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1. (WO1988003643) PROCEDE ET APPAREIL DE MESURE DE LA PUISSANCE DE GROSSISSEMENT D'UN DISPOSITIF GROSSISSANT
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

CLAIMS

What is Claimed is:

1. An optical apparatus, for use in conjunction with a precision scale, for measuring the magnification power of a magnifying aid comprising:
an eyepiece (18) which is focusable on a reticle (20) positioned in the line of sight of the eyepiece;
an objective lens (34) positioned in the line of sight of the apparatus and focused at infinity;
an aperture (33) approximately the size of the pupil of the human eye and placed adjacent the objective lens (34); and
said reticle having a plurality of division marks (22) at least one of which has been calibrated as subtending a measured half-angle from the center of said reticle.

2. The apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said apparatus is a telescope.

3. The apparatus of Claim 2 wherein said aperture

(33) is formed in an aperture disc (32) which is placed over the end of the telescope containing the objective lens (34).

4. The apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said aperture

(33) is placed adjacent the center of the objective lens (34).

5. The apparatus of Claim 1 wherein said reticle

(20) is positioned in said eyepiece (18).

6. A method for measuring the magnification
power of a magnifying aid comprising the steps of:
a) providing an optical apparatus (12) comprising
an eyepiece (18) which is focusable on a
reticle (20) positioned in the line of sight of the
eyepiece;
an objective lens (34) positioned in the
line of sight of the apparatus and focused on reticle (20);
an aperture (33) approximating, the size of the pupil of the human eye and located adjacent the
objective lens (34);
said reticle having a plurality of division marks (22) at least one of which has been calibrated as subtending a measured half-angle from the center of
said reticle;
b) providing a precision target scale
(16);
c) providing a magnifying aid;
d) placing said aperture in the same position with respect to said magnifying aid as would be the eye of a user of said magnifying aid;
e) moving the combination of said optical apparatus and magnifying aid relative to said precision target scale until said scale is in focus;
f ) measuring the half-angle subtended by
known reference points of said target scale when viewed through said combination; and
g) comparing the measured half-angle with the half-angle known to be subtended by said reference points when viewed at the statistically normal closest focus distance of the human eye.

7. A method for calibrating an optical apparatus for measuring the magnification power of magnifying aids, said method comprising:
a) providing an optical apparatus (12) having an objective lens (34) focused at infinity on a retice

(20) and an eyepiece (18) focused on the same reticle (20) having a plurality of division marks (22);
b) providing a precision scale (24) located at a measured distance (42) from said optical apparatus, equivalent to infinity;
c) viewing said precision scale through said optical apparatus such that a correlation can be made between a known distance as measured on said precision scale and a chosen division (25) on said reticle (20) when the center (21) of the reticle is aligned with one end of the scale and the chosen division mark (25) is aligned on the other end of said known distance;
d) calculating the tangent of the one-half angle associated with said chosen division mark (25).
by dividing the measured distance on said precision scale by the measured distance (42) from the scale to the optical apparatus.

8. An optical apparatus for measuring the
magnification power of a magnifying aid comprising:
an eyepiece (18) which is focusable on a reticle (20) positioned in the line of sight of the eyepiece;
an objective lens (34) positioned in the line of sight of the apparatus and focused at infinity
on the reticle (20);
an aperture disc (32) placed over the objective lens having an aperture (33) therein approximately the size of the pupil of the human eye;

said reticle having a plurality of division marks (22) at least one of which has been pre-calibrated and labeled with a corresponding magnification power; and
a precision target scale (16) placed along the optical axis of said optical apparatus at a distance equivalent to the infinity focus point of said optical apparatus.