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1. WO1999003394 - PROCEDE DE LOCALISATION D'UN OBJET DANS UN MILIEU TURBIDE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

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Claims:

1. A method of localizing an object in a turbid medium, which method includes the following steps:
irradiating the turbid medium and determining an intensity of a part of the light transported through the turbid medium along a plurality of light paths,
determining an estimated intensity of the light of a selected light path by way of a first combination of predetermined attenuation coefficients of voxels of the turbid medium and a predetermined weighting function which is related to a position of a voxel relative to the selected light path,
determining a difference between an estimated intensity and the determined intensity for the selected light path, and determining a next value of the attenuation coefficients of the voxels by way of a second combination of the differences determined for the plurality of light paths from source points at which the light enters the turbid medium to detector points at which the light leaves the turbid medium, characterized in that the weighting function is determined in such a manner that it contains a function which can be factorized to a first and a second orthogonal vector which extend transversely of the selected light path.
2. A method as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that the method also includes the following steps for determining the estimated intensity for the selected light path:
selecting a first axis of an orthogonal system which corresponds best to the direction of the selected light path, approximating the selected light path in the turbid medium by light path voxels,
determining a plane perpendicular to the selected light path, said perpendicular plane being determined by a light path voxel and the first and the second orthogonal vector,
approximating a first auxiliary line in the perpendicular plane which is oriented substantially parallel to the first orthogonal vector through first voxels,
determining a table of a function W(s), dependent on the first vector, whose elements contain contributions of W(s) which are dependent on the distance between a first voxel and the selected light path,
determining a partial sum of the estimated intensity of contributions by various first voxels as a product of a function W(t) which is dependent on the second orthogonal vector and elements of W(s).
3. A method as claimed in Claim 2, characterized in that for an
approximation of the first auxiliary line two neighboring first voxels are determined in such a manner that associated co-ordinates differ by one grid unit in a direction of a second axis of the orthogonal system, which is situated nearest to the first orthogonal vector.
4. A method as claimed in Claim 2, characterized in that the method includes a step in which a second auxiliary line in the perpendicular plane, being directed substantially parallel to the first auxiliary line, is approximated by second voxels in such a manner that, in a direction of a third axis of the orthogonal system, co-ordinates of the second voxels differ by one grid unit from corresponding co-ordinates of the first voxels, the partial sum of the estimated intensity being determined for the contribution by different second voxels.
5. A method as claimed in Claim 2, characterized in that for the
approximation of the selected light path co-ordinates of two neighboring light path voxels differ by one grid unit in a direction of the first axis.
6. A method as claimed in Claim 2, characterized in that the first or the second orthogonal vector extends transversely of a boundary surface of the turbid medium.

7. A method as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that the factorizable function contains a Gaussian function, a width of which is related to a light source distance between a light source of the selected light path and the perpendicular plane and to a product of a length of the selected light path and a predetermined diffusion absorption distance of the turbid medium.
8. A method as claimed in Claim 7, characterized in that a half- value width of the Gaussian function is related to a polynomial of a quotient of the light source distance and the length of the selected light path, the half-value width being substantially equal to zero if the light source distance is equal to the length of the selected light path.
9. A device for the imaging of objects in a turbid medium, which device includes:
a light source for irradiating the turbid medium,
a photodetector for measuring the light transported through the turbid medium along different lightpaths from source points at which the light enters the turbid medium to detector points at which the light leaves the turbid medium
and a processing unit for reconstructing an image of the interior of the turbid medium on the basis of the measured intensities, the processing unit also including means for determining an estimated intensity of the light near a detector point of a light path by means of a first combination of predetermined attenuation coefficients of voxels of the turbid medium and a predetermined weighting function which is dependent on a position of the voxel relative to the selected light path,
means for determining a difference between the estimated intensity and the measured intensity, and
means for determining a next value of the attenuation coefficient of a voxel by means of a second combination of the differences determined for the plurality of light paths, characterized in that the weighting function contains a function which can be factorized to a first and a second orthogonal vector which extend transversely of the selected light path.