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1. WO1985000582 - STABILISATION D'ACIDE PHOSPHORIQUE OBTENU SELON UN PROCEDE PAR VOIE HUMIDE

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]

We Claim:

1. A method of producing wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics from an unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution which comprises:

(a) concentrating said unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution in a first evaporation zone until the P2O5 content of the solution is between 45 and 55%;

(b) subjecting the concentrated acid solution to crystallization for at least 8 hours;

(c) clarifying the crystallized acid solution by centrifugation until its total solids content is less than 2%; and

(d) concentrating said clarified acid solution in a second evaporation zone until the P2O5

content of said clarified acid solution is between 58 and 63% to provide a wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution has a total solids content of between about 1 and 8%.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein said total solids content is substantially higher than 2%.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said crystallization is carried out batchwise for less than 24 hours.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said crystallization is carried out in a continuous mode for at least 16 hours.
6. The method of claim 1 whereiri said low postprecipitation characteristics of the wet process phosphoric acid produced is quantitatively expressed as a maximum content of 2% total solids in said acid at any time during the first 28 days of storage and/or shipment.
7. The method of claim 1 further comprising the interstage centrifugation of the acid solution undergoing concentration in said first evaporation zone when the P2O5 content of said acid solution reaches between 40 and 42%.
8. The method of claim 7 wherein the total solids content of said acid solution undergoing concentration is higher than about 3.5%.

9. The method of claim 1 wherein the weight ratio of Fe2O3 to P2O5 in said unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution is substantially higher than 0.03.
10. A process for simultaneously manufacturing merchant grade wet process phosphoric acid, clarified merchant wet process phosphoric acid and stabilized wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics, said process comprising:

(a) concentrating an unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution in a first evaporation zone until the P2O5 content of the solution is between 45 and 55%;

(b) separating a first fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) to provide a merchant grade phosphoric acid;

(c) subjecting a second fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) to crystallization for at least 8 hours but less than 48 hours;

(d) clarifying the crystallized acid solution in (c) by centrifugation until its total solids content is less than 2%;

(e) separating a first fraction of the clarified acid solution in (d) to provide a clarified merchant wet process phosphoric acid; and

(f) concentrating a second fraction of the clarified acid solution in (d) in a second evaporation zone until the P2O5 content of said second fraction of the clarified acid solution in (d) is between 58 and 63% to provide a stabilized wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics.

11. The process of claim 10 wherein the solids content of said merchant grade phosphoric acid is between 3 and 15%.
12. The process of claim 10 wherein said separation of said first fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) and said crystallization of said second fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) are effected simultaneously by subjecting said concentrated acid solution in (a) to crystallization for at least 8 hours but less than 48 hours and separating the crystallization underflow from the crystallization mother liquor to provide a merchant grade wet process phosphoric acid in the form of the crystallization underflow and a crystallized acid solution in the form of the crystallization mother liquor.

AMENDED CLAIMS
[received by the International Bureau on 12 November 1984 (12.11.84);
original claim 9 cancelled; claims 1 6 and 10 amended; other claims
unchanged]

1. A method of producing wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics from an unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution having a weight ratio of Fe2O3 to P2O5 substantially higher than 0.03 which comprises:

(a) concentrating said unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution having a weight ratio of Fe2O3 to P2O5 substantially higher than 0.03 in a first evaporation zone until the P2O5 content of the solution is between 45 and 55%;

(b) subjecting the concentrated acid solution to crystallization for at least 8 hours;

(c) clarifying the crystallized acid solution by centrifugation until its total solids content is less than 2%; and

(d) concentrating said clarified acid solution in a second evaporation zone until the P2O5

content of said clarified acid solution is between 58 and 63% to provide a wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution has a total solids content of between about 1 and 8%.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein said total solids content is substantially higher than 2%.
4. The method of claim 1 wherein said crystallization is carried out batchwise for less than 24 hours.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said crystallization is carried out in a continuous mode for at least 16 hours.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein said low postprecipitation characteristics of the wet process phosphoric acid produced is quantitatively expressed as a maximum content of 2% total solids in said acid at any time during the first 28 days of either or both storage and shipment.
7. The method of claim 1 further comprising the interstage centrifugation of the acid solution undergoing concentration in said first evaporation zone when the P2O5 content of said acid solution reaches between 40 and 42%.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein the total solids content of said acid solution undergoing concentration is higher than about 3.5%.
10. A process for simultaneously manufacturing merchant grade wet process phosphoric acid, clarified merchant wet process phosphoric acid and stabilized wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics, said process comprising:

(a) concentrating an unclarified dilute wet process phosphoric acid solution having a weight ratio of Fe2O3 to P2O5 substantially higher than 0.03 in a first evaporation zone until the P2O5 content of the solution is between 45 and 55%;

(b) separating a first fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) to provide a merchant grade phosphoric acid;

(c) subjecting a second fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) to crystallization for at least 8 hours but less than 48 hours;

(d) clarifying the crystallized acid solution in (c) by centrifugation until its total solids content is less than 2%;

(e) separating a first fraction of the clarified acid solution in (d) to provide a clarified merchant wet process phosphoric acid; and

(f) concentrating a second fraction of the clarified acid solution in (d) In a second evaporation zone until the P2O5 content of said second fraction of the clarified acid solution in (d) is between 58 and 63% to provide a stabilized wet process phosphoric acid with low post-precipitation characteristics.

11. The process of claim 10 wherein the solids content of said merchant grade phosphoric acid is between 3 and 15%.
12. The process of claim 10 wherein said separation of said first fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) and said crystallization of said second fraction of the concentrated acid solution in (a) are effected simultaneously by subjecting said concentrated acid solution in (a) to crystallization for at least 8 hours but less than 48 hours and separating the crystallization underflow from the crystallization mother liquor to provide a merchant grade wet process phosphoric acid in the form of the cry-stallization underflow and a crystallized acid solution in the form of the crystallization mother liquor.