PATENTSCOPE sera indisponible durant quelques heures pour des raisons de maintenance le lundi 03.02.2020 à 10:00 AM CET
Recherche dans les collections de brevets nationales et internationales
Une partie du contenu de cette demande n'est pas disponible pour le moment.
Si cette situation persiste, contactez-nous auObservations et contact
1. (WO2015174549) MÉCANISME D'INCLINAISON ET DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE ÉQUIPÉ DE CELUI-CI
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

DESCRIPTION

Title of Invention

TILTING MECHANISM AND DISPLAY DEVICE PROVIDED WITH THE SAME

Technical Field

[0001] The present application claims priority from

Japanese Patent Application No.2014-102412, filed on May 16, 2014, and titled " TILTING MECHANISM AND DISPLAY DEVICE PROVIDED WITH THE SAME", the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

[0002] The present teaching relates to a tilting mechanism used for a display device such as a head-up display, a pop-up display, and the like and a display device provided with the same.

Background Art

[0003] There are conventionally used head-up displays, pop-up displays, and the like as displays which are equipped in vehicles and on which information is displayed for drivers.

[0004] The head-up displays are further well known than the pop-up displays. In the head-up display, a picture or image is projected on a windshield or windscreen via a combiner and/or a mirror. In the pop-up display, a picture or image is displayed on a combiner without being projected on the windshield or windscreen.

Citation List

[ 0005] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Patent Application

Laid-open No. 2012-150420 (Figs. 1, 3, and 4)

Summary

Technical Problem

[0006] Patent Literature 1 takes device size reduction and providing the required degree of design freedom as problems to be solved, and in order to solve these problems, Patent Literature 1 discloses a head-up display system which is capable of performing the movement and the angle adjustment of a spectrometer (corresponding to a combiner of the present teaching) independently from each other.

[0007 ] According to Patent Literature 1, as depicted in Figs.

1,3 and 4 of Patent Literature 1, when a guiding pin 1612 of a guiding plate 1611 which guides a cam 141 is in a curve slot 1632 having an arc shape, the constraint between the guiding plate 1611 and a straight slot 1631 is released to rotate the cam 141. In this situation, when an endless gear belt 17 is driven by a motor 18, a drive gear 162 drives (rotates) the cam 141 to adjust the tilt angle of the spectrometer 11.

[ 0008] However, since a spindle 133 and the guiding pin 1612 are not constrained in the head-up display system of Patent Literature 1, they are liable to vibrate. Thus, when vibration is transmitted to the device (head-up display system) , the cam 141 supported by the spindle 133 vibrates. This vibration is transmitted to the spectrometer 11 guided by the cam 141, which would cause a user to have difficulty in seeing the picture or image displayed on the spectrometer 11.

[0009] The vibration isolation (vibration control, vibration reduction) is important especially for the display device used in the vehicle. When the guiding pin 1612 is in the curve slot 1632, the spectrometer 11 and a combiner carrier 15 are supported only by the endless gear belt 17, and thus the force for keeping the spectrometer 11 and the combiner carrier 15 at predetermined positions is not sufficient. As a result, the operation of the display device may be unstable due to, for example, downward shifts of the spectrometer 11 and the combiner carrier 15 caused by their own weights.

[0010] The present teaching has been made to solve the foregoing problems, an object of the present teaching is to provide a tilting mechanism, which positions a display unit stably to provide a picture or image on the display unit satisfactorily, and a display device provided with the same.

Another object of the present teaching is to provide a tilting mechanism which performs tilting operation of a display unit stably and which can position the display unit at a desired position reliably, and a display device provided with the same. Solution to the Problem

[0011] In order to achieve the above object, a tilting mechanism according to a first aspect of the present teaching includes a drive source configured to drive a plate; a movement unit connected to the drive source; a conveyance unit configured to be moved linearly by the movement unit; and a plate support member to which the plate is fixed and which is partially engaged with the conveyance unit so that the plate support member is moved by the conveyance unit, wherein the plate is moved linearly by linearly moving the conveyance unit together with the plate support member; and tilting operation of the plate is performed by tilting the plate support member, the tilting of the plate support member being caused by pushing the plate support member by the conveyance unit which moves linearly in a state that the linear movement of the plate support member is stopped.

[0012] A tilting mechanism according to a second aspect of the present teaching is configured so that the tilting mechanism related to the first aspect of the present teaching further includes a side rail member configured to support a shaft for tilting to guide the shaft for tilting in a movement direction thereof, and configured to support a shaft for conveyance to guide the shaft for conveyance in a movement direction thereof, the shaft for conveyance being inserted into the conveyance unit, the shaft for tilting being inserted into the plate support member; and a guide member being supported at the shaft for conveyance and configured to contact the shaft for tilting under a condition that the guide member is subjected to force which makes the guide member approaches the shaft for tilting.

[0013] A tilting mechanism according to a third aspect of the present teaching is configured so that the side rail member of the tilting mechanism related to the second aspect of the present teaching includes first side rail member and second side rail member, first side rail member being arranged at one side of the conveyance unit along the shaft for conveyance, second rail member being arranged at the other side of the conveyance unit along the shaft for conveyance; first pinion gears are attached to the shaft for tiling of the tilting mechanism related to the second aspect of the present teaching; second pinion gears are attached to the shaft for conveyance of the tilting mechanism related to the second aspect of the present teaching; and each of first and second side rail members includes rack to be engaged with the first and second pinion gears.

[0014] A tilting mechanism according to a fourth aspect of the present teaching is configured as follows. That is, the tilting mechanism related to the second or third aspect of the present teaching further includes an elastic body configured to bias or urge the guide member against the shaft for tilting so that the guide member contacts the shaft for tilting.

[0015] A tilting mechanism according to a fifth aspect of the present teaching is configured as follows. That is, in the tilting mechanism related to fourth aspect, the guide member includes first guide member which is supported by the shaft for conveyance at one side of the conveyance unit and second guide member which is supported by the shaft for conveyance at the other side of the conveyance unit; and the elastic body includes first elastic body configured to bias or urge the first guide member and second elastic body configured to bias or urge the second guide member .

[0016] A tilting mechanism according to a sixth aspect of the present teaching is configured so that the movement unit of the tilting mechanism related to any one of first to fifth aspects of the present teaching includes: a screw shaft formed with a male screw; and a nut formed with a female screw which is fixed to the conveyance unit and which is engaged with the screw shaft.

[0017] A tilting mechanism according to a seventh aspect of the present teaching is configured so that a movable area of the conveyance unit of the tilting mechanism related to any one of first to sixth aspects of the present teaching includes a first area where the conveyance unit and the plate support member are moved linearly and integrally and a second area where the tilting operation of the plate is performed.

[0018] A tilting mechanism according to a eighth aspect of the present teaching is configured as follows. That is, a movable area of the conveyance unit of the tilting mechanism related to any one of second to sixth aspects of the present teaching includes a first area where the conveyance unit and the plate support member are moved linearly and integrally and a second area where the tilting operation of the plate is performed; the shaft for tilting and the shaft for conveyance are moved in the first area; the shaft for tilting is stopped and the shaft for conveyance is moved in the second area; and the tilting operation of the plate is performed by using the shaft for tilting stopped as a rotational center.

[0019] A titling mechanism according to an ninth aspect of the present teaching is configured so that the plate of the tilting mechanism related to any one of first to eighth aspects of the present teaching is a display plate on which information is displayed.

[0020] A display device of the present teaching includes the tilting mechanism as defined in any one of first to ninth aspects of the present teaching.

[0021] According to another aspect of the present teaching, there is provided, a tilting mechanism configured to move a display plate in an up-down direction and to tilt the display plate under a condition that upward movement of the display plate is completed, the tilting mechanism including: a plate support member configured to support the display plate; a first shaft extending in a horizontal direction while being rotatably supported by the plate support member; a conveyance unit which is engaged with the plate support member in a state that the plate support member is rotatable relative to the conveyance unit; and stopper configured to constrain upward movement of the first shaft, wherein the display plate is tilted with the first shaft as a pivot by moving the conveyance unit upwardly in a state that the first shaft is brought into contact with the stopper.

Brief Description of Drawings

[0022]

Fig. 1A is a perspective view depicting a state that a display unit (combiner) is stored in a display device related to an embodiment of the present teaching; Fig. IB is a perspective view depicting a state immediately before the display unit of the display device starts tilting; and Fig. 1C is a perspective view depicting a state that the display unit of the display device is tilted at a predetermined angle so that a picture or image is displayed thereon.

Fig. 2 is a view being taken in the direction of the arrow A in Fig. 1C and depicting a main body of the display device.

Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of main parts of the display device.

Fig. 4A is a view being taken in the direction of the arrow B in Fig. 3 and depicting a combiner support; and Fig. 4B is a view taken in the direction of the arrow D in Fig. 4A.

Fig. 5A is a perspective view of a carriage as viewed from obliquely above, and Fig. 5B is a perspective view of the carriage as viewed from obliquely below.

Fig. 6A is a perspective view of a cam depicted in Fig. 2; and Fig. 6B is a view taken in the direction of the arrow E in Fig. 6A.

Fig. 7 is a view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting an internal structure of the display device in a state that the combiner is stored in the main body, the internal structure including the carriage, the combiner support, and the cams.

Fig. 8A is a perspective view of an internal structure of the display device in a state that the combiner is moving upward; and Fig. 8B is an enlarged view taken in the direction of the arrow G in Fig. 8A.

Figs. 9A to 9C are views being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and each depicting an internal structure of the display device, wherein Fig. 9A depicts a state that, the combiner is moving upward; Fig. 9B depicts a state that the upward movement of the combiner is completed and the tilting of the combiner is about to be started; and Fig. 9C depicts a state that the tilting of the combiner is completed.

Fig. 10 is an enlarged view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting a structure, including the combiner support, the carriage, the cams, and the like, in a state that the upward movement of the combiner is completed.

Fig. 11 is an enlarged view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting a structure, including the combiner support, the carriage, the cams, and the like, in a state that the combiner is being tilted.

Fig. 12 is an enlarged view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting a structure, including the combiner support, the carriage, the cams, and the like, in a state that the tilting operation of the combiner is completed.

Fig. 13 is a schematic diagram corresponding to Fig. 12 and depicting an arrangement of a pair of slots of a combiner support according to a modified example of the embodiment of the present teaching, wherein a pair of guide bosses of the carriage is fitted into the pair of slots of the combiner support.

Description of Embodiments

[0023] In the following, an explanation will be given about an embodiment of the present teaching with reference to the accompanying drawings. Fig. 1A is a perspective view depicting a state that a display unit (combiner 2) is stored in a display device 1 related to the embodiment of the present teaching; Fig. IB is a perspective view depicting a state immediately before the display unit of the display device 1 starts tilting; and Fig. 1C is a perspective view depicting a state that the display unit of the display device 1 is tilted at a predetermined angle so that a picture or image is displayed thereon.

[0024] As depicted in Fig. 1C, the display device 1 related to the embodiment of the present teaching is used, for example, by a driver on a vehicle in the following manner. That is, the drive may adjust the combiner 2 to his/her preferred angle so that he/she can visually observe a picture or image projected on the combiner 2.

The display device 1 is applied to the head-up display in which a picture or image is projected on the windshield or windscreen via the combiner and/or the mirror, the pop-up display in which a picture or image is displayed on the combiner without being projected on the windshield or windscreen, and the like.

[0025] The display device 1 related to this embodiment will be explained by taking the pop-up display as an example. The pop-up display using the display device 1 is mounted upright in a dashboard or the like of the vehicle. The combiner 2 of the display device 1 slides upward from a storage space (see Fig. 1A) to reach a display position (see Fig. IB) . Then, the combiner 2 performs tilting operation with a first pinion shaft si (see Fig. 2) as the center to have an angle which allows the driver to see the combiner 2 easily (see Fig. 1C) .

[0026] The combiner 2 is stored in a main body 1H when not used, as depicted in Fig. 1A.

When the driver turns on the display device 1 (the power switch is not depicted) , the combiner 2 stored in the main body 1H (see Fig. 1A) moves upward in a direction indicated by the arrow l in Fig. 1A to arrive at an upward movement stop position (tilt start position) in which the combiner 2 protrudes above as depicted in Fig. IB.

[0027] Then, the driver adjusts a tilt angle of the combiner

2 (see the arrow a2 in Fig. 1C) by use of a tilt adjustment switch

(not depicted) to position the combiner 2 at an easily seen place for the driver.

That is, the display device 1 is characterized by the mechanism for moving the combiner 2, on which a picture or image is projected, from the stored position to the display position

(see Fig. IB) and then tilting the combiner 2 at an angle at which the driver can see the picture easily.

[0028] Fig. 2 is a view being taken in the direction of the arrow A in Fig. 1C and depicting the inside of the main body 1H of the display device 1. Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of main parts of the display device 1. Fig. 4A is a view being taken in the direction of the arrow B in Fig. 3 and depicting a combiner support 3. Fig. 4B is a view taken in the direction of the arrow D in Fig. 4A.

[0029]

[Combiner 2 and Combiner support 3]

As depicted in Fig.2, the combiner 2 is fixed to the combiner support 3 (see Fig. 4) by male screws nl via a combiner plate 2p. The combiner 2 is moved upward and then tilted as the combiner support 3 is pushed by the carriage 4 and moved upward. The combiner support 3 is biased or urged by a left torsion spring 5a (a torsion spring disposed on the left side of the carriage 4) and a right torsion spring 5b (a torsion spring disposed on the right side of the carriage 4) to approach a left cam 9a (a cam disposed on the left side of the carriage 4) and a right cam 9b (a cam disposed on the right side of the carriage 4) . The cams 9a, 9b on left and right sides of the carriage 4 are subjected to elastic force via the torsion springs 5a, 5b on left and right sides of the carriage 4 so as to contact the first pinion shaft si which will be described later (see Fig. 7).

[0030] As depicted in Fig. 4A, the combiner support 3 includes a pair of cylindrical guide bosses 3b at both side ends of the combiner support 3. The pair of cylindrical guide bosses 3b protrudes outward to guide the movement of the combiner support 3 along a movement path at both sides of the combiner support 3.

The first pinion shaft si is rotatably inserted into a circular through hole 3 of the combiner support 3.

[0031] The combiner support 3 includes a pair of slots 3k on left and right sides thereof. A pair of guide bosses 4b (see Fig. 3) of the carriage 4 is fitted into the pair of slots 3k. When the carriage 4 moves, the drive force of the carriage 4 is transmitted from the guide bosses 4b to the combiner support 3 via the slots 3k, which results in the up-down movement and the tilting operation of the combiner support 3.

[0032] As depicted in Fig. 4B, the combiner support 3 includes spring engagement target portions 3sl, 3s2 at a lower part thereof. The spring engagement target portions 3sl, 3s2 are respectively engaged with engagement portions 5al, 5bl of the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b (see .Fig- 8B) .

As depicted in Fig. 3, the first pinion shaft si' has D cuts (not depicted) formed at both ends thereof. The D cut is formed by cutting the first pinion shaft si along a plane parallel to the shaft si and a plane perpendicular to the shaft si and by removing the portion of the first pinion shaft si while leaving a portion corresponding to more than half of the entire thickness of the first pinion shaft si in the direction perpendicular to the shaft si.

[0033] Small diameter portions sla, of which diameters are smaller than the diameter of a center part of the first pinion shaft si , are respectively formed on the outside of the D-cut parts .

The small diameter portions sla provided at both ends of the first pinion shaft si are inserted into pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b of first and second guide rails 6, 7 which will be described later. The first pinion shaft si and the combiner support 3 are guided by the small diameter portions sla so as not to deviate (shift) in a front-rear direction (to a driver side or to a windshield side) during the up-down movement of the first pinion shaft si together with the combiner support 3.

[0034] First pinions pi are respectively fixed to the D-cut parts at both ends of the first pinion shaft si. When the first pinion shaft si moves in the up-down direction, the first pinions pi at both ends of the first pinion shaft si rotate in a state that the first pinions pi are engaged with racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7. With this, the movements of the left and right ends of the first pinion shaft si are synchronized.

[0035] Each of the first pinions pi includes an attachment hole pla at the center part thereof. The attachment hole pla is formed in a D-shape, the size of which is slightly larger than that of the D-cut part of the first pinion shaft si. The D-cut parts of the first pinion shaft si are fitted into the attachment holes pla.

The position where the first pinion pi on the left side is synchronized with the first pinion pi on the right side is determined by fixing the first pinions pi on left and right sides to the D-cut parts at both ends of the first pinion shaft si respectively.

[0036]

[Motor 5, Lead screw 5n, and Carriage 4]

As depicted in Fig. 3, a motor 5 as a drive source of the carriage 4 is mounted in the main body 1H of the display device 1. A lead screw (screw shaft) 5n having an outer periphery formed with a male screw is fixed to a shaft 5j of the motor 5.

[0037 ] One end of the lead screw 5n is fixed to the shaft

5j of the motor 5 via a first fixation member 5nl . The other end of the lead screw 5n penetrates a support hole lH-1 and rotatably supported by a second fixation member 5n2.

[0038]

[Carriage 4]

Fig. 5A is a perspective view of the carriage 4 depicted in Fig. 3 as viewed from obliquely above. Fig. 5B is a perspective view of the carriage 4 depicted in Fig. 3 as viewed from obliquely below.

[ 0039] As depicted in Fig. 3, a nut 4n disposed in the carriage 4 is screwed with the lead screw 5n having the outer periphery formed with the male screw. Thus, when the motor 5 is driven, the lead screw 5n is rotated to move the carriage 4 upward (in the direction of the arrow al of Fig. 2) and downward (in the direction of the arrow 3 of Fig. 2) .

[0040 ] The carriage 4 is moved by the rotation of the lead screw 5n to apply force to the combiner support 3. That is, the carriage 4 makes the combiner 2 perform the movement in the up-down direction (see the arrow al of Fig. 1A and the arrow 3 of Fig. IB) and the tilting operation (see the arrow ά2 of Fig. 1C) by applying the force to the combiner support 3.

[0041] As depicted in Figs. 2 and 3, a guide shaft 4j is provided at the central part of the main body 1H. The guide shaft 4j guides the carriage 4 in . the up-down direction during the movement of the carriage 4 in the up-down direction. The carriage 4 includes a guide hole 4a (see Figs. 5A and 5B) penetrating therethrough. The carriage 4 is slidably guided by the guide shaft 4j via the guide hole 4a.

[0042] The carriage 4 includes, at both sides thereof, the pair of guide bosses 4b protruding outward. The pair of guide bosses 4b is fitted into the pair of slots 3k of the combiner support 3 to make the combiner support 3 perform the up-down movement and the tilting operation . As described above, the drive force of the carriage 4 is transmitted to the combiner support 3 via the guides bosses 4b fitted into the slots 3k of the combiner support 3.

[0043] A second pinion shaft s2 penetrates through guide holes 4c on left and right sides of the carriage 4 in a left-right direction. The second pinion shaft s2 is rotatably or slidably inserted into the carriage .

[0044]

[Second pinion shaft s2]

As depicted in Fig. 3, the second- pinion shaft s2 has D cuts s2a formed at both ends thereof. The D cut s2a is formed by cutting the second pinion shaft s2 along a plane parallel to the shaft s2 and a plane perpendicular to the shaft s2 and by removing the portion of the second pinion shaft s2 while leaving a portion corresponding to more than half of the entire thickness of the second pinion shaft s2 in the direction perpendicular to the shaft s2.

[0045] Small diameter portions s2b, of which diameters are smaller than the diameter of a center part of the second pinion shaft s2, are respectively formed on the outside of the D-cuts s2a. The small diameter portions s2b provided at both ends of the second pinion shaft s2 are inserted into the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b of the first and second guide rails 6, 7 which will be described later. The second pinion shaft s2 and the carriage 4 are guided by the small diameter portions s2b so as not to deviate (shift) in the front-rear direction (to the driver side or to the windshield side) during the up-down movement of the second pinion shaft s2 together with the carriage 4.

[0046] As depicted in Fig. 3, at first, the second pinion shaft s2 is penetrated through the left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b. Next, the second pinion shaft s2 is penetrated through shaft attachment holes 9al, 9bl (which will be described later) of the left and right cams 9a, 9b, so that the cams 9a, 9b are attached to the second pinion shaft s2.

[0047]

[Left cam 9a and Right cam 9b]

The left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b into which the second pinion shaft s2 is inserted are engaged with the combiner support 3 and the left and right cams 9a, 9b (see Fig. 8B) . Thus, as depicted in Fig. 2, the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b urge or bias the combiner support 3 and the left and right cams 9a, 9b, so that the first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3 is brought in contact under pressure with shaft guide surfaces 9a3 and 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b.

[0048] In this structure, the first pinion shaft si supporting the combiner 2 is supported in a state of being brought in contact under pressure with the left and right cams 9a, 9b all the time. This stabilizes the first pinion shaft si and prevent the deviation of the combiner 2. Thus, the combiner 2 can move smoothly and stably with the deviation thereof being prevented.

[0049] The left cam 9a and the right cam 9b have

configurations which are mirror symmetric with respect to a plane orthogonal to the left-right direction. Therefore, only the right cam 9b will be explained, and any explanation of the left cam 9a will be omitted. Fig. 6A is a perspective view of the right cam 9b depicted in Fig.2. Fig. 6B is a view taken in the direction of the arrow E in Fig. 6A.

[0050] The right cam 9b includes the shaft attachment hole

9bl penetrating therethrough. The second pinion shaft s2 rotatably penetrates the shaft attachment hole 9bl. The right cam 9b further includes a cam guide boss 9b2 to be fitted into a cam guide groove 7a of the second guide rail 7. The cam guide boss 9b2 is cylindrical and protrudes outward. The cam guide boss 9b2 is fitted into the cam guide groove 7a so as to guide the movement (path) of the right cam 9b during the up-down movement of the right cam 9b together with the second pinion shaft s2.

[0051] The right cam 9b has a concave-shaped spring engagement portion 9b4, which is to be engaged with an engagement portion 5b2 of the right torsion spring 5b. Further, the cam 9b includes the shaft guide surface 9b3 formed in a shape having a curvature (curved surface shape). The shaft guide surface 9b3 contacts the first pinion shaft si by the elastic force of the right torsion spring 5b to prevent the deviation of the first pinion shaft si.

As described above, the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b are brought in contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si. Thus, the first pinion shaft si is supported by the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b, which prevents the deviation and/or vibration of the combiner 2 supported by the first pinion shaft si and stabilizes the combiner 2.

The first pinion shaft si slides on the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b during the up-down movement and the tilting operation of the combiner 2.

The curvature of the shaft guide surface 9b3 may be a circle curvature or any other curvature than the circle. That is, the cross section of the shaft guide surface 9b3 by a plane orthogonal to the left-right direction may be an arc of a circle or any other curve .

[0052]

[Second pinion p2]

Second pinions p2 are fixed to respective D-cuts s2a at both ends of the second pinion shaft s2. When the second pinion shaft s2 moves in the up-down direction, the second pinions p2 at both ends of the second pinion shaft s2 rotate in a state that the second pinions p2 are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7.. With this, the movements of the left and right ends of the second pinion shaft s2 are synchronized.

[0053] As depicted in Fig. 3, each of the second pinions p2 includes an attachment hole p2a at the center part thereof. The attachment hole p2a is formed in a D-shape, the size of which is slightly larger than that of the D-cut s2a of' the second pinion shaft s2. The D-cuts s2a of the second pinion shaft s2 are fitted into the attachment holes p2a.

The position where the second pinion p2 on the left side is synchronized with the second pinion p2 on the right side is determined by fixing the second pinions p2 on left and right sides to the D-cuts s2a at both ends of the second pinion shaft s2.

[0054]

[First and second guide rails 6, 7]

As depicted in Figs. 2 and 3, the first and second guide rails 6, 7 are provided on left and right sides of the carriage 4 at both sides of the main body 1H. The first and second guide rails 6, 7 guide the combiner support 3, the first and second pinion shafts si, s2, and the left and right cams 9a, 9b in the up-down direction in a state that their deviation in the front-rear direction (the direction extending between the back side of the page of Fig. 2 and the front side of the page of Fig. 2) are prevented.

[0055] The first guide rail 6 disposed on the left side and the second guide rail 7 disposed on the right side have configurations which are mirror symmetric with respect to the plane orthogonal to the left-right direction. Thus, only the second guide rail 7 will be explained, and any explanation of the first guide rail 6 will be omitted.

The second guide rail 7 has the cam guide groove 7a which is formed as a concave groove for the cam and which guides the movement of the right cam 9b along a movement path.

[0056] The cam guide groove 7a includes a first cam guide groove 7al and a second cam guide groove 7a2. The first cam guide groove 7al is formed to extend linearly in the up-down direction. The second cam guide groove 7a2 is formed to be continued from the upper end of the first cam guide groove 7al and to extend linearly while being inclined toward the windshield or windscreen .

[0057 ] The pinion shaft guide groove 7b is formed adjacent to the first and second cam guide grooves 7al, 7a2 to extend linearly in the up-down direction. The pinion shaft guide groove 7b is a concave groove for guiding the first and second pinion shafts si, s2 linearly in the up-down direction.

[0058 ] The rack 7c is formed adjacent to or along the pinion shaft guide groove 7b to extend linearly in the up-down direction.

A concave-shaped support guide groove 7d is formed adjacent to or along the rack 7c. The guide boss 3b of the combiner support 3 fits into the support guide groove 7d. The support guide groove 7d has an up-down movement guide groove 7dl and a tilt guide groove 7d2. The up-down movement guide groove 7dl extends linearly in the up-down direction to guide the guide boss 3b during the movement of the combiner 2 in the up-down direction. The tilt guide groove 7d2 guides the guide boss 3b during the tilting operation of the combiner 2.

[0059] The first guide rail 6 and the second guide rail 7 have configurations which are mirror symmetric with respect to the plane orthogonal to the left-right direction. Thus, the first guide rail 6 includes a cam guide groove 6a, a pinion shaft guide groove 6b, the rack 6c, and a support guide groove 6d those of which are formed similarly to the cam guide groove 7a, the pinion shaft guide groove 7b, the rack 7c, and the support guide groove 7d of the second guide rail 7, respectively.

[0060]

<0utline of structure for driving combiner 2>

The structure for driving the combiner 2 is summarized as follows. That is, in the display device 1 of the embodiment, main members for moving the combiner 2 include the combiner support 3, the carriage 4, the left cam 9a, and the right cam 9b. The combiner 2 is fixed directly to the combiner support 3.

[0061] The carriage 4 is a conveyance member which pushes and pulls the combiner support 3 so as to allow the combiner 2 to perform the up-down movement and the tilting operation.

The left cam 9a and the right cam 9b are brought in contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3, thereby supporting the first pinion shaft si (and therefore combiner 2) stably.

[0062] As depicted in Fig. 2, when the motor 5 is driven to rotate the lead screw 5n, the carriage 4 moves in the up-down direction (directions indicated by the arrows ocl, «3 of Fig. 2) . Only the carriage 4 is directly driven by the lead screw 5n.

The guide shaft 4j penetrates through the guide hole 4a of the carriage 4 to guide the carriage 4 in the up-down direction without tilting.

[0063] Further, the second pinion shaft s2, to which the second pinions p2 are to be fixed at both ends thereof respectively, is inserted into the carriage 4. The second pinions p2 rotate in a state that the second pinions p2 are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7. The

synchronization between the movement of the left end of the second pinion shaft s2 and the movement of the right end of the second pinion shaft s2 is made by making the second pinions p2 at both ends of the second pinion shaft s2 rotate in a state that the second pinions p2 are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7. The small diameter portions s2b at both ends of the second pinion shaft s2 are respectively fitted into the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b of the first and second guide rails 6, 7 to be guided in the up-down direction.

[0064] The second pinion shaft s2 penetrates through the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b. The left and right cams 9a, 9b are driven by the movement of the second pinion shaft s2. The movement of the left and right cams 9a, 9b are guided by the cam guide bosses 9a2, 9b2, which are respectively fitted into the cam guide grooves 6a, 7a of the first and second guide rails 6, 7.

[0065] The left cam 9a and the right cam 9b are biased and pressed against the first pinion shaft si by the left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b. Thus, the first pinion shaft si moves while being supported by the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b.

[0066] The first pinions pi on left and right sides are fixed to both ends of the first pinion shaft si. The synchronization between the movement of the left end of the first pinion shaft si and the movement of the right end of the first pinion shaft si is made by making the first pinions pi rotate in a state that the first pinions pi are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7.

[0067] The first pinion shaft si is inserted into the combiner support 3. The pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 is fitted into the pair of slots 3k (see Fig. 4A) of the combiner support 3 so that the pair of slots 3k is pushed by the movement of the pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4. Accordingly, the up-down movement and the tilting operation of the combiner support 3 is caused by the drive force of the carriage 4.

[0068] Here,- the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b are urged or biased against the combiner support 3 by the left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b so as to approach the combiner support 3. This brings the left and right cams 9a, 9b into contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3.

[0069] Accordingly, the first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3 is constrained by the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b so as not to suffer from deviation and/or vibration. This allows the combiner 2, which is integrally fixed to the combiner support 3, to stably move in the up-down direction (see Figs. 1A and IB) and to stably perform the tilting operation (see Fig. 1C) with the first pinion shaft si as the center.

[0070]

[Process from unused state of the combiner 2 to used state]

Subsequently, an explanation will be made about the process from an unused state of the combiner 2 to a used state of the combiner 2, in other words, the process including the upward . movement and the tilting operation of the combiner 2.

Fig. 7 is a view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting an internal structure of the display device 1 in a state that the combiner 2 is stored in the main body, the internal structure including the carriage 4, the combiner support 3, the left cam 9a, and the right cam 9b. In Fig. 7, the combiner 2, the carriage 4, the combiner support 3, the left cam 9a, the right cam 9b, and the like are depicted simply or

schematically. Further, in Fig. 7, the first and second guide rails 6, 7 positioned on the nearest and farthest sides■ respectively; the grooves provided for the first and second guide rails 6, 7 such as the cam guide grooves 6a, 7a; and the cam guide bosses 9a2, 9b2 etc. to be fitted into the cam guide grooves 6a, 7a, etc. are depicted by solid lines . The combiner 2 , the combiner support 3, the carriage 4, the left cam 9a, and the right cam 9b those of which are positioned between the first and the second, guides rails 6, 7 are depicted by dashed lines. The solid lines and dashed lines are used in a similar manner to the above in Fig. 9A, Fig. 9B, Fig. 9C, Fig. 10, Fig. 11, and Fig. 12.

[0071] The combiner 2 is in the main body 1H when the combiner

2 is in the unused state. The pair of guide bosses 4b (see Fig. 3) of the carriage 4 is fitted into the pair of slots 3k (see Fig. 4A) of the combiner support 3 supporting the combiner 2.

Meanwhile, the guide bosses 3b (see Fig. 4B) of the combiner support 3 are fitted into the cam guide grooves 6d, 7d of the first and second guide rails 6, 7.

[0072] The first and second pinion shafts si, s2 are fitted into the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b.

The shaft guide surface 9a3 of the left cam 9a and the shaft guide surface 9b3 of the right cam 9b are brought in contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si by the left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b, respectively (see the arrow γΐ of Fig. 7) . The cam guide boss 9a2 of the. left cam 9a and the cam guide boss 9b2 of the right cam 9b are fitted into the cam guide grooves 6a, 7a, respectively.

[0073] At the start of using the combiner 2, the motor 5 is driven first . This rotates the lead screw 5n to move the carriage 4, which has the nut 4n engaged with the lead screw 5n, upward. Since the pair of guide bosses 4b (see Fig. 5A) of' the carriage 4 is fitted into the pair of slots 3k (see Fig. 4A) of the combiner support 3, the upward movement of the carriage 4 (see the arrow oil of Fig. 7) causes the pair of guide bosses 4b to push the pair of slots 3k upward, thereby moving the combiner support 3 upward.

[0074] Fig. 8A is a perspective view of an internal structure of the display device 1 in a state that the combiner 2 is moving upward. Fig. 8B is an enlarged view taken in the direction of the arrow G in Fig. 8A. Figs. 9A to 9C are views being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and each depicting an internal structure of the display device 1, wherein Fig. 9A depicts a state that the combiner 2 is moving upward; Fig. 9B depicts a state that the upward movement of the combiner 2 is completed and the tilting of the combiner 2 is started; and Fig. 9C depicts a state that the tilting of the combiner 2 is completed.

[0075] The second pinion shaft s2 to be inserted into the carriage 4 penetrates through the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b. Thus, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b move upward together with the carriage 4. In this situation, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b through which the second pinion shaft s2 penetrates are brought in contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si by the left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b.

Thus, the first pinion shaft si is supported by the shaft guide surface 9a3 of the left cam 9a and the shaft guide surface 9b3 of the right cam 9b, which allows the first pinion shaft si to stably move upward without suffering from deviation or vibration. Accordingly, the combiner 2 fixed to the combiner support 3 can stably move upward as depicted in Fig. 9A and as indicated by the arrow al of Fig. 8A.

[0076] During the movement of the first pinion shaft si in the up-down direction, the synchronization between the movement of the left end of the first pinion shaft si and the movement of the right end of the first pinion shaft si is made by making the first pinions pi attached to both ends of the first pinion shaft si rotate in a state that the first pinions pi are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c (see Figs. 8A and 8B) of the first and second guide rails 6, 1.

[0077] Similarly, during the movement of the second pinion shaft s2 in the up-down direction, the synchronization between the movement of the left end of the second pinion shaft s2 and the movement of the right end of the second pinion shaft s2 is made by making the second pinions p2 attached to both ends of the second pinion shaft s2 rotate in a state that the second pinions p2 are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7.

[0078] As depicted in Fig. 9A, the guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 are fitted into the slots 3k of the combiner support 3. Thus, the slots 3k are pushed to move upward by the upward movement of the guide bosses 4b, which causes the upward movement of the combiner support 3 together with the combiner 2.

[0079] The second pinion shaft s2 inserted into the carriage

4 penetrates through the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b. Thus, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b move upward together with the carriage 4. The shaft guide surface 9a3 of the left cam 9a and the shaft guide surface 9b3 of the right cam 9b are brought in contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si by the left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b, and thus the first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3 moves upward while being constrained (supported) by the shaft guide surface 9a3 of the left cam 9a and the shaft guide surface 9b3 of the right cam 9b. That is, the first pinion shaft si slides on the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b during the upward movement of the first pinion shaft si.

[0080] During the movement of the first pinion shaft si in the up-down direction, the synchronization between the movement of the left end of the first pinion shaft si and the movement of the right end of the first pinion shaft si is made by making the first pinions pi attached to both ends of the first pinion shaft si move in a state that the first pinions pi are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7, respectively.

Similarly, during the movement of the second pinion shaft s2 in the up-down direction, the synchronization between the movement of the left end of the second pinion shaft s2 and the movement of the right end of the second pinion shaft s2 is made by making the second pinions p2 attached to both ends of the second pinion shaft s2 move in a state that the second pinions p2 are engaged with the racks 6c, 7c of the first and second guide rails 6, 7, respectively.

[0081] Fig. 10 is an enlarged view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting a structure, including the combiner support 3, the carriage 4, the left cam 9a, the right cam 9b, and the like, in a state that the upward movement of the combiner 2 is completed (i.e. in a state that the tilting operation is about to be started) .

As depicted in Fig. 9B and Fig. 10, when the first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3 reaches the upper end edges (upper ends) 6bl, 7bl of the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b, the upward movement of the first pinion shaft si stops and at the same time the straight upward movement of the combiner support 3 through which the first pinion shaft si penetrates stops as well.

[0082] Further, when the first pinion shaft si reaches the upper end edges 6bl, 7bl of the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b, the guide bosses 3b of the combiner support 3 respectively reach the bent parts 6d3, 7d3 of the support guide grooves 6d, 7d of the first and second guide rails 6, 7 and at the same time the cam guide bosses 9a2, 9b2 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b respectively reach the bent parts 6a3, 7a3 of the cam guide grooves 6a, 7a.

[0083] Fig. 11 is an enlarged view being taken in the

direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting a structure, including the combiner support 3, the carriage 4, the left cam 9a, the right cam 9b, and the like, during the tilt operation of the combiner 2. When the lead screw 5n in a state depicted in Fig. 10 further rotates, the first pinion shaft si keeps a stop state in which the first pinion shaft si is brought into contact with the upper end edges 6bl, 7bl of the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b, as depicted in Fig. 11. In this situation, the first pinion shaft si is subjected to upward force at both ends in the left-right direction by the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b. Thus, the first pinion shaft si is stably supported by the left and right cams 9a, 9b at the stop position .

[0084] On the other hand, the carriage 4 continues to move further upward, so that the pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 pushes the pair of the slots 3k of the combiner support 3 upward. Thus, the pair of guide bosses 3b of the combiner support 3 moves obliquely upward in the tilt guide grooves 6d2, 7d2 of the first and second guide rails 6, 7.

[0085] Accordingly, the combiner support 3 through which the first pinion shaft si penetrates tilts in the direction indicated by the arrow 2 in Fig. 9C and Fig. 11 with the first pinion shaft si as the center, and the combiner 2 fixed to the combiner support 3 tilts, integrally with the combiner support 3, in the direction indicated by the arrow a2 in Fig . 9C and Fig. 11. In this situation, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b are subjected to upward force by the second pinion shaft s2, which moves the cam guide bosses 9a2, 9b2 in the second cam guide grooves 6a2, 7a2 linearly formed in the first and second guide rails 6, 7. Accordingly, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b rotate in the direction indicated by the arrow βΐ in Fig. 11. During this rotational movement, the first pinion shaft si slides on the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b so that the first pinion shaft si remain supported by the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b.

[0086] As described above, the first pinon shaft si, which functions as the rotation center of the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3, is supported by the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 of the left and right cams 9a, 9b in a state of being brought into contact with the upper end edges 6bl, 7bl of the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b during the tilting operation of the combiner 2. Thus, the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3 can perform stable tilting operation with the first pinion shaft si as the rotation center.

[0087] Fig. 12 is an enlarged view being taken in the direction of the arrow F in Fig. 1A and depicting a structure, including the combiner support 3, the carriage 4, the left cam 9a, the right cam 9b, and the like, in a state that the tilting operation of the combiner 2 is completed. When the carriage 4 in a state depicted in Fig. 11 moves further upward, the guide bosses 3b of the combiner support 3 are brought into contact with the tilting-guide stop grooves 6d4, 7d4 of. the first and second guide rails 6, 7 as depicted in Fig. 12 to stop the tilting operation of the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3.

Accordingly, the combiner 2 is tilted as depicted in Fig. 2.

[0088] . In the above explanation, the case, in which the combiner 2 is tilted to finally reach the tilt end position depicted in Fig. 12, is exemplified. The tilt angle of the combiner 2, however, may be any angle desired by a user provided that the angle corresponds to a movable range of the combiner 2 as depicted in Figs. 10 to 12.

[0089]

[Process from used state of combiner 2 to unused state]

When the user pushes a switch (not depicted) to move the combiner 2 from the used state as depicted in Fig. 12 to the unused state, the combiner 2 moves, in a reverse order (i.e. in order of Fig. 12, Fig. 11, Fig. 10, Fig. 9C, Fig. 9B, and Fig. 9A) of the operation for making the combiner 2 the used state, to return to the stored state depicted in Fig. 1A.

[0090] Specifically, when the user pushes the switch (not depicted) to move the combiner 2 in a state of Fig. 12 or Fig. 9C to the unused state, the lead screw 5n is reversely rotated.

[0091] Then, the carriage 4 is moved in the direction indicated by the arrow 3 of Fig. 12 since the lead screw 5n is screwed into the nut 4n. When the carriage 4 moves in the direction indicated by the arrow a3, the pair of the guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 pushes the pair of slots 3k of the combiner support 3 downward to move the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3 in the direction indicated by the arrow a . Accordingly, the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3 return to the state before tilting .

[0092] Further, when the carriage 4 moves in the direction indicated by the arrow a3, the second pinion shaft s2 inserted into the carriage 4 moves downward (the direction indicated by the arrow c¾3 ) .

Since the second pinion shaft s2 penetrates through the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b, the left and right cams 9a, 9b also move downward (the direction indicated by the arrow a3) together with the second pinion shaft s2. In this situation, the first pinion shaft si is biased or urged by the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b to be brought into contact with the left and right cams 9a, 9b so that the first pinion shaft si is constrained by the upper end edges 6bl, 7bl of the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b and the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3.

[0093] By continuing the reverse rotation of the lead screw

5n in the above state, the combiner 2 in the state of being tilted moves in the direction indicated by the arrow a4 of Fig. 11 to return to the state before the tilting operation is started as depicted in Fig. 10 and Fig. 9B.

[0094] By further continuing the reverse rotation of the lead screw 5n, the carriage 4 is moved in the direction indicated by the arrow a3 in Fig. 10 and Fig. 9B (downward direction) since the lead screw 5n is screwed into the nut 4n of the carriage 4. In this situation, the pair of the guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 pushes the pair of slots 3k of the combiner support 3 downward to move the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3 in the direction indicated by the arrow a3 in Fig. 10 and Fig. 9B (downward direction) .

[0095] At the same time, the second pinion shaft s2 inserted into the carriage 4 also moves downward (the direction indicated by the arrow a3 in Fig. 10 and Fig. 9B) . Then, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b through which the second pinion shaft s2 penetrates also move in the direction indicated by the arrow 3 in Fig. 10 and Fig. 9B (downward) , so that the first pinion shaft si urged or biased to be brought into contact with the left and right cams 9a, 9b moves downward (the direction indicated by the arrow a3 in Fig. 10 and Fig. 9B) while being brought in contact under pressure with the left and right cams 9a, 9b.

[0096] By continuing the reverse rotation of the lead screw

5n much further, the combiner 2 returns to the initial position where the combiner 2 is stored in the display device 1 as depicted in Fig. 9A.

[0097] The characteristics of this embodiment are summarized in the following paragraphs (1) to (6) .

(1) During the vertical movement of the combiner 2 (see Figs. 9A and 9B) , the combiner support 3 through which the first pinion shaft si penetrates moves integrally with the carriage 4 by engaging the pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 with the pair of slots 3k of the carriage 3 and bringing the first pinion shaft si into contact under pressure with the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b moving integrally with the carriage 4. After the completion of the vertical movement of the combiner 2, the upward movement of the combiner support 3 stops, but the upward movement of the carriage 4 is continued.

[0098]

(2) During the tilting operation of the combiner 2, the pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 of which upward movement is continued pushes one end (the pair of slots 3k) of the combiner support 3. This results in the tilting of the combiner 2 with the first pinion shaft si as the center.

Therefore, according to the display device 1 related to this embodiment, the vertical movement and the tilting operation of the combiner 2 can be performed by using the same drive source, and the vertical movement and the tilting operation can be performed independently from each other.

[0099]

(3) The tilt angle of the combiner 2 can be defined depending on the movement amount of the carriage 4.

[0100]

(4) During the tilting operation of the combiner 2, the first pinion shaft si functioning as the rotation center (fulcrum) of tilting operation of the combiner 2 is stably held in place by being supported by the left and right cams 9a, 9b from below. This allows the combiner 2 to perform the tilting operation stably, thereby making it possible to prevent the vibration of the combiner 2 which would be otherwise caused by the vibration of parts or units in which the display device 1 is provided.

[0101]

(5) The first pinion shaft si inserted into the combiner support 3 to which the combiner 2 is fixed is supported by the left and right cams 9a, 9b from below all the time. Thus, the combiner

2 can move in a state that the vibration of the combiner 2 caused by the vibration of parts or units in which the display device 1 is provided is prevented.

[0102]

(6) The lead screw 5n and the nut 4n are used as a movement means or mechanism for moving the carriage 4 which is a movement target. Thus, the carriage 4 can be reliably kept at a predetermined position in the up-down direction.

Therefore, according to this embodiment, the position of the combiner 2, which is the display unit of the display device 1, is stabilized, and the tilting mechanism which can provide a picture or image on the combiner 2 satisfactorily and the display device 1 provided with the same are obtained.

[0103]

<Modified example>

Fig. 13 is a schematic diagram corresponding to Fig. 12 and depicting an arrangement of a pair of slots 3k of a combiner support

3 according to a modified example of the embodiment of the present teaching, wherein the pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 is fitted into the pair of slots 3k of the carriage 3.

As depicted in Fig. 13, the combiner support 3 according to the modified example is formed such that the pair of slots 3k, to which the pair of guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 is engaged, is disposed along a neutral position (Θ/2) of the angle Θ which is a tilt angle of the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3.

[0104] With this, the force for tilting the combiner 2 and the combiner support 3 which is to be applied from the guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 to the combiner support 3 can be transmitted from the guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 to the combiner 2 and comber support 3. most effectively.

[0105]

<Other embodiments>

(1) The racks 6c, 7c and the pinions pi and p2 in the above embodiment are auxiliary members for keeping the combiner 2 horizontal during the movement of the combiner 2. Thus, any other means or members can be used provided that the combiner 2 can be kept horizontal during the movement of the combiner 2.

[0106]

(2) Similarly, the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b are provided in the second pinion shaft s2 to improve the vibration isolation (vibration control, vibration reduction) of the combiner 2. Specifically, the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b are brought into contact under pressure with the first pinion shaft si, which is inserted into the combiner support 3 fixed to the combiner 2, by the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b. Thus, the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b play a role in supporting the first pinion shaft si via the left and right cams 9a, 9b. [0107] Thus, any other elastic material such as tension springs may be used instead of the left and right torsion springs 5a, 5b, provided that the first pinion shaft si can be supported by being brought into contact under pressure with the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b. The tension springs can be easily provided in the second pinion shaft s2 without being forgotten.

[0108]

(3) It is not necessarily indispensable that the shaft guide surface 9a3 of the left cam 9a and the shaft guide surface 9b3 of the right cam 9b each have a shape having a curvature (curved surface shape) . For example, each of the shaft guide surfaces 9a3, 9b3 may be a flat surface.

[0109]

(4) In display device 1, it is allowable to omit one of the left cam 9a and right cam 9b so as to support the first pinion shaft si by single cam. In this case, it is preferable to dispose the single cam such that the single cam contacts the first pinion shaft si in the vicinity of the center position, in the left-right direction, of the first pinion shaft si. Further, it is allowable to omit both of the left cam 9a and right cam 9b. Note that, when the left cam 9a is omitted, the left torsion spring 5a is also omitted, and when the right cam 9b is omitted, the right torsion spring 5b is also omitted. In a case that both of the left cam 9a and right cam 9b are omitted, a drop or downward shift of the first pinion shaft si can be prevented, for example, by using the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b designed to restrict a downward movement of shafts.

[0110]

(5) In display device 1, the first guide rail 6 may not include one or more of the cam guide groove 6a, the pinion shaft guide groove 6b, the rack 6c and the support guide groove 6d, and may be a plate member including none of them. Similarly, the second guide rail 7 may not include one or more of the cam guide groove 7a, the pinion shaft guide groove 7b, the rack 7c and the support guide groove 7d, and may be a plate member including none of them. In a case that one or more of the above structure of the first and/or second guide rail(s) is/are omitted, other structure (s) may perform the function of the omitted structure (s) instead thereof. For example, the combiner support 3 and the carriage 4 can be guided satisfactorily in the up-down direction by providing two or more guide shafts 4j in the left-right direction and/or in the front rear direction. If a protrusion or a groove extending in the axial direction, which engages with the carriage 4, is provided on the guide shaft (s) 4j, the combiner support 3 and the carriage 4 can be guided more satisfactorily.

[0111]

(6) In the above embodiment, the upward straight movements of the first pinion shaft si and the combiner support 3 are stopped by bringing the upper end edges (upper ends) 6bl, 7bl into contact with the first pinion shaft si. However, there is no limitation to this. It is allowable to provide a narrow width portions (thin portions) in the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b, respectively, and restrict the upward straight movements of the first pinion shaft si and the combiner support 3 by the narrow width portions. When the guide rails 6, 7 not including the pinion shaft guide, grooves 6b, 7b are used, the upward movement of the first pinion shaft si may be stopped by stop members protruding inwardly from the guide rails 6, 7, respectively. Note that, the guide bosses 4b of the carriage 4 and the slot 3k of the combiner support 3 are engaged at a position different from a position where the upper end edges (upper ends) 6bl, 7bl, the narrow width portions, or the stop members are provided, in the horizontal direction perpendicular to the extending direction of the first pinion shaft si.

[0112]

(7) The first pinion shaft si may be guided by guide grooves different from those of the second pinion shaft s2. For example, the first pinion shaft si may be guided by the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b, and the second pinion shaft s2 may be guided by guide grooves which are formed between the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b and the racks 6c, 7c to be parallel to the pinion shaft guide grooves 6b, 7b.

[0113]

(8) The mechanism for moving the carriage 4 in the up-down direction is not limited to the motor 5, the lead screw 5n, and the nut 4n. For example, pantograph arm(s) may be used instead of the lead screw 5n and the nut 4n, and the arm(s) may be driven by a hydraulic drive source or a pneumatic drive source. As another example, a linear-motor actuator may be used.

Alternatively, the rotating shaft of the motor 5 and the upper surface of the carriage 4 may be connected by a wire via pulley, and the carriage 4 may be lifted by driving the motor 5.

[0114] The combiner 2 related to the above embodiment is an exemplary display plate of the present teaching, the combiner support 3 related to the above embodiment is an exemplary plate support member of the present teaching, the carriage 4 related to the above embodiment is an exemplary conveyance means

(conveyance unit) of the present teaching, the nut 4n and the lead screw 5n related to the above embodiment correspond to an exemplary movement means (movement unit ) of the present teaching, and the motor 5 related to the above embodiment is an exemplary drive source of the present teaching. The left torsion spring 5a and the right torsion spring 5b related to the above embodiment are exemplary elastic bodies of the present teaching, the first and second guide rails 6, 7 related to the above embodiment are exemplary side rail members (guide rails) of the present teaching, and the left cam 9a and the right cam 9b related to the above embodiment are exemplary guide members (pushing members) of the present teaching. The first pinion shaft si related to the above embodiment is an exemplary shaft for tilting (first shaft) of the present teaching, and the second pinion shaft s2 related to the above embodiment is an exemplary shaft for conveyance (second shaft) of the present teaching.

[0115] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the plate is moved linearly by linearly moving the conveyance unit together with the plate support member, and the tilting operation of the plate is performed by tilting the plate support member, the tilting of the plate support member being caused by pushing the plate support member by the conveyance unit which moves linearly in a state that the linear movement of the plate support member is stopped. Thus, the plate can be reliably positioned at a predetermined position during the tilting operation of the plate.

[0116] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the conveyance unit and the plate support member can be moved along a prescribed path by the side rail member . Further, the tilting mechanism includes the guide member being supported at the shaft for conveyance and configured to contact the shaft for tilting under the condition that the guide member is subjected to the force which makes the guide member approaches the shaft for tilting. Thus, the plate support member into which the shaft for tilting is inserted can be moved while being supported without vibration or with reduced vibration. This enables the stable movement of the plate.

[0117] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the shaft for tiling and the shaft for conveyance include the pinion gears and the side rail members include the racks to be engaged with the pinion gears. Thus, the shaft for tilting and the shaft for conveyance can be moved stably.

[0118] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the force can be applied to the guide member by the elastic body so that the guide member contacts the shaft for tilting .

[0119] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the movement unit includes the screw shaft formed with the male screw and the nut formed with the female screw which is fixed to the conveyance unit and which is engaged with the screw shaft. Thus, the conveyance unit can be moved reliably.

[0120] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the movable area of the conveyance unit includes the first area where the conveyance unit and the plate support member are moved linearly and integrally and the second area where the tilting operation of the plate is performed. Thus, the tilting operation can be performed in a state that the plate is positioned at a predetermined position reliably.

[0121] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the shaft for tilting and the shaft for conveyance are moved in the first area, the shaft for tilting is stopped and the shaft for conveyance is moved in the second area, and the tilting operation of the plate is performed by using the shaft for tilting stopped as the rotational center. Thus, the tilting operation of the plate can be performed stably, and the plate can be positioned at a predetermined position reliably.

[0122] According to the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications, the operation for moving the display plate linearly and the operation for tilting the display plate are performed independently from each other . Thus, the display plate can be positioned at a predetermined position reliably.

[0123] According to the display device of the embodiments and the modifications, the effect of the tilting mechanism of the embodiments and the modifications is obtained.

[0124] According to the embodiment and the modifications, it is possible to obtain a tilting mechanism, which positions a display unit stably to provide a picture or image on the display unit satisfactorily, and a display device provided with the same.

[0125] The present teaching is not limited to the above embodiment. It is possible to make design changes appropriately without departing from the gist and scope of the present teaching, and it is possible to make various modifications and changes within the scope of the present teaching.

That is, specific embodiments of the present teaching can be arbitrary and appropriately changed without departing from the gist and scope of the present teaching.

Reference Signs List:

[0126]

1 : display device, 2: combiner (display plate, tilting mechanism) , 3: combiner support (plate support member, tilting mechanism), 4: carriage (conveyance means (conveyance unit), tilting mechanism), 4n: nut (movement means (movement unit), tilting mechanism), 5: motor (drive source, tilting mechanism) , 5a, 5b: torsion springs (elastic bodies, tilting mechanisms), 5n: lead screw (screw shaft, movement means (movement unit) , tilting mechanism),. 6: first guide rail (side rail member, tilting mechanism), 7: second guide rail (side rail member, tilting mechanism), 9a, 9b: cams ( guide members , tilting mechanisms ) , si: first pinion shaft (shaft for tilting, tilting mechanism), s2 : second pinion shaft (shaft for conveyance, tilting mechanism)