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1. WO2004101474 - PROCEDE DE PRODUCTION DE GAZ HYDROGENE ET D'ELECTRICITE A PARTIR DU CARBONE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

What is claimed is:
1. A method of producing hydrogen comprising contacting carbon with water to produce hydrogen and at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, wherein the
temperature of the carbon reactant is maintained between about 600°C and about
850°C with microwave radiation.
2. The method of Claim 1 , wherein the temperature of the carbon reactant is maintained at about 800°C.
3. The method of Claim 1, wherein the microwave radiation supplies all of the needed reaction energy.
4. The method of Claim 1, wherein the microwave energy supplies between about 25% and about 50% of the reaction energy.
5. The method of Claim 1, wherein the microwave energy supplies between about 5% and about 25% of the reaction energy.
6. The method of Claim 1 , wherein the microwave radiation is supplied by a 915 mega hertz microwave.
7. The method of Claim 1, wherein the microwave radiation is supplied by a 2450 mega hertz microwave.
8. The method of Claim 1, wherein the carbon is in a form selected from the group consisting of cellulosics, plastics, elastomers, coal, petroleum residues and
combinations thereof.

. The method of Claim 1 comprising the additional step of:
contacting a material containing at least one carbon-hydrogen bond with at
least one of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and combinations thereof at a
temperature between about 200°C and about 600°C to produce carbon for use in the contacting carbon with water step.
10. The method of Claim 1, wherein reaction products are contacted with a chemical selected from the group consisting of alkali hydroxides, alkali earth hydroxides and combinations thereof to form at least one of carbonates and formates with the at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
11. The method of Claim 10, wherein the chemical is selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, zinc hydroxide and combinations thereof.
12. The method of Claim 10, comprising the additional step of regenerating the formates or carbonates for the production of hydrogen.
13. The method of Claim 12, wherein the regenerating step comprises contacting the at least one of carbonates and formates with a material selected from the group consisting of polymers, elastomers, cellulosics, agricultural wastes and solid fuels, at a temperature between about 200°C and about 600°C.
14. The method of Claim 1, wherein the reaction is conducted in a fluidized bed reactor. 15. The method of Claim 14, wherein the fluidized bed reactor comprises at least one material selected from the group consisting of alumina, aluminum silicate and quartz.

16. The method of Claim 14, wherein the carbon fed to the fluidized bed has been ground.

17. The method of Claim 14, wherein the carbon fed to the fluidized bed has been agglomerated.

18. A method of producing hydrogen comprising:
contacting carbon with water in a fluidized bed reactor to produce hydrogen and at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, wherein the temperature of the carbon reactant is maintained between about 600°C and about 850°C with microwave radiation; and,
exposing the hydrogen and the at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide to a chemical selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, zinc hydroxide and combinations thereof.
19. A method of producing hydrogen comprising:
contacting a carbon-containing compound selected from the group consisting of wood, paper, cloth, plastic, coal and petroleum residue with water to produce hydrogen and at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, wherein the temperature of the carbon reactant is maintained at a temperature of about 800°C with 2450 mega hertz microwave radiation; and,
exposing the hydrogen and the at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide to a chemical selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, zinc hydroxide and combinations thereof.
20. A method of producing hydrogen comprising:
contacting a compound selected from the group consisting of wood, paper, cloth, plastic, coal and petroleum residue with water to produce hydrogen and at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, wherein the temperature of the carbon reactant is maintained at a temperature of about 800°C with 2450 mega hertz microwave radiation;
exposing the hydrogen and the at least one of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide to a chemical selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, zinc hydroxide and combinations thereof to form at least one of carbonates and formates; and,
contacting the at least one of carbonates and formates with a material selected from the group consisting of polymers, elastomers, cellulosics, agricultural wastes and solid fuels, at a temperature between about 200°C and about 600°C.