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1. WO2001073238 - APPAREIL DE DISSIPATION DE L'ENERGIE SISMIQUE HAUTEMENT EFFICACE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. An apparatus for installation in a structure to dissipate seismic energy transmitted to said structure, said apparatus comprising:
a first end and a second end opposite said first end;
a first pair of elongated members extending from said first end, said first pair of elongated members being equal to each other in operative length;
a second pair of elongated members extending from said second end, said second pair of elongated members being equal to each other in operative length;
a first pivot joint for pivotally connecting a distal end of one of said first pair of elongated members to a distal end of one of said second pair of elongated members;
a second pivot joint opposite said first pivot joint for pivotally connecting a distal end of the other of said first pair of elongated members to a distal end of the other of said second pair of elongated members; and
an energy dissipating device connected between said first pivot joint and said second pivot joint for dissipating energy incident to displacement occurring between said first pivot joint and said second pivot joint.

2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said energy dissipating device is a viscous damper.

3. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said energy dissipating device is a viscoelastic damper.

4. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said energy dissipating device is a hysteretic damper.

5. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said energy dissipating device is an active or semi-active device.

6. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said first pair of elongated members diverge from said first end by a shallow truss angle.

7. The apparatus according to claim 6, wherein said truss angle is approximately nine degrees.

8. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said second pair of elongated members diverge from said second end by a shallow truss angle.

9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said truss angle is approximately nine degrees.

10. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said operative length of said first pair of elongated members is equal to said operative length of said second pair of elongated members.

1. A structure adapted for seismic excitation, said structure comprising:
a beam;
a column connected to said beam; and
an apparatus for dissipating seismic energy, said apparatus comprising:
a first end fixed to said beam at a location spaced from said column;
a second end fixed to said column at a location spaced from said beam; a first pair of elongated members extending from said first end, said first pair of elongated members being equal to each other in operative length; a second pair of elongated members extending from said second end, said second pair of elongated members being equal to each other in operative length;
a first pivot joint for pivotally connecting a distal end of one of said first pair of elongated members to a distal end of one of said second pair of elongated members;
a second pivot joint opposite said first pivot joint for pivotally connecting a distal end of the other of said first pair of elongated members to a distal end of the other of said second pair of elongated members; and
an energy dissipating device connected between said first pivot joint and said second pivot joint for dissipating energy incident to displacement occurring between said first pivot j oint and said second pivot j oint.

12. The structure according to claim 11, wherein said first pair of elongated members and said second pair of elongated members are arranged coplanar with said beam and said column.

13. The structure according to claim 11, wherein said first pair of elongated members and said second pair of elongated members are arranged non-coplanar with said beam and said column.

4. A structure adapted for seismic excitation, said structure comprising:
a first beam and a second beam spaced from said first beam;
a column connected to said first beam and said second beam; and
an apparatus for dissipating seismic energy, said apparatus comprising:
a first end fixed to said first beam at a location spaced from said column;
a second end fixed to said second beam at a location spaced from said column;
a first pair of elongated members extending from said first end, said first pair of elongated members being equal to each other in operative length; a second pair of elongated members extending from said second end, said second pair of elongated members being equal to each other in operative length;
a first pivot joint for pivotally connecting a distal end of one of said first pair of elongated members to a distal end of one of said second pair of elongated members;
a second pivot joint opposite said first pivot joint for pivotally connecting a distal end of the other of said first pair of elongated members to a distal end of the other of said second pair of elongated members; and
an energy dissipating device connected between said first pivot joint and said second pivot joint for dissipating energy incident to displacement occurring between said first pivot joint and said second pivot joint;
wherein said column is surrounded by said first pair of elongated members and said energy dissipating device.