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1. (WO2015173567) ESTIMATION DE FONCTION PAS À PAS
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

1 . A method for analysing an image composed of pixels by estimating a continuous function of a selected pixel attribute, the continuous function being centred on a selected pixel position, the method comprising:

determining a series of nested sets of pixels, each set being centred on a common pixel;

estimating a discrete weighting for each set of pixels in accordance with the continuous function;

mapping the sets of pixels onto pixels of the image with the common pixel mapped on to the selected pixel position;

for each set of pixels, forming a combined value in dependence on the values of the selected pixel attribute for the pixels of the set in the image; and

estimating the function as a sum of the combined values for each set weighted by the respective discrete weighting.

2. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein each nested set of pixels apart from the central one is substantially annular in shape.

3. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the method comprises the step of acquiring the image, the step of estimating a discrete weighting is performed prior to the step of acquiring the image, and the method comprises storing the discrete weightings in a non-transient form.

4. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the method comprises estimating multiple groups of discrete weightings, each group of discrete weightings representing a different relationship of weighting with distance from the common pixel, the method comprises selecting a group of the weightings and the step of estimating the function comprises estimating the function as a sum of the combined values for each set weighted by the respective discrete weighting from the selected group.

5. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the discrete weighting for each set of pixels is equal to the value of the continuous function at a mid-point of the respective set.

6. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the continuous function is an isotropic function about the common pixel.

7. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the step of forming a combined value for a given set comprises summing the values of the selected pixel attribute for the pixels of the set in the image.

8. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, further comprising estimating the continuous function of the selected pixel attribute centred on a second pixel position adjacent to the selected pixel position by the steps of:

mapping the sets of pixels onto pixels of the image with the common pixel mapped on to the second pixel position;

for each set of pixels, forming a new combined value in dependence on the values of the selected pixel attribute for the pixels of the set in the image by (i) deducting from the combined value for the corresponding set as centred on the selected pixel position the values of the selected pixel attribute for those pixels included in the corresponding set as centred on the selected pixel position but included not in the set as centred on the second pixel position and (ii) adding to the combined value for the corresponding set as centred on the selected pixel position the values of the selected pixel attribute for those pixels not included in the corresponding set as centred on the selected pixel position but included in the set as centred on the second pixel position; and

estimating the function as a sum of the new combined values for each set weighted by the respective discrete weighting.

9. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the continuous function is the Gaussian.

10. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the continuous function is the Laplacian of Gaussian.

1 1 . A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the attribute is luminance.

12. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein at least some of the sets include pixels at multiple distances from the common pixel.

13. A device for analysing an image composed of pixels by estimating a continuous function of a selected pixel attribute, the continuous function being centred on a selected pixel position, the device being configured to perform the steps of:

determining a series of nested sets of pixels, each set being centred on a common pixel;

estimating a discrete weighting for each set of pixels in accordance with the continuous function;

mapping the sets of pixels onto pixels of the image with the common pixel mapped on to the selected pixel position;

for each set of pixels, forming a combined value in dependence on the values of the selected pixel attribute for the pixels of the set in the image; and

estimating the function as a sum of the combined values for each set weighted by the respective discrete weighting.