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1. (WO2005063134) CATHETER A EXTREMITE DISTALE TRAVERSANT LES CONDUITS
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS
1. A surgical catheter adapted to traverse a restriction within a body conduit, comprising:
an elongate flexible shaft extending along an axis between a proximal end and a distal end;
a tip disposed at the distal end of the shaft the tip having an outer surface extending distally to a blunt point;
the outer surface having at least one section extending from the blunt point radially outwardly with progressive positions proximally along the axis;
the side section including a distal portion in proximity to the blunt point, and a proximal portion in proximity to the shaft; and
the distal portion of the side section being twisted radially with respect to the proximal portion of the side section.

2. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 1 , wherein the side section is a first side section and the catheter further comprises:
a second side section of the outer surface; and
the second side section being separated from the first side section by at least one intermediate section of the outer surface.

3. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 2, wherein the
intermediate section extends across the blunt point of the tip.

4. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 3, wherein:
the intermediate section includes a distal portion in proximity to the blunt point and a proximal portion in proximity to the shaft;
the distal portion of the intermediate surface being twisted in a first radial direction; and
the proximal portion of the intermediate surface being twisted in a second radial direction opposite the first radial direction.

5. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 4, wherein the distal portion of the intermediate section has a width which increases proximally.

6. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 5, wherein
the proximal portion of the intermediate section has a width which decreases proximally.

7. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 1 , wherein the outer surface in radial cross section has the general configuration of a geometric shape.

8. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 1 , wherein the intermediate section of the outer surface separates first and second side sections of the outer surface and extends distally to the blunt point, across the blunt point, and proximally from the blunt point.

9. A surgical catheter adapted to traverse a restriction in a body conduit comprising;
an elongate shaft extending along an axis between a proximal end and a distal end;
a tip disposed at the distal end of the shaft, the tip having an outer surface with a distal portion and a proximal portion;
the outer surface of the tip in radial cross section having the general configuration of a geometric shape with a side;
the side of the geometric shape in the distal portion of the tip rotating in a first direction about the axis with progressive radial cross sections proximally along the axis.

10. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 9, further comprising:
the side of the geometric shape in the proximal portion of the tip rotating in a second direction opposite to the first direction with progressive radial cross sections proximally along the axis.

11. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 9, wherein the geometric shape is a rectangle.

12. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 11 , wherein the side is a long side of the rectangle and the rectangle further comprises:
a short side having a length less than that of the long side; and
the ratio of the length of the long side to the length of the short side decreases with progressive radial cross sections proximally along the axis.

13. The surgical obturator recited in Claim 11 , wherein the rectangle at the point of the tip has the general shape of the letter "S."

14. A surgical catheter adapted to traverse a body conduit, comprising:
an elongate shaft extending along an axis between a proximal end and a distal end;
a tip having an outer surface including a pair of generally opposed sections;
the outer surface having generally a geometric shape in progressive radial cross sections from a distal cross section to a proximal cross section;

the pair of generally opposed sections of the outer surface appearing as a pair of lines in each of the progressive radial cross sections; and
at least one of the pair of lines becoming increasing arcuate in the progressive radial cross sections.

15. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 14, wherein the area of the geometric shape increases along the progressive radial cross sections.

16. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 15, wherein:
the geometric shape is a rectangle having a first side with a first length, and a second side with a second length shorter than the first length;
the rectangle having a particular ratio characterized by the first length divided by the second length; and
the particular ratio decreasing along the progressive radial cross sections.

17. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 15, wherein the at least one of the pair of lines rotates in a first direction around the axis in the progressive radial cross sections.

18. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 17, wherein the at least one line rotates around the axis in a second direction opposite to the first direction in the progressive radial cross sections.

19. A surgical catheter adapted to traverse a body conduit,
comprising:
an elongate shaft extending along an axis;
a tip coupled to the shaft and having an axis extending between a proximal end and a distal end, the tip having an outer surface with a generally conical configuration and a blunt tip;
portions of the outer surface of the tip defining at least one recess extending relative to the axis generally between the proximal end and the distal end of the tip.

20. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 19, wherein the recess extends generally in a plane common to the axis of the tip.

21. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 19, wherein the recess extends generally spirally of the axis of the tip

22. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 19, wherein the recess extends to the blunt point of the tip.

23 The surgical catheter recited in Claim 22, wherein the blunt point of the bladeless tip has the shape of a cross.

24. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 21 , wherein:
the recess is a fist recess spiraling relative to the axis in a first direction to the access; and
the portions define a second recess spiraling relative to the axis in a second direction opposite of the first direction.

25. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 19, wherein the axis is curved.

26. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 1 , wherein the tip is formed of a transparent material to facilitate illumination and visualization through the tip of the catheter.

27. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 9, wherein the tip is formed of a transparent material to facilitate illumination and visualization through the tip of the catheter. .

28. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 14, wherein the tip is formed of a transparent material to facilitate illumination and visualization through the tip of the catheter.

29. The surgical catheter recited in Claim 19, wherein the tip is formed of a transparent material to facilitate illumination and visualization through the tip of the catheter.