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1. WO1992016830 - SYSTEME DE SEPARATION ELECTROPHORETIQUE SEGMENTE S'UTILISANT POUR L'ECHANTILLONNAGE DE LIPIDES

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

In the Claims:

1. A diagnostic apparatus useful for electrophoretic fractionation of charged particles having different molecular weights within a liquid sample comprising:
a plurality of gel matrixes defining a liquid pathway upon which a directional electrophoretic gradient can be imposed and each gel matrix defining a boundary generally transverse to the fluid pathway, the gel matrixes being in a serial relationship with a one being upstream relative a downstream other;
means for introducing the liquid sample into the liquid pathway upstream of the one gel matrix; and, a plurality of collecting means disposed in the liquid pathway and associated with the gel matrix boundaries, the collecting means defining a plurality of interfaces between the gel matrixes, the interfaces each corresponding to a different molecular size fraction of charged particles, the collecting means for permitting passage of charged particles through an interface when the charged particles are smaller than the molecular size fraction to which that interface corresponds and for collecting charged particles at that interface when the charged particles are larger than the molecular size fraction to which the interface corresponds.

2. The diagnostic apparatus as in claim 1 wherein the gel matrixes are in a noncontiguous relationship, and the interfaces of the collecting means are interposed between the gel matrixes.

3. The diagnostic apparatus as in claim 2 wherein the interfaces include discrete compartments containing a single, liquid phase.

4. The diagnostic apparatus as in claim 3 wherein the plurality of gel matrixes are adapted to permit or prevent passage of charged particles by preselected, differing porosities of the gel matrixes.

5. The diagnostic apparatus as in claim 1 wherein at least some of the interfaces are formed by contiguous boundaries between gel matrixes of differing porosities.

6. The diagnostic apparatus as in claim 2 or 5 wherein the gel matrixes include agarose and agarose derivatives.

7. The apparatus as in claim 6 wherein the gel matrixes are formed with di fering concentrations of agarose or agarose derivatives.

8. An electrophoretic apparatus useful for sorting seric or plasmatic lipoproteins within a liquid sample into chylomicron-, VLDL-, LDL- and HDL- cholesterol fractions, comprising:
four agarose-based matrixes defining a liquid pathway upon which a directional electrophoretic gradient can be imposed and each matrix defining a substantially planar boundary generally transverse to the fluid pathway, the gel matrixes being in a serial relationship and being of a successively decreasing pore size from a most upstream matrix to the most downstream matrix;
means for introducing the liquid sample into the liquid pathway upstream of the most upstream gel matrix; and,
four collecting means disposed in the liquid pathway and each associated with a different each of the matrix boundaries, at least three of the collecting means defining three interfaces between three of the gel matrixes, each of the collecting means for collecting a different fraction of lipoprotein adjacent to a boundary.

9. The electrophoretic apparatus as in claim

8 wherein the matrixes are in a noncontiguous relationship with the three interfaces interposed between and separating the three most downstream gel matrixes.

10. The electrophoretic apparatus as in claim

9 wherein the interfaces include discrete compartments containing buffer.

11. The electrophoretic apparatus as in claim 9 wherein the three interfaces are adapted each to receive a separate lipoprotein fraction upon reversal of the electrophoretic gradient direction.

12. The electrophoretic apparatus as in claim 8 wherein the matrixes are formed from agarose, hydroxyethylated agarose, hydroxyethylcellulose, and mixtures thereof.