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1. WO1989005278 - DISTRIBUTEUR DE COLLE THERMOFUSIBLE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

AMENDED CLAIMS
[received by the International Bureau on 9 June 1989 (09.06.89);
original claims 1-6, 8 and 9 amended; claims 11-17 replaced by new claims 11-17;
new claims 18-38 added; other claims unchanged (8 pages)]

1. A hot melt dispenser for dispensing a solid, unitary mass slug of hot melt from a container wherein said slug adheres to the inside surfaces of said container in its unheated condition, said container open at one end to permit said slug to slide freely out of said container when said slug is released therefrom by the lowering of the adhesion of said slug to the sides of said container, said dispenser comprising:
a hopper sized to receive said container;
melting means located in the bottom of said hopper for melting hot melt to a liquified pumpable condition;
support means for supporting said container in said hopper with said open end down and positioned above said melting means and so that said slug can slide freely out of said container and into contact with said melting means once said slug is released from said container;
means for pumping liquified hot melt from said hopper; and
auxiliary heating means for heating the walls of said container when it is supported in said hopper by said support means so that the adhesion of said slug to the inside surfaces of said container is lowered to cause said slug to be released from and slide out of said container as a solid unitary mass and into contact with said melting means and further to provide that at the time said slug is released from said container it retains nearly the same shape, dimensions and solid state it possessed in said unheated condition.
2. The dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said heating means comprises heaters located about the circumference of said hopper.
3. The dispenser according to claim 1 or 2 wherein said hopper is contained in a housing and wherein said housing includes insulation for insulating said hopper.
4. The dispenser according to claim 1 or 2 further including a removable cover for selectively covering said hopper, and further wherein said cover is closed when said auxiliary heating means is activated.
5. The dispenser according to claim 3 wherein said housing includes a removable cover for selectively covering said hopper, and further wherein said cover is closed when said heating means is activated.
6. The dispenser according to claim 1 or 2 wherein said heating means includes a thermostat for controlling the heat generated thereby and further wherein said heat generation is selected to heat the walls of said container when supported in said hopper to a temperature sufficient to cause said slug to be released from said container before hot melt melting off said slug fills the bottom of said hopper and backs up and around the outside of said container.
7. The dispenser according to claim 2 wherein said heaters are band heaters .
8. A method for unloading a slug of solid, unitary mass hot melt from a container into a hot melt dispenser hopper, said slug being retained inside said container by adhesion of said slug to the inside surfaces of said container in its unheated condition, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) opening one end of said container to provide that once the adhesion of said slug to said container is sufficiently lowered to release said slug it can slid freely out of said container, and venting the other end of said container;
(b) supporting said opened container in said hopper with the open end of said container down to permit said slug to slide freely out of said container when it is released;
(c) heating the walls of said container to lower the adhesion of said hot melt slug to the inside surfaces of said container so that said slug is released from said container as a solid unitary mass retaining nearly the same shape, dimensions and solid state as said slug possessed in said unheated condition; and
(d) removing said container from said hopper after said slug is released so that said slug is deposited in said hopper as a solid unitary mass.
9. The method according to claim 8 wherein said walls are heated at rate sufficient to release said slug from said container before hot melt melted off the surface of said slug backs up in the bottom of said hopper around the outside of said container.
10. The method according to claim 8 or 9 wherein said container comprises a drum and further wherein said method includes the step of fastening a drum lifting ring on said drum and lifting said rum into and out of said hopper from said lifting ring.
11. A dispenser according to claim 1 further wherein said support means includes suspension means attached to the upper end of said container as it oriented supported in said hopper and means positioned at the top of said hopper for supporting said suspension means whereby said container is hung from said suspension means in said hopper.
12. A dispenser according to claim 11 further wherein said suspension means comprises a drum lifting ring.

13. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said container comprises a drum.
14. A dispenser according to claim 13 further wherein said drum is a fiber drum.
15. A dispenser according to claim 13 further wherein said drum is a metal drum.

16. A dispenser according to claim 1 further wherein the inside walls of said hopper are coated with a black material whereby heat transfer from the walls of said hopper to said container is encouraged.
17. A dispenser according to claim 1 further wherein said heating means can heat the walls of said container to a temperature insufficient to cause said slug to be released from said container within approximately fifteen to twenty minutes of when said heating means is activated.
18. A dispenser according to claim 1 further wherein said heating means heats the walls of said container to a temperature of at least 250 degrees Fahrenheit.
19. A dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said melting means includes a melting grid and wherein a volume of said hopper is located below said melting grid so that when said slug is released from said container it rests on top of said grid whereby said slug will not splash liquified hot melt in the volume of said hopper underneath said grid.
20. A method according to claim 8 further wherein said container comprises a drum.
21. A method according to claim 20 further wherein said drum is a fiber drum.
22. A method according to claim 20 further wherein said drum is a metal drum.
23. A method according to claim 8 further wherein the inside walls of said hopper are provided with a coating of a black teflon material to encourage heat transfer from the walls of said hopper to said container.
24. A method according to claim 8 further wherein said method step of heating the walls of said container is accomplished by heating the outside walls of said hopper whereby heat is transferred through said hopper walls to said container.
25. A method according to claim 31 further wherein band heaters are provided to heat the outside walls of said hopper.
26. A method according to claim 8 wherein the walls of said container are heated sufficiently to cause said slug to be released from said container within approximately fifteen to twenty minutes of when said heating begins.
27. A method according to claim 8 further wherein said walls of said container are heated to a temperature of at least 250 degrees Fahrenheit.
28. A method according to claim 8 wherein the bottom of said hopper is provided with melting means including a melting grid and further wherein a volume of said hopper is located below said melting grid so that when said slug is released from said container it rests on top of said grid whereby said slug will not splash liquified hot melt in the volume of said hopper underneath said grid.
29. A method according to claim 8 further wherein there is provided a housing containing said hopper and further wherein there is provided insulation for insulating said housing.
30. A method according to claim 28 further wherein said container is supported in said step (b) over said melting grid so that when said slug is resting on top of said melting grid just after being released from said container a portion of it remains surrounded by but not adhered to said container.
31. A method according to claim 8 further wherein said container is heated to cause hot melt residue adhered to its inside surfaces to melt sufficiently to flow out of said container in approximately the same time taken for said slug to be released from said container so that said container is substantially clean of hot melt residue when said container is removed from said hopper.
32. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein the volume of said hopper underneath said open end of said container suspended in said hopper is less than the volume of said slug.
33. A method according to claim 8 wherein the volume of said hopper underneath said open end of said container suspended in said hopper is less than the volume of said slug.
34. Apparatus according to claim 1 or 32 further wherein the height of said hopper above said melting means is substantially equal to the length of said container and further wherein said container is supported by said means for supporting substantially within said hopper.
35. Apparatus according to claim 1 further wherein said means for supporting said container supports said container with the upper end thereof above the top of said hopper and further including means for enclosing the space above the top end of said container so that heat from said auxiliary heating means is held in the enclosed space.
36. Apparatus according to claim 12 further wherein the handles of said drum lifting ring are positioned above and outside of said hopper whereby they can be readily engaged for the purpose of lifting said container.
37. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said support means supports said container at a position in said hopper so that when said slug is released it rests in said hopper with a portion of said slug remaining surrounded by but not adhered to said container.
38. A method according to claim 8 or 33 further wherein melting means is located in said hopper and the height of said hopper above said melting means is substantially equal to the length of said container, and further wherein said container is supported substantially within said hopper.

It is claimed:

1. A hot melt dispenser comprising:
a hopper supported in a housing, said hopper being sized to receive a container of slug form hot melt to be unloaded in the dispenser;
melting means located in the bottom of said hopper for melting hot melt to a liquified condition;
means for pumping liquified hot melt from said hopper; and
auxiliary heating means for heating the walls of a container positioned for unloading in said hopper whereby the hot melt slug in said container is released from said container.

2. The dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said auxiliary heating means- comprises heaters located about the circumference of said hopper.

3. The dispenser according to claim 1 or 2 wherein said housing includes insulation for insulating said hopper.

4. The dispenser according to claim 1 or 2 wherein said housing includes a removable cover for selectively covering said hopper, and further wherein

'said cover is closed when said auxiliary heating means is activated.

5. The dispenser according to claim 3 wherein said housing includes a removalbe cover for selectively covering said hopper, and further wherein said cover is closed when said auxiliary heating means is activated.

6. The dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said auxilliary heating means includes a thermostat for controlling the heat generated thereby and further wherein said heat generation is selected to heat the walls of said container to a temperature sufficient to cause the hot melt slug in the container to be released from the container before hot melt melting off said slug backs up and around the outside of the container.

7. The dispenser according to claim 2 wherein said heaters are band heaters .

8. A method for unloading a drum of unitary mass, slug form hot melt from a container into a hot melt dispenser hopper comprising the steps of:
(a) suspending said container in an unheated condition in said hopper with the lower end of said container open and the top end vented;
(b) heating the walls of said container so that the hot melt in said container is released from said container; and
(c) removing said container from said hopper leaving the hot melt deposited therein.

9. The method according to claim 6 wherein said walls are heated at a rate sufficient to release the slug from the container before hot melt melted off said slug backs up in. said hopper* around the outside of the container .

10. • The method according to claim 8 or 9 wherein said container comprises a drum and further wherein said method includes the step of fastening a drum lifting ring on said drum and lifting said drum into and out of said hopper from said lifting ring.

11. A hot melt dispensing system comprising:
a hopper supported in a housing, said hopper being sized to receive a container of slug form hot melt to be unloaded in the dispenser;
melting means located in the bottom of said hopper for melting hot melt to a liquified condition;
means for pumping liquified hot melt from said hopper;
auxiliary heating means for heating said hopper to provide heat to the walls of a hot melt con--tainer positioned for unloading in said hopper whereby the hot melt in said container is released from said container; and
means for lifting a container to be emptied into said hopper and suspending it there while said auxiliary heat is applied and for removing said container from said hopper once the hot melt slug has been released.

12. The dispenser according to claim 11 wherein said auxiliary heating means comprises band heaters located about the circumference of said hopper.

13. The dispenser according to claim 11 or 12 wherein said housing incluαes insulation for insulating said hopper .

14. The dispenser according to claim 11 or 12 wherein said housing includes a removable cover for selectively covering said hopper, and further wherein said cover is closed when said auxiliary heating means is activated.

15. The dispenser according to claim 13 wherein said housing includes a removable cover for selectively covering said hopper, and further wherein said cover is closed when said auxiliary heating means is activated.

16. The dispenser according to claim 11 wherein said auxilliary heating means includes a thermostat for controlling the heat generated thereby and further wherein said heat generation is selected to heat the walls of said container to a temperature sufficient to cause the hot melt in the container to be released from the container before hot melt melting off said slug backs up and around the outside of the container.

17. The dispenser according to claim 1 wherein said auxilliary heating means includes a thermostat for controlling the heat generated thereby and further wherein said heat generation is selected to heat the walls of said container to a temperature sufficient to cause the hot melt slug in the container to be released frc-n the container before hot melt melting off said slug backs up and around the outside of the container.