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1. (WO1983001205) PROCEDE D'EXTRACTION DE CONTAMINANTS ORGANIQUES A PARTIR DE COMPOSITIONS AQUEUSES
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

Claims

1. A method of removing organic contaminants from an aqueous composition contaminated therewith, comprising: (a) contacting the aqueous composition with a sufficient amount of organoclay for a sufficient amount of time to absorb a substantial portion of contaminant and to form an aqueous organoclay admixture; and (b) separating the organoclay and aqueous composition from each other.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the contacting step is performed in a packed tower.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the contacting step is performed in a fluidized bed.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the contacting step is performed in a stirred bed.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the organoclay is admixed with a particulate diluent.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the diluent is anthracite.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the separating step comprises filtering the organoclay from the admixture.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the separating step comprises flocculating the organoclay from the admixture.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the separating step comprises centrifuging the organoclay from the
admixture.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic contaminant is a polychlorobiphenyl (PCB).

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic contaminant is dibromochloropropane (DBCP).

12. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic contam inant is a precursor to a toxic substance.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic contaminant is humic acid.

14. The method of claim 13, further comprising contacting the separated organoclay with an effective
amount of caustic to neutralize the acid adsorbed thereon to produce a regenerated organoclay.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic contaminant is chelated with metals.

16. The method of claim 1, wherein the organic contam inant is oil.

17. The method of claim 1, wherein the organoclay is about 40 to 60 mesh size.

18. The method of claim 1, wherein the organoclay is a higher dialkyl dimethyl ammonium organoclay.

19. The method of claim 1, wherein the organoclay is a dimethyl benzyl (hydrogenated tallow) ammonium clay.

20. The method of claim 1, wherein the organoclay is a dimethyl di ( hydrogenated tallow) ammonium clay.

21. The method of claim 1, wherein the amount of organoclay is at least about 40% by weight of the amount of organic contaminant.

22. The method of claim 1, wherein the amount of organoclay is in the range of from about 40% to 500% by weight of the amount of organic contaminant.