Recherche dans les collections de brevets nationales et internationales
Une partie du contenu de cette demande n'est pas disponible pour le moment.
Si cette situation persiste, contactez-nous auObservations et contact
1. (WO1993017306) SYSTEME D'ETALONNAGE D'UNE PIPETTE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A method for determining the volume of a vessel using a photometer, comprising the steps of:

a) positioning a container in a photometer, said container holding a reference solution
having maximum absorbance at a first wavelength;

b) measuring the absorbance of said container at said first wavelength and at a second
wavelength;

c) calculating the optical pathlength of said container at said second wavelength from the
measured absorbances at said first and second wavelengths;

d) introducing an aliquot of a sample solution into said container from a vessel to be
calibrated, said sample solution having maximum absorbance at said second wavelength, and mixing said sample solution with said reference
solution to form a mixture;

e) measuring the absorbance of said mixture in said container at said second wavelength; and

f) calculating the volume of the aliquot from the absorbance of said mixture and the optical pathlength of said container, the volume of said aliquot representing the volume of the vessel.

2. A method as defined in claim l further including repeating steps d) through f) to provide multiple measurements of the volume of the vessel without emptying said container or moving said container from its position in said photometer.

3. A method as defined in claim 1 wherein the step of positioning a container holding a reference solution includes using a reference solution
comprising copper sulfate dissolved in a buffer, said reference solution having maximum absorbance at about 730 nm.

4. A method as defined in claim 3 wherein the step of introducing an aliquot of sample solution includes using a sample solution comprising Acid Red 1 dissolved in a buffer, said sample solution having maximum absorbance at about 520 nm.

5. A method as defined in claim 1 wherein the step of calculating the optical pathlength includes correcting the optical pathlength for zero offset representative of a difference between the
absorbance of said container at said first
wavelength and the absorbance of said container at said second wavelength.

6. A method as defined in claim 1 wherein the step of calculating the optical pathlength includes correcting the optical pathlength for a difference between the pathlength of said container at said first wavelength and the pathlength of said
container at said second wavelength.

7. A method as defined in claim 1 wherein the step of calculating the volume includes calculating the volume using Beer's law and correcting the calculated volume for deviations from Beer's law.

8. A method as defined in claim 1 further including the step of measuring the ambient
temperature and wherein the step of calculating the volume includes correcting the measured absorbance of said mixture for a difference between the absorbance of said mixture at the measured ambient temperature and the absorbance of said mixture at a reference temperature.

9. A method as defined in claim 1 further including the step of measuring the ambient
temperature and wherein the step of calculating the volume includes correcting the calculated volume for a difference between the volume at the measured ambient temperature and the volume at a reference temperature.

10. A method as defined in claim 1 wherein said vessel comprises a pipette.

11. A system for use with a photometer in determining the volume of a vessel, comprising:
a first container holding a predetermined volume of a reference solution containing a
predetermined concentration of a first material having maximum absorbance at a first wavelength for positioning in the photometer for
determination of the optical pathlength thereof; and
a second container holding a sample
solution containing a predetermined
concentration of a second material having
maximum absorbance at a second wavelength for transfer with a vessel to be calibrated of an aliquot of sample solution from the second
container to the first container for measurement

of the absorbance of the mixture of reference and sample solutions at the second wavelength and for determination of the volume of the
aliquot from the optical pathlength of the first container and the absorbance of the mixture, the volume of the aliquot representing the volume of the vessel .

12. A system as defined in claim 11, wherein the first container has the capacity to hold
multiple transfers of aliquots.

13. A system as defined in claim 11 wherein the second container holds sufficient sample solution for multiple transfers of aliquots to the first container using pipette.

14. A system as defined in claim 11 wherein said reference solution comprises copper sulfate dissolved in a buffer.

15. A system as defined in claim 11 wherein said sample solution comprises Acid Red 1 dissolved in a buffer .

16. A system as defined in claim 11 wherein said vessel comprises a pipette.

17. A system for determining the volume of a vessel, comprising:
a photometer;
a container holding a predetermined volume of a reference solution having maximum
absorbance at the first wavelength positioned in said photometer;
said photometer including means for
measuring the absorbance of said container
holding a reference solution at said first
wavelength and at a second wavelength;
means for calculating the optical
pathlength of said container at said second
wavelength from the measured absorbances at said first and second wavelengths;
said photometer including means for mixing said reference solution with an aliquot of
sample solution transferred to said container with a vessel to be calibrated to form a
mixture, and means for measuring the absorbance of said mixture at said second wavelength; and
means for calculating the volume of the
aliquot from the measured absorbance of said
mixture and the optical pathlength of said
container, the volume of said aliquot
representing the volume of said vessel.

18. A system as defined in claim 17, wherein the container has the capacity to hold multiple transfers of aliquots .

19. A system as defined in claim 17, wherein the calculating means can make volume calculations based on multiple transfers of aliquots.

20. A system as defined in claim 17 wherein said means for calculating the optical pathlength includes means for correcting the optical pathlength for zero offset representative of a difference between the absorbance of said container at said first wavelength and the absorbance of said
container at said second wavelength.

21. A system as defined in claim 17 wherein said means for calculating the optical pathlength includes means for correcting the optical pathlength for a difference between the pathlength of said container at said first wavelength and the
pathlength of said container at said second
wavelength.

22. A system as defined in claim 17 wherein said means for calculating the volume includes means for calculating the volume using Beer's law and means for correcting the calculated volume for deviations from Beer's law.

23. A system as defined in claim 17 further including means for measuring the ambient
temperature and wherein said means for calculating the volume includes means for correcting the
measured absorbance of said mixture for a difference between the absorbance of said mixture at the measured ambient temperature and the absorbance of said mixture at a reference temperature.

24. A system as defined in claim 17 further including means for measuring the ambient
temperature and wherein said means for calculating the volume includes means for correcting the
calculated volume for a difference between the volume at the measured ambient temperature and the volume at a reference temperature.

25. A system as defined in claim 17 wherein said reference solution comprises copper sulfate dissolved in a buffer, said reference solution having maximum absorbance at about 730 nm.

26. A system as defined in claim 25 wherein the sample solution comprises Acid Red 1 dissolved in a buffer, said sample solution having maximum
absorbance at about 520 nm.

27. A system as defined in claim 1 wherein said vessel comprises a pipette.

28. A method for measuring the optical
pathlength of a container to be used for absorbance measurements at a predetermined wavelength,
comprising the steps of:
positioning a container in a photometer, said container holding a reference solution
having maximum absorbance at a first wavelength that is different from the predetermined
wavelength;
measuring the absorbance of said container at said first wavelength and at said
predetermined wavelength; and
calculating the optical pathlength of said container at said predetermined wavelength from the measured absorbances at said first
wavelength and said predetermined wavelength.

29. A method as defined in claim 28 wherein the step of calculating the optical pathlength includes correcting the optical pathlength for zero offset representative of a difference between the
absorbance of said container at said first
wavelength and the absorbance of said container at said predetermined wavelength.

30. A method as defined in claim 28 wherein the step of calculating the optical pathlength includes correcting the optical pathlength for a difference between the pathlength of said container at said first wavelength and the pathlength of said
container at said predetermined wavelength.