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1. WO1989009859 - CONTENEUR

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]


The invention relates to a transportable container, especially one which is built of lightweight but strong frame members. One use of a container of the invention is as an ISO Standard refrigerated or dry container of the type carried on ships, aeroplanes, lorry trailers or rail wagons and the like.

It is one object of the invention to provide a container with a high degree of thermal insulation: it is another object to provide a container of relatively lightweight; and yet another object is to provide one which has high corrosion resistance.

In one aspect there is provided a transportable container comprising a frame formed from frame members joined together and having a cladding secured thereto, characterised in that at least one of the frame members includes a thermal break along at least a portion of its length.

Preferably the frame members are formed from two or more parallel lengths of metal which are joined together along a common edge by a bridging member 11 formed from a thermally insulating material to define the thermal break between the two lengths .

Elongate reinforcing elements formed from, e.g lengths of steel or stainless steel tubing may be mounted adjacent the frame members to strengthen the frame.

In a preferred embodiment, the frame members are of generally box-cross section and the reinforcing elements are mounted within the hollow interior of the frame member.

In an especially preferred embodiment the frame members are of box cross-section and three such members are joined together at least at one corner of the frame by a connector having three orthogonal projections which engage the facing end of the respective frame members, the projections having pegs which are received within the facing end portion of the tubular reinforcing element.

In another aspect the invention provides a container in which the frame members are hollow, and refrigeration apparatus is mounted on the container, the refrigeration apparatus being adapted to pass temperature controlled gas through at least one of the hollow frame members from the apparatus through vent means .

The interior of the container may be provided with a flat floor, and still have adequate circulation of cooling air, in contrast to known structures where supplementary ducting is required on the floor, e.g a corrugated floors.

This gives an increase in useful interior space and saves weight .

In yet another aspect, the invention provides a container comprising a frame formed from frame members joined together and having a cladding secured thereto characterised in that at least one of the frame members is hollow and contains an elongate reinforcing element located relative to the frame member so as to reinforce the frame member.

In this way a dry container may be provided which is of light weight, but which is also strong.

In order that the invention may be better understood, it will now be described with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the frame less
the cladding;
Figure 2 is an elevation of one container end
wall housing refrigeration apparatus;
Figure 3 is an elevation of the container end

wa l l having th e d o o r s i n a n op e n
Figure 4 is the same as Figure 3, with the doors
in a closed condition;
Figure 5 is a sectional view along line A-A of
Figure 4;

Fiσure 6 is a sectional view along line B-B on
Figure 4;
Figures 7-13 show cross-sections of different section
Figure 14 is a perspective view of a corner
connector; and
Figure 15 is a cross-sectional view of a corner

As best shown in Figures 1 to 6 a transportable container 1 is made from a cladding comprising e.g a sandwich of steel, aluminium or stainless steel sheeting 2 with a filler 3 of insulating material, which is applied to a rectangular boxlike frame 4 made from elongate structural members 5 joined together. The outer sheeting 2 may be corrugated or rigidised for extra strength. The container 1 has a pair of doors 6 at one end. At the other end, refrigeration apparatus of known type comprising a compressor 7 and associated circuitry is mounted within the frame 4. A goose neck tunnel 8 extends inwardly from the lower frame member 5 beneath the compressor, and a pair of fork pockets 9 extend across the bottom side members of the container to receive the blades of a
forklift truck. A pair of fans 10 circulate air through the refrigeration circuitry and return the temperature controlled cooled or hot air to the interior of the container.

Referring to Figures 7 to 13, sectional views of a variety of structural members 5 of the invention are shown. Each member 5 is of generally box-section shape and is made from two or more parallel lengths of roll formed stainless steel. The lengths of Figures 7-12 are separated along their length at two locations to define thermal breaks. A pair of elongate bridging members 11 made from, e.g u np 1 a s t i c i s e polyviny Ichloride each have a pair of slots 12 shaped to receive the complementary edges of the two lengths to hold the member 5 together. The bridging member 11 also defines a further slot 13 shaped, e.g to receive a rubber gasket seal 14. A flange 15 extends from one or more of the walls of the member 5, e.g to provide an anchorage for the cladding 2, 3. The members of Figures 7, 8, 11 and 13 are shaped so as to define a slot 20, e.g to receive a rubber gasket seal 21.

The members of Figures 11 and 12 are deeper than the others and are for use as the lower side frame members, and are arranged so that when the container is on the ground, a defined gap is present between the lower frame member and the groun .

The length of Figure 13 has no thermal break, but is otherwise similar to the length of Figure 7. The length of Figure 13 may be used, e.g as one of the frame lengths of a dry or non-refrigerated container where the requirements of low weight and high strength are just as useful.

Elongate reinforcing elements 22 comprising, e.g lengths of steel or stainless steel cylindrical tubing extend within the members 5 of Figures 8 and 10 to 13. A clearance 23 is present between the inside wall of the member 5 and the reinforcing element 22 and this clearance 23 may be left empty or filled, e.g with a thermally insulating foam material.

As shown in Figure 1 the frame 4 includes two longer side top members 5a made from lengths according to Figure 10 and lower side members 5b made from lengths according to Figure 12. The rear compressor end wall comprises vertical and horizontal cross members 5c formed from lengths according to Figure 10. The door end wall includes outer vertical side and upper horizontal members 5d formed from lengths according to Figure 8 and a lower horizontal member 5e formed from a length according to Figure 11. Transverse and vertical structural members 5f according to Figure 10 are welded to the frame forwardly of the compressor end wall.

The detail of a rearmost bottom corner connection is shown in Figures 14 and 15. A corner connector 25 is generally cube-shaped and has three orthogonal box section projections 26 from which extend cylindrical pegs 27, so that each projection 26 and peg 27 is shaped to complement the adjacent facing end of the member 5. A further cylindrical peg 27 extends upwardly from one face of the connector 25 (the top as shown) adjacent a projection 26. The corner connector 25 is inserted so that each peg 27 is received as a press fit within an adjacent reinforcing element 22 and the box section projection 26 is received within the member 5 and welded thereto. The presence of the second peg 27 on one face means that two reinforcing elements 22 may be placed vertically side-by-side at each corner of the frame, which ensures that a container-can support the weight of many such containers stacked one above the other.

In one embodiment, holes (not shown) are provided within the walls of the longer side members 5b where they join the lower transverse member 5f. A further hole (not shown) in the lower transverse member 5f is in communication with one of the fans 9 so that cooled air may enter the transverse member 5f and then pass through both of the lower side members 5b. Further holes 30 (Figure 3) communicate between the door ends of lower side members 5b and the interior of the container. The cooled air may be arranged to pass along the reinforcing elements 22, or along the space 23. In such a case the container may include a flat stainless steel floor 31. In another embodiment, as best shown in Figure 12, the floor may comprise a corrugated stainless steel sheet or an aluminium "Tee" floor 32, which with a stainless steel sheet 33, sandwiches a layer of thermally insulating material 34. In this embodiment cooled air flows along the corrugations. The sandwich 32, 33, 34 may be installed as a complete unit to rest upon the flanges 14 of the lower side members 5b and may be adhered or riveted in place.

Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6 show the container wall having two doors 6 with hinges 35 and a locking mechanism 36. The doors 6 have* two outer vertical and horizontal members 5g according to Figure 7 ; the left hand door has an inner vertical member 5h according to Figure 9 and the right hand door an inner vertical member 5i according to Figure 7. A gasket seal 21 is fixed in a slot 20 of the outer members 5d of the wall. The gasket 21 is seated behind a flange 15 of the outer vertical members 5g of the door 6. Further gasket seals 14 are received in slots 13 of the adjacent outer door members 5g and these seal against the opposing face of the outer frame member 5d. The inner vertical side members 5h, 5i of the doors both have gaskets 21 which seal behind flanges 15 and a further gasket 14 is received in a slot 13 in one of the inner vertical side members. Because the gaskets 14, 21 are hidden the seal is neat and attractive. The presence of double or treble gasket seals ensure that the door is especially well sealed to its frame.

The presence of the thermal breaks 11 in the frame members 5 ensure that a complete thermal break may be provided between the inner and outer walls and that the container is especially well insulated. The stainless steel members and the reinforcing elements ensure that the frame is strong, light and corrosion resistant.