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1. US5892558 - Wire electrode structure based on 2 or 3 terminal device employed in a liquid crystal display

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]
What is claimed is:
1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:
a first layer of liquid crystal material;
at least one first electrode on a first side of the liquid crystal layer;
at least one conductive wire on a second side of the liquid crystal layer opposite to the at least one electrode;
at least one substantially insulating or semiconductor second layer over said at least one conductive wire;
at least one array of electrodes over said second layer;
said at least one conductive wire, said second layer and said at least one array of electrodes forming a plurality of switches for altering electrical potential or potentials of the electrode array; and
means for turning the switches on and off, and for applying an electrical signal to the at least first electrode, to affect light transmittance of the liquid crystal layer.
2. The device of claim 1, wherein said at least one conductive wire, said first layer and said electrode array form a plurality of diodes.
3. The device of claim 2, said device comprising at least one row of column electrodes on said first side of the liquid crystal layer.
4. The device of claim 3, said array of electrodes overlapping said row of column electrodes in a viewing direction to define a row of liquid crystal cells.
5. The device of claim 3, further comprising a transparent substrate, wherein said at least one conductive wire is supported on said substrate, said row of column electrodes comprising separated transparent electrodes.
6. The device of claim 5, wherein said electrode array forms a conductive third layer extending over the substrate.
7. The device of claim 1, said second layer being an insulating layer, said device further comprising at least one semiconductor layer between the at least one second layer and the electrode array wherein said at least one conductive wire, the at least one second layer, the at least one semiconductor layer and the electrode array form a plurality of transistors.
8. The device of claim 7, said electrode array comprising at least one conductive layer, wherein extent of at least some of the electrodes in the array defines liquid crystal cells.
9. The device of claim 1, further comprising a transparent substrate having a groove on a surface, wherein said at least one conductive wire is in the groove of said substrate.
10. The device of claim 1, further comprising a transparent face plate, said at least one first electrode on said first side being a transparent electrode over said face plate.
11. The device of claim 1, further comprising two polarizers.
12. The device of claim 1, further comprising a color filter array.
13. The device of claim 1, further comprising a back light.
14. The device of claim 1, said device having a reflective surface.
15. The device of claim 14, said reflective surface being the surface of the at least one conductive layer.
16. The device of claim 15, wherein said at least one conductive layer is a defusing reflector or a mirror reflector.
17. The device of claim 1, wherein said at least one array of electrodes are transparent, said device further comprising a defusing reflector for reflecting light through said at least one array.
18. The device of claim 1, wherein said liquid crystal first layer comprises a polymer dispersed on liquid crystal.
19. A method for making a liquid crystal display, comprising the steps of:
providing at least one conductive wire;
forming a substantially insulating and/or semiconductor first layer on said at least one wire;
attaching said at least one wire and/or the first layer to a substrate;
forming an electrode array over said at least one first layer; and
placing a liquid crystal second layer and an electrode third layer adjacent to said electrode array.
20. The method of claim 19, wherein said first layer forming step includes anodizing said wire and annealing the anodized wire.
21. The method of claim 20, said annealing step annealing the wire in a temperature in a range of about 100 to 1000 degrees Centigrade.
22. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:
a layer of liquid crystal material;
at least one electrode on one side of the liquid crystal layer;
an array of switches on the side of the liquid crystal layer opposite to the at least one electrode, said switches comprising at least one electrode array and at least one wire coupled to the at least one electrode array; and
means for applying electrical potentials to the at least one electrode and the at least one wire.
23. The device of claim 22, further comprising a substrate supporting said at least one wire, said wire formed independently of and attached to said substrate, said substrate comprising plastic or glass.
24. The device of claim 22, said switches including two terminals or three terminals, said wire and said electrode array forming two of the terminals of the switches.
25. The device of claim 22, further comprising a back light.
26. The device of claim 22, the at least one wire coupled to the at least one electrode array so that, when a first voltage is applied to the at least one wire, the switches are turned on to charge said electrode array to desired voltages, and when a second voltage is applied to the at least one wire, the switches are turned off so that said electrode array remains at said desired voltages.
27. A electro-optic display device, comprising:
a first layer of electro-optic material;
at least one first electrode on a first side of the electro-optic layer;
at least one conductive wire on a second side of the electro-optic layer opposite to the at least one electrode;
at least one substantially insulating or semiconductor second layer over said at least one conductive wire;
at least one array of electrodes over said second layer;
said at least one conductive wire, said second layer and said at least one array of electrodes forming a plurality of switches for altering electrical potential or potentials of the electrode array; and
means for turning the switches on and off, and for applying an electrical signal to the at least first electrode, to affect light transmittance of the electro-optic layer.
28. A method for making a electro-optic display, comprising the steps of:
providing at least one conductive wire;
forming a substantially insulating and/or semiconductor first layer on said at least one wire;
attaching said at least one wire and/or the first layer to a substrate;
forming an electrode array over said at least one first layer; and
placing a electro-optic second layer and an electrode third layer adjacent to said electrode array.
29. A electro-optic display device, comprising:
a layer of electro-optic material;
at least one electrode on one side of the electro-optic layer;
an array of switches on the side of the electro-optic layer opposite to the at least one electrode, said switches comprising at least one electrode array and at least one wire coupled to the at least one electrode array; and
means for applying electrical potentials to the at least one electrode and the at least one wire.