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1. WO2004099563 - PISTON ELEVATEUR A CHAMBRE AMELIOREE POUR INSTALLATIONS DE PUITS

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

AMENDED CLAIMS
[received by the International Bureau on 05 October 2004 (05.10.04);
original claims 1,3,4,8,16,18,19,25,27,36,37,56,58,62,66,124 amended, claim 2 cancelled, remaining
claims unchanged]
1. The method for operating a well installation having a casing extending within a geologic formation from a wellhead to a bottom region exhibiting a given liquid fluid induced down hole pressure, said casing having a perforation interval extending to an end location at a given depth, said installation including a collection facility and a source of gas under pressure having an injection output, comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a tubing assembly within said casing including a plunger lift tube having a tube outlet at said wellhead and extending to a tubing input located in adjacency with or below said perforation interval end location communicable in fluid passage relationship with formation fluids and having an injection input;
(b) providing an injection passage adjacent said plunger lift tube extending from said injection output at least to said plunger lift tube injection input said injection passage defining with said casing, a casing passageway extending to said wellhead;
(c) providing a plunger within said plunger lift tube movable between a bottom position located above said injection input and said wellhead;
(d) providing a formation fluid receiving assembly defining a chamber with said injection passage in fluid communication with said tubing assembly, said chamber having a lower disposed check valve assembly with an open orientation admitting formation fluid within said chamber and responsive to injection fluid pressure to define a U-tube function with said injection passage and said tubing assembly;
(e) providing a tubing valve between said tube outlet and said collection facility actuable between an open orientation permitting the flow of fluid to said collection facility and a closed orientation blocking said tube outlet;
(f) providing an injection control assembly actuable between an open condition effecting application of gas under pressure from said pressurized gas output to said injection gas input and a closed condition;
(g) providing a detector at said wellhead having a detector output in response to the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;
(h) accumulating formation liquid fluid into said chamber by passage thereof through said check valve assembly under equalizing pressure between said chamber and said casing pressure;
(i) moving liquid fluid from said chamber into said tubing assembly above said plunger;

0) actuating said injection control assembly to said open condition to apply gas under pressure to said defined U-tube from said injection input, to impart upward movement to said plunger;
(k) actuating said tubing valve to said open orientation;
(I) actuating said injection control assembly to said closed condition in response to said detector output;
(m) then, actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for an off-time interval at least sufficient for the movement of said plunger from said wellhead to said bottom position; and
(n) providing a casing gas fluid flow communication path between said casing passageway and said collection facility and producing gas fluid to said collection facility from said casing passageway.

The method of claim 1 in which:
said step (n) provides gas fluid continuously throughout steps (h) through (m).

4. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of:
(o) providing an equalizing valve in gas flow communication between said defined chamber and said casing passageway and actuable between open and closed orientations; and
said step (h) is carried out by actuating said equalziing valve into said open orientation in response to said detector output.

5. The method of claim 4 in which:
said step of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation is carried out following an equalizing delay interval commencing with the initiation of said detector output.

6. The method of claim 4 in which:
said step (o) provides said equalizing valve in gas flow communication with said collection facility when in said open orientation.

7. The method of claim 6 in which:
said step (h) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation retains said open orientation for an equalizing production interval continuing after said step of actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for said off-time interval, whereupon said equalizing valve is actuated into said closed orientation.

8. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(p) providing a casing valve within said casing gas fluid flow communication path actuable between an open orientation providing gas fluid flow communication between said casing and said collection facility and a closed orientation blocking said casing gas flow communication path; and
(q) actuating said casing valve into said open orientation in the presence of the occurrence of said detector output.

9. The method of claim 8 in which:
said step (p) of actuating said casing valve into said open orientation is carried out following a casing delay interval commencing with the initiation of said detector output.

10. The method of claim 9 in which:
said step (q) of actuating said casing valve into said open orientation for a casing production interval continues after said step of actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation, whereupon said casing valve is actuated into said closed orientation.

11. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(r) providing a low pressure collection facility;
(s) providing a vent fluid communication path between said low pressure collection facility and said plunger lift tube;
(t) providing a vent valve within said vent fluid communication path actuable between an open orientation diverting fluid flow from said tubing valve to said collection facility and providing it along said vent fluid communication path and a closed orientation blocking said fluid flow communication along said vent fluid communication path; and
(u) actuating said vent valve into said open orientation in the presence of said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation.

12. The method of claim 11 in which: said step (u) of actuating said vent valve into said open orientation is carried out following a vent delay interval commencing with the initiation of said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation.

13. The method of claim 12 further comprising the steps of:
(v) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(w) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(x) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and subsequently occurring said detector output;
(y) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(z) altering the extent of said vent delay interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

14. The method of claim 1 in which said step (i) is carried out by:
'1) actuating said injection control assembly to said open condition in the presence of said tubing valve closed condition for a pre-charge interval;
(i2) then actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation for a purge interval; and
(i3) then actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for a purge settlement interval effective to permit movement of said plunger toward said bottom position.

15. The method of claim 14 further comprising the steps of:
determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and subsequently occurring said detector output;
evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and altering the extent of said pre-charge interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

16. The method of claim 14 wherein:
said step (b) provides said injection path in a manner defining said casing passageway as a casing annulus extending to said wellhead.

17. The method of claim 14 further comprising the step of:
(o) providing an equalizing valve in gas flow communication between said defined chamber and said casing annulus and actuable between open and closed orientations; and
said step (h) is carried out by actuating said equalziing valve into said open orientation in response to said detector output.

18. The method of claim 17 in which:
said step (o) provides said equalizing valve in gas flow communication with said collection facility when in said open orientation.

19. The method of claim 17 in which:
said step (h) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation is carried out following an equalizing delay interval commencing with the initiation of said detector output.

20. The method of claim 18 in which:
said step (h) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation retains said open orientation for an equalizing production interval continuing after said step of actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for said interval off-time, whereupon said equalizing valve is actuated into said closed orientation.

21. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(aa) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(ab) determining an afterflow interval commencing upon the occurrence of said detector output ;
(ac) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;

(ad) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(ae) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(af) altering the extent of said afterflow interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

22. The method of claim 21 in which:
said off-time interval occurs within said afterflow interval;
said step (af) of altering the extent of said afterflow interval is carried out by adjusting the extent of said off-time interval.

23. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(ag) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(ah) determining a boost delay interval commencing with said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation;
said step (j) actuation of said injection control assembly into said open orientation being carried out at the termination of said boost delay interval;
(ai) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(aj) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(ak) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(al) altering the extent of said boost delay interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

24. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(am) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(an) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;

(ao) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(ap) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said lime related data; and
(aq) altering the extent of said off-time interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

25. The method of claim 1 in which:
said step (b) of providing an injection passage provides an intermediate tubing extending within said casing from said wellhead at least to a location adjacent said plunger lift tube injection input and spaced inwardly from said casing to provide said casing passageway as a casing annulus passage as at least a portion of said casing gas fluid flow communication path; and
said intermediate tubing being spaced from said plunger lift tube to define an injection annulus providing said injection passage.

26. The method of claim 6 further comprising the steps of:
(ar) determining a maximum afterflow interval commencing upon the generation of said detector output and extending in time to the termination of said tubing valve off-time interval;
(as) actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output and subsequently into said closed orientation at said termination of said tubing valve off-time interval; and
(at) retaining said equalizing valve in said open orientation during said maximum afterflow interval until the commencement of said off-time interval to define an open flow interval.

27. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(av) providing a casing valve within said casing gas fluid flow communication path actuable between an open orientation providing gas fluid flow communication between said casing and said collection facility and a closed orientation blocking said casing gas flow communication path;
(aw) determining a maximum afterflow interval commencing upon the generation of said detector output and extending in time to the termination of said tubing valve off-time interval;

(ax) actuating said casing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output and subsequently into said closed orientation at said termination of said tubing valve off-time interval; and
(ay) retaining said casing valve in said open orientation during said maximum afterflow interval until the said termination of said off-time interval to define an open flow interval.

28. The method of claim 1 further comprising the steps of:
(ba) assigning an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(bb) determining time related data corresponding with good or a
range of good, a range of fast and a range of slow rates of
movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said
wellhead;
(be) assigning time increment adjustments for at least one well control parameter affecting the rate of movement of said plunger;
(bd) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(be) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(bf) altering the extent of a said well control parameter by a said time increment adjustment in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

29. The method of claim 28 in which said step (bf) further adjusts the value of said time increment adjustment in proportion to its proximity to said good or a range of good rate or rates of movement.

30. The method of claim 29 in which said step (bf) further adjustment for said fast rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT/FT - 1/ (- F) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, FT is the time span of said range of fast rates, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location within said range of fast rates.

31. The method of claim 30 in which F is about 0.5.

32. The method of claim 28 in which said step (bf) further adjustment for said slow rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT - ST)/F(ON - ST) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, ST is the time within said assigned on-time interval representing the commencement of said determined slow rate of movement of said plunger, ON is the said on-time interval, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location between ST and ON.

33. The method of claim 32 in which F is about 0.5.

34. The method of claim 1 in which said step (d) provides said check valve in a biased configuration providing a pressure relief function wherein excessive levels of fluid within said plunger lift tube are transferred into said bottom region.

35. The method of claim 1 in which said step (d) provides said check valve as comprising a ball valve assembly having a ball and a seat configured with a fluid bypass channel, said seat being biased upwardly with a predetermined bias force effective for opening said bypass channel in the presence of excessive pressure within said plunger lift tube.

36. The method of operating a well installation having a wellhead in fluid transfer relationship with a collection facility and with a well casing extending within a geologic formation and having a perforation interval effectively extending a given depth to an interval depth location exhibiting a given liquid fluid induced down hole pressure, and having a source of gas under pressure with a pressurized gas output, comprising the steps of:
(a) providing an injection passage within said casing, having an injection input coupled with said pressurized gas output extending to an injection outlet and defining a casing production region with said casing;
(b) providing a plunger lift tube at least partially within said injection passage extending from an outlet at said wellhead to a tubing input, said plunger lift tube being communicable in fluid passage relationship with said injection outlet at an injection location;
(c) providing a plunger within said plunger lift tube movable between a bottom position located above said injection location and said wellhead;

(d) providing a formation fluid receiving assembly defining a chamber with said injection passage in fluid communication with said plunger lift tube and said injection outlet, said chamber having a check valve with an open orientation admitting formation fluid within said chamber and responsive to fluid pressure to define a U-tube function with said injection passage and said plunger lift tube;
(e) collecting formation liquid fluid into said plunger lift tube above said plunger bottom position;
(f) communicating said plunger lift tube outlet in fluid transfer relationship with said surface collection facility;
(g) applying injection gas under pressure from said pressurized gas output to said injection input for an injection interval effective to move a quantity of said formation liquid by said plunger to said wellhead through said outlet and into said surface collection facility so as to substantially reduce said down hole pressure; and
(h) communicating said casing production region in gas fluid transfer relationship with said surface collection facility.

37. The method of claim 36 in which:
said step (d) providing a formation fluid receiving assembly locates said check valve in adjacency with or below said interval depth location.

38. The method of claim 36 further comprising the step of:
(i) providing an equalizing valve assembly actuable between an open orientation connecting said chamber with said casing production region in gas transfer relationship and a closed orientation; and
said step (e) comprises the step (e1 ) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation to effect collection of formation fluid within said chamber.

39. The method of claim 38 further comprising the step of:
G) actuating said equalizing valve into said closed orientation during said step (g) of applying gas under pressure from said pressurized gas output to said injection input.

40. The method of claim 38 in which: said step (e1) comprises the step (e2) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation, when said plunger is at said wellhead, for an afterflow interval following said step of applying injection gas under pressure from said compressed gas output to said injection input.

41. The method of claim 38 in which:
said step (i) provides said equalizing valve in gas flow communication with said collection facility when in said open orientation.

42. The method of claim 40 further comprising the step of:
determining an optimum interval of time corresponding with a movement of said plunger from said bottom location to said wellhead at an optimum speed; and
adjusting the extent of said afterflow interval to cause the extent of said injection interval to approach said optimum interval.

43. The method of claim 36 in which:
said step (a) of providing an injection passage provides said passage in fluid pressure isolation from said casing.

44. The method of claim 36 in which:
said step (a) provides said injection passage as comprising an intermediate tube spaced outwardly from said plunger lift tube to define said injection passage and spaced inwardly from said casing to define said casing production region.

45. The method of claim 44 in which:
said step (d) of providing a formation fluid receiving assembly provides said check value as a standing ball valve.

46. The method of claim 44 in which said step (d) further defines said chamber by packing located between said intermediate tube and said check valve.

47. The method of claim 38 in which:
said step (g) terminates said application of injection gas upon the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;

said step (e) communicates said plunger lift outlet with said surface collection facility for an afterflow interval in response to said arrival of said plunger at said wellhead, and terminates said communication during said afterflow interval to define a tubing off-time;
said step (e) comprises the steps of:
(e3) applying injection gas under pressure from said pressurized gas output for a pre-charge interval during said tubing off-time;
(e4) then communicating said plunger lift tube outlet with said surface collection facility for a purge interval;
(e5) then terminating said communicating of said plunger lift tube outlet with said surface collection facility for a purge off interval.

48. The method of claim 36 comprising the steps of:
(i) assigning an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(j) determining time related data corresponding with good or a range of good, a range of fast and a range of slow rates of movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(k) assigning time increment adjustments for at least one well control parameter affecting the rate of movement of said plunger;
(I) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said interval effective to move said plunger to said wellhead;
(m) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(n) altering the extent of said well control parameter by a said time increment adjustment in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

49. The method of claim 48 in which said step (n) further adjusts the value of said time increment adjustment in proportion to its proximity to said good or a range of good rate or rates of movement.

50. The method of claim 49 in which said step (n) further adjustment for said fast rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT/FT - 1/( - F) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, FT is the time span of said range of fast rates, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location within said range of fast rates.

51. The method of claim 50 in which F is about 0.5

52. The method of claim 48 in which said step (n) further adjustment for said slow rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT - ST)/F(ON - ST) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, ST is the time within said assigned on-time interval representing the commencement of said determined slow rate of movement of said plunger, ON is the said on-time interval, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location between ST and ON.

53. The method of claim 52 in which F is about 0.5.

54. The method of claim 36 in which said step (d) provides said check valve in a biased configuration providing a pressure relief function wherein excessive levels of fluid within said plunger lift tube are transferred into said bottom region.

55. The method of claim 36 in which said step (d) provides said check valve as comprising a ball valve assembly having a ball and a seat configured with a fluid bypass channel, said seat being biased upwardly with a predetermined bias force effective for opening said bypass channel in the presence of excessive pressure within said plunger lift tube.

56. The method for operating a well installation having a casing extending within a geologic formation from a wellhead to a bottom region exhibiting a given liquid fluid induced down hole pressure, said installation including a collection facility, and having a source of gas under pressure with a pressurized gas output, comprising the steps of:
(a) providing a tubing assembly within said casing having a plunger lift tube with a tube outlet at said wellhead, extending to a tubing input located to receive formation fluid;
(b) providing an injection passage extending from an injection gas input at said wellhead to an injection outlet;
(c) providing a plunger within said plunger lift tube movable between a bottom position and said wellhead;

(d) providing a formation fluid receiving assembly defining a chamber with said injection passage in fluid communication with said plunger lift tube tubing input and said injection outlet, said chamber having a check valve with an open orientation admitting formation fluid within said chamber and responsive to fluid pressure to define a U-tube function with said injection passage and said plunger lift tube;
(e) providing a detector at said wellhead having a detector output in response to the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;
(f ) providing a tubing valve between said tube outlet and said collection facility actuable between an open orientation permitting the flow of fluid to said collection facility and a closed orientation blocking said tube outlet;
(g) providing an injection valve between said pressurized gas outlet and said injection gas input actuable between an open orientation effecting application of gas under pressure to said injection outlet and a closed orientation;
(h) providing an equalizing valve in gas flow communication between said injection gas input and said collection facility, actuable between an open orientation providing said flow communication and a closed orientation blocking said communication;
(i) accumulating formation liquid fluid into said chamber through said check valve when said equalizing valve is in said open orientation, said injection valve is in said closed orientation and said check valve is in said open orientation;
(j) actuating said equalizing valve into said closed orientation;
(k) moving formation fluid accumulated within said chamber into said plunger lift tube above said plunger;
(I) actuating said injection valve into said open orientation;
(m) actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation to effect movement of said liquid fluid by said plunger toward said wellhead; and
(n) reiterating said steps (i) through (m) at a rate effective to remove an amount of said liquid fluid so as to reduce said down hole pressure.

57. The method of claim 56 further comprising the step of:
(o) providing a casing gas flow communication path between said casing and said collection facility.

58. The method of claim 56 in which said step (k) of moving formation fluid comprises the steps of: (k1 ) actuating said injection valve to said open orientation for a pre-charge interval in the presence of said tubing valve closed orientation, and said equalizing valve closed orientation;
(k2) then actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation for a purge interval; and
(k3) then actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for a purge settlement interval effective to permit movement of said plunger toward said bottom position.

59. The method of claim 58 further comprising the steps of:
(o) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(p) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(q) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and subsequently occurring said detector output;
(r) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(s) altering the extent of said pre-charge interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

60. The method of claim 56 further comprising the steps of:
(t) actuating said injection valve to said closed orientation in response to said detector output;
(u) actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output; and
(v) actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output for an off-time interval at least sufficient for the movement of said plunger to said bottom position.

61. The method of claim 60 in which:
said step (u) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output is carried out following an equalizing delay interval commencing with the initiation of said detector output.

62. The method of claim 60 in which:
said step (u) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output retains said open orientation for an equalizing production interval continuing after said step (v) of actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for said off-time interval, whereupon said equalizing valve is actuated into said closed orientation.

63. The method of claim 60 further comprising the steps of:
(aa) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(ab) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(ac) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(ad) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(ae) altering the extent of said off-time interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

64. The method of claim 60 further comprising the steps of:
(af) determining a maximum afterflow interval commencing upon the generation of said detector output and extending in time to the termination of said tubing valve off-time interval;
(ag) actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output and subsequently into said closed orientation at said termination of said tubing valve off-time interval; and
(ah) retaining said tubing valve in said open orientation during said maximum afterflow interval until the commencement of said off-time interval to define an open flow interval.

65. The method of claim 64 which:
said step (ag) of actuating said equalizing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output is carried out following an equalizing delay interval commencing with the initiation of said detector output.

66. The method of claim 60 further comprising the steps of:
(w) providing a casing gas flow communication path between said casing and said collection facility;
(ai) providing a casing valve within said casing gas flow communication path actuable between an open orientation providing gas flow communication between said casing and said collection facility and a closed orientation blocking said casing gas flow communication path;
(aj) providing an afterflow interval commencing upon the generation of said detector output and extending in time to the termination of said tubing valve off-time interval;
(ak) actuating said casing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output and subsequently into said closed orientation at said termination of said tubing valve off-time interval; and
(al) retaining said tubing valve in said open orientation during said maximum afterflow interval until the commencement of said off-time interval to define an open flow interval.

67. The method of claim 66 further comprising the steps of:
(am) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(an) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(ao) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(ap) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(aq) altering the extent of said open flow interval during said afterflow interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

68. The method of claim 66 in which:
said step (ak) of actuating said casing valve into said open orientation in the presence of an occurrence of said detector output is carried out following a casing delay interval commencing with the initiation of said detector output.

69. The method of claim 64 further comprising the step of:
(al) determining a minimum time extent of said afterflow interval corresponding with a said tubing valve off-time interval sufficient for the movement of said plunger from said wellhead to said bottom position.

70. The method of claim 69 further comprising the steps of:
(am) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(an) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger, from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(ao) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(ap) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(aq) altering the extent of said tubing valve open flow interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

71. The method of claim 56 further comprising the steps of:
(ar) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(as) determining a boost delay interval commencing with said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation;
(at) said actuation of said injection valve being carried out at the termination of said boost delay interval;
(au) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(av) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(aw) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and (ax) altering the extent of said boost delay interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

72. The method of claim 58 further comprising the steps of:
(ba) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(bb) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(be) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(bd) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(be) altering the extent of said pre-charge interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

73. The method of claim 60 further comprising the steps of:
(bf) providing a low pressure collection facility;
(bg) providing a vent fluid communication path between said low pressure collection facility and said plunger lift tube;
(bh) providing a vent valve within said vent fluid communication path actuable between an open orientation diverting fluid flow communication with said collection facility and providing it along said vent fluid communication path and a closed orientation blocking said fluid flow communication along said vent fluid communication path; and
(bi) actuating said vent valve into said open orientation in the presence of said actuation of said tubing valve in said open orientation.

74. The method of claim 73 in which:
said step (bi) of actuating said vent valve into said open orientation is carried out following a vent delay interval commencing with the initiation of said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation.

75. The method of claim 73 further comprising the steps of: (bj) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(bk) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(bl) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and subsequently occurring said detector output;
(bm) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(bn) altering the extent of said vent delay interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

76. The method of claim 60 further comprising the steps of:
(bo) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(bp) providing an afterflow interval commencing upon the generation of said detector output ;
(bq) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(br) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;
(bs) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(bt) altering the extent of said afterflow interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

77. The method of claim 60 further comprising the steps of:
(bu) determining an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(bv) determining time related data corresponding with fast and slow movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(bw) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and subsequently occurring said detector output;

(bx) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(by) altering the extent of said pre-charge interval in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

78. The method of claim 57 in which:
said step (b) of providing an injection passage provides an intermediate tube extending within said casing from said wellhead spaced inwardly from said casing to provide a casing annulus passage as at least a portion of said casing gas flow communication path; and
said intermediate tube being spaced from said plunger lift tube to define an injection annulus providing said injection passage.

79. The method of claim 56 in which said step (d) provides said check valve in a biased configuration providing a pressure relief function wherein excessive levels of fluid within said plunger lift tube are transferred into said bottom region.

80. The method of claim 56 in which said step (d) provides said check valve as comprising a ball valve assembly having a ball and a seat configured with a fluid bypass channel, said seat being biased upwardly with a predetermined bias force effective for opening said bypass channel in the presence of excessive pressure within said plunger lift tube.

81. The method of claim 56 further comprising the steps of:
(ca) assigning an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(cb) determining time related data corresponding with good or a range of good, a range of fast and a range of slow rates of movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(cc) assigning time increment adjustments for at least one well control parameter affecting the rate of movement of said plunger;
(cd) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and a subsequently occurring said detector output;

(ce) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(cf) altering the extent of a said well control parameter by a said time increment adjustment in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

82. The method of claim 81 in which said step (cf) further adjusts the value of said time increment adjustment in proportion to its proximity to said good or a range of good rate or rates of movement.

83. The method of claim 82 in which said step (cf) further adjustment for said fast rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT/FT - 1 )/( - F) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, FT is the time span of said range of fast rates, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location within said range of fast rates.

84. The method of claim 81 in which said step (cf) further adjustment for said slow rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT - ST)/F(ON - ST) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, ST is the time within said assigned on-time interval representing the commencement of said determined slow rate of movement of said plunger, ON is the said on-time interval, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location between ST and ON.

85. The method of claim 84 in which F is about 0.5.

86. The method of operating a well installation having a wellhead in fluid transfer relationship with a collection facility, having a well casing extending from said wellhead within a geologic formation to a lower region, having a tubing assembly extending within said casing from said wellhead to a fluid input at said lower region, the space between said tubing assembly and said casing defining an annulus, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) blocking fluid flow within said annulus with an annulus seal;
(b) providing an entrance valve assembly positioned to control fluid flow into said tubing assembly;

(c) providing fluid communication between said annulus and said tubing assembly at a communication entrance within said lower region above said entrance valve assembly and said annulus seal;
(d) providing a plunger within said tubing assembly movable between said wellhead and a bottom location above said communication entrance;
(e) providing a tubing valve in fluid flow communication between said tubing assembly at said wellhead and said collection facility, actuable between open and closed orientations;
(f) accumulating formation fluid through said entrance valve assembly into said tubing assembly and said annulus above said annulus seal;
(g) pressurizing said annulus above said seal for a pre-charge interval;
(h) actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation for a purge interval effective to transfer fluid accumulated in said annulus through said communication entrance into said tubing assembly;
(i) actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation;
(j) pressurizing said annulus;
(k) actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation to commence an on-time driving said plunger toward said wellhead at a plunger speed;
(I) directing fluid above said plunger into said collection facility;
(m) detecting the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;
(n) communicating said annulus in fluid flow relationship with said collection facility for an afterflow interval in response to said detected arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;
(o) actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for an off-time interval permitting said plunger to move toward said bottom location; and
(p) reiterating said steps (f) through (o) to define a sequence of well production cycles.

87. The method of claim 86 in which:
said step (i) maintains said tubing valve in said closed orientation for a post purge interval effective to permit positioning of said plunger at said bottom location.

88. The method of claim 86 in which: said step (n) is carried out following a casing delay interval commencing with said step (m) detecting the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead.

89. The method of claim 86 in which:
said steps (j) and (g) are carried out by injecting gas into said annulus from a source of gas under pressure.

90. The method of claim 86 further comprising the step of:
(q) determining a minimum effective off-time corresponding with the time interval required for said plunger to travel from said wellhead to said bottom location; and
said step (o) is carried out at the termination of said afterflow interval when said on-time during said afterflow interval terminates earlier than a commencement of said minimum off-time.

91. The method of claim 86 further comprising the step of:
(q) determining a minimum off-time corresponding with the time interval required for said plunger to travel from said wellhead to said bottom location; and
said step (o) is carried out at a time prior to the termination of said afterflow interval corresponding with said minimum off-time when said on-time during said afterflow interval terminates substantially at the commencement of said minimum off-time.

92. The method of claim 91 in which:
said step (o) retains said tubing valve in said closed orientation for an interval coinciding with said step (g) pre-charge interval.

93. The method of claim 86 further comprising the step of:
(r) determining an optimum said plunger speed;
said step (m) includes the step:
(ml) determining the cycle speed at which said plunger traveled from said bottom location to said wellhead; and
said step (j) is carried out for an interval of said pressurization adjusting the cycle speed of said plunger toward said optimum plunger speed during a succeeding said well production cycle.

94. The method of claim 86 in which:
said step (b) provides said entrance valve assembly as a check valve having a closed orientation in the presence of said pressurization of said annulus and an open orientation in the absence of said pressurization.

95. The method of claim 94 in which:
said check valve is implemented as a ball valve.

96. The method of claim 94 in which:
said step (a) annulus seal is present as well packing interposed between said casing and said tubing assembly adjust said tubing assembly input.

97. The method of claim 86 in which:
said casing is configured with a perforation interval in fluid flow communication with said formation; and
said tubing assembly input is located above said perforation interval.

98. The method of claim 86 further comprising the step of:
(s) providing a casing valve in fluid flow communication between said annulus at said wellhead and said collection facility and actuable between open and closed orientations; and
said step (f) is carried out by actuating said casing valve and said tubing valve into said open orientation during at least a portion of said afterflow interval.

99. The method of claim 86 further comprising the step of:
(s) providing a casing valve in fluid flow communication between said annulus at said wellhead and said collection facility and actuable between open and closed orientation; and
said step (g) is carried out by actuating said casing valve and said tubing valve into said closed orientation for said pre-charge interval.

100. The method of claim 99 in which: said casing valve is retained in said closed orientation subsequent to said pre-charge interval at least until said step (m) detection of said plunger arrival.

101. The method of claim 100 in which:
said step (n) is carried out by actuating said casing valve into said open orientation.

102. The method of claim 100 in which:
said step (n) is carried out by actuating said casing valve into said open orientation following a casing delay interval commencing with said step (m) detection of said plunger arrival.

103. The method of claim 102 further comprising the step of:
(r) determining an optimum said plunger speed;
said step (m) includes the step:
(ml) determining the speed at which said plunger traveled from said bottom location to said wellhead;
said step (n) casing delay interval is determined to adjust the speed of said plunger toward said optimum plunger speed during a succeeding said well production cycle.

104. The method of claim 86 further comprising the steps of:
(s) providing a casing valve in fluid flow communication between said annulus at said wellhead and said collection facility and actuable between open and closed orientations;
(t) providing an injection valve in fluid flow communication between said annulus at said wellhead and a source of gas under pressure, and actuable between open and closed orientations;
said casing valve and said tubing valve are actuated into said closed orientation at least during said step (q) pre-charge interval; and
said step (g) is carried out by actuating said injection valve into said open orientation for said pre-charge interval.

105. The method of claim 104 in which:
said step (j) is carried out by actuating said injection valve into said open orientation until said step (m) detection of said plunger arrival.

106. The method of claim 105 further comprising the step of:
(r) determining an optimum said plunger speed;
said step (m) includes the step:
(ml) determining the speed al which said plunger traveled from said bottom location to said wellhead;
said step (j) is carried out by actuating said injection valve into said open orientation following a boost delay interval commencing with said step (k) actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation to commence said on-time;
said step (j) boost delay interval is determined to adjust the speed of said plunger toward said optimum plunger speed during a succeeding said well production cycle.

107. The method of claim 86 in which:
said step (b) provides said entrance valve assembly as a check valve having a biased configuration providing a pressure relief function wherein excessive levels of fluid within said tubing assembly are transferred into said lower region.

108. The method of claim 86 in which:
said step (b) provides said entrance valve assembly as comprising a ball valve assembly having a ball and a seat configured with a fluid bypass channel, said seat being biased upwardly with a predetermined bias force effective for opening said bypass channel in the presence of excessive pressure within said tubing assembly.

109. The method of claim 86 further comprising the steps of:
(u) assigning an on-time interval with respect to said tubing assembly;
(v) determining time related data corresponding with good or a range of good, a range of fast and a range of slow rates of movement of said plunger from said bottom location to said wellhead;
(w) assigning time increment adjustments for at least one well control parameter affecting the rate of movement of said plunger;
(x) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said step (k) actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation and said step (m) of detecting the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;
no (y) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(z) altering the extent of said well control parameter by a said time increment adjustment in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

110. The method of claim 109 in which said step (z) further adjusts the value of said time increment adjustment in proportion to its proximity to said good or a range of good rate or rates of movement.

111. The method of claim 110 in which said step (z) further adjustment for said fast rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT/FT - 1 )/(- F) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, FT is the time span of said range of fast rates, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location within said range of fast rates.

112. The method of claim 111 in which F is about 0.5.

113. The method of claim 111 in which said step (z) further adjustment for said slow rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT - ST)/F(ON - ST) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, ST is the time within said assigned on-time interval representing the commencement of said determined slow rate of movement of said plunger, ON is the said on-time interval, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location between ST and ON.

114. The method of claim 113 in which F is about 0.5.

115. The method of retro-fitting a well installation to reconfigure it to provide plunger enhanced chamber lift, said well installation having a casing extending from a wellhead into a geologic zone and an inwardly disposed tubing string of given diameter within said casing extending from said wellhead to a tubing input, and defining a primary annulus with said casing, comprising the steps of:
providing a reel-carried supply of coil tubing having a coil diameter less than said given diameter and having an open end;

providing a primary seating nipple assembly within said tubing input having an upwardly disposed primary ledge;
providing in combination, a primary seal assembly having a primary collar abuttable with said upwardly disposed primary ledge, a primary seal, a receiver housing extending from said primary seal assembly, with a secondary seating nipple having an upwardly disposed secondary ledge, said receiver housing having injection inlets and extending to a connecting portion;
attaching said receiver housing connecting portion with said coil tubing at said open end;
snubbing said coil tubing into said inwardly disposed tubing string from said wellhead until said primary collar abuts said primary ledge and said primary seal sealingly engages said primary seating nipple, said coil tubing defining a secondary annulus with said tubing string;
providing a wire installable and retrievable sealing plug and associated pressure blocking lubricator;
installing said sealing plug in releasable sealing relationship within said receiver housing;
modifying said wellhead for supplying gas under pressure into said secondary annulus;
removing said sealing plug;
providing a check valve assembly having a downwardly disposed secondary sealing assembly with a lower secondary seal, a secondary collar and a fluid inlet;
positioning said check valve assembly within said coil tubing at a location wherein said secondary collar engages said secondary ledge and said secondary seal sealingly engages said secondary seating nipple;
providing a plunger reciprocally moveable within said coil tubing; and
installing said plunger within said coil tubing.

116. The method of claim 115 in which:
said check valve assembly is provided as comprising a ball valve assembly having a ball and a seat configured with a fluid bypass channel, said seat being biased upwardly with a predetermined bias force effective to open said bypass channel in the presence of a select pressure within said coil tubing.

117. The method of claim 115 further comprising the step of: providing barrier fluid within said coil tubing when said sealing plug has been installed.

118. The method of claim 115 further comprising the step of:
providing a bumper spring within said coil tubing between said plunger and said check valve assembly.

119. The method of claim 115 in which said sealing plug is provided as an F-profile sealing plug.

120. The method of operating a well installation having a wellhead in fluid transfer relationship with a collection facility, having a well casing extending from said wellhead within a geologic formation to a lower region having a perforation interval and exhibiting a fault at a given location, said installation having a tubing string extending within said casing from said wellhead to a fluid input at said lower region, the space between said tubing string and said casing defining a first annulus, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) sealing said first annulus at a location below said given location and above said perforation interval;
(b) providing a plunger lift tube within said tubing string spaced therefrom to define a second annulus and extending to a tubing input and having a fluid input located above said tubing input;
(c) sealing said second annulus to block the flow of formation fluids thereinto;
(d) providing a formation fluid receiving assembly defining a chamber with said second annulus and said plunger lift tube, said chamber having a lower disposed check valve function with an open orientation admitting formation fluid within said chamber and responsive to fluid pressure at said second annulus to define a U-tube function with said plunger lift tube fluid input;
(e) providing a plunger within said plunger lift tube movable between a bottom position located above said fluid input and said wellhead;
(f) providing a tubing valve in fluid flow communication between said plunger lift tube and said collection facility, actuable between open and closed orientations;
(g) providing a casing valve in fluid flow communication between said second annulus and said collection facility, actuable between open and closed orientations;

(h) accumulating formation fluid within said chamber through said fluid receiving assembly when said tubing valve and said casing valve are in said open orientation;
(i) actuating said tubing valve and said casing valve into said closed orientation;
(j) effecting a pressurization of said second annulus for a pre-charge interval;
(k) then actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation for a purge interval effective to transfer fluid from said second annulus through said fluid input into said plunger lift tube;
(I) actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation to effect movement of said plunger to said wellhead;
(m) actuating said casing vaWe into said open orientation for an afterflow interval when said plunger arrives at said wellhead;
(n) closing said tubing valve for an off-time interval permitting said plunger to move toward said bottom position; and
(o) reiterating said steps (h) through (n) to define a sequence of well production cycles.

121. The method of claim 120 in which:
said steps (j) and (I) are carried out by injecting gas into said secondary annulus from a source of gas under pressure.

122. The method of claim 120 further comprising the step of:
(p) subsequent to said step (k), actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for a post purge interval effective to permit positioning of said plunger at said bottom position.

123. The method of claim 120 further comprising the steps of:
(q) assigning an on-time interval with respect to said plunger lift tube;
(r) determining time related data corresponding with good or a range of good, a range of fast and a range of slow rates of movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(s) assigning time increment adjustment for at least one well control parameter affecting said rate of movement of said plunger;

(t) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said step (I) actuation of said tubing valve into said open orientation;
(u) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(v) altering the extent of said well control parameter by a said time increment adjustment in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast or slow movement of said plunger.

124. The method of claim 123 in which said step (v) further adjusts the value of said time increment adjustment in proportion to its proximity to said good or a range of good rate or rates of movement.

125. The method of operating a well installation having a wellhead in fluid transfer relationship with a collection facility, having a well casing extending from said wellhead within a geologic formation to a lower region having a perforation interval, having a tubing assembly extending within said casing from said wellhead to a tubing input at said lower region, the space between said tubing assembly and said casing defining an annulus, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) sealing said annulus with a seal to block the flow of formation fluids thereinto;
(b) providing a fluid input above said tubing assembly tubing input;
(c) providing a formation fluid receiving assembly defining a chamber with said annulus, said tubing assembly and said fluid input, said chamber having a lower disposed check valve function with an open orientation admitting formation fluid within said chamber and responsive to fluid pressure at said annulus to define a U-tube function with said tubing assembly fluid input;
(d) providing a plunger within said tubing assembly movable between a bottom position located above said fluid input and said wellhead;
(e) providing a tubing valve in fluid flow communication between said tubing assembly and said collection facility, actuable between open and closed orientations;
(f) providing a casing valve in fluid flow communication between said annulus and said collection facility, actuatable between open and closed orientations;

(g) accumulating formation fluid within said chamber through said fluid receiving assembly when said tubing valve and said casing valve are in said open orientation;
(h) actuating said tubing valve and said casing valve into said closed orientation;
(i) effecting a pressurization of said annulus above said seal;
0) actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation for a purge interval effective to transfer fluid from said annulus through said fluid input into said tubing assembly;
(k) commencing an on-time by actuating said tubing valve into said open orientation;
(I) detecting the arrival of said plunger at said wellhead;
(m) actuating said casing valve into said open orientation for an afterflow gas production interval in response to said step (I) detection of said plunger at said wellhead;
(n) closing said tubing valve for an off-time interval permitting said plunger to move toward said bottom position; and
(o) reiterating said steps (g) through (n) to define a sequence of well production cycles.

126. The method of claim 125 in which said steps (i) and (k) are carried out by injecting gas under pressure into said annulus from a source of gas under pressure.

127. The method of claim 125 further comprising the step of:
(p) subsequent to said step (j) actuating said tubing valve into said closed orientation for a post purge interval effective to permit positioning of said plunger at said bottom position.

128. The method of claim 125 further comprising the steps of:
(q) assigning an on-time interval with respect to said tubing assembly;
(r) determining time related data corresponding with good or a range of good, a range of fast and a range of slow rates of movement of said plunger from said bottom position to said wellhead;
(s) assigning time increment adjustment for at least one well control parameter affecting the rate of movement of said plunger;

(t) determining a plunger arrival interval with respect to said step (k) actuation of said tubing valve and said step (I) detecting the arrival of said plunger;
(u) evaluating said plunger arrival interval with respect to said time related data; and
(v) altering the extent of said well control parameter by a said time increment adjustment in correspondence with an evaluation determining fast and slow movement of said plunger.

129. The method of claim 128 in which said step (v) further adjusts the value of said time increment adjustment in proportion to its proximity to said good or a range of good rate or rates of movement.

130. The method of claim 129 in which said step (v) further adjustment for said fast rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT/FT - 1 )/(- F) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, FT is the time span of said range of fast rates, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location within said range of fast rates.

131. The method of claim 130 in which F is about 0.5.

132. The method of claim 128 in which said step (v) further adjustment for said slow rates of movement is carried out by applying a factor, PA to said time increment adjustment where PA = (AT - ST)/F(ON - ST) where AT is the time of travel of said plunger, ST is the time within said assigned on-time interval representing the commencement of said determined slow rate of movement of said plunger, ON is the said on-time interval, and F is a selected decimal representation of a time location between ST and ON.

133. The method of claim 132 in which F is about 0.5.

134. The method of claim 125 in which said step (c) provides said check valve function as a check valve having a biased configuration providing a pressure relief function wherein excessive levels of fluid within said tubing assembly are transferred into said lower region.

135. The method of claim 130 in which: said step (c) provides said check valve function as comprising a ball valve assembly having a ball and a seat configured with a fluid bypass channel, said seat being biased upwardly with a predetermined bias force effective for opening said bypass channel in the presence of excessive pressure within said tubing assembly.