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1. WO1999000178 - PROCEDES ELECTROCHIMIQUES PERMETTANT DE RECUPERER DE L'ACIDE ASCORBIQUE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

We claim:

1. A method for producing ascorbic acid and a co-product base characterized by the steps which comprise:
a) providing an electrochemical cell comprising an anode in an anolyte compartment, a cathode in a catholyte compartment, and a central compartment disposed between the anolyte and catholyte compartments, the central compartment separated from the anolyte and catholyte compartments by a first and second cation exchange membrane;
b) introducing into the central compartment a feed solution comprising an ascorbate salt and an inorganic salt; c) introducing into the anolyte compartment an anolyte comprising an acid;
d) introducing into the catholyte compartment a catholyte comprising a base;
e) applying a sufficient voltage across the anode and cathode to convert the ascorbate salt into an ascorbate ion and salt cation, and to form protons at the anode and hydroxyl ions at the cathode wherein the protons migrate through the first cation exchange membrane to the central compartment to combine with the ascorbate ion to form ascorbic acid and the salt cation migrates through the second cation exchange membrane into the catholyte compartment to combine with the hydroxyl ion to form the co-product base.

2. The method according to claim 1 characterized in that the ascorbate salt is a member selected from the group consisting of sodium ascorbate, potassium ascorbate, lithium ascorbate and ammonium ascorbate.

3. The method according to claim 1 characterized in that the inorganic salt is a member selected from the group consisting of alkali metal sulfate, alkali metal chloride, alkali metal phosphates and alkali metal bisulfates.

4. The method according to claim 1 characterized in that the feed electrolyte is continuously introduced into the central compartment.

5. The method according to claim 4 characterized in that the ascorbic acid is continuously recovered from the central compartment and continuously crystallized.

6. The method according to claim 1 characterized in that the inorganic salt is sodium sulfate.

7. The method according to claim 1 characterized in that the co-product base is an alkali metal hydroxide.

8. The method according to claim 7 characterized in that the co-product base is further treated with gaseous carbon dioxide thereby forming a member selected from the group consisting of alkali metal bicarbonate and alkali metal carbonate.

9. A method for the production of ascorbic acid and a co-product base characterized by the steps which comprise:
a) providing an electrochemical cell comprising an anode, the anode rinsed with an anolyte stream, a cathode, the cathode rinsed with a catholyte stream, and an electrodialysis cell stack disposed between the anode and the cathode, the electrodialysis cell stack comprises at least one feed compartment, at least one base compartment and alternating bipolar and cation exchange membranes disposed between the feed and base compartments;
b) introducing into the feed compartment a feed electrolyte solution comprising an ascorbate salt and an inorganic salt;
c) introducing into the base compartment a base electrolyte comprising a base; and
d) applying a sufficient voltage across the anode and cathode to convert the ascorbate salt into an ascorbate ion and salt cation, and to form protons and hydroxyl ions at the bipolar membrane, wherein the protons migrate to the feed compartment and combine with the ascorbate ion to form ascorbic acid, the salt cation migrates through the- cation exchange membrane into the base compartment to combine with the hydroxyl ions in the base compartment thereby forming the co-product base.

10. The method according to claim 9 characterized in that the ascorbate salt is a member selected from the group consisting of sodium ascorbate, potassium ascorbate, lithium ascorbate and ammonium ascorbate.

11. The method according to claim 9 characterized in that the inorganic salt is a member selected from the group consisting of alkali metal sulfate, alkali metal chloride, alkali metal phosphates and alkali metal bisulfate.

12. The method according to claim 9 characterized in that the inorganic salt is sodium sulfate.

13. The method according to claim 9 characterized in that the co-product base is sodium hydroxide.

14. The method according to claim 9 characterized in that the ascorbate salt is continuously introduced into the central compartment.

15. The method according to claim 14 characterized in that the ascorbic acid is continuously recovered from the central compartment and continuously crystallized.

16. A method for the production of ascorbic acid and co-product methoxide salt characterized by the steps which comprise:
a) providing an electrochemical cell comprising an anode, the anode rinsed with an anolyte stream, a cathode, the cathode rinsed with a catholyte stream, and an electrodialysis cell stack disposed between the anode and the cathode, the electrodialysis cell stack comprises at least one feed compartment, at least one base compartment and alternating bipolar and cation exchange membranes disposed between the feed and base compartments;
b) introducing into the feed compartment a feed solution comprising an ascorbate salt and an inorganic salt, substantially dissolved in methanol;
c) introducing into the base compartment a base electrolyte comprising a base; and
d) applying a sufficient voltage across the anode and cathode to convert the ascorbate salt into an ascorbate ion and salt cation, and to form protons and methoxyl ions at the bipolar membrane, wherein the protons migrate to the feed compartment and combine with the ascorbate ion to form ascorbic acid, the salt cation migrates through the cation exchange membrane into the base compartment to combine with the methoxyl ions in the base compartment thereby forming the co-product methoxide salt.

17. The method according to claim 16 characterized in that the ascorbate salt is sodium ascorbate.

18. The method according to claim 16 characterized in that the co-product base is sodium methoxide.

19. The method according to claim 16 characterized in that the feed electrolyte is continuously introduced into the central compartment.

20. The method according to claim 19 characterized in that the ascorbic acid is continuously recovered from the central compartment and continuously crystallized.

21. A method to produce ascorbic acid and a co-product base in a two compartment electrochemical cell with a gas diffusion anode characterized by the step which comprise:
a) providing an electrochemical cell comprising a gas diffusion anode in an anolyte compartment, a cathode in a catholyte compartment, and a cation exchange membrane disposed between the anolyte and catholyte compartments;
b) introducing into the anolyte compartment an anolyte comprising an ascorbate salt and an inorganic salt;
c) introducing into the catholyte compartment a catholyte;
d) introducing into the gas diffusion anode a source of hydrogen gas; and
e) applying a sufficient voltage across the anode and cathode to convert the ascorbate salt into an ascorbate ion and salt cation, and to form protons at the anode and hydroxyl ions at the cathode wherein the protons, in the anolyte compartment, combine with the ascorbate ion, to form ascorbic acid and the salt cation migrates through the cation exchange membrane into the catholyte compartment to combine with hydroxyl ions thereby forming the co-product base.

22. The method according to claim 21 characterized in that the feed electrolyte is continuously introduced into the centra1 compartment.

23. The method according to claim 22 characterized in that the ascorbic acid is continuously recovered from the central compartment and continuously crystallized.