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1. WO2002092720 - COMPOSITIONS DESTINEES AUX FLUIDES DE FORAGE DE PETROLE ET DE GAZ CONTENANT DES COMPOSES ORGANIQUES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS
1. A composition for oil and gas drilling fluids containing organic contaminants comprising:
a. a solidification agent;
b. a cell transport agent;
wherein said composition comprises enough solidification agent to enable the solidification agent to electrolytically attract the organic contaminates to the surface of the solidification agent when hydrated.

2. The composition of claim 1, wherein said fluids are drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids.

3. The composition of claim 2, wherein said drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids are drilling muds mixed with drill cuttings.

4. The composition of claim 1, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group: alkaline earth metal oxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, a high lime based ash, a Portland cement, and combinations thereof.

5. The composition of claim 1, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium oxide, magnesium peroxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium silicate, calcium oxide, calcium peroxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium silicate, and combinations thereof.

6. The composition of claim 1, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium hydride, magnesium borate, magnesium nitrate, magnesium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, calcium hydride, calcium borate, calcium nitrate, calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, and combinations thereof.

7. The composition according to claim 1 , wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group:
a. potassium oxide, potassium peroxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium hydride, potassium borate, potassium nitrate, potassium phosphate, potassium silicate, potassium sulfate; b. cesium hydroxide, cesium carbonate, cesium sulfate;
c. sodium oxide, sodium peroxide, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, sodium borate, sodium nitrate, sodium phosphate, sodium silicate, sodium sulfate;
d. lithium oxide, lithium hydroxide , lithium borohydride;
and combinations thereof.

8. The composition of claim 1 , wherein the solidification agent is present in said composition in an amount up to 99 wt. % of the composition.

9. The composition of claim 1, wherein said solidification agent is hydrophobized.

10. The composition of claim 1, wherein the cell transport agent is a non-toxic organic acid.

11. The composition of claim 10, wherein the non-toxic organic acid is a high molecular weight, naturally occurring acid.

12. The composition of claim 1, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group: humic acid, fulvic acid, citric acid, fulvates, citrates, humates, lignins and combinations thereof.

13. The composition of claim 1, wherein said cell transport agent is an allomelanian derived acid.

14. The composition of claim 1, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group comprising: lactic acid, citric acid and combinations thereof.

15. The composition of claim 1, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group comprising: lactic acid, citric acid, humic acid, fulvic acid, acetic acid, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, carbonic acid, nitric acid, and combinations thereof.

16. A method for treating drilling fluid with organic contaminates comprising the steps of:
a. mixing the drilling fluid with organic contaminates in a high shear mixer;
b. adding to the drilling fluid a solidification agent which expands when hydrated and electrolytically attracts said organic contaminates to its surface;
c. adding a cellulosic additive in an amount between 1 and 50 wt % based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid, forming a mixture;
d. adding a cell transport agent to the mixture in an amount between 0.5 wt% and 10 wt% based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid, wherein said cell transport agent is capable of transporting large organic molecules through cell walls and neutralizing said mixture to a pH of between 7 and 8; and
e. mixing at a high shear rate until said mixture forms a fine powder.

17. The method of claim 16 wherein said high shear rate mixing ranges from 5 minutes to 2 hours per batch.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein said high shear rate mixing is performed from between 10 minutes and 1 hour.

19. The method of claim 16, wherein said mixing is performed at a temperature between 210°F and 500 °F.

20. The method of claim 16, wherein said mixing is a continuous process mixing what occurs at a rate of 30-40 MT per hour.

21. A composition for oil and gas drilling fluids containing organic contaminants comprising: a. a solidification agent, and
b. a cellulosic additive;
wherein said composition comprises enough solidification agent to enable the solidification agent to electrolytically attract the organic contaminates to the surface of the solidification agent when hydrated.

22. The composition of claim 21, wherein said fluids are drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids.

23. The composition of claim 22, wherein said drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids are drilling muds mixed with drill cuttings.

24. The composition of claim 21, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group: alkaline earth metal oxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, a high lime based ash, a Portland cement, and combinations thereof.

25. The composition of claim 21, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium oxide, magnesium peroxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium silicate, calcium oxide, calcium peroxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium silicate, and combinations thereof.

26. The composition of claim 21, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium hydride, magnesium borate, magnesium nitrate, magnesium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, calcium hydride, calcium borate, calcium nitrate, calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, and combinations thereof.

27. The composition according to claim 21 , wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group:
a. potassium oxide, potassium peroxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium hydride,
potassium borate, potassium nitrate, potassium phosphate, potassium silicate,
potassium sulfate;
i b. cesium hydroxide, cesium carbonate, cesium sulfate;
c. sodium oxide, sodium peroxide, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, sodium borate,

\ sodium nitrate, sodium phosphate, sodium silicate, sodium sulfate;
i d. lithium oxide, lithium hydroxide, lithium borohydride;
) and any combinations thereof.

28. The composition of claim 21 , wherein the solidification agent is present in said composition \ in an amount up to 99 wt. % of the composition.

I 29. The composition of claim 21, wherein said solidification agent is hydrophobized.

30. The composition of claim 21, wherein the cellulosic additive is hibiscus cannabinus is kenaf powder.

31. The composition of claim 21 , wherein the cellulosic additive is present in said composition in an amount up to 50 wt % of the composition.

32. The composition of claim 21 , wherein said cellulosic additive is a member the group: ground wood, ground com, ground wheat, ground cotton, ground rice, ground hemp, ground sugar cane, ground nut shells, ground carboxy methyl cellulose, pulverized recycled paper, ground hibiscus cannabinus, and combinations thereof.

33. A method for treating drilling fluids with organic contaminates comprising the steps of: a. mixing the drilling fluids with organic contaminates in a high shear mixer;
b. adding a solidification agent which expands when hydrated and such electrolytically attracts said organic contaminates to its surface;
c. adding a cellulosic additive in an amount between 1 and 50 wt % based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid forming a mixture; and d. mixing at a high shear rate until said mixture forms a fine powder.

34. The method of claim 33 wherein said high shear rate mixing ranges from 5 minutes to 2 hours per batch.

35. The method of claim 34, wherein said high shear rate mixing is performed from between 10 minutes and 1 hour.

36. The method of claim 33 , wherein said mixing is performed at a temperature between 210 ° F and 500°F.

37. The method of claim 33, wherein said mixing is a continuous mixing process that occurs at a rate of between 30 and 40 MT per hour.

38. A composition for oil and gas drilling fluids containing organic contaminants comprising: a. a solidification agent;
b. cell transport agent, and
c. a cellulosic additive;
wherein said composition comprises enough solidification agent to enable the solidification agent to electrolytically attract the organic contaminates to the surface of the solidification agent when hydrated.

39. The composition of claim 38, wherein said fluids are drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids.

40. The composition of claim 39, wherein said drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids are drilling muds mixed with drill cuttings.

41. The composition of claim 38, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group: alkaline earth metal oxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, a high lime based ash, a Portland cement, and combinations thereof.

42. The composition of claim 38 wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium oxide, magnesium peroxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium silicate, calcium oxide, calcium peroxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium silicate, and combinations thereof.

43. The composition of claim 38, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium hydride, magnesium borate, magnesium nitrate, magnesium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, calcium hydride, calcium borate, calcium nitrate, calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, and combinations thereof.

44. The composition according to claim 38, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group:
a. potassium oxide, potassium peroxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium hydride, potassium borate, potassium nitrate, potassium phosphate, potassium silicate, potassium sulfate;
b. cesium hydroxide, cesium carbonate, cesium sulfate;
c. sodium oxide, sodium peroxide, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, sodium borate, sodium nitrate, sodium phosphate, sodium silicate, sodium sulfate;
d. lithium oxide, lithium hydroxide, lithium borohydride;
and combinations thereof.

45. The composition of claim 38, wherein the solidification agent is present in said composition in an amount up to 99 wt. % of the composition.

46. The composition of claim 3-38, wherein said solidification agent is hydrophobized.

47. The composition of claim 38 , wherein the cellulosic additive is hibiscus cannabinus is kenaf powder.

48. The composition of claim 38, wherein the cellulosic additive is present in said composition in an amount up to 50 wt % of the composition..

49. The composition of claim 38 wherein said cellulosic additive is a member the group: ground wood, ground com, ground wheat, ground cotton, ground rice, ground hemp, ground sugar cane, ground nut shells, ground carboxy methyl cellulose, pulverized recycled paper, ground hibiscus cannabinus, and combinations thereof.

50. The composition of claim 38 wherein the cell transport agent is a non-toxic organic acid.

51. The composition of claim 50, wherein the non toxic organic acid is a high molecular weight, naturally occurring acid.

52. The composition of claim 38, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group, humic acid, fulvic acid, citric acid, fulvates, citrates, humates, lignins and combinations thereof.

53. The composition of claim 38, wherein said cell transport agent is an allomelanian derived acid.

54. The composition of claim 38, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group comprising: lactic acid, citric acid and combinations thereof.

55. The composition of claim 38, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group comprising: lactic acid, citric acid, humic acid, fulvic acid, acetic acid, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, carbonic acid, nitric acid, and combinations thereof.

56. A method for treating drilling fluids with organic contaminates comprising the steps of: a. mixing the drilling fluids with organic contaminates in a high shear mixer;
b. adding a solidification agent which expands when hydrated and electrolytically attracts said organic contaminates to its surface;
c. adding a cellulosic additive in an amount between 1 and 50 wt % based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid forming a mixture;
d. adding a cell transport agent in an amount between 0.5 wt% and 10 wt% based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the non-soluble drilling fluid, wherein said cell transport agent is capable of transporting large organic molecules through cell walls and neutralizing said mixture to a pH of between 7 and 8; and
e. mixing at a high shear rate until said mixture forms a fine powder.

57. The method of claim 56 wherein said high shear rate mixing ranges from 5 minutes to 2 hours per batch.

58. The method of claim 57, wherein said high shear rate mixing is performed from between 10 minutes and 1 hour.

59. The method of claim 56, wherein said mixing is performed at a temperature between 210°F and 500°F.

60. The method of claim 56, wherein said mixing is a continuous mixing process that occurs at a rate of 30-40 MT per hour.

61. A nutrient source for marine organisms comprising:
a. drilling fluids containing organic contaminants;
b. a solidification agent;
c. a cell transport agent; and
d. a cellulosic additive.

62. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein said cellulosic additive is a powder.

63. The nutrient of claim 61 , wherein said drilling fluids are drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids.

64. The nutrient of claim 63, wherein said drilling process fluids and drilling completion fluids are drilling muds mixed with drill cuttings.

65. The nutrient of claim 61 , wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group: alkaline earth metal oxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, a high lime based ash, a Portland cement, and combinations thereof.

66. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium oxide, magnesium peroxide, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium silicate, calcium oxide, calcium peroxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium silicate, and combinations thereof.

67. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group comprising: magnesium hydride, magnesium borate, magnesium nitrate, magnesium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, calcium hydride, calcium borate, calcium nitrate, calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, and combinations thereof.

68. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein said solidification agent is a member of the group:
a. potassium oxide, potassium peroxide, potassium hydroxide, potassium hydride, potassium borate, potassium nitrate, potassium phosphate, potassium silicate, potassium sulfate;
b. cesium hydroxide, cesium carbonate, cesium sulfate;
c. sodium oxide, sodium peroxide, sodium hydroxide, sodium hydride, sodium borate, sodium nitrate, sodium phosphate, sodium silicate, sodium sulfate;
d. lithium oxide, lithium hydroxide, lithium borohydride, and
any combinations thereof.

69. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein the solidification agent is present in said composition in an amount up to 99 wt. % of the composition.

70. The nutrient of claim 61 , wherein said solidification agent is hydrophobized.

71. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein the cellulosic additive is hibiscus cannabinus is kenaf power.

72. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein the cellulosic additive is present in said composition in an amount up to 50 wt. % of the composition.

73. The nutrient of claim 61 wherein said cellulosic additive is a member the group: ground wood, ground com, ground wheat, ground cotton, ground rice, ground hemp, ground sugar cane, ground nut shells, ground carboxy methyl cellulose, pulverized recycled paper, ground hibiscus cannabinus, and combinations thereof.

74. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein the cell transport agent is a non-toxic organic acid.

75. The nutrient of claim 74, wherein the non toxic organic acid is a high molecular weight, naturally occurring acid.

76. The nutrient of claim 61 , wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group, humic acid, fulvic acid, citric acid, fulvates, citrates, humates, lignins and combinations thereof.

77. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein said cell transport agent is an allomelanian derived acid.

78. The nutrient of claim 61, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group comprising: lactic acid, citric acid and combinations thereof.

79. The composition of claim 61, wherein said cell transport agent is a member of the group comprising: lactic acid, citric acid, humic acid, fulvic acid, acetic acid, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, carbonic acid, nitric acid, and combinations thereof.

80. A nutrient source for marine organisms made by the process comprising:
a. mixing the particulates with organic contaminates in a high shear mixer;
b. adding a solidification agent which expands when hydrated and electrolytically attracts organic contaminates to its surface;
c. adding a cellulosic additive in an amount between 1 and 50 wt % based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid forming a mixture;
d. adding a cell transport agent in an amount between 0.5 wt. % and 10 wt. % based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid, wherein said cell transport agent is capable of transporting large organic molecules through cell walls and neutralizing said mixture to a pH of between 7 and 8, and
e. mix at a high shear rate until said mixture forms a fine powder.

81. The nutrient source of claim 80, wherein said high shear rate mixing ranges from 5 minutes to 2 hours per batch.

82. The nutrient source of claim 81, wherein said high shear rate mixing is performed from between 10 minutes and 1 hour.

83. The nutrient source of claim 80, wherein said mixing is performed at a temperature between 210°F and 500°F.

84. The nutrient source of claim 80, wherein said mixing is a continuous mixing process that occurs at a rate between 30-40 MT per hour.

85. A method to significantly reduce moundting on the seafloor near oil drilling operations comprising the steps of:
a. mixing drilling fluids with organic contaminates in a high shear mixer;
b. adding a solidification agent which expands when hydrated and electrolytically attracts said organic contaminates to its surface;
c. adding a cellulosic additive in an amount between 1 and 50 wt % based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid forming a mixture;
d. adding a cell transport agent in an amount between 0.5 wt% and 10 wt% based on the amount of said organic contaminate in the drilling fluid, wherein said cell transport agent is capable of transporting large organic molecules through cell walls and neutralizing said mixture to a pH of between 7 and 8, and
e. mixing at a high shear rate until said mixture forms a fine powder, dispersing said fine powder into the sea.

86. The method of claim 85, wherein said high shear rate mixing ranges from 5 minutes to 2 hours per batch.

87. The method of claim 86, wherein said high shear rate mixing is performed from between 10 minutes and 1 hour.

88. The method of claim 85, wherein said mixing is performed at a temperature between 210°F and 500 °F.

89. The method of claim 85, wherein said mixing is a continuous mixing process that occurs at a rate of between 30-40 MT per hour.