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1. WO1993017239 - SYSTEME DE REDUCTION DES TURBULENCES POUR COMPRESSEUR DE FLUIDE A HELICES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

CLAIMS:

1. A scroll fluid device comprising:
a housing including a fluid inlet port;
a pair of opposed, rotatable scroll elements including axially extending, opposed, meshed, involute scroll wraps, said scroll elements including an axially extending scroll fluid inlet port, associated with and rotatable with said scroll elements, and being mounted in said housing so as to orbit relative to each other about an orbit axis within the housing to generate fluid transport chambers having progressively and cyclically varying volumes between the scroll wraps resulting from the relative orbital motion of the scroll wraps;
at least one rotating member in the housing associated with the scroll elements and having at least one generally radially extending surface, said radially extending surface extending along an adjacent fixed surface within the housing;
means for reducing windage at least between said radially extending surface and said adjacent fixed surface, said means for reducing windage being positioned between said scroll fluid inlet port and said housing.

2. A scroll fluid device as claimed in claim 1 , wherein said windage reducing means comprises an axially extending fixed screen element extending parallel to and closely adjacent said scroll fluid inlet port, said screen element being spaced from said scroll fluid inlet port by a predetermined gap clearance dimensioned to produced a reduction of windage between said scroll fluid inlet port and said housing.

3. A scroll fluid device as claimed in claim 1 wherein said scroll elements are arranged to co-rotate about parallel axes to generate said fluid transport chambers.

4. A scroll fluid device as claimed in claim 3, including:
at least one axially extending surface extending along an adjacent axially extending fixed surface of said housing; and
means for reducing windage between said axially extending surface and said adjacent fixed surface.

5. A scroll fluid device comprising:
a housing;
a pair of opposed scroll elements including axially extending, opposed, meshed, involute scroll wraps, said scroll elements being mounted in said housing so as to orbit relative to each other about an orbit axis within the housing to generate fluid transport chambers having progressively and cyclically varying volumes between the scroll wraps resulting from the relative orbital motion of the scroll wraps;
a drive assembly including a rotor rotatably mounted within said housing and a drive shaft drivingly connected to at least one of said scroll elements, said rotor being drivingly connected to said drive shaft and including upper and lower radially extending end surfaces; and means for reducing windage between said rotor and an. adjacent fixed surface within said housing, said windage reducing means being carried by said housing and including a first annular member extending between one of said upper and lower radially extending end surfaces of said rotor and said drive shaft and further extending about said one of said upper and lower radially extending end surfaces, said windage reducing means providing a predetermined gap clearance dimensioned to produce a reduction of windage between the rotating rotor and drive shaft and the adjacent fixed surface within said housing as compared to the windage that would be developed therebetween without said windage reducing means.

6. A scroll fluid device as claimed in claim 5, wherein said windage reducing means further includes a second annular member carried by said housing adjacent the other of said upper and lower radially extending end surfaces of said rotor to provide a predetermined clearance therebetween for windage reduction purposes.

7. A scroll fluid device comprising:
a housing;
a pair of opposed scroll elements including axially extending, opposed, meshed involute scroll wraps carried by respective wrap support plates, said scroll elements being mounted in said housing so as to orbit relative to each other about an orbit axis within the housing to generate fluid transport chambers having progressively and cyclically varying volumes between the scroll wraps resulting from the relative orbital motion of the scroll wraps;
a drive assembly including a drive shaft rotatably mounted in said housing and a drive plate carried by said drive shaft so as to rotate in unison therewith, said drive plate extending radially within said housing substantially parallel to at least one of said wrap support plates so as to define a radially extending drive plate surface and being drivingly connected to at least one of said scroll elements; and
means for reducing windage between said drive plate and an adjacent fixed surface within said housing, said windage reducing means including a disc carried by said housing and extending closely adjacent to and along a substantial portion of said radially extending drive plate surface so as to define a predetermined gap clearance dimensioned to produce a reduction of windage between said drive plate and the adjacent fixed surface within said housing as compared to the windage that would be developed therebetween without said windage reducing means.

8. A scroll fluid device as claimed in claim 7, wherein said scroll elements are arranged to co-rotate about parallel axes to generate said fluid transport chambers.