazole [3878-19-1 ] + TX, thiabendazole [148-79-8] + TX, chlozolinate [84332-86-5] + TX, dichlozoline [24201-58-9] + TX, iprodione [36734-19-7] + TX, myclozoline [54864-61 -8] + TX, procymidone [32809-16-8] + TX, vinclozoline [50471 -44-8] + TX, boscalid [188425-85-6] + TX, carboxin [5234-68-4] + TX, fenfuram [24691 -80-3] + TX, flutolanil

[66332-96-5] + TX, mepronil [55814-41 -0] + TX, oxycarboxin [5259-88-1 ] + TX, penthiopyrad [183675-82-3] + TX, thifluzamide [130000-40-7] + TX, guazatine [108173-90-6] + TX, dodine [2439-10-3] [112-65-2] (free base) + TX, iminoctadine [13516-27-3] + TX, azoxystrobin [131860-33-8] + TX, dimoxystrobin [149961 -52-4] + TX, enestroburin {Proc. BCPC, Int. Congr., Glasgow, 2003, 1 , 93} + TX, fluoxastrobin [361377-29-9] + TX, kresoxim-methyl [143390-89-0] + TX, metominostrobin [133408-50-1 ] + TX, trifloxystrobin [141517-21 -7] + TX, orysastrobin [248593-16-0] + TX, picoxystrobin [1 17428-22-5] + TX, pyraclostrobin [175013-18-0] + TX, ferbam [14484-64-1 ] + TX, mancozeb [8018-01 -7] + TX, maneb [12427-38-2] + TX, metiram [9006-42-2] + TX, propineb [12071-83-9] + TX, thiram [137-26-8] + TX, zineb [12122-67-7] + TX, ziram [137-30-4] + TX, captafol [2425-06-1 ] + TX, captan [133-06-2] + TX, dichlofluanid [1085-98-9] + TX, fluoroimide [41205-21 -4] + TX, folpet [133-07-3 ] + TX, tolylfluanid [731-27-1 ] + TX, bordeaux mixture [8011 -63-0] + TX, copperhydroxid [20427-59-2] + TX, copperoxychlorid [1332-40-7] + TX, coppersulfat [7758-98-7] + TX, copperoxid [1317-39-1 ] + TX, mancopper [53988-93-5] + TX, oxine-copper [10380-28-6] + TX, dinocap [131 -72-6] + TX, nitrothal-isopropyl [10552-74-6] + TX, edifenphos [17109-49-8] + TX, iprobenphos [26087-47-8] + TX, isoprothiolane [50512-35-1 ] + TX, phosdiphen [36519-00-3] + TX, pyrazophos [13457-18-6] + TX, tolclofos-methyl [57018-04-9] + TX, acibenzolar-S-methyl [135158-54-2] + TX, anilazine [101 -05-3] + TX, benthiavalicarb [413615-35-7] + TX, blasticidin-S [2079-00-7] + TX, chinomethionat [2439-01 -2] + TX, chloroneb [2675-77-6] + TX, chlorothalonil [1897-45-6] + TX, cyflufenam id [180409-60-3] + TX, cymoxanil [57966-95-7] + TX, dichlone [117-80-6] + TX, diclocymet [139920-32-4] + TX, diclomezine [62865-36-5] + TX, dicloran [99-30-9] + TX, diethofencarb [87130-20-9] + TX, dimethomorph [110488-70-5] + TX, SYP-LI90 (Flumorph) [211867-47-9] + TX, dithianon [3347-22-6] + TX, ethaboxam

[162650-77-3] + TX, etridiazole [2593-15-9] + TX, famoxadone [131807-57-3] + TX, fenamidone

[161326-34-7] + TX, fenoxanil [115852-48-7] + TX, fentin [668-34-8] + TX, ferimzone [89269-64-7] + TX, fluazinam [79622-59-6] + TX, fluopicolide [2391 10-15-7] + TX, flusulfamide [106917-52-6] + TX, fenhexamid [126833-17-8] + TX, fosetyl-aluminium [39148-24-8] + TX, hymexazol [10004-44-1] + TX, iprovalicarb [140923-17-7] + TX, IKF-916 (Cyazofamid) [120116-88-3] + TX, kasugamycin [6980-18-3] + TX, methasulfocarb [66952-49-6] + TX, metrafenone [220899-03-6] + TX, pencycuron [66063-05-6] + TX, phthalide [27355-22-2] + TX, polyoxins [1 1 113-80-7] + TX, probenazole [27605-76-1 ] + TX, propamocarb [25606-41 -1 ] + TX, proquinazid [189278-12-4] + TX, pyroquilon [57369-32-1 ] + TX, quinoxyfen [124495-18-7] + TX, quintozene [82-68-8] + TX, sulfur [7704-34-9] + TX, tiadinil [223580-51 -6] + TX, triazoxide [72459-58-6] + TX, tricyclazole [41814-78-2] + TX, triforine [26644-46-2] + TX, validamycin [37248-47-8] + TX, zoxamide (RH7281 ) [156052-68-5] + TX, mandipropamid [374726-62-2] + TX, isopyrazam [881685-58-1 ] + TX, sedaxane [874967-67-6] + TX, 3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (9-dichloromethylene-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1 ,4-methano-naphthalen-5-yl)-amide (dislosed in WO 2007/048556) + TX, 3-difluoromethyl-1 -methyl-1 H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (3',4',5'- trifluoro-biphenyl-2-yl)-amide (disclosed in WO 2006/087343) + TX,

[(3S,4R,4aR,6S,6aS,12R,12aS,12bS)-3-[(cyclopropy^

decahydro-6,12-dihydroxy-4,6a,12b-trimethyl-11 -oxo-9-(3-py^

e]pyran-4-yl]methyl-cyclopropanecarboxylate [915972-17-7] + TX and 1 ,3,5-trimethyl-N-(2-methyl-1 -oxopropyl)-N-[3-(2-methylpropyl)-4-[2,2,2-trifluoro-1 -m

4-carboxamide [926914-55-8] + TX, and

microbials including: Acinetobacter Iwoffii + TX, Acremonium alternatum + TX + TX, Acremonium cephalosporium + TX + TX, Acremonium diospyri + TX, Acremonium obclavatum + TX, Adoxophyes orana granulovirus (AdoxGV) (Capex®) + TX, Agrobacterium radiobacter strain K84 (Galltrol-A®) + TX, Alternaria alternate + TX, Alternaria cassia + TX, Alternaria destruens (Smolder®) + TX, Ampelomyces quisqualis (AQ10®) + TX, Aspergillus flavus AF36 (AF36®) + TX, Aspergillus flavus NRRL 21882 (Aflaguard®) + TX, Aspergillus spp. + TX, Aureobasidium pullulans + TX, Azospirillum + TX, (MicroAZ® + TX, TAZO B®) + TX, Azotobacter+ TX, Azotobacter chroocuccum (Azotomeal®) + TX, Azotobacter cysts (Bionatural Blooming Blossoms®) + TX, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens + TX, Bacillus cereus + TX, Bacillus chitinosporus strain CM-1 + TX, Bacillus chitinosporus strain AQ746 + TX, Bacillus licheniformis strain HB-2 (Biostart™ Rhizoboost®) + TX, Bacillus licheniformis strain 3086 (EcoGuard® + TX, Green Releaf®) + TX, Bacillus circulans + TX, Bacillus firmus (BioSafe®, BioNem-WP®, VOTiVO®) + TX, Bacillus firmus strain 1-1582 + TX, Bacillus macerans + TX, Bacillus marismortui + TX, Bacillus megaterium + TX, Bacillus mycoides strain AQ726 + TX, Bacillus papillae (Milky Spore Powder®) + TX, Bacillus pumilus spp. + TX, Bacillus pumilus strain GB34 (Yield Shield®) + TX, Bacillus pumilus strain AQ717 + TX, Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (Sonata® + TX, Ballad Plus®) + TX, Bacillus spahericus (VectoLex®) + TX, Bacillus spp. + TX, Bacillus spp. strain AQ175 + TX, Bacillus spp. strain AQ177 + TX, Bacillus spp. strain AQ178 + TX, Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713 (CEASE® + TX, Serenade® + TX, Rhapsody®) + TX, Bacillus subtilis strain QST 714 (JAZZ®) + TX, Bacillus subtilis strain AQ153 + TX, Bacillus subtilis strain AQ743 + TX, Bacillus subtilis strain QST3002 + TX, Bacillus subtilis strain

QST3004 + TX, Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain FZB24 (Taegro® + TX, Rhizopro®) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis Cry 2Ae + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1 Ab + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai GC 91 (Agree®) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (BMP123® + TX, Aquabac® + TX, VectoBac®) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (Javelin® + TX, Deliver® + TX, CryMax® + TX, Bonide® + TX, Scutella WP® + TX, Turilav WP ® + TX, Astuto® + TX, Dipel WP® + TX, Biobit® + TX, Foray®) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki BMP 123 (Baritone®) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki HD-1 (Bioprotec-CAF / 3P®) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis strain BD#32 + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis strain AQ52 + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai (XenTari® + TX, DiPel®) + TX, bacteria spp. (GROWMEND® + TX,

GROWSWEET® + TX, Shootup®) + TX, bacteriophage of Clavipacter michiganensis (AgriPhage®) + TX, Bakflor® + TX, Beauveria bassiana (Beaugenic® + TX, Brocaril WP®) + TX, Beauveria bassiana GHA (Mycotrol ES® + TX, Mycotrol O® + TX, BotaniGuard®) + TX, Beauveria brongniartii (Engerlingspilz® + TX, Schweizer Beauveria® + TX, Melocont®) + TX, Beauveria spp. + TX, Botrytis cineria + TX,

Bradyrhizobium japonicum (TerraMax®) + TX, Brevibacillus brevis + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis tenebrionis (Novodor®) + TX, BtBooster + TX, Burkholderia cepacia (Deny® + TX, Intercept® + TX, Blue Circle®) + TX, Burkholderia gladii + TX, Burkholderia gladioli + TX, Burkholderia spp. + TX, Canadian thistle fungus (CBH Canadian Bioherbicide®) + TX, Candida butyri + TX, Candida famata + TX, Candida fructus + TX, Candida glabrata + TX, Candida guilliermondii + TX, Candida melibiosica + TX, Candida oleophila strain O + TX, Candida parapsilosis + TX, Candida pelliculosa + TX, Candida pulcherrima + TX, Candida reukaufii + TX, Candida saitoana (Bio-Coat® + TX, Biocure®) + TX, Candida sake + TX, Candida spp. + TX, Candida tenius + TX, Cedecea dravisae + TX, Cellulomonas flavigena + TX, Chaetomium cochliodes (Nova-Cide®) + TX, Chaetomium globosum (Nova-Cide®) + TX, Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1T (Grandevo®) + TX, Cladosporium cladosporioides + TX, Cladosporium oxysporum + TX, Cladosporium chlorocephalum + TX, Cladosporium spp. + TX, Cladosporium tenuissimum + TX,

Clonostachys rosea (EndoFine®) + TX, Colletotrichum acutatum + TX, Coniothyrium minitans (Cotans WG®) + TX, Coniothyrium spp. + TX, Cryptococcus albidus (YIELDPLUS®) + TX, Cryptococcus humicola + TX, Cryptococcus infirmo-miniatus + TX, Cryptococcus laurentii + TX, Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (Cryptex®) + TX, Cupriavidus campinensis + TX, Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CYD-X®) + TX, Cydia pomonella granulovirus (Madex® + TX, Madex Plus® + TX, Madex Max/ Carpovirusine®) + TX, Cylindrobasidium laeve (Stumpout®) + TX, Cylindrocladium + TX, Debaryomyces hansenii + TX, Drechslera hawaiinensis + TX, Enterobacter cloacae + TX, Enterobacteriaceae + TX, Entomophtora virulenta (Vektor®) + TX, Epicoccum nigrum + TX, Epicoccum purpurascens + TX, Epicoccum spp. + TX, Filobasidium floriforme + TX, Fusarium acuminatum + TX, Fusarium chlamydosporum + TX, Fusarium oxysporum (Fusaclean® / Biofox C®) + TX, Fusarium proliferatum + TX, Fusarium spp. + TX,

Galactomyces geotrichum + TX, Gliocladium catenulatum (Primastop® + TX, Prestop®) + TX,

Gliocladium roseum + TX, Gliocladium spp. (SoilGard®) + TX, Gliocladium virens (Soilgard®) + TX, Granulovirus (Granupom®) + TX, Halobacillus halophilus + TX, Halobacillus litoralis + TX, Halobacillus trueperi + TX, Halomonas spp. + TX, Halomonas subglaciescola + TX, Halovibrio variabilis + TX, Hanseniaspora uvarum + TX, Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (Helicovex®) + TX,

Helicoverpa zea nuclear polyhedrosis virus (Gemstar®) + TX, Isoflavone - formononetin (Myconate®) + TX, Kloeckera apiculata + TX, Kloeckera spp. + TX, Lagenidium giganteum (Laginex®) + TX,

Lecanicillium longisporum (Vertiblast®) + TX, Lecanicillium muscarium (Vertikil®) + TX, Lymantria Dispar nucleopolyhedrosis virus (Disparvirus®) + TX, Marinococcus halophilus + TX, Meira geulakonigii + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae (Met52®) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae (Destruxin WP®) + TX, Metschnikowia fruticola (Shemer®) + TX, Metschnikowia pulcherrima + TX, Microdochium dimerum (Antibot®) + TX, Micromonospora coerulea + TX, Microsphaeropsis ochracea + TX, Muscodor albus 620 (Muscudor®) + TX, Muscodor roseus strain A3-5 + TX, Mycorrhizae spp. (AMykor® + TX, Root Maxim izer®) + TX, Myrothecium vermcaria strain AARC-0255 (DiTera®) + TX, BROS PLUS® + TX, Ophiostoma piliferum strain D97 (Sylvanex®) + TX, Paecilomyces farinosus + TX, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (PFR-97® + TX, PreFeRal®) + TX, Paecilomyces linacinus (Biostat WP®) + TX, Paecilomyces lilacinus strain 251 (MeloCon WG®) + TX, Paenibacillus polymyxa + TX, Pantoea agglomerans (BlightBan C9-1®) + TX, Pantoea spp. + TX, Pasteuria spp. (Econem®) + TX, Pasteuria nishizawae + TX, Penicillium

aurantiogriseum + TX, Penicillium billai (Jumpstart® + TX, Tag Team®) + TX, Penicillium brevicompactum + TX, Penicillium frequentans + TX, Penicillium griseofulvum + TX, Penicillium purpurogenum + TX, Penicillium spp. + TX, Penicillium viridicatum + TX, Phlebiopsis gigantean (Rotstop®) + TX, phosphate solubilizing bacteria (Phosphomeal®) + TX, Phytophthora cryptogea + TX, Phytophthora palmivora (Devine®) + TX, Pichia anomala + TX, Pichia guilermondii + TX, Pichia membranaefaciens + TX, Pichia onychis + TX, Pichia stipites + TX, Pseudomonas aeruginosa + TX, Pseudomonas aureofasciens (Spot-Less Biofungicide®) + TX, Pseudomonas cepacia + TX, Pseudomonas chlororaphis (AtEze®) + TX, Pseudomonas corrugate + TX, Pseudomonas fluorescens strain A506 (BlightBan A506®) + TX, Pseudomonas putida + TX, Pseudomonas reactans + TX, Pseudomonas spp. + TX, Pseudomonas syringae (Bio-Save®) + TX, Pseudomonas viridiflava + TX, Pseudomons fluorescens (Zequanox®) + TX, Pseudozyma flocculosa strain PF-A22 UL (Sporodex L®) + TX, Puccinia canaliculata + TX, Puccinia thlaspeos (Wood Warrior®) + TX, Pythium paroecandrum + TX, Pythium oligandrum (Polygandron® + TX, Polyversum®) + TX, Pythium periplocum + TX, Rhanella aquatilis + TX, Rhanella spp. + TX, Rhizobia (Dormal® + TX, Vault®) + TX, Rhizoctonia + TX, Rhodococcus globerulus strain AQ719 + TX,

Rhodosporidium diobovatum + TX, Rhodosporidium toruloides + TX, Rhodotorula spp. + TX, Rhodotorula glutinis + TX, Rhodotorula graminis + TX, Rhodotorula mucilagnosa + TX, Rhodotorula rubra + TX, Saccharomyces cerevisiae + TX, Salinococcus roseus + TX, Sclerotinia minor + TX, Sclerotinia minor (SARRITOR®) + TX, Scytalidium spp. + TX, Scytalidium uredinicola + TX, Spodoptera exigua nuclear polyhedrosis virus (Spod-X® + TX, Spexit®) + TX, Serratia marcescens + TX, Serratia plymuthica + TX, Serratia spp. + TX, Sordaria fimicola + TX, Spodoptera littoralis nucleopolyhedrovirus (Littovir®) + TX,

Sporobolomyces roseus + TX, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia + TX, Streptomyces ahygroscopicus + TX, Streptomyces albaduncus + TX, Streptomyces exfoliates + TX, Streptomyces galbus + TX, Streptomyces griseoplanus + TX, Streptomyces griseoviridis (Mycostop®) + TX, Streptomyces lydicus (Actinovate®) + TX, Streptomyces lydicus WYEC-108 (ActinoGrow®) + TX, Streptomyces violaceus + TX, Tilletiopsis minor + TX, Tilletiopsis spp. + TX, Trichoderma asperellum (T34 Biocontrol®) + TX, Trichoderma gamsii (Tenet®) + TX, Trichoderma atroviride (Plantmate®) + TX, Trichoderma hamatum TH 382 + TX, Trichoderma harzianum rifai (Mycostar®) + TX, Trichoderma harzianum T-22 (Trianum-P® + TX, PlantShield HC® + TX, RootShield® + TX, Trianum-G®) + TX, Trichoderma harzianum T-39

(Trichodex®) + TX, Trichoderma inhamatum + TX, Trichoderma koningii + TX, Trichoderma spp. LC 52 (Sentinel®) + TX, Trichoderma lignorum + TX, Trichoderma longibrachiatum + TX, Trichoderma polysporum (Binab T®) + TX, Trichoderma taxi + TX, Trichoderma virens + TX, Trichoderma virens (formerly Gliocladium virens GL-21 ) (SoilGuard®) + TX, Trichoderma viride + TX, Trichoderma viride strain ICC 080 (Remedier®) + TX, Trichosporon pullulans + TX, Trichosporon spp. + TX, Trichothecium spp. + TX, Trichothecium roseum + TX, Typhula phacorrhiza strain 94670 + TX, Typhula phacorrhiza strain 94671 + TX, Ulocladium atrum + TX, Ulocladium oudemansii (Botry-Zen®) + TX, Ustilago maydis + TX, various bacteria and supplementary micronutrients (Natural II®) + TX, various fungi (Millennium Microbes®) + TX, Verticillium chlamydosporium + TX, Verticillium lecanii (Mycotal® + TX, Vertalec®) + TX, Vip3Aa20 (VIPtera®) + TX, Virgibaclillus marismortui + TX, Xanthomonas campestris pv. Poae (Camperico®) + TX, Xenorhabdus bovienii + TX, Xenorhabdus nematophilus; and

Plant extracts including: pine oil (Retenol®) + TX, azadirachtin (Plasma Neem Oil® + TX, AzaGuard® + TX, MeemAzal® + TX, Molt-X® + TX, Botanical IGR (Neemazad®, Neemix®) + TX, canola oil (Lilly Miller Vegol®) + TX, Chenopodium ambrosioides near ambrosioides (Requiem®) + TX, Chrysanthemum extract (Crisant®) + TX, extract of neem oil (Trilogy®) + TX, essentials oils of Labiatae (Botania®) + TX, extracts of clove rosemary peppermint and thyme oil (Garden insect killer®) + TX, Glycinebetaine (Greenstim®) + TX, garlic + TX, lemongrass oil (GreenMatch®) + TX, neem oil + TX, Nepeta cataria (Catnip oil) + TX, Nepeta catarina + TX, nicotine + TX, oregano oil (MossBuster®) + TX, Pedaliaceae oil (Nematon®) + TX, pyrethrum + TX, Quillaja saponaria (NemaQ®) + TX, Reynoutria sachalinensis

(Regalia® + TX, Sakalia®) + TX, rotenone (Eco Roten®) + TX, Rutaceae plant extract (Soleo®) + TX, soybean oil (Ortho ecosense®) + TX, tea tree oil (Timorex Gold®) + TX, thymus oil + TX, AGNIQUE® MMF + TX, BugOil® + TX, mixture of rosemary sesame pepermint thyme and cinnamon extracts (EF 300®) + TX, mixture of clove rosemary and peppermint extract (EF 400®) + TX, mixture of clove pepermint garlic oil and mint (Soil Shot®) + TX, kaolin (Screen®) + TX, storage glucam of brown algae (Laminarin®) + TX; and

pheromones including: blackheaded fireworm pheromone (3M Sprayable Blackheaded Fireworm

Pheromone®) + TX, Codling Moth Pheromone (Paramount dispenser-(CM)/ Isomate C-Plus®) + TX, Grape Berry Moth Pheromone (3M MEC-GBM Sprayable Pheromone®) + TX, Leafroller pheromone (3M MEC - LR Sprayable Pheromone®) + TX, Muscamone (Snip7 Fly Bait® + TX, Starbar Premium Fly Bait®) + TX, Oriental Fruit Moth Pheromone (3M oriental fruit moth sprayable pheromone®) + TX, Peachtree Borer Pheromone (Isomate-P®) + TX, Tomato Pinworm Pheromone (3M Sprayable pheromone®) + TX, Entostat powder (extract from palm tree) (Exosex CM®) + TX, Tetradecatrienyl acetate + TX, 13-Hexadecatrienal + TX, (E + TX,Z)-7 + TX,9-Dodecadien-1 -yl acetate + TX, 2-Methyl-1 -butanol + TX, Calcium acetate + TX, Scenturion® + TX, Biolure® + TX, Check-Mate® + TX, Lavandulyl senecioate; and

Macrobials including: Aphelinus abdominalis + TX, Aphidius e/v; (Aphelinus-System®) + TX,

Acerophagus papaya + TX, Adalia bipunctata (Adalia-System®) + TX, Adalia bipunctata (Adaline®) + TX, Adalia bipunctata (Aphidalia®) + TX, Ageniaspis citricola + TX, Ageniaspis fuscicollis + TX, Amblyseius andersoni (Anderline® + TX, Anderson i-System®) + TX, Amblyseius californicus (Amblyline® + TX, Spical®) + TX, Amblyseius cucumeris (Thripex® + TX, Bugline cucumeris®) + TX, Amblyseius fallacis (Fallacis®) + TX, Amblyseius swirskii (Bugline swirskii® + TX, Swirskii-Mite®) + TX, Amblyseius womersleyi (WomerMite®) + TX, Amitus hesperidum + TX, Anagrus atomus + TX, Anagyrus fusciventris + TX, Anagyrus kamali + TX, Anagyrus loecki + TX, Anagyrus pseudococci (Citripar®) + TX, Anicetus benefices + TX, Anisopteromalus calandrae + TX, Anthocoris nemoralis (Anthocoris-System®) + TX, Aphelinus abdominalis (Apheline® + TX, Aphiline®) + TX, Aphelinus asychis + TX, Aphidius colemani (Aphipar®) + TX, Aphidius ervi (Ervipar®) + TX, Aphidius gifuensis + TX, Aphidius matricariae (Aphipar-M®) + TX, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Aphidend®) + TX, Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Aphidoline®) + TX,

Aphytis lingnanensis + TX, Aphytis melinus + TX, Aprostocetus hagenowii + TX, Atheta coriaria

(Staphyline®) + TX, Bombus spp. + TX, Bombus terrestris (Natupol Beehive®) + TX, Bombus terrestris (Beeline® + TX, Tripol®) + TX, Cephalonomia stephanoderis + TX, Chilocorus nigritus + TX, Chrysoperla carnea (Chrysoline®) + TX, Chrysoperla carnea (Chrysopa®) + TX, Chrysoperla rufilabris + TX, Cirrospilus ingenuus + TX, Cirrospilus quadristriatus + TX, Citrostichus phyllocnistoides + TX,

Closterocerus chamaeleon + TX, Closterocerus spp. + TX, Coccidoxenoides perminutus (Planopar®) + TX, Coccophagus cowperi + TX, Coccophagus lycimnia + TX, Cotesia flavipes + TX, Cotesia plutellae + TX, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (Cryptobug® + TX, Cryptoline®) + TX, Cybocephalus nipponicus + TX, Dacnusa sibirica + TX, Dacnusa sibirica (Minusa®) + TX, Diglyphus isaea (Diminex®) + TX, Delphastus catalinae (Delphastus®) + TX, Delphastus pusillus + TX, Diachasmimorpha krausii + TX,

Diachasmimorpha longicaudata + TX, Diaparsis jucunda + TX, Diaphorencyrtus aligarhensis + TX, Diglyphus isaea + TX, Diglyphus isaea (Miglyphus® + TX, Digline®) + TX, Dacnusa sibirica (DacDigline® + TX, Minex®) + TX, Diversinervus spp. + TX, Encarsia citrina + TX, Encarsia formosa (Encarsia max® + TX, Encarline® + TX, En-Strip®) + TX, Eretmocerus eremicus (Enermix®) + TX, Encarsia guadeloupae + TX, Encarsia haitiensis + TX, Episyrphus balteatus (Syrphidend®) + TX, Eretmoceris siphonini + TX, Eretmocerus californicus + TX, Eretmocerus eremicus (Ercal® + TX, Eretline e®) + TX, Eretmocerus eremicus (Bemimix®) + TX, Eretmocerus hayati + TX, Eretmocerus mundus (Bemipar® + TX, Eretline m®) + TX, Eretmocerus siphonini + TX, Exochomus quadripustulatus + TX, Feltiella acarisuga

(Spidend®) + TX, Feltiella acarisuga (Feltiline®) + TX, Fopius arisanus + TX, Fopius ceratitivorus + TX, Formononetin (Wirless Beehome®) + TX, Franklinothrips vespiformis (Vespop®) + TX, Galendromus occidentalis + TX, Goniozus legneri + TX, Habrobracon hebetor + TX, Harmonia axyridis (HarmoBeetle®) + TX, Heterorhabditis spp. (Lawn Patrol®) + TX, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (NemaShield HB® + TX, Nemaseek® + TX, Terranem-Nam® + TX, Terranem® + TX, Larvanem® + TX, B-Green® + TX, NemAttack ® + TX, Nematop®) + TX, Heterorhabditis megidis (Nemasys H® + TX, BioNem H® + TX, Exhibitline hm® + TX, Larvanem-M®) + TX, Hippodamia convergens + TX, Hypoaspis aculeifer

(Aculeifer-System® + TX, Entomite-A®) + TX, Hypoaspis miles (Hypoline m® + TX, Entomite-M®) + TX, Lbalia leucospoides + TX, Lecanoideus floccissimus + TX, Lemophagus errabundus + TX, Leptomastidea abnormis + TX, Leptomastix dactylopii (Leptopar®) + TX, Leptomastix epona + TX, Lindorus lophanthae + TX, Lipolexis oregmae + TX, Lucilia caesar (Natufly®) + TX, Lysiphlebus testaceipes + TX,

Macrolophus caliginosus (Mirical-N® + TX, Macroline c® + TX, Mirical®) + TX, Mesoseiulus longipes + TX, Metaphycus flavus + TX, Metaphycus lounsburyi + TX, Micromus angulatus (Milacewing®) + TX, Microterys flavus + TX, Muscidifurax raptorellus and Spalangia cameroni (Biopar®) + TX, Neodryinus typhlocybae + TX, Neoseiulus californicus + TX, Neoseiulus cucumeris (THRYPEX®) + TX, Neoseiulus fallacis + TX, Nesideocoris tenuis (NesidioBug® + TX, Nesibug®) + TX, Ophyra aenescens (Biofly®) + TX, Orius insidiosus (Thripor-I® + TX, Oriline i®) + TX, Orius laevigatus (Thripor-L® + TX, Oriline I®) + TX, Orius majusculus (Oriline m®) + TX, Orius strigicollis (Thripor-S®) + TX, Pauesia juniperorum + TX, Pediobius foveolatus + TX, Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita (Nemaslug®) + TX, Phymastichus coffea + TX, Phytoseiulus macropilus + TX, Phytoseiulus persimilis (Spidex® + TX, Phytoline p®) + TX, Podisus maculiventris (Podisus®) + TX, Pseudacteon curvatus + TX, Pseudacteon obtusus + TX, Pseudacteon thcuspis + TX, Pseudaphycus maculipennis + TX, Pseudleptomastix mexicana + TX, Psyllaephagus pilosus + TX, Psyttalia concolor (complex) + TX, Quadrastichus spp. + TX, Rhyzobius lophanthae + TX, Rodolia cardinalis + TX, Rumina decollate + TX, Semielacher petiolatus + TX, Sitobion avenae

(Ervibank®) + TX, Steinernema carpocapsae (Nematac C® + TX, Millenium® + TX, BioNem C® + TX, NemAttack® + TX, Nemastar® + TX, Capsanem®) + TX, Steinernema feltiae (NemaShield® + TX, Nemasys F® + TX, BioNem F® + TX, Steinernema-System® + TX, NemAttack® + TX, Nemaplus® + TX, Exhibitline sf® + TX, Scia-rid® + TX, Entonem®) + TX, Steinernema kraussei (Nemasys L® + TX, BioNem L® + TX, Exhibitline srb®) + TX, Steinernema riobrave (BioVector® + TX, BioVektor®) + TX, Steinernema scapterisci (Nematac S®) + TX, Steinernema spp. + TX, Steinernematid spp. (Guardian

Nematodes®) + TX, Stethorus punctillum (Stethorus®) + TX, Tamarixia radiate + TX, Tetrastichus setifer + TX, Thripobius semiluteus + TX, Torymus sinensis + TX, Trichogramma brassicae (Tricholine b®) + TX, Trichogramma brassicae (Tricho-Strip®) + TX, Trichogramma evanescens + TX, Trichogramma minutum + TX, Trichogramma ostriniae + TX, Trichogramma platneri + TX, Trichogramma pretiosum + TX, Xanthopimpla stemmator; and

other biologicals including: abscisic acid + TX, bioSea® + TX, Chondrostereum purpureum (Chontrol Paste®) + TX, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Collego®) + TX, Copper Octanoate (Cueva®) + TX, Delta traps (Trapline d®) + TX, Erwinia amylovora (Harpin) (ProAct® + TX, Ni-HIBIT Gold CST®) + TX, Ferri-phosphate (Ferramol®) + TX, Funnel traps (Trapline y®) + TX, Gallex® + TX, Grower's Secret® + TX, Homo-brassonolide + TX, Iron Phosphate (Lilly Miller Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait®) + TX, MCP hail trap (Trapline f®) + TX, Microctonus hyperodae + TX, Mycoleptodiscus terrestris (Des-X®) + TX, BioGain® + TX, Aminomite® + TX, Zenox® + TX, Pheromone trap (Thripline aims®) + TX, potassium bicarbonate (MilStop®) + TX, potassium salts of fatty acids (Sanova®) + TX, potassium silicate solution (Sil-Matrix®) + TX, potassium iodide + potassiumthiocyanate (Enzicur®) + TX, SuffOil-X® + TX, Spider venom + TX, Nosema locustae (Semaspore Organic Grasshopper Control®) + TX, Sticky traps (Trapline YF® + TX, Rebell Amarillo®) + TX and Traps (Takitrapline y + b®) + TX.

The references in brackets behind the active ingredients, e.g. [3878-19-1 ] refer to the Chemical Abstracts Registry number. The above described mixing partners are known. Where the active ingredients are included in "The Pesticide Manual" [The Pesticide Manual - A World Compendium; Thirteenth Edition; Editor: C. D. S. TomLin; The British Crop Protection Council], they are described therein under the entry number given in round brackets hereinabove for the particular compound; for example, the compound "abamectin" is described under entry number (1 ). Where "[CCN]" is added hereinabove to the particular compound, the compound in question is included in the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names", which is accessible on the internet [A. Wood; Compendium of Pesticide Common Names, Copyright © 1995-2004]; for example, the compound "acetoprole" is described under the internet address

http://www.alanwood.net/pesticides/acetoprole.html.

Most of the active ingredients described above are referred to hereinabove by a so-called "common name", the relevant "ISO common name" or another "common name" being used in individual cases. If the designation is not a "common name", the nature of the designation used instead is given in round brackets for the particular compound; in that case, the lUPAC name, the lUPAC/Chembal Abstracts name, a "chemical name", a "traditional name", a "compound name" or a "develoment code" is used or, if neither one of those designations nor a "common name" is used, an "alternative name" is employed. "CAS Reg. No" means the Chemical Abstracts Registry Number.

The active ingredient mixture of the compounds of formula I selected from Tables 1 to 8 and P1 and P2 with active ingredients described above comprises a compound selected from Tables 1 to 8 and P1 and P2 and an active ingredient as described above preferably in a mixing ratio of from 100:1 to 1 :6000, especially from 50:1 to 1 :50, more especially in a ratio of from 20:1 to 1 :20, even more especially from 10:1 to 1 :10, very especially from 5:1 and 1 :5, special preference being given to a ratio of from 2:1 to 1 :2, and a ratio of from 4:1 to 2:1 being likewise preferred, above all in a ratio of 1 :1 , or 5:1 , or 5:2, or 5:3, or 5:4, or 4:1 , or 4:2, or 4:3, or 3:1 , or 3:2, or 2:1 , or 1 :5, or 2:5, or 3:5, or 4:5, or 1 :4, or 2:4, or 3:4, or 1 :3, or 2:3, or 1 :2, or 1 :600, or 1 :300, or 1 :150, or 1 :35, or 2:35, or 4:35, or 1 :75, or 2:75, or 4:75, or 1 :6000, or 1 :3000, or 1 :1500, or 1 :350, or 2:350, or 4:350, or 1 :750, or 2:750, or 4:750. Those mixing ratios are by weight.

The mixtures as described above can be used in a method for controlling pests, which comprises applying a composition comprising a mixture as described above to the pests or their environment, with the exception of a method for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and diagnostic methods practised on the human or animal body.

The mixtures comprising a compound of formula I selected from Tables 1 to 8 a and P1 and P2 nd one or more active ingredients as described above can be applied, for example, in a single "ready-mix" form, in a combined spray mixture composed from separate formulations of the single active ingredient components, such as a "tank-mix", and in a combined use of the single active ingredients when applied in a sequential manner, i.e. one after the other with a reasonably short period, such as a few hours or days. The order of applying the compounds of formula I selected from Tables 1 to 8 and P1 and P2 and the active ingredients as described above is not essential for working the present invention.

The compositions according to the invention can also comprise further solid or liquid auxiliaries, such as stabilizers, for example unepoxidized or epoxidized vegetable oils (for example epoxidized coconut oil, rapeseed oil or soya oil), antifoams, for example silicone oil, preservatives, viscosity regulators, binders and/or tackifiers, fertilizers or other active ingredients for achieving specific effects, for example bactericides, fungicides, nematocides, plant activators, molluscicides or herbicides.

The compositions according to the invention are prepared in a manner known per se, in the absence of auxiliaries for example by grinding, screening and/or compressing a solid active ingredient and in the presence of at least one auxiliary for example by intimately mixing and/or grinding the active ingredient with the auxiliary (auxiliaries). These processes for the preparation of the compositions and the use of the compounds I for the preparation of these compositions are also a subject of the invention.

The application methods for the compositions, that is the methods of controlling pests of the

abovementioned type, such as spraying, atomizing, dusting, brushing on, dressing, scattering or pouring -which are to be selected to suit the intended aims of the prevailing circumstances - and the use of the compositions for controlling pests of the abovementioned type are other subjects of the invention. Typical rates of concentration are between 0.1 and 1000 ppm, preferably between 0.1 and 500 ppm, of active ingredient. The rate of application per hectare is generally 1 to 2000 g of active ingredient per hectare, in particular 10 to 1000 g/ha, preferably 10 to 600 g/ha.

A preferred method of application in the field of crop protection is application to the foliage of the plants (foliar application), it being possible to select frequency and rate of application to match the danger of infestation with the pest in question. Alternatively, the active ingredient can reach the plants via the root system (systemic action), by drenching the locus of the plants with a liquid composition or by

incorporating the active ingredient in solid form into the locus of the plants, for example into the soil, for example in the form of granules (soil application). In the case of paddy rice crops, such granules can be metered into the flooded paddy-field.

The compounds of the invention and compositions thereof are also be suitable for the protection of plant propagation material, for example seeds, such as fruit, tubers or kernels, or nursery plants, against pests of the abovementioned type. The propagation material can be treated with the compound prior to planting, for example seed can be treated prior to sowing. Alternatively, the compound can be applied to seed kernels (coating), either by soaking the kernels in a liquid composition or by applying a layer of a solid composition. It is also possible to apply the compositions when the propagation material is planted to the site of application, for example into the seed furrow during drilling. These treatment methods for plant propagation material and the plant propagation material thus treated are further subjects of the invention. Typical treatment rates would depend on the plant and pest/fungi to be controlled and are generally between 1 to 200 grams per 100 kg of seeds, preferably between 5 to 150 grams per 100 kg of seeds, such as between 10 to 100 grams per 100 kg of seeds.

The term seed embraces seeds and plant propagules of all kinds including but not limited to true seeds, seed pieces, suckers, corns, bulbs, fruit, tubers, grains, rhizomes, cuttings, cut shoots and the like and means in a preferred embodiment true seeds.

The present invention also comprises seeds coated or treated with or containing a compound of formula I. The term "coated or treated with and/or containing" generally signifies that the active ingredient is for the most part on the surface of the seed at the time of application, although a greater or lesser part of the ingredient may penetrate into the seed material, depending on the method of application. When the said seed product is (re)planted, it may absorb the active ingredient. In an embodiment, the present invention makes available a plant propagation material adhered thereto with a compound of formula (I). Further, it is hereby made available, a composition comprising a plant propagation material treated with a compound of formula (I).

Seed treatment comprises all suitable seed treatment techniques known in the art, such as seed dressing, seed coating, seed dusting, seed soaking and seed pelleting. The seed treatment application of the compound formula (I) can be carried out by any known methods, such as spraying or by dusting the seeds before sowing or during the sowing/planting of the seeds.

Biological Examples:

Example B1 : Activity against Spodoptera littoralis (Egyptian cotton leaf worm)

(larvicide, feeding/residual contact activity, preventive)

Cotton leaf discs were placed on agar in 24-well microtiter plates and sprayed with agueous test solutions prepared from 10'OOO ppm DMSO stock solutions. After drying, the leaf discs were infested with five L1 larvae. The samples were assessed for mortality, anti-feedant effect, and growth inhibition in comparison to untreated samples 3 days after infestation. Control of Spodoptera littoralis by a test sample is when at least one of mortality, anti-feedant effect, and growth inhibition is higher than the untreated sample.

In this test, compounds P1 .2, P1.3, P1.5, P2.1 , P2.2, P2.4, P1.8, P1.10, P2.9, P2.10, P2.1 1 , P2.12, P1 .14, P2.13, P2.14, P2.15, P2.16, P2.17, P2.18, P2.19, P2.20, P2.21 . P2.22, P2.23, P2.26, P2.28,

P2.29, P2.30 and P2.31 gave an effect of at least 80% control in at least one of the three categories

(mortality, anti-feedancy or growth inhibition) at a concentration of 400ppm.

Example B2: Activity against Plutella xylostella (Diamond back moth)

(larvicide, feeding/residual contact activity, preventive)

24-well microtiter plate (MTP) with artificial diet were treated with agueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions by pipetting. After drying, the MTPs were infested with L2 larvae (10-15 per well). The samples were assessed for mortality and growth inhibition in comparison to untreated samples 5 days after infestation.

In this test, compounds P1 .3, P2.1 , P2.2, P2.4, P1.10, P2.8, P1.12, P2.1 1 , P2.12, P1 .14, P2.13, P2.14, P2.15, P2.16, P2.17, P2.18, P2.19, P2.21 . P2.23, P2.28 and P2.30 gave an effect of at least 80% in at least one of the two categories (mortality or growth inhibition) at a concentration of 400ppm.

Example B3: Activity against Diabrotica balteata (Corn root worm)

(larvae L2 on maize sprouts, feeding/contact, preventative)

Maize sprouts, placed on an agar layer in 24-well micro titer plates were treated with aqueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions by spraying. After drying, the MTPs were infested with L2 larvae (6-10 per well). The samples were assessed for mortality and growth inhibition in comparison to untreated samples 4 days after infestation.

In this test, compounds P1 .2, P1 .3, P1.4, P2.1 , P2.2, P2.3, P2.4, P1.8, P1 .10, P2.8, P2.9, P2.10, P2.11 , P2.12, P1.13, P1 .14, P2.13, P2.14, P2.15, P2.16, P2.19, P2.21 , P2.22, P2.23, P2.25, P2.26, P2.28, P2.29, P2.30 and P2.31 gave an effect of at least 80% in at least one of the two categories (mortality or growth inhibition) at a concentration of 400ppm .

Example B4: Activity against Spodoptera littoralis (Egyptian cotton leaf worm)

Test compounds were applied by pipette from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions into 24-well plates and mixed with agar. Lettuce seeds were placed on the agar and the multi well plate was closed by another plate which contains also agar. After 7 days the roots have absorbed the compound and the lettuce has grown into the lid plate. The lettuce leafs were now cut off into the lid plate. Spodoptera eggs were pipetted through a plastic stencil on a humid gel blotting paper and the plate closed with it. The samples were assessed for mortality, anti-feedant effect and growth inhibition in comparison to untreated samples 6 days after infestation.

The following compound gave an effect of at least 80% control in at least one of the three categories

(mortality, anti-feedancy or growth inhibition) at an application rate of 12.5 ppm: P2.11 , P2.14 and P2.30.

Example B5: Activity against Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)

Sunflower leaf discs were placed on agar in a 24-well mbrotiter plate and sprayed with agueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions. After drying, the leaf discs were infested with an aphid population of mixed ages. The samples were assessed for mortality 6 days after infestation. The following compound resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 200 ppm: P1.10, P1 .11 , P2.1 1 , P2.13 and P2.30.

Example B6: Activity against Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)

Roots of pea seedlings infested with an aphid population of mixed ages were placed directly in the agueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 DMSO stock solutions. The samples were assessed for mortality 6 days after placing seedlings in test solutions.

The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at a test rate of 24 ppm: P1.12.

Example B7: Activity against Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)

Test compounds from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions were applied by pipette into 24-well microtiter plates and mixed with sucrose solution. The plates were closed with a stretched Parafilm. A plastic stencil with 24 holes was placed onto the plate and infested pea seedlings were placed directly on the Parafilm.

The infested plate was closed with a gel blotting paper and another plastic stencil and then turned upside down. The samples were assessed for mortality 5 days after infestation.

The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at a test rate of 12 ppm: P1 .11 and P2.9.

Example B8: Activity against Thrips tabaci (Onion thrips)

Sunflower leaf discs were placed on agar in 24-well microtiter plates and sprayed with aqueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions. After drying the leaf discs were infested with a thrips population of mixed ages. The samples were assessed for mortality 6 days after infestation. The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 200 ppm: P2.19.

Example B9: Activity against Bemisia tabaci (Cotton white fly)

Cotton leaf discs were placed on agar in 24-well microtiter plates and sprayed with agueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions. After drying the leaf discs were infested with adult white flies. The samples were checked for mortality 6 days after incubation.

The following compound resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 200 ppm: P2.11 .

Example B10: Activity against Euschistus heros (Neotropical Brown Stink Bug)

Soybean leaf on agar in 24-well microtiter plates were sprayed with agueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions. After drying the leaf were infested with N-2 nymphs. The samples were assessed for mortality and growth inhibition in comparison to untreated samples 5 days after infestation.

The following compounds gave an effect of at least 80% in at least one of the two categories (mortality or growth inhibition) at an application rate of 200 ppm: P1 .10, P2.1 1 and P2.30.

Example B11 : Activity against Tetranychus urticae (Two-spotted spider mite)

Bean leaf discs on agar in 24-well microtiter plates were sprayed with agueous test solutions prepared from 10Ό00 ppm DMSO stock solutions. After drying the leaf discs were infested with a mite population of mixed ages. The samples were assessed for mortality on mixed population (mobile stages) 8 days after infestation.

The following compounds resulted in at least 80% mortality at an application rate of 200 ppm: P1 .13.

Example B12: Activity against Aedes aegypti (Yellow fever mosguito)

Test solutions, at an application rate of 200ppm in ethanol, were applied to 12-well tissue culture plates. Once the deposits were dry, five, two to five days old adult female Aedes aegypti were added to each well, and sustained with a 10% sucrose solution in a cotton wool plug. Assessment of knockdown was made one hour after introduction, and mortality was assessed at 24 and 48 hours after introduction. The following compounds gave at least 80% control of Aedes aegypti after 48h: P2.1 1 and P2.30.