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1. (WO2005062486) TRANSMISSION NON DIRECTIONNELLE A PARTIR D'UNE STATION DE BASE DE DONNEES SANS FIL AYANT UN SYSTEME D'ANTENNES INTELLIGENTES
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method of transmitting a downlink signal from a first communication station of a communication system, the first communication station having a smart antenna system, the method comprising:

determining a downlink smart antenna processing strategy for transmitting from the first communication station in a non-directional manner on a first downlink conventional channel, the strategy including mitigating
interference towards one or more remote communication devices known to the first communication station to be undesired, in that each of the one or
more undesired remote communication devices may receive one or more
signals on the first downlink conventional channel during transmitting by
the first communication station on the first downlink conventional channel; and

transmitting a downlink signal in a non-directional manner from the first
communication station on the first downlink conventional channel using
the determined downlink strategy.

2. A method as described in claim 1,

wherein the downlink signal is a paging signal to a first remote communication device of the first communication station,

wherein each remote communication device associated with the first
communication station has an active state wherein it is in active communication with the first communication station, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating, and

wherein the first remote communication device is in an idle state during the transmitting step of the paging signal.

3. A method as described in claim 2, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second plurality of antenna elements.

4. A method as described in claim 3, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second smart antenna system that includes the second plurality of antenna elements.

5. A method as described in claim 2, wherein the first remote communication device includes a remote user terminals.

6. A method as described in claim 5, wherein at least one remote user terminal is mobile.

7. A method as described in claim 1,

wherein the downlink signal is a broadcast signal to one or more remote communication devices of the first communication station, and

wherein the downlink strategy determining step determines a downlink smart antenna processing strategy for transmitting the downlink signal in a substantially omnidirectional manner except for simultaneously mitigating interference towards the undesired remote communication devices.

8. A method as described in claim 1, wherein the first communication station comprises a cellular base station.

9. A method as described in claim 1, wherein the first communication station is coupled to an external data and/or voice network.

10. A method as described in claim 9, wherein the external network includes the Internet.

11. A method as described in claim 1 ,

further comprising: providing a first set of sequential time intervals or the first
communication station, each of the time intervals having a selected number of downlink conventional channels, and an associated conventional channel on the uplink associated with each of the downlink conventional channels, each associated uplink conventional channel having a predefined
relationship to its associated the downlink conventional channel;

providing none or more further sets of sequential time intervals, each set of none or more other communication stations of the communication
system for communication with respective associated remote
communication devices of the communication system, each time interval of each further set including a selected number of downlink conventional
channels and a selected number of uplink conventional channels; and

receiving one or more uplink signals from one or more undesired remote communication devices on one or more associated uplink channels that are associated with the first downlink conventional channel,

wherein the downlink processing strategy determining uses the received uplink signals.

12. A method as described in claim 11,

wherein the communication system includes one or more other communication stations, and

wherein the one or more undesired remote communication devices include a remote communication device associated with the one or more other
communication stations.

13. A method as described in claim 12, wherein each of the downlink conventional channels of the first and of the further sets of time intervals are associated with one or more of the uplink conventional channels of the same respective set of time intervals, such that any remote communication device receiving data from its associated communication station during a first downlink conventional channel has first transmitted data to its associated communication station on an associated uplink conventional channel of its set of sequential time intervals,

wherein the first communication station knows the association of a downlink conventional channel and its one or more associated uplink conventional channels of the further sets,

wherein the receiving of the one or more uplink signals is on uplink channels known to the first communication station to be the uplink channel associated with the first downlink channel on which the downlink message is to be transmitted, and

wherein the receiving of the one or more uplink signals is includes receiving at the first communication station.

14. A method as described in claim 11 ,

wherein each of the downlink conventional channels of the first and of the further sets of time intervals are associated with one or more of the uplink conventional channels of the same respective set of time intervals, such that any remote communication device receiving data from its associated communication device during a first downlink conventional channel has first transmitted data to its communication device on an associated uplink conventional channel of its set of sequential time intervals,

wherein the receiving step is on one or more associated uplink channels known to the first communication station to be associated with the first downlink channel, and wherein receiving step includes receiving the one or more uplink signals from the one or more undesired remote communication devices at the first communication station.

15. A method as described in claim 14, wherein each of the selected number of downlink conventional channels is a distinct downlink data transfer period in the intervals of the first and any further sets, and wherein each associated uplink conventional channel is a distinct associated data transfer period of the intervals of the respective set of sequential time intervals, the associated data transfer periods being for uplink communication.

16. A method as described in claim 11, further comprising:

forming side information about the undesired remote communication
devices from the received one or more uplink signals;

storing the side information in a database in the first communication
station; and

retrieving the side information from the database,

wherein the downlink strategy determining step includes using the retrieved side information.

17. A method as described in claim 16,

wherein the receiving of the one or more uplink signals is at the first
communication station.

18. A method as described in claim 16,

wherein the communication system includes at least one other communication station and an inter-communication-device communication mechanism,

wherein the receiving of the one or more uplink signals includes receiving at the one or more other communication stations, wherein the forming side information step for each undesired remote
communication device occurs at the other communication station receiving the signal from said each undesired remote communication device, and

wherein the side information is communicated to the first communication station using the inter-base-station communication mechanism.

19. A method as described in claim 11, wherein the first communication station includes at least a first remote communication device and a second remote communication device,

wherein the received uplink signal includes receiving a signal at the first communication station transmitted by the second remote communication device to the first communication station on a first associated uplink conventional channel associated with the first downlink conventional channel,

wherein the downlink strategy determining step uses the signal received second remote communication device and the determined downlink smart antenna strategy is to simultaneously

(i) transmit data to the second remote communication device in a
directional manner, and (ii) transmit a downlink message to the first remote communication device in a manner that mitigates interference towards the second remote communication device on the first downlink conventional channel, and

wherein the transmitting step includes simultaneously transmitting data to the second remote communication device in a directional manner and the downlink message to the first remote communication device in a substantially non- directional manner that includes mitigating interference towards the second remote communication device.

20. A method as described in claim 19, wherein each remote communication device has an active state wherein it is in active communication with its communication device, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating with its
communication device, and

wherein the first remote communication device is in the idle state.

21. A method as described in claim 19,

wherein each of the downlink conventional channels is associated with one or more of the associated uplink conventional channels, such that any remote communication device receiving data from its communication device during a first downlink conventional channel has first transmitted data to its communication device on an associated uplink conventional channel;

wherein said receiving step includes receiving one or more signals on the first associated uplink conventional channel, including receiving the signal transmitted by the second remote communication device

wherein the downlink strategy determining uses the one or more received uplink signals received and the determined strategy is to transmit on a downlink conventional channel associated with the first uplink conventional channel;

wherein the simultaneously transmitting step is on a downlink conventional channel associated with and occurring later than the first associated uplink conventional channel; and

wherein the first communication station remote communication device is not transmitting to the first communication station on the first uplink conventional channel during the receiving step.

22. A method as described in claim 11 , wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the downlink signal in a direction wherefrom there were no substantial signals received on the uplink on the first uplink conventional channel in the receiving step.

23. A method as described in claim 22, wherein the determined downlink strategy is determined from the received signal covariance of the signals received in the receiving step.

24. A method as described in claim 19, wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the downlink message to the first remote communication device in a direction wherefrom there were no substantial signals received on the uplink on the first associated uplink conventional channel in the receiving step.

25. A method as described in claim 28, wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the downlink message to the first remote communication device and the strategy determining uses a criterion from the received signal covariance of the signals received in the receiving step.

26. A method as described in claim 19, wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the downlink message to the first remote communication device and the strategy determining uses a criterion that includes directing a null towards the second remote communication device.

27. A method as described in claim 20, wherein each of the selected number of downlink conventional channels is a distinct downlink data transfer period in the intervals of the set, and wherein each associated uplink conventional channel is a distinct associated data transfer period of the intervals of the set, the associated data transfer periods being for uplink communication.

28. A method as described in claim 20, wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the downlink message to the first remote communication device in a direction wherefrom there were no substantial signals received on the uplink on the first associated uplink conventional channel in the receiving step.

29. A method as described in claim 28, wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the paging signal and the strategy determining uses a criterion from the received signal covariance of the signals received in the receiving step.

30. A method as described in claim 20, wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting includes directing nulls towards the second remote communication device.

31. A method as described in claim 20,

wherein the communication system includes a set of one or more other communication stations each having one or more remote communication devices,

wherein the provided further sets of sequential time intervals includes a set of sequential time intervals for each other communication station;

wherein each downlink conventional channel of the further sets of sequential time intervals is associated with one or more of the associated uplink conventional channels,

wherein each of the further sets of sequential time intervals is coordinated with the first set of sequential time intervals such that the first communication station knows the association between a downlink conventional channel and an uplink conventional channel for each of the further sets,

wherein the receiving step includes receiving signals at the first communication station on one or more associated uplink conventional channels of the further sets of sequential time intervals associated with and temporally preceding the downlin conventional channel of the further sets of sequential time intervals wherein the downlink transmitting step is to occur, and wherein the determined downlink strategy includes transmitting the paging message to the first remote communication device in a manner that mitigates interference towards the second remote communication device and towards any remote communication devices of the other communication stations wherefrom signals are received on the associated uplink channels in the receiving step.

32. A first communication station comprising:

a smart antenna system to communicate with at least one remote
communication device using a smart antenna processing stiategy, the smart antenna system including a plurality of antenna elements;

an uplink reception unit, coupled to the antenna element plurality to receive one or more uplink signals from one or more undesired remote
communication devices;

a processor, coupled to the uplink reception unit, the processor to
determine a downlink smart antenna processing strategy for transmitting
from the first communication station in a non-directional manner, the
strategy determining using the one or more received uplink signals, the
strategy including mitigating interference towards one or more remote
communication devices known to be undesired, in that each of the one or more undesired remote communication devices may receive one or more
signals during transmitting by the first communication station on the same conventional channel; and

a downlink transmission unit, coupled to the antenna element plurality and to the processor, to provide a first downlink conventional channel to
transmit a downlink signal in a non-directional manner from the first
communication station using the determined downlink strategy.

33. A first communication station as described in claim 32, wherein the downlink transmission unit further is to provide a selected number of downlink conventional channels of a first set of sequential time intervals for the first communication station, the first set including the first downlink conventional channel,

the uplink reception unit further is to provide an associated conventional channel on the uplink associated with each of the downlink conventional channels, each associated uplink conventional channel having a predefined relationship to its associated the downlink conventional channel, and

the receiving by the uplink reception unit of the one or more uplink signals from one or more undesired remote communication devices is on one or more associated uplink channels that are associated with the first downlink conventional channel.

34. A first communication station as described in claim 32,

wherein the downlink signal is a paging signal to a first remote communication device of the first communication station,

wherein each remote communication device associated with the first
communication station has an active state wherein it is in active communication with the first communication station, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating, and

wherein the first remote communication device is in an idle state during the transmitting step of the paging signal.

35. A first communication station as described in claim 32,

wherein the downlink signal is a broadcast signal to one or more remote communication devices of the first communication station, and

wherein processor determines the downlink strategy for transmitting the downlink signal in a substantially omnidirectional manner except for simultaneously mitigating interference towards the undesired remote communication devices.

36. A first communication station as described in claim 32, wherein the first communication station is coupled to an external data and/or voice network.

37. A first communication station as described in claim 36, wherein the external data and/or voice network includes the Internet.

38. A first communication station as described in claim 32, wherein the remote communication devices include a first remote user terminal.

39. A first communication station as described in claim 38, wherein the first remote user terminal is mobile.

40. A first communication station as described in claim 32, wherein the downlink data includes voice.

41. A first communication station as described in claim 32, wherein the downlink data includes information exchanged via the Internet.

42. A machine-readable medium having stored thereon information representing a set of machine-executable instractions, that, when executed by a machine, cause the machine to perform a method of transmitting a downlink signal from a first communication station of a commumcation system, the first communication station having a smart antenna system, the method comprising:

determining a downlink smart antenna processing strategy for transmitting from the first communication station in a non-directional manner on a first downlink conventional channel, the strategy including mitigating interference towards one or more remote communication devices lαiown to the first communication station to be undesired, in that each of the one or more undesired remote communication devices may receive one or more signals on the first downlink conventional channel during transmitting by the first communication station on the first downlink conventional channel; and transmitting a downlink signal in a non-directional manner from the first communication station on the first downlink conventional channel using the determined downlink strategy,

43. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 42,

wherein the downlink signal is a paging signal to a first remote communication device of the first communication station,

wherein each remote communication device associated with the first
communication station has an active state wherein it is in active communication with the first communication station, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating, and

wherein the first remote communication device is in an idle state during the transmitting step of the paging signal.

44. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 43, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second plurality of antenna elements.

45. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 44, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second smart antenna system that includes the second plurality of antenna elements.

46. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 43, wherein the remote communication devices include a first remote user terminal.

47. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 46, wherein the first remote user terminal is mobile.

48. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 42,

wherein the downlink signal is a broadcast signal to one or more remote communication devices of the first communication station, and wherein the downlink strategy determining step determines a downlink smart antenna processing strategy for transmitting the downlink signal in a substantially omnidirectional manner except for simultaneously mitigating interference towards the undesired remote communication devices.

49. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 42, wherein the first communication station comprises a cellular base station.

50. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 42, wherein the first communication station is coupled to an external data and or voice network.

51. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 50, wherein the external network includes the Internet.

52. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 42, wherein the method further includes:

providing a first set of sequential time intervals or the first
communication station, each of the time intervals having a selected number of downlink conventional channels, and an associated conventional channel on the uplink associated with each of the downlink conventional channels, each associated uplink conventional channel having a predefined
relationship to its associated the downlink conventional channel;

providing none or more further sets of sequential time intervals, each set of none or more other communication stations of the communication
system for communication with respective associated remote
communication devices of the communication system, each time interval of each further set including a selected number of downlink conventional
channels and a selected number of uplink conventional channels; and

receiving one or more uplink signals from one or more undesired remote communication devices on one or more associated uplink channels that are associated with the first downlink conventional channel, wherein the downlink processing strategy determining uses the received uplink signals.

53. A method of transmitting a downlink signal in a non-directional manner from a first communication station having a smart antenna system on a first downlink conventional channel, while communicating with one or more other remote communication devices on the same first downlink conventional channel, the method comprising:

receiving one or more uplink signals from the other remote communication devices;

determining a downlink smart antenna processing strategy using the received uplink signals to transmit from the first communication station in a non-directional manner on a first downlink conventional channel to transmit to the one or more other remote communication devices on the same first downlink conventional channel; and

transmitting a first downlink signal in a non-directional manner from the first communication station and one or more other downlink signals to the one or more other remote communication devices on the first downlink conventional channel using the determined downlink strategy.

54. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the first communication station comprises a cellular base station.

55. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second plurality of antenna elements.

56. A method as described in claim 55, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second smart antenna system that includes the second plurality of antenna elements.

57. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the first communication station is coupled to an external data and/or voice network.

58. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the one or more other remote communication device include a first remote user terminal.

59. A method as described in claim 58, wherein the first remote user terminal is mobile.

60. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the first downlink signal includes voice.

61. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the first downlink signal includes information exchanged via the Internet.

62. A method as described in claim 53, wherein the one or more other remote communication devices include a second remote communication device, the method further comprising

providing a set of sequential time intervals for the first communication station, each of the time intervals having a selected number of downlink
conventional channels including the first downlink conventional channel, and an associated conventional channel on the uplink associated with each of the downlink conventional channels, each associated uplink
conventional channel having a predefined relationship to its associated the downlink conventional channel,

wherein the receiving includes receiving on a first associated uplink channel associated with the first downlink conventional channel a second uplink signal from the second remote communication device transmitted at the first
communication station, and

wherein the strategy determining uses the received signals to determine a downlink smart antenna strategy to simultaneously (i) transmit downlink data to the second remote communication device in a
directional manner, and (ii) transmit the first downlink signal to the first
remote communication device in a manner that mitigates interference towards the second remote communication device on the first downlink conventional channel.

63. A method as described in claim 62,

wherein each remote communication device has an active state wherein it is in active communication with its communication device, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating with its
communication device, and

wherein the first remote communication device is in the idle state.

64. A method as described in claim 62,

wherein each of the downlink conventional channels is associated with one or more of the uplink conventional channels, such that any remote communication device receiving data from its communication device during a first downlink conventional channel has first transmitted data to its communication device on an associated uplink conventional channel;

wherein the downlink strategy determining uses the one or more received uplink signals and the determined strategy is for transmitting on a a downlink
conventional channel associated with and occurring later than the first uplink conventional channel;

wherein the transmitting step is on a downlink conventional channel associated with the first associated uplink conventional channel; and

wherein the first remote communication device is not transmitting to the first communication station on the first uplink conventional channel during the receiving step.

65. A method as described in claim 63, wherein each of the selected number of downlink conventional channels is a distinct downlink data transfer period in the intervals of the set, and wherein each associated uplink conventional channel is a distinct associated data transfer period of the intervals of the set, the associated data transfer periods being for uplink communication.

66. A method as described in claim 63, wherein the determined smart antenna stiategy is to transmit the first downlink signal in a direction wherefrom there were no substantial signals received on the uplink on the first associated conventional channel in the receiving step.

67. A method as described in claim 66, wherein the strategy determining uses a criterion that is determined from the received signal covariance of the signals received in receiving step.

68. A method as described in claim 63, wherein the determined smart antenna strategy is to transmit the paging signal according to a criterion that includes directing nulls towards the second remote communication device.

69. A method as described in claim 63, wherein the first communication station is part of a communication system that includes in addition to the first
communication station a set of one or more other communication stations each associated with one or more other remote communication devices, the method further comprising:

providing further sets of sequential time intervals for the other
communication stations, each of said time intervals having a selected
number of downlink conventional channels and a selected number of uplink conventional channels, each downlink conventional channel being
associated with one or more of the uplink conventional channels, each
further set of sequential time intervals coordinated with the first set of
sequential time intervals such that the first communication station knows
the association between a downlink conventional channel and an uplink
conventional channel for each of the further sets; and

receiving signals at the first communication station on one or more
associated uplink conventional channels of the further sets of sequential
time intervals associated with and temporally preceding the downlink
conventional channel of the further sets of sequential time intervals wherein the downlink transmitting step is to occur,

wherein the determined downlink smart antenna processing strategy is for transmitting the first downlink signal to the first remote communication device in a manner that mitigates interference towards the second remote communication device and towards any remote communication devices of the other
communication stations wherefrom signals are received on the other associated uplink channels of the further sets.

70. A first communication station comprising:

a smart antenna system to communicate with at least a first remote
communication device using a smart antenna processing strategy, the smart antenna system including a plurality of antenna elements;

an uplink reception unit, coupled to the antenna element plurality, to
receive one or more uplink signals from one or more other remote
communication devices;

a downlink transmission unit, coupled to the antenna element plurality, to provide a first downlink conventional channel; and

a processor, coupled to the uplink reception unit and to the downlink
transmission unit, the processor to determine a downlink smart antenna
processing stiategy for transmitting from the first communication station in a non-directional manner on the first downlink conventional channel and to transmit to the one or more other remote communication devices on the
same first downlink conventional channel, the strategy determined using
the one or more received uplink signals from the one or more other remote communication devices,

the downlink transmission unit further to transmit a first downlink signal in a non- directional manner from the first communication station and one or more other- downlink signals to the one or more other remote communication devices on the first downlink conventional channel using the determined downlink strategy.

71. A first communication station as described in claim 70, wherein at least one of the other remote communication devices includes a second plurality of antenna elements.

72. A first communication station as described in claim 70, the first communication station coupled to an external data and/or voice network.

73. A first communication station as described in claim 70, wherein the one or more other remote communication devices include a first remote user terminal.

74. A first communication station as described in claim 73, wherein the first remote user terminal is mobile.

75. A first communication station as described in claim 70, wherein the first downlink signal includes voice.

76. A first communication station as described in claim 70, wherein the other downlink signals include information exchanged via the Internet.

A first communication station as described in claim 70, wherein

the one or more other remote communication devices include a second remote communication device,

the downlink transmission unit further is to provide a selected number of downlink conventional channels of a first set of sequential time intervals for the first communication station, the first set including the first downlink conventional channel,

the uplink reception unit further is to provide an associated conventional channel on the uplink associated with each of the downlink conventional channels, each associated uplink conventional channel having a predefined relationship to its associated the downlink conventional channel, and

the receiving by the uplink reception unit includes receiving on a first associated uplink channel associated with the first downlink conventional channel a second uplink signal from the second remote communication device.

wherein the processor determines a strategy using the received signals to simultaneously

(i) transmit downlink data to the second remote communication device in a directional manner, and (ii) transmit the first downlink signal to the first remote communication device in a manner that mitigates interference towards the second remote communication device on the first downlink conventional channel.

78. A machine-readable medium having stored thereon information representing a set of machine-executable instructions, that, when executed by a machine, cause the machine to perform a method of transmitting a downlink signal in a non- directional manner from a first communication station having a smart antenna system on a first downlink conventional channel, while communicating with one or more other remote communication devices on the same first downlink
conventional channel, the method comprising:

receiving one or more uplink signals from the other remote communication devices;

determining a downlink smart antenna processing stiategy using the received uplink signals to transmit from the first communication station in a non-directional manner on a first downlink conventional channel to transmit to the one or more other remote communication devices on the same first downlink conventional channel; and

transmitting a first downlink signal in a non-directional manner from the first communication station and one or more other downlink signals to the one or more other remote communication devices on the first downlink conventional channel using the determined downlink strategy.

79. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the first communication station comprises a cellular base station.

80. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second plurality of antenna elements.

81. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 80, wherein the first remote communication device includes a second smart antenna system that includes the second plurality of antenna elements.

82. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the first communication station is coupled to an external data and/or voice network.

83. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the other remote communication devices includes a first remote user terminal.

84. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 83, wherein the first remote user terminal is mobile.

85. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the first downlink signal includes voice.

86. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the first downlink signal includes information exchanged via the Internet.

87. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 78, wherein the one or more other remote communication devices include a second remote communication device, the method further including:

providing a set of sequential time intervals for the first communication station, each of the time intervals having a selected number of downlink
conventional channels including the first downlink conventional channel, and an associated conventional channel on the uplink associated with each of the downlink conventional channels, each associated uplink
conventional channel having a predefined relationship to its associated the downlink conventional channel,

wherein the receiving includes receiving on a first associated uplink channel associated with the first downlink conventional channel a second uplink signal from the second remote communication device transmitted at the first
communication station, and

wherein the strategy determining uses the received signals to determine a downlink smart antenna strategy to simultaneously (i) transmit downlink data to the second remote communication device in a
directional manner, and (ii) transmit the first downlink signal to the first
remote communication device in a manner that mitigates interference towards the second remote communication device on the first downlink conventional channel.

88. A machine-readable medium as described in claim 87,

wherein each remote communication device has an active state wherein it is in active communication with its communication device, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating with its
communication device, and

wherein the first remote communication device is in the idle state.

89. A method for paging a first remote communication device on the downlink on a first downlink channel from a first communication station of a communication system, the communication system including at least one other communication station having one or more remote communication devices, each remote communication device having an active state wherein it is in active communication with its communication device, and an idle state wherein it has established its identity but is not actively communicating with its communication device, the first communication station including a smart antenna system having an array of antenna elements, the first remote communication device being in the idle state, the method comprising:

prior to transmitting a paging message to the first remote communication device, the other communication stations polling their respective remote
communication devices;

the first communication station receiving signals on an uplink channel known to the first communication station to be the uplink channel on which remote terminals of the first and other communication stations that might receive signals on the first downlink channel during the paging message
transmission, the signals including any responses to the polling from co- channel remote terminals of the other communication stations;

forming a downlink smart antenna processing stiategy for transmitting the paging signal from the first communication station to the first remote
communication device that mitigates interference to any remote
communication devices from which the first communication station
receives a signal during the receiving step; and

transmitting the paging signal from the first communication station to
the first remote communication device using the downlink strategy formed in the strategy determining step,

such that the responses of the other communication stations to the polling are coordinated in a manner that enables the first communication station to receive the responses from other remote communication devices that will be receiving data during the paging message transmitting step on the first downlink channel.

90. A method as described in claim 89, wherein the determined smart antenna processing strategy is to transmit the paging message in a direction wherefrom there were no substantial signals received on the uplink by the first communication station in the receiving step.

91. A method as described in claim 90, wherein the strategy determining uses the received signal covariance of the signals received in the receiving step.