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1. (WO2015172049) COMMUNICATION SANS FIL À COURTE DISTANCE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

What is Claimed is:

1 . An apparatus comprising:

a power supply circuit configured to receive, from an antenna, a first signal having a first frequency exceeding a GHz, and including a rectifier circuit that is impedance matched to the antenna at the first frequency and that is configured to generate a supply voltage by rectifying the first signal at the first frequency;

a signal generation circuit configured to use the supply voltage to generate a second signal having a second frequency that is higher than the first frequency and to operate in two different power modes in response to a data signal; and

a transmitter circuit that is configured to use the supply voltage to create pulses from the second signal and in response to the data signal, and that includes an amplifier circuit configured to receive the pulses and provide an amplification of the pulses to the antenna.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising the antenna and another antenna and wherein the transmitter circuit is configured to generate two versions of the pulses and to provide the two versions of the pulses to a respective and different one of the antennas.

3. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the antennas are each dipole antennas that are configured for transmission at 60 GHz.

4. The apparatus of claim 2, further comprising another signal generation circuit and wherein each of the signal generation circuits inc ludes a voltage controlled oscillator circuit with a tank, circuit and wherein each of the signal generation circuits is configured to phase align by applying a voltage initial condition that places at least one of the transistors of the tank circuit in a triode condition.

5. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a receiver circuit that is configured to process an RF signal received on the antenna.

6. The apparatus of claim 5, further comprising a transmit-receive switch that is configured to couple the receiver circuit to the antenna while isolating the transmitter circuit from the antenna and to couple the transmit circuit to the antenna while isolating the receiver circuit from the antenna.

7. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the antennas are separated by a distance that is less than 1 /2 a wavelength of the second frequency in air.

8. The apparatus of claim 1 , further comprising a pulse width control circuit configured to adjust a pulse width for the pulses as a function of a date rate of transmission for the system.

9. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the power supply circuit is configured to store energy for the supply voltage in a capacitor and to regulate the supply voltage using voltage thresholds that provide hysteresis for the supply voltage.

10. An apparatus comprising:

an encoding circuit configured to generate a data signal that has pulses occurring according to data and a first frequency;

an oscillator circuit configured to

enter, in response to the pulses, a first mode in which the oscillator circuit is configured to generate an output signal that oscillates at a second carrier frequency that is higher than the first frequency, and

enter, in response to the pulses, a second mode in which the oscillator circuit is configured to reduce power consumption by disabling the generation of the output signal; and

a power amplifier circuit configured to

enter, in response to the pulses, a third mode in which the amplifier circuit is configured to amplify the output signal and provide the output signal, as amplified, to an antenna, and

enter, in response to the pulses, a fourth mode in which the amplifier circuit is configured to reduce power consumption by disabling the amplification of the output signal.

1 1 . The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the encoding circuit is configured to generate the data signal and pulses according to a return-to-zero on-off keying modulation.

12. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the oscillator circuit is a voltage controlled oscillator.

13. The apparatus of claim 10, further comprising a pulse-width controller circuit that is configured to modify the width of the pulses of the data signal according to a power control signal, and wherein the oscillator circuit is configured to enter the first and second modes in response to the presence or absence of the pulses, and the power amplifier circuit is configured to enter the third and fourth modes in response to the presence or absence of the pulses.

14. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the first frequency is about 2.5GHz and the second frequency is about 60GHz.

15. A semiconductor chip comprising:

a semiconductor substrate;

a first antenna the on semiconductor substrate;

a second antenna on the semiconductor substrate and located at a distance from the first antenna;

a multiple-input multiple-output transceiver circuit configured to use the first and second antenna to transmit data using signals having a wavelength that is more than twice the distance; and

a conductive plate that is configured to improve gain of the first and second antennas for the signals having the wavelength.

16. The system of claim 15, wherein the distance is less than 1/10 of the wavelength.

17. The system of claim 15, wherein the distance is about 1/20 of the wavelength.

18. The system of claim 15, wherein the conductive plate is metal.

19. The system of claim 15, wherein the first and second antennas are dipole antennas.

20. The system of claim 15, wherein the wavelength is about 5mm.

21. The system of claim 15, further including the encoding, oscillator, and power amplifier circuits of claim 15.