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1. (WO2005065837) APPAREIL ET METHODE POUR TRAITER DES MATIERES PARTICULAIRES ET GAZEUSES, ET LEURS UTILISATIONS
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

P A T E N T C L A I M S

1. Apparatus for rapid reduction of liquids to tiny fog droplets or solids to fine dust particles, characterised by a compact housing with an axle assembly inside, bearings on the side walls and motor on the outside; said axle has two or more paddle blades and the fast rotating tips smash a tiny amounts of feed entering every tiny fraction of a second, for instant reduction of liquid feed to tiny fog droplets, or solids feed to tiny dust particles, with low energy consumption and little pollution.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 , wherein said feed enters at top of a tall, steep adjustable shoot with its inlet protruding into said housing, where small amount of feed enters every tiny fraction of a second and is smashed to fog or dust by said tips rotating at very high speed.

3. Apparatus according to any of claims 1-2, wherein two or more shorter paddle blades are welded to said axle and each having an adjustable outer blade attached; when said rotating tip diameter is increased or reduced, an adjustment is required of said shoot protrusion so said rotating tips are very close but not touch .

4. Apparatus according to any of claims 1-3, wherein any remaining larger droplets or particles will bounce back and fort rapidly between walls, guide plates and tips, until they all are reduced to said fog or dust.

5. Apparatus according to any of claims 1-4, wherein said process are reducing very large amount of feed continuously during months and years, with few required adjustments, and little repair and maintenance.

6. Apparatus according to any the preceding claims, wherein said motor may be an AC or DC motor to suite operating conditions and is coupled directly to said fast rotating axle assembly,

7. Apparatus according to any the preceding claims, wherein said motor have instead of direct coupling, has a variable gear or belt coupling to said axle to obtain any speed desired of said rotating tips.

8. Apparatus according to any the preceding claims, wherein combustible feed are tested, and protective measure taken, before these are allowed for reduction in said apparatus.

9. Apparatus according to any the preceding claims, wherein it is used by industry or mining to reduce any solids, liquid or gaseous material to very fine dost or fog.

10. Use of apparatus according to any the preceding claims 1-9, for reduction of liquid or solids to tiny fog droplets or fine dust particles in order to increasing the reaction speed or reaction rate between species of a gas and a liquid, or a gas and a solid matter/reactant, in a process for removing CO2 in an exhaust gas and/or for desalination of a liquid, such as sea water, where the liquid is sprayed onto a flow of the gas thus creating a reaction between the gas and the liquid.

11. Process for increasing the reaction speed or reaction rate between species of a gas and a feed of liquid, or a gas and a feed of solid
matter/reactant, in a reaction tank, characterised in that before conducting the liquid or solid matter into the reaction tank, it is subjected to atomizing for providing of liquid feed to tiny fog droplets, or solids feed to tiny dust particles.

12. Process according to claim 11 , characterised in that the feed of liquid or solid matter, is injected into an atomizing vessel incuding for contacting two or more rotating elements, such as paddle blades, subjecting said feed to fast rotating tips smashing effect, for instant reduction of the liquid feed to tiny fog droplets, or solids feed to tiny dust particles, with low energy consumption and little pollution.

13. Process according to claim 11-12, characterised in that feed is added to the atomizing vessel in the form of a tiny amount of feed entering every tiny fraction of a second.

14. Process according to any of claims 11-13, said liquid being sea water, characterised in that the seawater as a feed is added in an amount of up to 2000 nrrVhr, and enters the vessel at a speed of up to 10 m/sec, thus smashing about 0.00094 m3 (0.94 liter) seawater every 0.0167 second.

15. Process for removing CO2 in an exhaust gas and/or for desalination of a liquid, such as sea water, where the liquid is sprayed onto a flow of the gas thus creating a reaction between the gas and the liquid, characterised in that the liquid is made alkaline and processed as given in any of claims 11-14 before it is reacted with the gas.

16. Process according to claim 15, characterised in that the liquid, as water, is made alkaline by NaOH, and the liquid is forced as fine droplets into a scrubber with the exhaust gas, which is braking apart the NaOH and tiny particles of baking soda NaHCO3 develop and is collected, such as on a cathode..

17. Process according to claim 15, characterised in that the liquid, such as water, is made alkaline by adding ammonia NH3, and the liquid is forced as fine droplets into a scrubber with the exhaust gas, so that the NaCI reacts with the added ammonia to form the compound NaCINH4OH, which is recovered

18. Process according to claim 15 and 17, characterised in that it is conducted as disclosed in US-patent nr. 6.180.012 (Norwegian patent application 2000 3103).

19. Process according to any of claims 15-18, characterised in that as desalinated seawater is not needed, only one scrubber/clarifier is required with a single run for reducing salt in salt compound even in higher concentration, waste salt brine can be used , which is reducing the flow and size of the scrubber/clarifier for CO2 removal.

20. Process according to any of claims 15-18, characterised in that
dissolved NaOH in the water is forced as fine droplets into a scrubber with the CO2 in exhaust, which is braking apart the NaOH and tiny particles of baking soda develop and is collected on a cathode, this can be stored and sold.

21. Use of apparatus and methods as claimed previously, wherein on oil rigs and ships high concentration of dissolved NaOH can be force into a scrubber for removal of the entering CO2 from the gas stream and from the exhaust and thus obtain zero CO2 emission.