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1. US5370429 - Bumper system having an extendable bumper for automotive vehicles

Note: Texte fondé sur des processus automatiques de reconnaissance optique de caractères. Seule la version PDF a une valeur juridique

[ EN ]
We claim:
1. A bumper system for an automotive vehicle having an extendable bumper resiliently disposed in the direction of impact, said bumper system comprising:
a cylinder;
a piston disposed in said cylinder;
a piston rod connected to said bumper on one end and to said piston on its opposite end, said piston driving said bumper between a retracted position and a fully extended position;
a damping fluid present in said cylinder, contacting said piston, and damping movement of said bumper;
a valve;
an equilibrium chamber, said equilibrium chamber having said damping fluid and communicating with said cylinder through said valve;
a cylindrical pin having a groove, said cylindrical pin screwed to said piston rod on said one end of said piston rod opposite said piston and slidingly guided in said equilibrium chamber and said groove formed parallel to said piston rod, tapered toward said bumper, and connecting said cylinder with said equilibrium chamber;
a spring disposed within said cylinder and engaging said piston, said spring prestressed in the retracted position of said bumper; and
a sensor controlling the amount by which said bumper is extended and retracted in response to the degree of danger posed for the vehicle.
2. A bumper system for an automotive vehicle having an extendable bumper resiliently disposed in the direction of impact, said bumper system comprising:
means for resiliently mounting said bumper on said vehicle, said mounting means including:
a cylinder,
a piston disposed in said cylinder,
a piston rod connected to said bumper on one end and to said piston on its opposite end,
a damping fluid present in said cylinder, contacting said piston, and damping movement of said bumper,
a valve,
an equilibrium chamber having said damping fluid and communicating with said cylinder through said valve, and
a cylindrical pin having a groove, said cylindrical pin screwed to said piston rod on said one end of said piston rod opposite said piston and slidingly guided in said equilibrium chamber and said groove formed parallel to said piston rod, tapered toward said bumper so that the size of said groove decreases as said bumper is retracted, and connecting said cylinder with said equilibrium chamber, wherein the damping effect of said mounting means on said bumper depends upon the position of said bumper;
means for driving said bumper between a retracted position and a fully extended position; and
means connected to said driving means for controlling the amount by which said driving means extends and retracts said bumper.
3. The bumper system as claimed in claim 2 wherein said driving means includes a spring disposed within said cylinder and engaging said piston, said spring prestressed in the retracted position of said bumper.
4. The bumper system as claimed in claim 3 wherein said spring is a helical spring.
5. The bumper system as claimed in claim 4 wherein said piston rod has an external thread and said driving means further includes (a) a nut engaging said external thread on said piston rod and (b) an electromotor driving said nut.
6. The bumper system as claimed in claim 2 wherein said control means is a sensor responsive to the presence of a dangerous situation for the vehicle.
7. The bumper system as claimed in claim 6 wherein said sensor responds to one of the deceleration of the vehicle, the intensity of the braking of the vehicle, the speed of the vehicle, and the measured distance to an obstacle approaching the vehicle.