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1. (WO2005065102) PROCEDE AMELIORE ET APPAREIL POUR LA MESURE D'HEMOGLOBINE SUR UNE BASE DE CELLULE INDIVIDUELLE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

What is claimed is:

1. A method for measuring the hemoglobin content of individual red cells in a whole blood sample comprising the steps of:
(a) diluting a whole blood sample containing red blood cells in a sphering solution, whereby the red blood cells in the sample are rendered substantially spherical in shape;
(b) passing the sphered red cells, one-at-a-time, through an optical interrogation zone;
(c) irradiating each red cell as it passes through the optical
interrogation zone with a beam of radiation of predetermined wavelength;
(d) detecting the level of radiation reflected from each of the irradiated cells within a predetermined angular range; and
(e) determining the hemoglobin concentration of each irradiated cell on the basis of the level of reflected radiation detected.

2. The method as defined by claim 1 wherein said solution contains a detergent adapted to render the shape of the red cells therein substantially spherical.

3. The method as defined by claim 2 wherein said detergent comprises n-dodecyl-n, n-dimethyl-3-ammonio-1 -propane sulfonate.

4. The method as defined by claim 2 wherein said solution further comprises an oxygen-containing gas adapted to bind with the hemoglobin molecules within said red cells to form hemoglobin complexes of substantially uniform reflectivity.

5. The method as defined by claim 4 wherein said gas comprises carbon monoxide.

6. The method as defined by claim 1 wherein said solution contains an oxygen-containing gas adapted to bind with the hemoglobin molecules within said red cells to form hemoglobin complexes of substantially uniform reflectivity.

7. The method as defined by claim 6 wherein said gas comprises carbon monoxide.

8. The method as defined by claim 1 wherein said determining step is effected by storing in a computer memory a relationship between the Mean Cell Hemoglobin of various different whole blood samples and the Mean Cell Reflectance of said samples to irradiating radiation at said predetermined wavelength, and by determining the cell hemoglobin based on the measured reflectivity of each cell and said stored relationship.

9. The method of the invention as defined by claim 1 wherein said
predetermined wavelength is between 610 nm and 710 nm.

10. The method as defined by claim 1 wherein said wavelength is about 635 nm.

11. Apparatus for determining the hemoglobin content of individual red cells said apparatus comprising:
(a) an optical flow cell defining an optical interrogation zone through which red cells can be made to pass, one cell at a time;
(b) an optical system including a laser for producing a beam of radiation of predetermined wavelength, such beam being directed to irradiated each red cell as it passes through the interrogation zone of the optical flow cell;
(c) a reflectance detector for detecting the level of radiation reflected from each of the irradiated cells within a predetermined angular range; and
(d) computational means for determining the hemoglobin concentration of each irradiated cell on the basis of the level of reflected radiation detected.

12. The apparatus as defined by claim 11 wherein said reflectance detector comprises a plurality of optical fibers having light-collecting ends positioned to receive radiation reflected from said irradiated red cells, and light-discharge ends positioned adjacent a high-gain photodetector.

13. The apparatus as defined by claim 12 wherein said light-collecting ends of said optical fibers are arranged in a plurality of circular arrays concentrically arranged with respect to the irradiating beam of radiation.

14. The apparatus as defined by claim 12 wherein said high-gain
photodetector comprises a photomultiplier tube.

15. The apparatus as defined by claim 11, wherein said predetermined angular range is between about 4 degrees and 10 degrees, measured with respect to the axis of propagation of said beam of radiation.

16. The apparatus as defined by claim 11 wherein said computational means comprises (i) a memory in which there is stored a relationship between the Mean Cell Hemoglobin of various different whole blood samples and the Mean Cell Reflectance of said samples to irradiating radiation at said predetermined wavelength, and (ii) means for determining the cell hemoglobin of each irradiated red cell based on the measured reflectivity of each red cell and said stored relationship.