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1. WO2004102342 - DESAMBIGUISATION DE DONNEES DE POINT DE VENTE PAR INDEXATION D'ARTICLES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

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Claims

1. A method for disambiguating historical point-of-sale data to enhance forecasting accuracy, the method comprising:
receiving point-of-sale quantities for a plurality of individual items;
receiving a point-of-sale quantity for a miscellaneous group item including
undifferentiated sales of one or more of the individual items;
calculating an item index for each individual item comprising a fraction of
miscellaneous group item sales attributable to the individual item; and computing a revised point-of-sale quantity for each individual item using the
item index and the point-of-sale quantities for the miscellaneous group item and the individual item.

2. The method of claim 1 , further comprising providing the revised point-of-sale quantities to a forecasting system.

3. The method of claim 1 , wherein calculating an item index comprises:
determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantity for the individual item and any non-point-of- sale transfers; and
dividing the quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for by a sum of all of the individual items produced but not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantities for the individual items and any non-point-of- sale transfers.

4. The method of claim 1 , wherein computing a revised point-of-sale quantity comprises adding the original point-of-sale quantity for the individual item to a product of the item index for the individual item and the point-of-sale quantity for the miscellaneous group item.

5. The method of claim 3, wherein determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for comprises:
determining a production quantity for the individual item; and
subtracting the point-of-sale quantity for the individual item from the
production quantity.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for further comprises:
determining a quantity of the individual item discarded after production; and subtracting the discarded quantity of the individual item from the production quantity.

7. The method of claim 5, wherein determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for further comprises:
determining a quantity of the individual item transferred through an invoice
order; and
subtracting the quantity transferred by the invoice order from the production
quantity.

8. The method of claim 1 , wherein receiving point-of-sale quantities for a number of individual items comprises excluding sales marked as special orders from the point-of-sale quantities.

9. The method of claim 1 , wherein the sales quantities for the individual items and the miscellaneous group item relate to a same particular time period.

10. The method of claim 1 , wherein at least one individual item comprises a group of other individual items sold as a unit.

11. A system for disambiguating historical point-of-sale data to enhance
forecasting accuracy, the system comprising:
a point-of-sale interface to receive point-of-sale quantities for a number of
individual items and a point-of-sale quantity for a miscellaneous group item that includes undifferentiated sales of one or more of the individual items;
an item indexer to calculate an item index for each individual item comprising a fraction of the miscellaneous group item sales attributable to the
individual item; and
a sales disambiguator to compute a revised point-of-sale quantity for each
individual item using the item index and the point-of-sale quantities for the miscellaneous group item and the individual item.

12. The system of claim 11 , wherein the sales disambiguator is to provide the revised point-of-sale quantities to a forecasting system.

13. The system of claim 11 , the item indexer is to calculate an item index by determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantities for the individual item and any non-point-of-sale transfers, and dividing the quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for by a sum of all of the individual items produced but not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantities for the individual items and any non-point-of-sale transfers.

14. The system of claim 11 , wherein the sales disambiguator is to compute a revised point-of-sale quantity by adding the original point-of-sale quantities for the individual item to a product of the item index for the individual item and the point-of-sale quantity for the miscellaneous group item.

15. The system of claim 13, wherein the item indexer is to determine a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for by determining a production quantity for the individual item and subtracting the point-of-sale quantity for the individual item from the production quantity.

16. The system of claim 15, wherein the item indexer is to determine a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for by determining a quantity of the individual item discarded after production and subtracting the discarded quantity of the individual item from the production quantity.

17. The system of claim 15, wherein the item indexer is to determine a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for by determining a quantity of the individual item transferred through an invoice order and subtracting the quantity transferred by the invoice order from the production quantity.

18. The system of claim 11 , wherein the point-of-sale interface is to exclude sales marked as special orders from the point-of-sale quantities.

19. The system of claim 11 , wherein the sales quantities for the individual items and the miscellaneous group item relate to a same particular time period.

20. The system of claim 11 , wherein at least one individual item comprises a group of other individual items sold as a unit.

21. A computer program product for disambiguating historical point-of-sale data to enhance forecasting accuracy, the computer program product comprising:
program logic for receiving point-of-sale quantities for a plurality of individual items;
program logic for receiving a point-of-sale quantity for a miscellaneous group item including undifferentiated sales of one or more of the individual
items;
program logic for calculating an item index for each individual item comprising a fraction of miscellaneous group item sales attributable to the
individual item; and
program logic for computing a revised point-of-sale quantity for each
individual item using the item index and the point-of-sale quantities for the miscellaneous group item and the individual item.

22. The computer program product of claim 21 , further comprising program logic for providing the revised point-of-sale quantities to a forecasting system.

23. The computer program product of claim 21 , wherein the program logic for calculating an item index comprises:
program logic for determining a quantity of the individual item produced but
not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantity for the individual item
and any non-point-of-sale transfers; and
program logic for dividing the quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for by a sum of all of the individual items produced but not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantities for the individual items and any non-point-of-sale transfers.

24. The computer program product of claim 21 , wherein the program logic for computing a revised point-of-sale quantity comprises program logic for adding the original point-of-sale quantities for the individual item to a product of the item index for the individual item and the point-of-sale quantity for the miscellaneous group item.

25. The computer program product of claim 23, wherein the program logic for determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for comprises:
program logic for determining a production quantity for the individual item; and program logic for subtracting the point-of-sale quantity for the individual item
from the production quantity.

26. The computer program product of claim 25, wherein the program logic for determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for further comprises:
program logic for determining a quantity of the individual item discarded after production; and
program logic for subtracting the discarded quantity of the individual item from the production quantity.

27. The computer program product of claim 25, wherein the program logic for determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not accounted for further comprises:
program logic for determining a quantity of the individual item transferred
through an invoice order; and
program logic for subtracting the quantity transferred by the invoice order from the production quantity.

28. The computer program product of claim 21 , wherein the program logic for receiving point-of-sale quantities for a number of individual items comprises program logic for excluding sales marked as special orders from the point-of-sale quantities.

29. The computer program product of claim 21 , wherein the sales quantities for the individual items and the miscellaneous group item relate to a same particular time period.

30. The computer program product of claim 21 , wherein at least one individual item comprises a group of other individual items sold as a unit.

31. A system for disambiguating historical point-of-sale data to enhance forecasting accuracy, the system comprising:
means for receiving point-of-sale quantities for a plurality of individual items; means for receiving a point-of-sale quantity for a miscellaneous group item
including undifferentiated sales of one or more of the individual items; means for calculating an item index for each individual item comprising a
fraction of miscellaneous group item sales attributable to the individual item; and
means for computing a revised point-of-sale quantity for each individual item using the item index and the point-of-sale quantities for the
miscellaneous group item and the individual item.

32. The system of claim 31 , wherein the means for calculating an item index comprises:
means for determining a quantity of the individual item produced but not
accounted for in the point-of-sale quantity for the individual item and
any non-point-of-sale transfers; and
means for dividing the quantity of the individual item produced but not
accounted for by a sum of all of the individual items produced but not accounted for in the point-of-sale quantities for the individual items and any non-point-of-sale transfers.

33. The system of claim 31 , wherein the means for computing a revised point-of-sale quantity comprises means for adding the original point-of-sale quantities for the individual item to a product of the item index for the individual item and the point-of-sale quantity for the miscellaneous group item.