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1. (WO1985002502) DETECTEUR DE COURT-CIRCUIT DANS UNE DIODE EN ROTATION
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

Detector for Shorted Rotating Diode
of a Brushless Alternator

Claims

1. In a brushless alternator having an exciter field circuit including a source of DC potential with a reference, a stationary exciter field winding and a voltage regulator transistor connected in series with the field winding across the DC source, a rotor with an exciter armature, a diode rectifier connected with said armature and a main field winding connected with the diode rectifier, a stator winding in which the alternator output voltage is developed coupled with the main field winding, and a voltage regulator responsive to the alternator output providing a base drive signal to the voltage regulator transistor, an improved detector for a shorted diode rectifier, comprising:
means for comparing the voltage at the base of the voltage regulator transistor and the voltage at the terminal of said stator field winding connected with said voltage regulator transistor; and
means responsive to the comparing means for indicating the occurrence of a shorted diode rectifier on said rotor.

2. The shorted diode rectifier detector of claim 1 in which the voltage at said stator field winding terminal is of the order of the DC source reference in the absence of a voltage at the voltage regulator transistor base, indicating occurrence of a shorted diode rectifier.

3. The shorted diode rectifier detector of claim 2 in which said responsive means is a gate circuit having the voltage regulator transistor base voltage connected with one input and the stator field winding terminal voltage connected with another input.

4. The shorted diode rectifier detector of claim 1 including:
a first inverter connected with the stator field winding terminal;
a second inverter connected with the voltage regulator transistor base; and
an AND gate having two inputs, one connected with the output of each of said inverters, the output of the AND gate being high upon occurrence of a shorted diode rectifier.

5. In a brushless alternator having an exciter field winding, a rotor with an exciter armature, a diode rectifier connected with the armature and a main field winding connected with the rectifier, a stator winding in which the alternator output voltage is developed, coupled with said main field winding and a voltage regulator responsive to the alternator output providing a field current control signal, a field circuit with a detector for a shorted diode rectifier, comprising:
a DC power source with a reference;
a voltage regulator transistor having a collector-emitter circuit connected in series with said exciter field winding across said DC potential source, and a base element connected with said voltage regulator to respond to said field current control signal;

means for comparing the voltage at the base of the voltage regulator transistor and the voltage at the terminal of said stator field winding connected with the emitter-collector circuit of εaid voltage regulator transistor; and
means responsive to the comparing means for indicating the occurrence of a shorted diode rectifier.

6. The shorted diode rectifier detector of claim 5 in which the voltage at said stator field winding terminal is of the order of the DC source reference in the absence of a voltage at the voltage regulator transistor base, indicating occurrence of a shorted diode rectifier.

7. The field circuit of claim 6 including a diode connected in parallel with the collector-emitter circuit of said voltage regulator transistor and poled to conduct a current of opposite polarity to the current conducted through said transistor.

8. The exciter field circuit of claim 6 including a diode connected across said field winding and poled to conduct current from the field winding upon termination of a field current control signal to the base element of the voltage regulator transistor.

9. The alternator field circuit of claim 6 including a capacitor connected across said DC power source.

10. The alternator field circuit of claim 6 including: a capacitor connected across said DC power source;
a diode connected in parallel with the collector-emitter circuit of said voltage regulator transistor and poled to conduct a current of opposite polarity to the current conducted through said transistor; and
a diode connected across said field winding and poled to conduct current from the field winding upon termination of a field current control signal to the base element of the voltage regulator transistor.

11. In a brushless alternator having an exciter field circuit including a source of DC potential with a reference, a voltage regulator transistor and a stationary exciter field winding having one terminal connected with the DC source and the other terminal connected in series with the collector-emitter circuit of the voltage regulator transistor to the DC source reference, a rotor with an exciter armature, a diode rectifier connected with said armature and a main field winding connected with the diode rectifier, a stator winding coupled with the main field winding and in which the alternator output voltage is developed, and a voltage regulator responsive to the alternator output to control the voltage regulator transistor, an improved detector for a shorted diode rectifier, comprising:
a comparator responsive to the occurrence of a voltage at the other terminal of the stator field winding of the order of the DC reference voltage in the absence of a voltage regulator transistor base drive signal, for detecting a shorted rotating diode condition.

12. In a brushless alternator having an exciter field winding, a rotor with an exciter armature, a diode rectifier connected with the armature and a main field winding connected with the rectifier, a stator winding in which the alternator output voltage is developed, coupled with said main field winding and a voltage regulator responsive to the alternator output providing a field current control signal, a field circuit with a detector for a shorted diode rectifier, comprising:
a DC power source with a reference;
a voltage regulator transistor having a collector-emitter circuit connected in series with said exciter field winding across said DC potential source, and a base element connected with said voltage regulator to respond to said field current control signal;
a capacitor connected across said DC power source;
a diode connected in parallel with the collector-emitter circuit of said voltage regulator transistor and poled to conduct a current of opposite polarity to the current conducted through said transistor; and
a comparator responsive to the occurrence of voltage, at the stator field winding terminal connected with the collector-emitter circuit of the voltage regulator transistor of the order of the DC reference voltage in the absence of a base drive signal to the voltage regulator transistor, for detecting a shorted rotating diode condition.