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1. (WO2005066667) RETROREFLECTEUR A DISTORSION CHROMATIQUE ET SON PROCEDE DE FABRICATION
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

We claim:

1. A color shifting retroreflective article, comprising:
a layer of microspheres; and
a reflective coating disposed in optical association with the layer of microspheres, wherein the reflective coating comprises an at least partially transparent spacer layer disposed between a semitransparent first reflective layer and a second reflective layer, and at least one layer of the reflective coating comprises a non-uniform thickness associated with each of a plurality of microspheres such that light incident on the article from a first direction is retroreflected at a first color and light incident on the article from a second direction is retroreflected at a second color visibly different from the first color.

2. The article of claim 1, wherein the reflective coating consists essentially of the first reflective layer, the spacer layer, and the second reflective layer.

3. The article of claim 1, wherein the non-uniform thickness associated with each of the plurality of microspheres exhibits a thickness gradient.

4. The article of claim 1, wherein the spacer layer comprises the non-uniform thickness.

5. The article of claim 1, wherein the first color and second color are characterized by CIE chromaticity coordinates (xι,yι), (x2,y2), respectively, wherein the first direction and the second direction differ by 30°, and further wherein the greater of |x - xι| and |y2 - yι| is at least 0.05.

6. The article of claim 5, wherein the greater of |x2 - x1| and |y - yι| is at least 0.1.

7. The article of claim 5, wherein the first direction is substantially normal to the layer of microspheres.

8. The article of claim 1, wherein the article exhibits an angular-dependent shift in both the color and intensity of retroreflected light.

9. A color shifting retroreflective article, comprising: a layer of microspheres; and
a reflective coating disposed in optical association with the layer of microspheres, wherein the reflective coating comprises:
a semitransparent first reflective layer adjacent the layer of microspheres;
an at least partially transparent spacer layer adjacent the first reflective
layer; and
a second reflective layer adjacent the spacer layer such that the spacer layer is between the first and second reflective layers;
wherein the reflective coating reflects visible light non-uniformly, and a predetermined first area of the reflective coating associated with each microsphere of at least a plurality of microspheres comprises a first thickness and a predetermined second area of the reflective coating associated with each microsphere of at least a plurality of microspheres comprises a second thickness different from the first thickness.

10. The article of claim 9, wherein the article retroreflects colored light when illuminated at normal incidence with white light.

11. The article of claim 9, wherein the article exhibits an angular-dependent shift in both the color and intensity of retroreflected light.

12. A method for making a color shifting retroreflective article, comprising:
providing a layer of microspheres; and
forming a reflective coating in optical association with the layer of microspheres, wherein forming the reflective coating comprises:
depositing a semitransparent first reflective layer adjacent the layer of
microspheres;
depositing an at least partly transparent spacer layer on the first reflective layer; and
depositing a second reflective layer on the spacer layer;
wherein the reflective coating is formed to provide for each of a plurality of microspheres a non-uniform thiclαiess in at least one of the respective layers of the reflective coating such that light incident on the article from a first direction is retroreflected at a first color and light incident on the article from a second direction is retroreflected at a second color visibly different from the first color.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein depositing the spacer layer comprises:
condensing a pre-polymer vapor on the first reflective layer; and
curing the condensed pre-polymer vapor.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein depositing the spacer layer further comprises vaporizing a liquid composition containing a monomer or an oligomer to form the pre-polymer vapor.

15. The method of claim 14, wherein vaporizing the liquid composition comprises flash evaporating the liquid composition to form the pre-polymer vapor.

16. The method of claim 14, wherein vaporizing the liquid composition comprises atomizing the liquid composition into droplets and vaporizing the droplets.

17. The method of claim 13 , wherein curing the condensed pre-polymer vapor comprises exposing the condensed pre-polymer vapor to radiation.

18. The method of claim 13 , wherein curing the pre-polymer vapor occurs simultaneously with condensing the pre-polymer vapor.

19. The method of claim 13, wherein the pre-polymer vapor includes one or more of acrylates, methacrylates, acrylamides, methacrylamides, vinyl ethers, maleates, cinnamates, styrenes, olefins, vinyls, epoxides, silanes, melamines, hydroxyl functional monomers or amino functional monomers.

20. The method of claim 12, wherein the method further comprises forming a binder layer on the reflective coating opposite the layer of microspheres.