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1. (WO1983001191) APPAREIL D'AGRAFAGE CHIRURGICAL AVEC POUSSOIR INCURVE D'AGRAFE
Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

Claims
.1. A surgical stapler comprising:
a longitudinal body adapted to be held with the longitudinal axis of the body at an acute angle to the surface of the tissue to be stapled;
a plurality of surgical staples disposed in the body in a stack having a longitudinal axis substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the body, the plane of each of the staples being substantially perpendicular to the surface of the tissue to be stapled when the body is held at said acute angle to the surface of the tissue;
an anvil adjacent the distal-most staple in the stack;
a substantially inflexible, longitudinally circular arcuate staple pusher mounted for arcuate reciprocation relative to the body, the distal end portion of the staple pusher being substantially tangent to the plane of the distal-most staple in the stack, and the proximal end portion of the staple pusher being substantially parallel to but spaced from the proximal portion of the stack; and
means for arcuately reciprocating the staple pusher toward the distal-most staple in the stack to bend the staple around the anvil.
2. The" apparatus defined in claim 1 further comprising means for resiliently urging the stack of staples in the distal direction.
3. The apparatus defined in claim 2 further comprising means for resiliently urging the staple pusher in the arcuately proximal direction.
4. The apparatus defined in claim 3 wherein the means for reciprocating the staple pusher comprises a pair of ring handles mounted for pivotal motion in a plane substantially perpendicular to a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the stack of staples, and means for resiliently urging the rings of the ring handles apart.

5. The apparatus defined in claim 3 wherein the means for reciprocating the staple pusher comprises a trigger mounted for pivotal motion about an axis substan- tially parallel to a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the stack of staples, and means for resiliently urging the trigger in the direction opposite the direction in which it must be pivoted to reciprocate the staple
pusher in the arcuately distal direction.
6. The apparatus defined in 'claim 3 wherein the crown of each staple includes a central portion and an end portion adjacent each end of the central portion, wherein the anvil is located adjacent the central portion of the crown of the distal-most staple, and wherein the distal end of the staple pusher includes two laterally spaced, distally extending fingers, each of which engages a respective one of the end portions of the crown of the distal-most staple, and a longitudinal slot between the fingers for allowing the fingers to bend the end portions of the crown of the distal-most staple around the anvil when the staple pusher is arcuately reciprocated toward the anvil.
7. The apparatus defined in claim 6 further comprising a fixed staple stop transverse to the staple pusher at a location proximal of the central portion of the crown of the distal-most staple for substantially
preventing the crown of a staple which has been bent
around the anvil from being pulled back past the staple stop when the staple pusher is arcuately reciprocated
away from the anvil, and wherein the slot in the distal end of the staple pusher allows the fingers at the distal end of the staple pusher to pass the staple stop and to operate on the crown of the distal-most staple.
8. The apparatus defined in claim 7 wherein the dimension of the anvil parallel to the crown of the distal-most staple is substantially greater than the
parallel dimension of the staple stop, and wherein the slot has a distal portion which is wider than said dimension of the anvil, and a proximal portion which is narrower

MPI than said dimension of the anvil but wider than said dimension of the staple stop.
9. The apparatus defined in claim 3 wherein the staple pusher reciprocates in a longidutinally curved channel having substantially the same curvature as the staple pusher, wherein the side of the distal end portion of the curved channel adjacent the convex side of the staple pusher is adjacent the distal end of the staple stack so that the distal-most staple bears against said side of the distal end portion of the curved channel prior to being bent around the anvil, wherein the distal end of the curved channel communicates with the exterior of the body, and wherein the exterior surface of the body surrounding the distal end of the curved channel defines a plane substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the distal end portion of the curved channel.
10. The apparatus defined in claim -3 wherein said acute angle is in the range from 30° .to 60°.